The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 5, No. 51, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 22, 1914 Page: 4 of 6
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DOCTORING A PROFITLESS FARM
By GEORGE H. DACY
Preparing the Ground by Taking Out AM the Old Root*.
F you were a countryman
whose farm was not pay-
ing very well and an ag-
ricultural expert came
along and said: "Le^me
show you how you can
double and triple your
present Income;" If the
man looked sane and In-
telligent, you would doubt-
less Jump at the chance.
Furthermore, If lio&jlde good 011
his assertion he would win your ever-
lasting gratitude and perhaps you
would recompenso him with a little
cash bonus. Now this is Just the op-
portunity that the farm management
department of the Missouri Agricul-
tural college is ofTering to the farm-
ers of the "Bhow me" state.
The department Bays: "Ask for our
aid and wo will show you how to tonic
your eickly bank accounts and how to
increase the profitB of every branch of
your farm." 15ven the most skeptical
Who, to begin with, made fun of the
proposition have been silenced because
tho Missouri farm management depart-
ment has made good on all its asBer
Today some 600 local farmers are
annually recording greater profits on
the credit side of llieir ledgers as a
result of following the advice and
plans mapped out for them by the de-
like hot cakes from countrymen In all
portions of the state.
As an illustration of what these ex-
pert farm managers could accomplish
in rehabilitating a good farm which
was run down, due to mismanagement,
take the case of "Jim" Brown, who was
considered one of the best farmers in
state farmers how to maintain a prac-
tical and business-like system of rec-
01 ds and accounts.
One Missouri farmei last winter lost
$300 on work stock alone, due to the
fact that he had more animals than he
could keep busy. It is really a ques-
tion of each farmer studying out how
many head of anlmalB he can profit-
ably maintain, and then not exceeding
tors adhere strictly to the advice of I this number. The same thing is true
the department. ! <>f the scrub cows which eat up tho j one of ti,e flneBt climbers, who had
Each year the department selects j proiits of the other farm departments. traveie(j the AlpB from end to end,
funds being used to aid the depart-
ment in Its work.
Farmers Co-Operate With Department.
After his farm has been inspected by
the department, in case a member of
the society follows out the suggestions
of the experts (although he is not in
any way bound to carry out these sug-
gested changes) he becomes a co-op-
erator. The majority of the co-opcra-
Many Lives Lost in Attempting
Death Roll Averages Between Sixty
and Seventy Per Year—Dangerous
Climb of an American
London.—"High places are homes of
ancient worBhip. Ascent is a conse-
crated type of labor with an exceed-
ing great reward."
So wrote the late Mr. Donald Rob-
ertson in the Alpine Journal. And he.
tho best co-operative farm In each
county and makes it a demonstration
farm which conducts local experiment-
al work under the direction of the ex-
perts. In the case of the demonstra-
tion farm, the department assumes the
Initiative and devotes as much atten-
tion to the place as Is necessary to
make it pre-eminently successful, and
spares no pains in assisting the opera-
tors of these farms to bring them to
the highest possible state of fertility
and to the maximum point of profit-
On the other hand, co-operator must
tako the initiative in all phases of his
work, although he receives aid and as-
sistance from the department experts
when he stumbles onto a knotty prob-
lem. At present there are 75 co-opera-
tlve and five demonstration farms in
the state, and each summer, public
meetings are held on the places of the
demonstrators, where typical and il-
lustrative results have been obtained.
Farmers from all parts of the coun-
try are invited to attend these meet-
ings at which prominent agricultural
experts and authorities on farm man-
agement discuss the various lineB of
farming practiced in Missouri. At
noon, a basket lunch is served by the
ladies of the county in which the gath-
ering is held, and in the afternoon the
men visit each individual field, study
the crop, and Informally discuss the
efficiency of the methods of seed bed
preparation, planting and cultivation
which have been practiced in the de-
velopment of this crop.
An experiment in growing cow peas
with corn on one of the demonstra-
The work of the Missouri farm man-
agement department Is state-wide In
scope and is efficient In solving the
problems of the five-acre farm, the
500-acre farm, or the farm whose own-
er merely desires to keep the wolf
from the door, or to Bave Ills place
from being burdened with a mortgage.
In a word, the department Is devot-
was killed about four years ago while
leading a party up a comparatively in-
significant Welsh mountain.
Most mountaineering accidents oc-
cur in Switzerland, and the death-
roll of the Alps has now risen to an
average of between 60 and 70 yearly,
while another 300 people are more
or less seriously injured. In one year
ing Just as much attention and study [ (1900)i the number of the killed was
to replanting an unprofitable ten-acre no ]eB8 than
truck or fruit farm as It Is to remodel
ing an 8,000-acre stock farm.
The Concrete Examples.
Among the practical results which
the department has obtained in its
first aid work to the farmers is the
case of a 140-acre farm which, the
first year it was worked, yielded ten
bushels of corn, 15 bushels of potatoes,
and one-fourth of a ton of hay to the
The managerial experts recommend-
ed the use of better seed, the fall dis-
tributjon of 15 tons of manure to the
acre, and modern methods of culture;
this farmer followed these directions
and the second year afterwards he
harvested 40 bushels of corn, one and
three-quarter tons of hay, and 100 bush-
els of potatoes to the acre on the fields
on which these crops were grown.
Examine the published statistics of
these accidents, and two points strike
1 you. First, that comparatively few
of the tragedies recorded occur at
j great heights or in notoriously difficult
i places; secondly, that a large ma-
jority of the victims are women or
1 very young men.
A third point is that in 92 per cent,
of cases they were climbing without
The fact is that ignorance or reck-
lessness account for by far the great-
er number of Alpine accidents. Peo-
ple who have, perhaps, never climijed
. before in their lives start out ' to
ascend mountains with which they are
totally unacquainted. In most cases
1 they are physically unfit for the se-
I vere exertion entailed by climbing,
and very often they are not properly
He was a man of very limited capital 0]ott,ed or equipped for the expedi
and the season he requested depart- tion.
Removing With Dynamite Some of the Largest Roots.
his district; yet lie, on the quiet, ap-
pealed to the department for aid.
A representative visited the farm
and found It apparently in good condi-
tion, supplied with good buildings, and
annually yielding bumper crops of
grain and roughage, 30 bushels of
wheat, 60 bushels of corn and two tons
of hay to the acre.
It was a different story, however,
when tho expert examined the live
Btock. The dairy cows were scrubs of
the worst variety, with staring coats
and every rib showing, and with ud-
ders not larger than a man's two fists.
The Bwtne and horses were also in-
ferior specimens of twentieth century
live stock, while the supply of farm
machinery was in no sense modern and
efficient. Here was a case of a coun-
tryman who was exerting all his ener-
gies toward the production of profit-
able crops, only to feed them to un-
profitable live stock. ^
From 12 cows he obtained only
enough milk to Bupply the need of his
family of six persons. The department
showed him where the leak was, and
explained to him how he could har
moniie all his operations and render
his farm more fertile and profitable by
These meetings have been fittingly
termed "Show Me Institutes on LegB,"
and are really regular motion picture
shows minus the nickel.
Woman's Work Included In "Doctor-
While the men are bus* with their
field Btudy, their wives under the di-
rection of an expert in home eco-
nomics occupy themselves with the
problems of the farmhouse. Efficient
methods of replannlng the home, home
decoration, modern methods of cook-
ery, the elimination of wastes and the
utilization of byproducts, handy aids in
the kitchen, and the beautlfication of
the farm yard are explained and dis-
cussed in detail.
The woman expert in charge of this
work occupies herself throughout the
year In visiting and remapping the
systems of home-management prac-
ticed by the housewives who request
her aid. She is a sort of a traveling
home economics department which
mental assistance his assets amounted
to $2,000, while his liabilities totaled
$1,800. At the end of the second year
following, he was out of all danger of
debt and had a tiny sum stored away
in the bank.
Another notable illustration of man-
agerial efficiency resulted where a hog
raiser on a rough, 100-acre farm shift-
ed his troubles to the shoulders of the
expert managers who set him right on
his feeding system and got him to
study market conditions and require-
ments, so that he last year realized $1,-
200 from the sale of his swine, where-
as previously his high mark for hogs
for a single year was $500.
Although ordinary work stock are
not supposed to yield much of an an-
nual profit another farmer cleared $300
in one year from his work animals sub-
sequent to consulting with the depart-
mental experts who advised him to
decrease the number of work animals
which he kept and to work the horses
and mules more during the winter.
A city man, inexperienced in farm-
ing, struggled along for five years Just
about making ends meet and then he
employed the assistance of the farm
experts who diagnosed his troubles as
a poor rotation, the use of scrub seed,
and the under-feeding of Ills market
He followed their directions, improv-
ing his methods, and now is gaining a
profitable return from his made-to-or-
The farm has materially gained in
fertility, it has increased in annual
crop production, and this year it paid
off its back indebtedness and begins a
new season with a clean slate.
An instance In point is given by
Mr. Julian Grande, a well-known mem-
ber of the Alpine club. Accompanied
by a friend, he was climbing the
Schlithorn, a respectable peak of about
10,000 feet In the Bernese Oberland.
At a great height, he noticed In the
snow the track of a small boot, evi-
dently a lady's. This was sufficiently
astonishing, but the amazing point
was that there were no signs of nails
In the boots.
As they approached the summit they
suddenly caught sight of a woman
Indian Legend of Interest.
When the Creek or Muskogee In-
dians adopted into their tribe the rem-
nants of other tribes which were
nearly extinct many superstitions
were found among them. One of these
tribes was the Tuckabatches. The
legends of the Creeks state that the
Tuckabatches brought with them sev- j
en plates, the origin and object of I
which have puzzled scientific men j
for centuries. The Tuckabatches
claim that these plates were given
them by their ancestors. They were
not to be handled by all persons, only
by particular men, and those chosen
tion farms. The peas will fatten j maintaining better live stock. He ac-
from six to 10 western lambs at a c,.(je(i (o their advice and today is
profit of $10 per acre. gaining a profitable livelihood and
yearly fattening his bank account un-
The department was organized In
1906 under the direction of l'rof. W. J.
Spillman of the United States depart-
ment of agriculture, and F. B. Mum-
ford, dean of the Missouri Agricultural
college. For four years Its work was
confined to an accurate study of local
farm conditions—a resume of the
knotty problems of the MUsourl farm-
er and how he could be beat aided in
Then when the force was thoroughly
conversant with the "star boarder"
farms of the state and had planned an
efficient campaign whose object was to
eradicate the evil features of the un-
profitable farm, they offered to help
the general Tanner re-map his system
of management, his crop rotations, his
methods of marketing his produce, and
to adapt his line of farming to the
region In which he resided.
Confidence in Organization Grows.
It was a case of "first come, first
served," and after these business man-
agement doctors had cured a few se-
vere cases of "loafer" farms and made
them profitable and more productive,
applications requesting aid came in
der a standardized system of manage
Farmers Take Kindly to the Plan.
The popularity of this movement to
rejuvenate sick farms Increased to
such an extent that a year ago the de-
partment organized the Missouri Farm
Management association, the pioneer
society of Its character In America, the
members being recruited from among
the ranks of the owners of unprofitable
farms who desired to nurse all the op-
erations on their acreage* back to a
The object of this association was
to organize and combine the farmers
of Missouri who were Interested in
practical system of farm management
It aldpd the department in so much as
the countrymen who needed and want-
ed help were centralized In the organi-
zation, while It aided the farmers In so
far as the department experts prom-
ised to visit and replan each place In
turn. Two hundred earnestly Interested
farmers joined the society the first
year, while at present the enrollment
Is double that number. Each country-
man pays $1.26 membership fee—the
Getting Things Ready.
works according to the theory that if
you cannot bring the farmer's wife to
the college then take the college and
science to the kitchen of the house-
She plans out the management or
each home bb practically and systemat-
ically bb the home pocketbook will per-
The Missouri farm management de-
partment also maintains a farm ac-
counting branch which teaches the
by the chief or micco of the tribe.
Five of the plates were of copper and
two of brass. The copper plates were
about 18 inches long and seven Inch-
es wide; the brass ones being round
and 18 Inches in diameter, having
two characters on them similar to the
letters A and E connected. The
plates were kept burled under the
house of the chief and are believed
to be still In existence.—Tallaquah
In His Home No Other Remedy
So Effective for Colds as Pe-
MAYOR B. S. IRVIN.
"I herewith reiterate my commen-
I datlon of Peruna. It certainly has
benefited our daughter in every in-
stance when she was suffering from
cold. I have frequently used Peruna
In my family and have found it an
excellent remedy for colds and also as
a tonic. I often recommend >t to my
friends. Peruna seems to be indis-
pensable in my family, as no other
remedy has been so effective in cases
EVERT FAMILY wishing to be
protected from cold should have Pe-
runa in the house constantly. Also a
copy of the latest edition of the "Ills
of Life," sent free by the Peruna Co,
Those who prefer tablets to liquid
medicines can now procure Peruna
In tablet forma
Ask Your Druggist tor Free Peruat
Lucky Day Almanac tor 1914.
In Perilous Situation.
alone, wearing a very long skirt, and
plowing her way slowly towards the
summit. They could hardly believe
their eyes, for the climb is no child's
play, and both watched In horror, ex-
pecting every moment to see her fall.
They dared not call to her, for fear
of frightening and causing her to
Hurrying as fast as they could,
they caught her up, and found she
was an American. Mr. Grande asked
her what brought her there, and she
answered that she had followed the
path marked in the guide book, and
that she meant to come down by the
"Sleighs?" asked Mr. Grande, much
puzzled. She pulled out the guide
book, and showed the following sen-
tence: "The descent (two and one-
half hourB) may be considerably cur-
tailed by glissades down three snow-
Mr. Grande quietly explained that
this meant coming down on one'B own
feet, with mountaineering boots and
an Ice ax to regulate the speed, or
stop altogether, If necessary; and the
explanation not only surprised but
frightened her badly. The end of it
was that Mr. Grande had practically
to carry the foolish woman down for
a matter of 2,000 feet.
Hone's Suicide Causes Milk Famine.
Croton-on-Hudson, N. Y.—A milk
famine ensued when the horse of the
town's only milk peddler committed
suicide by talking off a bridge.
yield immediately to Sloan's Lin-
iment. It relieves aching and
swollen parts instantly. Reduces
inflammation and quietsthat agon-
izing pain. Don't rub—it pene-
gives quick relief from chest and
throat affections. Have rou tried
Sloan's? Here's what others says
Relief from Rheumatism
'My mother has ULed one 60c. bottle
of Sloan's Liniment, and although she
is over 83 years of age, she hns ob-
tained pro at relief from her rheuma-
tism."—Mrs. H. E. LindmUaf, Cilroy, CuL
M Good for Cold and Croup
A little bojr next door had croup. I
gave the mother Sloan's Liniment to
try. She Rave him three drops on sugar
before going to bed, and he got ud with-
out the croup in the morning,"—Mr. W.
H. Strang*, 3 721 Elmwood Ave., Chicago, IlL
Sloan's Liniment is the best medi-
cine in the world. It hiis relieved me
of neuralgia. Those pains have all gone
and I can truly say your Liniment did
Stop them."—Mrs. c. M. Docker of Johan*
At all Dealers. Price 25c., 60e. A $1.00
Sloan'* Instructive Booklet on
Horses sent free.
DR. EARL S. SLOAN, inc., BOSTON, MASS.
GILT EDGE the oely ladies' shoe dressing that p
•ivrlv contains OIL. Blsrks sad polishes ladies' and
ling. 25c. I
ST AR combination for cleaning and polishing all
boots and shoe*, shines without rub-
bing. 25c. "French Gloss.'
of russet or tan shoes, 10c. "Dajndy" size 25c.
"QUICK WHITE" (in liquid form with sponge)
nuu kly cleans and whitens dirty canvas thorn,
10c and 25c.
BABY ELITE combination foe gentlemen who take
pride in having their shoes look AI. Restores color aad
.ustre to all black shoes. Polish with a brush or eloth. 10c.
Elite" size 25c.
If your dealer does not keep the kind you want, send
IM the price in stamp* for a full size package, charges paid.
_ ^ WHITTEMORE BROS. & CO.
Albany St. Cambridge, Man.
The Oldest and l arge* Manufactures of
Shot Polishes In ths World
FOR OLD AND YOUNG
Tutt'i Uver Pill, act. a kindly on th. child,
the delicate female or Infirm old age, a> upoa
the \tgnroua man.
give tone and strength to the weak stomach,
bowels, kldatys and Kl-t <— ^
Cough Syrup. Taataa Good.
la tlma. Bold by Druggists.
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Baugus, R. A. The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 5, No. 51, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 22, 1914, newspaper, January 22, 1914; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109931/m1/4/: accessed February 21, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.