The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 33, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 24, 1914 Page: 3 of 10
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uMimnn "una in
Week's Battle in North France
Gives Neither Victory-'En-
gagement Most Impor-
tant of War.
PEACE MOVES STOP
Both Bidet Want More Fighting and
Pre*ident Wilton Sayt He'll
Wait Until One 8aya
(Summary of Events.)
Another great battle of the
Jireseut war, described as the most
important so far to all concerned,
has been in progress a week be-
tween the Germans and the
French-British, without decisive
result. The battle line, about
eighty miles long, stretches prac-
tically from Amiens, in northwest
Prance, to Verdun, on the Alsa-
Both sides have concentrated
have to ask for pence. allies
said there would be no peace until
the military depottsm of Germany was
crushed. The president has an-
nounced he will make no further ef-
forts toward mediation until one of
the fighting nations appeals to him
to do so.
Italy Ready to Fight.
Urged by Russia and by her own
radical political element, It appears
not unlikely that Italy soon will en-
ter the conflict on the side of the al-
lies by attacking Austria. Her stand-
ing army and auxiliary have been
ready for the field for several weeks.
A final mobilization, calling all re-
servists, has been ordered for Sep-
Austria may sue for peace Inde-
pendently of Germany, according to
reports from Vienna and Rome. Her
repeated defeats have had a very de-
pressing effect on the country. In-
dustry Is blighted. The poor suffer
now, and will suffer more when win-
ter comes, and there are Indications
of revolt among the masses, it it
said serious riots already have oc-
curred in Vienna and Budapest.
Turkey Coolt Her Talk.
Since the reversal of German suc-
cesses In France and the strong move-
ment of Russia against Germany Is
beginning to count, Turkey has re-
ceded from her warlike attitude to-
ward the allies. Her newspapers,
however, have been forbidden by the
government to call the Russian capi-
tal city Petrograd. They must use
the old term, St. Petersburg, which
the Russians no longer use.
Japan continues to besiege the Ger-
man colony and naval base at Tsing
Tao, In the Chinese colony of Kalo
AUSTRIAN SHARPSHOOTERS HOLD BACK SERBS
Austrian sharpshooters along tbe Danube rlter checking the advance of
'he Servian troops.
Chow. A strong fleet commands the
harbor and SO.AOO infantry surround
the city. There has been no decisive
action in this theater for two weeks
A Five Daye' Battle.
London.—For five days the British
and French armies have been trying
to dislodge the Germans from the
strong line of defenses which they
have constructed on the battle front
stretching from the Oise to the Meuse
rivet. There have been attacks and
counter attacks, but in the words of
the official communication "there has
been no change in the situation."'
The allies claim to have made
slight progess at some points against
the German right wing north of the
River Alsne and to have repulsed
counter attacks there and between
Craonne and Reims, while they say
In the center and on the right the
Germans are acting purely on the de-
fensive, having "dug themselves into
At Last Reports Agree.
The Uerman official reportt are al-
most identical with those of the allies.
They say no decision has yet been
reached, but that the allies' power of
resistance is weakening, that a French
attempt to break their right has fail-
ed, that in the center the Germans
are gaining ground slowly, and that
sallies from Verdun have been re-
Rustiani Purtue Auitriana.
London.—Reports received from Pe-
trograd say the Russian pursuit of
the Austrlans continues and that the
Russians have gained important suc-
cesses over the Austrian rear guard.
Convoys of two army corps with
thirty guns and ammunition and 5,000
prisoners are said to have been cap-
tured. The whole of the Austro-Rus-
eir greatest strength along this
A j. ne. Each side has brought up
attend pnfor(><'rnents a'l kinds. "n-
' , us oppose a like number of
Shows ncj1 an(j Irtish. The Ger-
s are strongly entrenched and
Gran" i mounted heavy artillery In
having -Ardennes mountains. They
week_ « successfully resisted all as-
|je(i ,,.ts of their enemy.
If they lose this battle it will
mean the evacuation of French
and Belgian territory by the Ger-
mans and the transfer of the ac-
tivities of war to German terri-
tory. Military experts say such
a ehange would certainly be Ger-
many's undoing. Shouiu the Ger-
mans win this battle it probably
would not mean a permanent loss
for the allies.
Germans Hinder Slavs.
Russia has all but crushed the army
of Austria, according to reports from
various points, and now occupies the
provinces of Bukawlna and Galicla.
The Servians and Montenegrins have
succeeded in pushing back the Aus-
trlans in tbe south and In taking Sem-
lin. They now threaten Budapest.
The Russians have had no buccbss
o* note in their operations against
Germany during the last week. The
kaiser's army has punished the Slav
invaders of East Prussia severely at
every point and has stopped the ad-
vance. The czar now says he will
l>ut 7,000,000 In the field to crush Ger-
many and will leave Austria to Ser-
The efforts of President Wilson and
Secretary Bryan to start a movement
for peace among the belligerents have
failed. Germany replied to the note
of Inquiry sent by Mr. Wilson to the
napolis Is reported to tie overrun by
Cossacks who are" leading the Rus-
The Russian army now In Galicla
will be left there to complete Its
work, for, according to a Rome dis-
patch, an army of 900,000 Russians it
marching into Central Poland follow-
ed by another army of 2,000,000,
while a third army also aggregating
2,000,000 Is coming from more distant
regions and will reach the front In
There are said to be 1,000.000 Rus-
sians already in Galicla and 500,000 in
East Prussia. While these numbers
ae enormous they arc considered
probably a fair estimate of what Rus-
sia soon will have available for war.
It Is said she will soon have 7,000,006
men on the move.
German Armies Entrench.
London.—A dispatch to the Ex-
change Telegraph Company from its
Ostend correspondent says:
"The Germans are entrenching
themselves strongly on the River
Sambre, from Maubeuge to Namur. I
have seen Important defense works
at Thuln, Farclennes and Floreffe.
Many Inhabitants of these places had
been forced by threats to perform la-
bor on the works. I have been told
that the same kind of fortifications
are being erected on the Meuse. from
Glvet to Namur, but It Is Impossible
to cross the Sambre to see for my-
self. I believe, however, my Informa-
tion Is accurate."
Austria Dumbly Waitt.
Vienna.—In the complete absense
of satisfactory details regarding the
progress of the campaign In Galicla
and the Servian frontier, the
Austrian public is waiting with dumb
patience for some definite news as to
what really is happening. Ever since
it became known that Russia is mak-
ing great headway in Galicla the com-
ment in Vienna newspapers has been
guarded, the editorials dealing chiefly
with the German campaign In Wes-
tern Europe. The presence of 70,000
Polish refugees from Galicla, however,
added to the constant arrival of train-
loads of wounded, tends to offset this
Captured German Cruiser.
New York.—The'capture of the Ger-
man converted cruiser Hathania by
the English cruiser Essex was report-
ed by Paul Gassett, formerly Ameri-
can consul at Antofogasta, Chile, who
has just arrived here, a passenger on
board the Almirante of the United
Fruit line from Colon ahd Kingston.
Ix>ndon.—The Daily Telegraph's
Rome correspondent says he learns
from an authentic source that eight
German army corps have left France
and Belgium for the Russian frontier.
Big Battle it On.
London—Another great battle, even
more vital than those which have pre-
ceded it, is in progress on a line ex-
tending from the region of Noyon on
the River Oise, northwest of Paris to
the River Meuse, north of Verdun.
The front is somewhat shorter than
in the battle of the Marne, but this
will result only in a more fiercely
contested battle, with masses of
troops throwing themselves at each
other, and every available piece of ar-
tillery concentrated In the determined
effort of the armies to break through
! the lines.
The Germans, who a fortnight ago
had to abandon their first swift en-
deavor to destroy the armies of
France and Great Britain, and cap-
ture Paris, have nowv fortified them-
selves on the mountains north of the
River Alsne, through the plains of
Champagne and in the Argonne
mountains through which the Meuse
In Strong Position.
They are in stronger positions than
they were for the battle of the Marne
and have been strongly re-enforced
with fresh troopt from the north and
east. They have attempted some
counter attacks against the allied
troops, which, flushed with victory,
have been trying to prevent tnem from
| entrenching themselves.
According to English and French
official reports these attacks have
been repulsed and the Germans com
} pelled to give way at certain points,
1 but the German general staff claims
Just the opposite result.
Ruttiant Report Gaint.
Petrograd.—It It announced that
the Russian troops In pursuit of the
enemy have met all along tbe battle
front with Important succest against
the Austrlans and have occupied San-
domir, about one hundred miles north-
east of Cracow. They also took by
assault an important position near
Krzeschoff and crossed the San river,
pressing the routed Austrlans hard.
In the Iavorovo district they captured
convoys of ammunition of the Sixth
and Fourteenth Austrian army corps,
taking more than thirty guns, 5,000
prisoners and an enormouB quantity
of munitions of war.
Report Germans Surrounded.
London.—The German right wing
is now encircled by the allies, accord-
ing to an Amiens dispatch to the
ARE WAR'S MOST
Their Loved Husbands, Sons and
Brothers Are in the Thick
of the Fighting.
MANY OF THESE ARE SLAIN
FRENCH OFFICER TELLS
OF BATTLE ALONG AISNE
london.—The Exchange Telegraph
Company's Paris correspondent in a
utpatch which has Just been received
I ,"A comprehensive account of the
ive days' battle on the Alsne river,
*hlch he described as the fiercest in
the Western theater, since the be-
ginning of the war, was given by a
French officer, who arrived In Paris
fresh from tbe scene a* the great
struggle along the River Aisne,
"'On the morning of the 14th,' the
officer said, 'the Germans called a
halt, but by afternoon the battle had
become general All the next day the
battle was of a ding-dong nature, the
Germans evidently awaiting reinforce-
ments. During th< night, however,
they delivered a furious attack on the
extreme left, but the British and
French troops gallantly met the pn-
slaught. repulsing the Germans no
fewer than ten timet.
" 'The Germans (till came on, how-
ever, teeklng to pierce tbe French
line. There had been nothing like It
tlnce the beginning of the campaign.
The enemy hurled dense masses of
troops at us In a supreme endeavor
to check our forward progress, but
when dawn came we still held the po-
sition and even had gained ground
" 'The artillery duel was continued
throughout the next day. The morn-
ing of the 17th again saw desperate
fighting. This time we threw the
Germans back some ten kilometer*,
capturing COO men and a lot of in it rail
Pathetic Story of Prlncett Berths von
Llppe, Already Mourning Four—
Case of Czarina of Rutola la
the Saddest of All.
(International Newt Service.)
London.—Upon royal palaces even
more heavily than on the cota of the
peasants has the gloom of the great-
est war In history settled. In many
a splendid abode alts an anxious, care-
marked queen, or princess, or grand
duth«BS, her eyea red from weeping,
eagerly reading the bulletins of slaugh-
ter which are, brought to her. and go-
ing forth only to endeavor to show a
brave face before her people and to
comfort and encourage the Intermin-
able lines of wounded In tbe hospitals.
It Is a mistake to represent the
autocracies as sending their common
people into the hell of shrapnel and
rifle Are while themselves sitting In
safety. Such a picture Is often drawn
by the hate of the monarchical idea,
but whatever the faults of kings, this
Is not one of them.
The young men of royal birth are In
the thick of the flgHtlng. No royal
family but has many representatives
who are officers in the army or navy.
And the casualties among the officers
of the armies in the field are much
heavier in proportion than the dead
and wounded and missing of the
Princess Mournt Two Sont.
i A traveler Just arrived from Berlin
tells an appealing story Of royal sor-
row. It was In the grand dining-room
of the Hotel Cumberland. One of the
finest hostelrles of the Prussian cap-
ital. Princess Berthe von Lippe was
seated at one of the tables. A tele-
gram was brought to her and she
broke the seal and read eagerly. The
mask of royalty dropped from her.
Forgetting she was a princess and In
a public place, she threw her head and
her arms on the table before her and
sobbed aloud as any peasant mother
would have done.
Only one word passed her lips:
The telegram had Informed her that
her two sons had fallen at Liege.
Later she wh told her two younger
brothers had been killed at Charlerol.
A dreadful toll to pay to war! But
It may not be all—Princess Berthe
still has numerous other relatives In
the kaiser's army. She can only con-
sole herself with the tales of the brav
ery of her lost ones.
How Prince Wilhelm Died.
Here Is the story Bhe heard of one
of her sons, Prince Wilhelm of Llppe,
a colonel In the Prussian army, who
fell In the assault on Liege August 6:
"After fierce fighting at close quar-
ters we proceeded successfully toward
Liege," narrated a private. "On the
morning of the 6th we succeeded In
getting on the northern walls of
Liege, where, however, we were com-
pletely surrounded by Belgian troopt,
who drew over cloter around us and
pressed us hard amid a hall of bullett.
"By order of hit hlghnett our de-
tachment formed a circle and we de-
fended ourtelvet itoutly for tome
time, till at length we taw ttrong re
enforcement! coming to our aid.
"In order to enable them to locate
the exact tpot where we were, the
prince rose to a kneeling position,
pointed with hit sword to the ap-
proaching column, and gave me. who
lay a hand's breadth away from him,
on top of our flag, the order to raise
the flag so that we might be recog-
"1 raised the flag and waved It In a
circle, which at once drew an extra
hall of bullets from tbe enemy. The
flag was shot out of my hands, while
the tame volley wounded the prince
fatally in the breast and throat. His
last two words were: 'Remember
Kin le Warring on Kin.
Added to the horror of having near
relatives In the shambles of Armaged
don are two other depressing thoughts
which harrow the women ao unfor-
tunate as to be of royal birth. There
is first the ever-constant realization
'hat their allegiance It mixed, that
while most of those In whom they are
Interested are fighting on the tide of
their own army, relatives nearly as
dear are leading the cause of the
enemy. Kin figbtt against kin. Thlt
It due to the Intermingling of royal
blood which has gone on In Europe
Then there Is the disturbing realiza-
tion of the precarious position of the
throne. Not a dynasty the aolldlty
of which doet not tremble In the bal
ance Tbe queent realize fully that
the future of tbelr houses depends
upon the outcome of the vast conflict.
Defeated, they will be overwhelmed
by the indignant forces of democracy
or socialism or reduced to Impotence
by tbelr countrlea' conquerort.
Czarina Meat Tragic Figure.
Perhaps the czarina of Russia It
tbe most tragic figure in the whole
ireineudout world d. auia. "The tad
be deeper than ever
She sees Slavs and Germans locked
in a death struggle. All her blood rela-
tives battle against her husband. She
was Pricess Alix of Hetse and be-
came the bride of Nicholas 11 because
he fell In love with her and refuted
to marry the daughter of the Slav
king of Montenegro, at the Ruttlan
statesmen wished. She went to Petro-
grad to find many anti-German cur-
rents to combat, but nothing com-
pared to the present absolute blotting
out of everything with a Teutonlo
tinge, going even to tbe change of the
name of the capital. The hostility un-
doubtedly extendi even to her per-
ton. The Russian! bate their German-
ic queen, though Czar Nicholas now
mingle* freely In the street with hit
people and feels safe from the aeaaa-
She knows that If Germany cruthet
Russia, there will be no pity for her
husband. Hit throne will go and even
the will not be welcome In Berlin. And
thould the tide of battle go agalntt
the kalter, the knows the caar and
the ring of grand duket will be equal-
ly ruthlets In their reprettlon of every
German ruling family.
The Slav prlncett, whom the czarina
overthrew in the alfectlont of Nich-
olas. Is now Queen Elena of Italy.
Elena's dayt and nlgbta are also full
of anxiety. Her brother! are on tbe
battle line. And she has known that
her adopted country's alliance was
with Germany and Austria. The two
bidders for Italy's adherence to the
triple entente, Theophlle Delcasae of
France and Count Wltte of Russia,
concentrated their efforts on the Ital-
ian queen and about her beajj raged
the fearful struggle between the fac-
tion insisting on Italy's taking the
German side, and the forces tending
to align Italy against her ancient ene-
Brave Elizabeth of Belgium.
Another appealing figure Is Eliza-
beth of Belgium, now an exile In Eng-
land. Her little sons are too young to
fight. But her husband, King Albert,
Is In tbe thick of the battle. It Is
reported one shell burst 20 feet from
w here he w as sitting In Ills war auto-
It was with extreme reluctance that
Elizabeth was Induced to quit Aut-
werp and the rigors of the siege.
"I will shoulder a musket and fight
In the trenches with you," she cried
to Albert. "The women of Belgium
have often showed they could fire as
straight as the men."
But she was overruled and sent
across the channel to safety. She Is
called the most cultivated princess
in Europe. Her father wa^the prince
of Bavaria. What emotions tore her
breast when tbe Bavarian regiments
were raging against the gallant de-
fenders of Liege!
Yet her fate Is kinder than that of
the grand duchess of Luxembourg.
When the Germims Invaded her little
state, the granh duchess went out to
meet them and turned her Aitomobile
so that It blocked a bridge Into town.
She refused to move and protested
vlgotously against the violation of
Luxembourg's neutrality. The com-
mander of the Invading force had her
removed bodily. And now tbe kaiser
is treating Luxembourg as a subject
Queen Mtry and the Kalterln.
War with lit long weeks of uncer-
tainty and anguish Is bearing especial-
ly hard on Mary of England and the
kalserln. The latter hat six tall sont
at the front. She knows they will be
marks of tbe hostile sharpshooters.
There Is the crown prince, leading one
of tbe armies In tbe west through
Luxembourg and Neufcbateau. He It
the most ferocious pan-Oermtn of
them all and can expect scant pity If
he falls Into hostile hands. There Is
Adalbert, with the fleet that It almott
sure to be annihilated If It gives bat-
tle to England's superior tquadront.
Mary't two tom also went forth to
battle. Albert, her sailor prince, bait
been landed from tbe (Jolllngawood,
111 with appendicitis The prince of
Wales It with the famout Glendale
guards. He Is small and tlckly, not
at all the martial figure that the pres-
ent occasion demands.
One woman, Wllhelmlna of Holland,
bears the principal burdens of state
In a crltlt that might have taxed Eliza-
beth of England or Catherine of Rua-
tla. So far the hat preserved tbe neu-
trality of her beloved Netherlands.
Her southern provinces are under mar-
tial law, her army Is mobilized and
her dikes are mined ready to let In the
sea and now she sltt, waiting the
outcome of tbe universal war that
rages Just without her doors.
German Tellt of Air Duel.
A dispatch from Rotterdam quotes
a Dutchman who Interviewed a Ger-
man flying officer who did reconnoiter-
lug in northern France after the bat-
tle of Mona.
Tbe German filer, It appean, wis
chased by an English aeroplane and
tried to prevent the Britisher from
climbing higher, but as the British ma-
chine was cleverly handled, be was
unable to do so. Evidently' each
feared the other would drop bombs.
The German said to his mechanic as
the Englishman gained the poeitlon
overhead, "Our latt hour Is come," and
his mechanic said In reply, "Our last
I half hour."
The Englishman, however, had no
I bombs. A fruitless revolver duel fol
•lava as Battle Shlelda.
Ixmdon.—The correapondeut of the
Central News at Petrograd wlree:
"The Slavonic natives of Austria ar
riving here as prisoners of war declare
they were placed in front of the bat
tie line pui pos«y by the Austrian* "
FEW LUXURIES ARE LEFT OFF
LIST FOR SPECIAL
MANY ITEMS FROM 1898 BILL
Telephone ana Telegraph Message*
Included, Alto Sleeping Berth*.
Bank Check* Ar*
Washington.—An emergency rev-
enue bill to provide $105,000,000 taxing
beer, wines, gasoline, sleeping and
parlor car tickets, Insurance, tele-
graph and telephone messages, amuse- ,
ments and a variety of documents,
was agreed to by democrats of tjie
house ways and means committee.
Democrats hope to rush the bill
through the house. The big fight will
be In the senate.
The committee increased the inter-
nal revenue tax on beed by BO cents
11 barrel, making the new tax $1.60.
Domestic wines are to be taxes 20
centB a gallon on sweet wines and 12
cents a gallon on dry wines. Gasoline
is to be taxed 2 cents a gallon.
Bankers are to be taxed $2 on each
$1,000 of capital, Burplus and undi-
vided profits; brokers will pay $50
each, pawn brokers $20, commercial
brokers $20, custom house brokers
$10. Proprietors of theaters, museums
and concert halls in cities of 15,000
population or more ere to pay $100
each. Circus proprietors are to pay
$100 a ,enr, proprietors of bowling al-
leys and billiard rooms $5 for each
alley or table. '
Tobacco dealers and manufacturers
are to be taxed the same as in 1898
except in the largest class "tobacco
dealers not specifically provided for,"
the tax Is to be $4.80 each.
Bonds and certificates of Indebted-
ness are taxed five cents for each $100
Involved, and freight and express re-
ceipts one cent each, with a manda-
tory provision that the shippers must
pay this tax. Telephone messages are
to be taxed one cents on all tolls of
fifteen cents or more and telegrams
one cent a message.
To Tax Life Insurance, ,l
The bill carries taxes of fifty cents
on each iitaemnlty tjond, two cents
on each certificate of profits, 25 cent*
on each certificate of damage and ten
cents for each certificate not especi-
ally provided for. Bank checks are
Life Insurance policies are to be
taxed eight cents on each $100. and
fire, marine, casualty, fidelity and
guaranty insurance policies one-half
cent on each dollar as in 1$98. Good*
withdrawn from customs houses will
pay a stamp tax of fifty cents as In
1898, but the 25 tax on each ware-
house receipt imposed In 1898 is
omitted. The 1898 tax of from 25"*
cents to one dollar for entry of goods
at customs houses, according to val-
ues, is renewed.
For each seat In a palace or parlor
car and for each berth In a sleeping
car, the tax now Ib to be two cents,
against the one cent war tax In 1898.
Tickets from a United States port
to a foreign port will be taxed from
one dollar to five dollars each, accord-
ing to tbe value of the ticket, as In
Other provisions are: Brokers con-
tracts, ten cents; deeds and other con-
veyances. fifty cents, not exceeding
$500 in amount, and fifty cents for each
additional $500. Mortgages 25 cents
for each $1500; power of attorney to
vote, ten cent*; power of attorney to
sell, 25 cents; protest of a note, or a
bill of acceptance, eto., 25 cents.
STEAMER SINKS IN THE COLUMBIA
Oregon's Wild River Grave of Another
Aitoria.—Between 70 and 80 men,
women and children, coastwise pas-
sengers and crew, were drowned when
the three-masted steam schooner
Francis H. Leggett was pounded to
pieces In a gale 60 miles from the
mouth of the Columbia river.
Two men rescued as passing steam-
ers and carried to Astoria and Port-
land told how the tea tore the vessel
to pieces and how the passengers
were drowned, a boat load at a time,
as the life boats put off or met their
fate a Utile later when the vessel
The steamer's wireless raised only
the Japanese cruiser Idzumo, and sank
hours before any craft reached her
position The steamer Beaver which
caught the Idzumo's report of the Leg-
gett's distress said the Idzumo gave
no position for the distressed vessel.
Geo. H. Pullman and Alexander Far-
rell were rescued by the steamer
Irith Rejoicing Over Home Rule.
Dublin.—For the first time on rec-
ord, followers of John E. Redmond
and William O'Brien have joined in a
popular demonstration. This occurred
at Mill Street, County Cork, and tb
cause was rejoicing over tbe passage
of the home rule bill. Headed by an
"All-for-Ireland" band, a battalion of
volunteers paraded the streets. Sev-
eral speeches were delivered by local
leaders, who exhorted the volunteer*
to join the Irish brigade and at once
tender their service* to the war office^
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Tryon, W. M. The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 33, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 24, 1914, newspaper, September 24, 1914; Davenport, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109962/m1/3/?rotate=90: accessed March 24, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.