The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 6, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 12, 1914 Page: 3 of 6

SUGGESTIONS FOR THE BOYS' PIG CLUBS
\
Hog Raised by a Pig Club Boy In Alabama.
Bible, to become a winner In his club.
To win a prize is not bo great in It-
self, but to learn and to do the work
required to win a premium will be of
Inestimable value to him later. Each
boy will be more skillful and compe-
tent because of a year's experience as
a club member.
The bulletin also contains the fol-
lowing advice for preventing hog
cholera:
Do not have hog lots next to high-
ways, railroads, or streams. If your
neighbor's hogs have cholera do not
allow anyone from his farm to visit
your farm, and especially your hog lot
or pens, and keep away from your
neighbor's hog lot, whether his hogs
have cholera or not.
Do not keep pigeons or allow them
to alight on your premises.
Keep away crows and buzzards.
Quarantine all new hogs brought to
your place until you are sure they
are free of disease.
Do not allow a patent-medicine man
on your place, for you do not know
how recently he has visited a sick
herd.
Disinfect your wagon and your own
shoes and clothes after hauling hogs
to stock yards or railroad loading
pens.
Avoid every possible way of carry-
ing Infection to your hogs.
"An ounce of prevention Is worth
a pound of cure" is an old saying, bul
In this case It Is everything.
(Prepared by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.)
Farmers' bulletin of the depart-
ment of agriculture has the following
suggestion to members of the boys'
pig clubs, and others interested In hog
production:
The feeding and care are as import-
ant as the breeding In producing a
good hog. Plenty of feed and good
care may make a good hog out of a
runt, but lack of it will always make
a runt out of a good pig.
To make pork cheaply a permanent
pasture and forage crops must be
used.
Young pigs must have a dry bed and
plenty of sunshine.
Begin feeding the pig as soon as he
will eat, and keep him growing until
he is mature.
Always keep plenty of clean, fresh
•water where the hogs may drink at
any time.
Quarantine all newly purchased ani-
mals for three weekB.
Never keep a female for a brood
sow, no matter how well bred she
may be, If she will not produce more
than four strong pigs at a litter.
The more milk a sow will give the
faster her pigs will grow.
Lice prevent a hog from doing well.
Always keep a mixture of charcoal,
wood ashes, lime, sulphur, Bait and
copperas before the hogs.
Every boy who becomes a member
of a boys' pig club 1b urged to do all
within his power to learn, and, If pos-
mr&zzrrtmr
COW FEED COMES VERY HIGH THESE DAYS
Fine Holstein-Freslan Cowl. A Good Dairy Type.
iTFANSAMRCTK
EXPEDITION ■
In all sections where dairying Is be-
ing conducted cattle foods are each
year becoming more costly and every
dairyman should make an efTort to re-
duce the cost of his cow food.
Instead of feeding hay that Is worth
$15 a ton he should replace a large
portion of It with ensilage which can be
raised chiefly by machine labor.
Instead of supplementing a poor
pasture with purchased grain foods,
he should raise oats and peas, green
corn and other green Boiling crops.
Instead of buying fattening foods
like corn meal, he should buy milk
producing foods like bran, cottonseed
meal and gluten meal.
H
When hogs are fed right, there will
be very little odor in the pen.
• • •
If you want strong lambs give ewes
wheat bran In the grain ration.
• • •
Keep the pigs warm. They will grow
all winter If conditions are right
• • •
The breeding sows should have a
combination of foods and very little
Some men's shoats and fall pigs are
smaller In the spring than when winter
sets In.
• • •
If the hogs are warm and comforta-
ble, It takeB less food to keep them
thrifty.
• • •
With bacon at twenty-live or thirty
cents a pound It pays to keep pigs and
keep them right.
• • •
Ijook out that the fowls are not crver-
fleshy. it i« not good for man, beast
or fowl to be too fat.
• • •
Never give water or oats to a horse
until he has been In the stable an hour
and has had some hay.
• • •
Sharpen and repair all garden tools.
Purchase any new ones needed so as
to have them on hand.
As a rule It Is most profitable to
buy the kind that will produce the
most protein at the least cost.
Make the business as self-suporting
as possible by raising as much of the
feed for the dairy as your farm and
clrcumstanceB will allow.
Many of the failures In dairying are
due to the fact that farmers disre-
gard these points and go out and buy
grain foods without discriminating
Judgment.
To keep good cows and feed them
good wholesome food In abundance
and provide this food cheaply Is abso-
lutely necessary If we are to make a
substantial profit from the business.
GOOD IN BUILDING UP LAND
Cowpeas Should Be Given More Im-
portant Place in Agriculture—Big
AM In Renovating Soil.
The great value of cowpeas as a
feed and as a soll-renovatlng crop
should give them a more important
place In agriculture. The Bhort pe-
riod of growth also makes It possible
to UBe them to great advantage as a
catch crop between the regular crops
In the rotation, either for hay. for pas-
ture or for turning under. They are,
therefore, especially suited to the
man who wishes to build up land rap-
idly while he is at the lame time se-
curing a return from It In feed. The
crop Is one which will undoubtedly
become of much greater Importance
as the land Is farmed more inten
slvely.
Improve by Fences.
Next to tiling, woven wire fence*
are perhaps the moat profitable lm
provement that can be made on the
farm, outside of the barn yards. They
make It possible to give little pigs
the run of the farm, a good share of
the time and to raise sheep without
leaving part of their wool hanging
on the fences.
Good Anchor for Posts.
A disk from an old pulverizer makes
a good anchor for holding the end
post of a wire fence, provided It is
well weighted down and greased. No.
C wire 1s needed to connect It with
the post
IR ERNEST SHACKI.ETON'S coming
trip across the Antarctic continent,
with the South pole as a half-way sta-
tion, Is probably the most daring
journey ever undertaken by man. It
reminds one-of the conqueror Cortez
burning his ships behind him. On
previous expeditions with the pole as
goal the explorers have laid a succes-
sion of bases upon which they could depend when
returning. Sir Ernest will push Btraight onward,
from sea to sea, not reckoning at all on the pos-
sibility that an expedition may come a little way
to meet him.
For several years Sir Ernest held the record of
approaching closer to the South pole than any
other man. He feels keenly the dimming of Brit-
ish fame by the exploits of Amundsen and Peary.
With no more poles to conquer, he might well sit
down and weep, like Alexander the Great. But
instead he has set himself this unique feat.
The news that Sir Ernest expects to come to
the United States before leaving for the south
seas has stirred great interest among Americans
over plans for the exploring expedition. Sir
Ernest Is very popular here, where he has lectured
extensively. It Is probable that wealthy Amer-
icans will add considerably to the funds of his ex-
pedition.
He started on his last expedition $100,000 In
debt. It took him two years after his return to
pay off this debt and it was hard work, too. This
time he has resolved not to run into debt again.
He has $250,000 guaranteed by a friend whose
name has not been made public. This sum he will
make do if necessary, but he will be able to
carry on scientific work much more extensively
if he can obtain a further sum of $100,000.
Sir Ernest has announced that he will experi-
ment with aeroplane motors and propellers for
travel over the snow this winter, his laboratories
to be In Canada or Siberia. He hopes to perfect
this novel substitute for the Eskimo dog, which
he will also use, and the hardy Shetland pony.
Besides aeroplanes and parts of aeroplanes,
Shackleton will take advantage of wireless, the
movies, prepared foods, and many other of the
newest Inventions.
He believes he will have the most perfectly
planned expedition that ever set out, and as he
himself helped to equip many others expeditions
and has been a member of several, he ought to
know.
Sir Ernest Bhackleton Is now In the prime of
life, a splendid man physically and possessing an
Inspiring presence. He Is a born leader. He
makes all about him enthusiastic, especially when
the fire of memories of the frozen south moves
him. He is forty years old—pictures taken of
him on his antarctic trips before he has had a
shave make him appear sixty-five, while in his
street clothes on the Strand he appears a virile
thirty.
To the layman It may be surprising to learn that
there are 5,000,000 square miles of unknown terri-
tory on the continent of Antarctica. This gives an
idea of the possibilities of discovery open to Sir
Ernest. More than half his Journey Is said to be
laid along a new route and, If things go right, al-
most all of It will traverse virgin fields. It 1b no
overstatement to call It the biggest polar Journey
ever attempted.
Briefly stated, It will cross the dead continent
of snow, mountain ranges, volcanoes and frightful
storms from the side of the Western hemisphere
to the side of the Eastern hemisphere.
The main party will leave civilization at Buenos
Ayres and reach it again in Christchurch, or some
other New Zealand city.
The start will be from Argentina In October of
this year, and If a good landing is made on the
shore of Weddell sea by the beginning of Novem-
ber, a shore party will proceed Immediately
across. In this case the expedition should reach
Ross sea, on the other side, by March, 1915
But If the shore party has hard luck, It will
content Itself with laying a series of caches and
will then return to the Weddell sea shore, start-
ing out again a year later.
The expedition will have two ships. The first,
which carries Shackleton to the Antarctic conti-
nent, will do work in tracing the shore of the con
tinent to the west, and will go back to South
America before the close of navigation return-
ing the next year to take up a party which will
winter on the shore of Weddell sea and carry out
scientific work In the so-called "Weddell quad
rant." Ixmg sledge Journeys will be taken east
and west of the base by this party.
The second 3hlp will approach the continent
from the other, or Ross sea, side, and take back
Shackletun, according to his plans. If Shackleton
/
22a? dortf-shapjs-Z> zti&r cqirvfrtamp
srro jutsgzoo ♦
crosses the first season, he will reach civilization
again by the middle of April, 1915. Otherwise, It
will be a year later.
This second vessel will Ball from New Zealand
about the same time as the Weddell sea ship Balls
south. On landing at a prearranged base, the
second party will send a sledging expedition as
far south as possible, to latitude 83, if practicable,
but this expedition will return In time to go north
again before the close of navigation. The expedi-
tion will endeavor to lay a series of depots along
what may be the last stages of Shackleton's route.
But Shackleton will not depend on them In any
way. They may not be laid at all. If Shackleton
doesn't arrive thlB season, the second ship will
return south the next year again.
Five months Is the time Shackleton estimates
as necessary for his crossing of the south polar
continent. He allows ten days for delays by bliz-
zards. The minimum distance from sea to sea Is
1,700 miles, but it is probable that Sir Ernest will
try to cover new ground throughout and so go
much farther.
The "transarctlc party," as Sir Ernest calls
It, will begin Its Journey with 120 dogs, two
sledges driven by aeroplane propellers with aero-
plane engines, and an aeroplane with clipped
wings to "tarrl" over the Ice. But a large part of
the work of transport will be by dogs. Dogs will
eat their fellowB' flesh, while ponies will not.
Motor sledges have been found to be practical-
ly useless in the Antarctic, as the amount of work
put on the engine when passing over varying sur-
faces generally causes the motor to break down.
Sir Ernest proposes to build an ordinary sledge,
larger than the usual size, and on this to mount
an aeroplane engine, with an aeroplane propeller
In front. He figures that a sledge of this descrip-
tion Is capable of dragging a ton at five or six
miles an hour.
Instead of one sleeping bag, each explorer will
carry three, so that when one Is Iced up It can
be discarded. The tents will be made of three-ply
wood, strong enough to support a dome-shaped
covering of snow, thus Insuring more warmth.
The full complement of the short party will be
12 men, and six of these will muke the Journey
acroHS. Both of the Bhlps will be fitted to burn oil
instead of coal, as the liquid fuel extends the
radius of action and renders the vessels inde-
pendent of ballRBt. The ships, which will carry
30 men altogether, will be fully equipped with
cages and tanks for bringing home live penguins
and seals, Buch as have never been taken from
the antarctic regions.
Each ship will have a biologist, geologist and
physicist, and the three from the first ship will
be stationed lu her winter quarters In the Weddell
jjow aimacigivy tjtarospj rod&a9
ms jz&dg&s 4 + + +
sea. Another party of three will explore un-
known tracts along the coast near the winter
quarters.
The aeroplane with clipped wings will not bo
able to fly. Its wings will take practically all the
weight off the wheels.
Wireless and moving picture outfits will not be
carried. It Is expected, on the transcontinental
trip. But one cinematograph machine will go with
the party working from Ross sea and another
with the party working aiiout Weddell sea. These
dims will have both scientific and popular inter-
est. Pocket wireless outfits having a range of
from 100 to 300 miles will also be carried by
these two expeditions, but the main party will not
attempt the added weight of either device.
While the North pole Is situated about two
miles beneath the sea, the South pole Is on the
plateau two miles above the sea. The conditions
of Journeys to the two points are widely different
In the North, within 500 miles of the pole, In
summer time, there are 100 different species of
flowering plants. There are no flowering plants
within 1,700 mileB of the South pole, and within
700 miles of It there Is no plant or animal life of
any description whatever.
In the North you may expect to get the arctlo
hare and the ptarmigan on the northermost land.
There are also bears and the life in the sea.
On a trip to the North pole, the explorer sledges
over a moving sea of Ice that packs up and
breaks up, and It Is Impossible to lay any depots.
The danger of northern sledge traveling is the
break-up of the Ice and the opening of what are
called leads—open water channels left by the
parting of the Ice.
In the South the difficulties are the varying na-
ture of the snow Burfaces, the fact that the tem-
peratures are much lower and the danger of
crevaBBes. In the North one can fall 10 to 20 feet
Into the sea, but In the South one may fall 1,000
feet down a crevasse.
By this notable expedition, Sir Ernest hopes to
cut In two one of the largest, If not the largest,
white spaces yet remaining on the map. He ex-
pects to solve the complete continental nature of
the Antarctic.
Especially scientists would like to know
whether the great range of mountains on the
New Zealand side of the Antarctic continent
really stretches all the way across and Is a con-*
tlnuatlon of the Andes. This Victoria chain has
been traced to the pole by Amundsen and other
explorers. The solving of this problem is of In-
tense Interest to geographers all over the world.
The discovery of the great mountain range, which
Is assumed to extend In a general way from the
pole to Weddell sea, would be one of the biggest
geographical trlumps possible
The geological results will also be of the great-
est scientific value. The Weddell sea party will
take many specimens, and even the transconti-
nental party will chip off pieces of all exposed
rocks they find.
Continuous magnetic observations will be takes
all the way from Weddell sea to Ross sea, as the
route will lie not far from the magnetic pole. In-
formation of great value to navigators would be
learned.
Continuous scientific observations of tbe weath-
er will also be taken, and these should be very
valuable when correlated with the results obtained
by other expeditions.
Biological work will be thoroughly carried on,
and the distribution of fauna and flora will be
studied. Both the ships will be equipped for dredg-
ing and sounding. All branches of science will
be most carefully attended to and the net result
ought to be a large Increase In human knowl-
edge. But first and foremost, the crossing of
the polar continent, will be the main object of the
expedition.

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Baugus, R. A. The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 6, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 12, 1914, newspaper, March 12, 1914; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109938/m1/3/ocr/: accessed March 20, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

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