The Davenport New Era (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 7, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 20, 1915 Page: 2 of 7

v. "J:.... :
: *■
GERMANY NOTE
UNITED STATES TAKES FIRM
STAND REGARDING VIOLA-
TIONS OF RIGHTS.
SUBMARINE WARFARE TO CEASE
President Demand® Reparation For
Damage Done Already and Prom-
ises the U. S. Will Go the Limit
In Enforcing Its Rights.
Washington.—The United States
government cablefl Ambassador Ger-
ard for presentation to the German
government a note calling attention
"to the grave situation which has re-
Bulted" from violation of American
rights on the high seas, culminating in
the sinking of the Lusitania with a
loss of more than one hundred Ameri-
can lives.
The communiation expresses confi-
dent expectation of the United States
"that the imperial German government
will disavow the acts of which the
government of the United States com-
plains, tliat they will make reparation
bo far as reparation is possible for in-
juries which are without measure and
that they will take immediate steps
to prevent the recurrence of anything
so obviously subsersive of the prin-
ciples of warfare for which the imper-
ial German government in the past so
wisely and so firmly contended."
In its conclusion the notes states
that "the imperial German government
will not expect the government of the
United States to omit any wrord or .any
set necessary to the performance of
Its sacred duty of maintaining the
fights of the United Stages and its
citizens and of safeguarding their free
exercise and enjoyment."
Text of the Note.
"Tho Department of State, Washing-
ton, May 13, 1915.
"Flease call on the minister of foreign
Affairs and after rea.ling to him this
comunkatlon, leave with him a oopv.
Want Clear, Full Understanding.
"In view of recent acts of the German
authorities in violation of American
rights on the high seas, which culmi-
nated in the torpedoing and sinking of the
British steamship I^usitania on May 7.
1915, by which over 100 American citikeus
lost their lives, is is clearly wise and
desirable that the government of the
United States and the imperial German
government should come to a clear and
full understanding as to the grave situ-
ation which has resulted.
•*The sinking of the British steamer
Tata ha hy a German submarine on
March 2% through which I^eon C.
Thresher, nn American citizen was
drowned; the attack on April 2* on the
American vessel Cushing by a German
aeroplane; the torpedoing on May 1 of
the American vessel Gultiight by a Ger-
man submarine, as a result of which
two of more American citizens met their
death and, Anally, the torpedoing and
sinking of the steamship Lusitani , con-
stitute a series of events which the
government of the United States lias ob-
served with growing concern, distress
and amazement.
Would Vindicate Germany.
"Recalling the humane and enlight-
ened attitude hitherto assumed by the
Imperial German government In mat-
ters of international right, and particu-
larly with regard to the freedom of the
•eas; having learned to recognize the
German views and the German influence
In the field of international obligation
as always engaged upon the side of
jUBtlce and humanity; and having under-
Stood the instructions of the imperial
German government to its naval com-
manders to he upon the same plane of
humane action prescribed by the naval
•odes of other nations, the government
1 f the United States was loath to be-
leve—it cannot now bring itself to be-
leve—that the acts so absolutely con-
trary to the rules, the practices and the
Spirit of modern warfare could have the
Countenance or sanction of that great
government. It feels it to be its duty
therefore to address the imperial Ger-
man government concerning them with
ghe utmost frankness and in the earnest
fcope that it is not mistaken in expect-
ing action on the part of the Imperial
Herman government which ^ill correct
the unfortunate Impressions which have
fceen created and vindicate once more
the position of that government with re-
lard to the sacred freedom of the seas.
"The government of the United States
has been apprised that the imperial Ger-
man government considered themselves
to > « obliged 1>v the extraordinary cir-
tumrl&nceR of the present war and the
measures adopted by their adversaries in
peeking to cut Germany off from all
eommerce, to adopt methods of retalia-
te n which go much beyond the ordinary
methodj of war at sea. In the proclama-
tion oi' a \\ar zone from which they
Jjave warned neutral ships to keep away.
This government has already taken oc-
casion to inform the Imperial German
government that it cannot admit the
adoption of such measures or such a
warning of danger to operate as in any
■IjpHI ibbreviution of tin rights of
American ships masters or of American
citizens bmind on lawful errands as
passengers on merchant shins of bellig-
erent nationality; and that it must bold
the imperial German government to a
strict accountability for any infrlnof-
ment of those rightq, intentional or in-
cidental. It does not understand the im«
penal German govetnaiant to question
those rights. It aasumes on the con\rary
that the imperial government accepts |
as a matter of coarse, the rule that the '
lives of non-combatants, whether they j
be of neutral citizenship or cltixens of i
one of the nations at war, cannot law- {
fxully or rightfully be put in jeopardy by
the capture or destruction of tui unarmed
merchantmen and recognise also as ail
other nations do, the obligation to take
the usual precaution of visit an<? search
Submarines Disregard Rules.
"The government of the United States
therefore desires to call the attention of
the imperial German government with
the utmost earnestness to the fact that
the objection to their present method of
attack against the trade of their enemies
lies in tne practical impossibility of em-
ploying submarines in the destruction of
commerce without disregarding those
rules ol fairness, reason, justice and
humanity which all modern opinion re-
gards as imperative. It is practically
impossible for the otlicera of a submarine
to \isit a merchantman at sea and ex- I
amine her papers and cargo. It is prac-
tically impossible lor them to make a
prize of her and they cannot put a prixe |
crew on board of her, they cannot sink
without leaving her crew and all on
board of her to the mercy of the sea in
her small boats. These facts it is under-
stood, the imperial German government
frankly admits. We are informed tliat
in'tlie instances of which we have spoken
lime enough for even that poor measure
of safety was not given and in at least
two oi the cases cited not so much as a
warning was received. Manifestly sub-
marines cannot be used against mer
chantmen as the last few weeks have
shown, without an inevitable violation of
many sacred principles or Justice and hu-
manity.
"American citizens act within their in-
disputable rights in taking their ships
and in traveling wherever their legiti-
mate business calls them upon the high
seas and exercise those rights in what
should be the wrell justified confidence
that their lives will not be endangered
by acts done in clear violation of uni-(
versally acknowledged international ob-
ligation and certainly in the confidence
that their own government wijl sustain
them in the exercises of their rights.
No Excuse Through Publication.
"There was recently published in the
newspapers of the United States, I re-
gret to inform the imperial German gov-
ernment, a formal warning, purporting
to come from the imperial German em-
bassy at Washington, addressed to the
people of the United States and stating
in effect that any citizen of the United
States who exercised his right of free
travel ujton the high seas woald do so
at his peril if his journey should take
him within the zone of waters within
which the imperial German navy w ts
using submarines against the commerce i
of Great Britain ami France, notwith-
standing the respectful but very earnest j
protest of this government, the govern-
ment of the United Slates. 1 do not re-
fer to this for the purpose of calling to
the attention of the imperial German
government at this time the surprising ;
irregularity of a communication from
the imperial German embassy at Wash-
ington addressed to the people of the
United Slates through the newspapers,
but only for the purpose of pointing out
that no warning that an unlawful and
inhumane act would be committed can
possibly be accepted as an excuse or
paliatlon for that act or as an abate-
ment of the responsibility for its com-
mission.
Prompt Action Expected.
"Long acquainted as this government
has been with the character of the im-
perial German government and with the
high principles of equity by which they
have in the past been actuated ana
guided, the government of the United
States cannot believe that the com- j
manders of the vessels which committed !
these acts of lawlessness did so except
under a misapprehension of the orders j
issued by the .imperial German naval
authorities. It takes it for granted that, i
at least within the practical possibilities
of every such case, the commanders even j
of submarines were expected to do noth-
ing that would involve the lives of non-
combatants or the safety of neutral ships •
even at the cost of failing of their ob-
Ject of capture or destruction. It con-
fidently expects, therefore, that the im4
perial German government will disavow
the acts of which the government of
the United States complains, that they
will make reparation so fer as repara-
tion is possible for injuries which are
without measure and that they will take
immediate steps to prevent the recur-
rence of anything so obviously subver-
sive of the principles of warfare for
which the imperial German government
has in the past so wisely and so firmly
contended.
"Expressions of regret and ofTers of j
reparation in case of the destruction of i
neutral ships sunk by mistake, while
they may satisfy international obliga-
tions of no loss of life results, cannot
justify or excuse a practice, the natural {
and necessary effect of which is to sub- '
Ject neutral nations and neutral persons .
to new and immeasurable risks.
"The imperial German government will
not expect the government of the United
Slates to omit any word or any act neces- j
sary to the performance of its sacred
dutv of maintaining the rights of th#
Ignited States and its cltixens and of safe-
guanMng their free exercise and enjoy- J
ment. "BRYAN/'
SIATE-WIDE
NEWS EVENTS
WAGONER MAN NEW PRESIDENT
OF OKLAHOMA PRESS
ASSOCIATION.
EDITGRS TALK TO SAN FRANCISCO
Pioneer Telephone Company Arranges
Long Distance Connection With
Judge Duno at Panama-
Pacific Exposition.
Guthrie.—The twenty-fifth annual
session of the Oklahoma State Press
Association closed by the selection of
the following officers: Ueopge H. Fos-
ter, editor of the Wagoner Record,
president, by acclamation; Byron Nor-
rell of Ada, Mrs. E. P. Martin of
Miami and R. H. Wessel of Frederick,
vice presidents; E. S. Bronson, El Keno
American, was unanimously re-elected
secretary-treasurer. The hew execu-
tive committee is composed of J. Burr
GlbbonB of Tulsa, E. Bee Guthrey of
Sallisaw, Jesse Curd of Hugo, Will
Geers of Tishomingo, John Hinkel of
Stillwater, E. L. Gregory of Lawton,
distance Jfne at a time, the line betnj
held by the talk for over half an hour,
M«s. Frank Lucas of Oklahoma Cit^
Mrs. Walter Ferguson, J. B. Campbell,
president of the association, formej
President Renfrew, Paul B. Smith, J.
Burr Gibbons of Tulsa, Leslie Niblack,
Edgar Bronson, John Golobie, and i
number of others greeted Judge Duno
and informed him that they would ao
cept his invitation to call on him at
the fair.
It was explained by representatives
of the Pioneer company, which with
the American Telephone and Tele-
graph company, extended the use ol
the line to the editors that over two
million and a half dollars worth ol
property is Invested in the establish-
ment of such a long distance eonneo
tion between Guthrie and San Fran-
cisco and that this property is at the
sole disposal of the parties talking
when such a connection is being used.
Guthrie and Oklahoma Ciiy, it was
announced; are the.-only two Okla.
homa cities as yet connected up with
the transcontinental line but other
cities and towns of the state will ba
connected as rapidly as possible.
In addition to the ealk of Judge
Dunn, Fair Director Vogelsang of San
Francisco greeted Secretary Bronson,
whom he had met at the fair recently,
while the editor of the San Francisco
Chronicle talked with Leslie Niblack
and the editor of the Examiner talked
with J. Burr Gibbons.
OKLAHOMA EDITORS 'PHONING SAN FRANCISCO.
Top row. left to right: E. Bee Guthrey, Sallisaw; Col. Sidney Sugg*
Ardmore; C. W. B, Hinds. Hugo; Walter Ferguson, Cherokee.
Bottom row, left to right: Secretary Edgar S. Bronson, El Reno; Roy E.
Stafford, Oklahoma City; J. Burr Gibbons, Tulsa; John Golobie, Guthrie;
"Buck" Campbell, Waukomis.
WHAT WILL HAPPEN NEXT?
A copy of the note was delivered to was diminished somewhat in Austro-
Count Von Bernstorff, the German am- German quarters because of the belief
bassador by the state department as a that (Germany, being desirou* of pre-
courtesy and copies were similarly serving friendly relations with the
cabled to the American ambassadors United States, probably would find
at London, Paris and petrograd for some way of meeting the American
their own information. government's position without devel-
Publication of the text was arranged oping a crisis.
for Jjy Secretary Bryaa. Special re- It was admitted by well informed
atricttons were imposed on foreign diplomats that this was the hope of
correspondents who were not permit- German officials here although on afr-
ted to cable it until the svne hour that count of difficulties in communication |
it reached the people of the United they professed to be uninformed as to '
States. the views of the German government. |
To Avoid Diplomatic Embarrassment. Count Von Bernstorff took occasion
The purpose of these arrangements, to communicate to the state depart-
1t was explained at the state depart- ment a formal denial of published re-
went, was to prevent diplomatic em- ports that the embassy here had lntl-
barassment such as might arise If the mated that Geraany would in her
text reached the British or French gov- answer refuse to comply with the re-
ernment through publication in foreign quests of the United States.
Horace W. Shepard of Altus and
Charles Wilson of Cherokee.
Tulsa was selected as the location i
for the next convention.
The most important matter before
the association meeting was the sub-
ject of the "Oklahoma State Editors'
Home." This matter has been a live
topic at all sessions of the association
since the location, wbich was made at1
the time the editors visited Lawton
several years ago. Secretary Bron-
son of the El Reno American and John
Shepler of the Lawton Constitution
have been actively engaged in solving
the problem of financing the scheme.
They have had a large amount of ad-
vertising contracts donated by publish i
ers over the state but until very re- j
centiy they have found no practical so-
lution of the vexed problem of dis- j
posing of the contracts. Recently they
have arranged with the general com-
mittee of officers of the railroads in
Oklahoma to purohase the contracts
and aavance the funds necessary for
building and properly equipping the
home.
Judge Jesse Dunn, former supreme
court Judge of Oklahoma, now resid-
ing in Oakland, Calif., addressed the
members of the Oklahoma Press As-
sociation May 7th and 8th over the
long distance telephone. Judge Dunn
was at the exposition grounds at San j
Francisco while the editors sat around
a table In the convention hall at
Guthrie and heard his every word as
clearly and easily as though he had
been telephoning Just across the street.
Twenty editors and friends listened
to the speech-making over the long-
6IRL RECEIVES LARGE ROYALTY
REWARD FOR GIRL'S MURDERER
Governor Offers $200 For Slayer of
Pauline Amsel.
DOTTT VISIT Tnn CAT.TFORVTA FT-
I'OSITIONS Without a suppiy c( Alien's Fcot-
Ease, the antiseptic powder to be shaken Into the
Shoes, or dissolved In the foot-bath. The Standard
Remedy (or the feet for 25 years. It fives Instant
r llel to tired tchinr feet and prevents swollen,
hot feet. One lady writes: "I ealoyed every minute
of my stay at tha Expositions, thanks to Allen's
Foot-Ease In my shoes." Get 11 TODAY. Adv.
newspapers before it actually reached-
the German government.
Although the German embassy an-
nounced in a statement that it had no
information as to the reply the German
'government would mkke to the Ameri-
can not*, tension over the situation
Indian Girl Has Already Received
$125,000.
Oilton.—Commenting on the recent
purchase by B. B. Jones of the royalty
oil which he has been holding in stor-
age and belonging to Sarah Rector, M.
Mussellem declares that the total roy-
alty on the Sarah Rector allotment, a
mile south of Oilton, Is worth well Into
the hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Jones paid $65,000 for the accumu-
lated royalty oil and had paid $60,000
prior to the sale, making a total of
$126,000 already received by the little
Creek Indian girl. H(# allotment is a
fractional eighty acres. Mussellem re-
cently refused a half million dollars
for his tract, a fractional eighty Just
south of the Rector tract.
Oklahoma City.—In an effort tt
arouse new interest in the apprehen-
sion of the slayer of Pauline Amsel,
who was murdered in the home of hei
father, a prominent Durant merchant,
about six months ago. Gov. Robert L
Williams issued a proclamation of-
fering a reward on behalf of the state
of $200 for the arrest and conviction
of her assailant.
The girl's father already has of-
fered a reward of $1,000, a certified
statement of which is on file in th«
office of the secretary of state, bring-
ing the total reward up to $1,200.
On the night of November 11, 1914,
some one entefed the room where th«
girl was sleeping and with a sharp in-
strument cut her throat from ear to
ear. Aroused by her dying groans her
parents entered the room Just in time
to see her assailant leaving through an
open window. No statement could be
obtained from the girl for she died al-
most instantly.
A diligent search was made for sev-
eral days of Durant and surrounding
territory, but not the slightest clua
was developed as to the identity of
the murderer. No motive was known
for the tragedy.
Government Loses In Thloco Case.
Muskogee.—The government lost
the Barney Thlocco case when Judge
Ralph E. Campbell held that the
United States could not impeach the
records of the Dawes commission ex-
cept by introducing evidence to show
that there had been a lack of testi-
mony at the time Thlocco was enrolled.
This point the government failed to
prove that Tlocco was not living on
April, 1899, when he was enrolled.
A spttcial guard of plain clothes po-
licemen was placed about the German
embassy. Uniformed police hereto*
fore have been there but not until
Thursday was a special guard provid-
ed. Officials said It waa merely a pre-
caution.
Dedicatory exercises at the First
Christian church at El Reno wese
largely attended May 9. Rev. George
1. Snlvely of Lewlston, 111., delivered
the sermon, after which $16,000 was
raised tor tha church.
Not Much Storage Oil Changing Hands.
Oilton.—But little storage oil is
changing hands or being offered for
sale at the present time. This, It is
said, results from the fact that the
storage has already passed into the
hands of concerns who will keep it.
Of the 30,000,000 barrels in storage,
ninety per cent at least is not on the
market now, and practically all the oil
that is changing hands is the fresh.
This is given us the main reason for
the recent better price outlook. It is
understood, in fact, that recently prem*
isms have been ottered for crud*.
Riches have wings, generally to en-
able them fly in the wrong direction.
Whenever You Need a General Tonic
Take Grove's
The Old Standard Groves Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a Gen-
eral Tonic because it contains the well
known tonic properties of QUININE and
IRON. It acts on the Liver. Drives out
Malaria, Enriches the Blood and Buildi
up the Whole System. 50 cents. — Adv.
Oh, liberty, what a lot of divorces
hide under thy cloak!
THE PROFESSOR'S STATEMENT.
Prof. Schmitz.
Prof. Aug. F. W. Schmitz, Thomas,
Okla., writes: "I was troubled with
Backache for about twenty-five years.
When told I had Brlght's Disease in
its last stages, I
tried Dodd'e Kid-
ney Pills, After
using two boxes I
was somewhat re-
lieved and I stop-
ped the treatment.
In the spring of
the next year I
had another at-
tack. I went for
Dodd's Kidney Pills and they relieved
me again. I used three boxes. That
is now three years ago and my Back-
ache has not returned in its severity,
and by using another two boxes a lit-
tle later on, the pain left altogether
and I have had no trouble since. You
may use my statement. I recommend
Dodd'a Kidney Pills when and wher-
ever I can." Dodd's Kidney Pills, 60c.
per box at your dealer or Dodd's Medi-
cine Co., Buffalo, N. Y.—Adv.
The "All-Mine" Trick.
A wandering slelght-of-hand man
was entertaining sonte loungers with
an exhibition of tricks. After showing
a goodly number of them he said: "But
I have one good trick that I call the
All-Mine trick."
Of course they aH wanted to see
that, so he instructed a goodly nun^
ber of them to give him a dollar, after
having marked It and carefully noted
the date. About a dozen of the by-
standers did so, and he took them all,
shook them up, then showed each mat
another dollar than the one he had
marked, accompanying each coin with
the question:
"Is that yours?"
Each man, of course, said "No," and
he strolled away, saying:
"Then they must all be mine."*
Tit for Tat.
"So you can't get your family con-
nections to board with you for the
summer? Why, aren't you on good
terms with your relations?"
"Oh, yes, but they're not on good
relations with my terms."
So Paw Says.
Little Lemuel—Paw, what's a pes-
slmist?
Paw—A pessimist, son, Is a fish who
thinks every worm has a hook in it.
The trouble with the man who
knows it all Is he knows a lot that 1
no earthly good.
INSOMNIA
Leads to Madness, If Not Remedied
"Experiments satisfied me, some 5
years ago," writes a Topeka woman,
"that coffee was the direct, cause of the
Insomnia from which I suffered ter-
ribly, as well as extreme nervousness
and acute dyspepsia.
"I had been a coffee drinker since
childhood, «nd did not like to think
that the beverage was doing me all
this harm. But it was, and the time
came when I had to face the fact, and
protect myself. 1 therefore gave up
coffee abruptly and absolutely, and
adopted Postum for my hot drink at
meals.
"I began to note Improvement In
my condition very soon after I took
on Postum. The change proceeded
gradually, but surely, and It was a
matter of only a few weeks before I
found myself entirely relieved—the
nervousness passed away, my diges-
tive apparatus wag restored to normal
efficiency, and I began to Bleep rest-
fully and peacefully,
"These happy conditions have con-
tinued during all of the 5 years, and I
am safe In saying that I owe them
entirely to Postum, for when I began
to drink it I ceased to use medicines."
Name given by Postum Co., Battle
Creek, Mich. Read "The Road to
Wellville," hi pkgs.
Postum comes In two forms:
Postum Cereal—the original form—
must be well boiled. 15c and 25c pack-
ages.
Instant Postum—a soluble powder—
dissolves quickly In a cup of hot wa-
! ter, and, with cream and sugar, makes
j a delicious beverage Instantly. 30c and
60c tins.
Both kinds are equally delicious and
cost about the same per cup.
"There's a Reason" for Postum.
—•old by Grot ers.

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Tryon, W. M. The Davenport New Era (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 7, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 20, 1915, newspaper, May 20, 1915; Davenport, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109995/m1/2/ocr/: accessed December 15, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

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