The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 50, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 7, 1911 Page: 6 of 8
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HE OAVENPDBT NEIIIEBI
Durant has passed the 10,000 mark
In its receipt of baled cotton this sea-
Word has been received from Wash-
ington to the effect that Geary will
become a postal savings depository
office, December 7.
J. W. Ralston, convicted at Okmul-
gee of horse theft, will be taken to
the penitentiary at McAlester, having
received a five-year sentence.
Members of the Washington County
Medical society have agreed to raise
the price of aiedlcal examinations for
fraternal societies from $1 to $3.
Having purchased the Dully Okmul-
gee World, A. M. Milam is removing
bis family to that city from Morris.
He formerly edited the Okmulgee Re-
Lon Betts, former examiner of the
state land department, is said to have
perfected arrangements for the pub-
lication of a free dally paper in Mus-
kogee, to be published at noon each
Former Governor C. N. Haskell has
donated a site, consisting of live acres
ft ground east of Green Hill cemetery,
for a girls' industrial school in Mus-
kogee, to be conducted under the aus-
pices of the local Ministerial alliance.
A charter has been received at Ken-
eflck for the Virst National bank of
Keneflck, a conversion of the Keneflck
State bank, of which James R. Mc-
Kinney Is president and John T. Petty,
Advices received at Sulphur from
Washington aro that the secretary of
the interior has recommended the ex-
penditure of )55,353 for improvements
In Piatt National pnrk at Sulphur, in
the way of a new administration build-
ing, sewers, driveways and bridges.
Hobart citizens will think twice here-
after before asking questions of law-
yers. The fact has became public that
at a recent meeting of lawyers In that
city It was decided to quit giving free
advice on matters of law. The Black-
stonians claim that they are much Im-
posed upon in this respect.
L. L. McDonald, scout commander
of the boy scout movement of the
Oklahoma district, announces that the
•tate organization, comprising more
than 1,000 members, will extend a for-
mal Invitation to General Sir Robert
Baden-Powell of England, founder of
the order, to visit Oklahoma City some
time in February for a general review
of the local organization and a public
lecture In the auditorium. Sir Baden,
at this time, will be making a tour of
the United States, accompanied by
James E. West, executive secretary of
the movement in America. Command-
er McDonald believes that a visit to
the city from these leaders of the
movement will add much zest and In-
spiration to the members here.
Honors galore were thrust upon
pretty JeBsle Gowen, alias Clipper,
convicted of "bootlegging" whiskey In
Tulsa county. She has the doubtful
honor of being the first female "boot- !
legger" convicted in this county, her
case is the first developing out of the
grand Jury of last spring when 107 In-
dictments were returned, and the first
criminal case called at the criminal
term of the county court Miss Bowen
was indicted on four counts by the
grand Jury. The Jury which found her
guilty recommended as her punish-
ment thirty days In Jail and $50 fine.
Two of the Indictments were dis-
missed and the fourth continued.
Major Farrell at the White Eagle
agency, Ponca City, has been giving
out "farmer feathers" to the Indians
who have farmed well this season.
Each feather has printed on It in
bright color, "Ponca Farmer, 1911."
The Poncas are very proud when they
have won one of these feathers. Rev.
D. M. Amentrout, the new missionary
to the Poncas, has arrived from Vir-
ginia with his family, consisting of
wife, aon and two daughters.
WINS A CASE
COMMERCE COMMISSION DECIDES
CEMENT RATE CASE
TEXAS MARKETS NOW OPEN
Corporation Commission of This State
Wins Another Contention, and
Higher Courts Prohibit Roads
Charging Increased Rate
Oklahoma City—Oklahoma has won
another Interstate rute case before
ihe Interstate commerce commission,
tccording to a certified copy of a de-
sision by the commission in the recent
cement rate case, received by the
itate corporation commission.
The decision opens the Texas mar- ;
ket to Oklahoma cement manufactur-
ers, by prohibiting from January 2,
1912, the charging of higher rates
than a scale of from 10 to 13 cents
per 100 pounds, according to points of
The railroads transporting freight
from the Oklahoma pointB Involved to
Fort Worth and Dallas are directly
concerned with the decision. They
are the Santa Fe, Katy, Wichita Falls
& Southern, Wichita Falls & North-
western, the Wichita Falls & North-
western of Texas, and the Rock island
These roads last spring proposed to
establish an advanced scale of rates
on cement, to be effective April 3,
1911. The cement originating points
In Oklahoma affected were Alva, Bick-
ford, Ferguson, Okarche, Eldorado,
Okeene, Southard, Roman Nose and
Watonga, from which one scale was
to apply, while a different Bcale was
proposed from Cement, Marlow, Cham- j
hers and McAlester. The Oklnhomn
commission entered complaint against
the proposed advances, which would
have been prohibitive as to the move-
ment of cement from these pointB to
Fort Worth and Dallas, and the sus-
pension ordered as a result of such
complaint now has been made per-
THE 1911 FIFTH ANNUAL
OKLAHOMA STATE FAIR
Secretary Mahan', Annual Report to
Stockholders Discloses Some
State Teachers to Meet
Oklahoma City—Arrangements have
been completed for the annual meet-
ing of the State Teachers' association
at Oklahoma City, December 27-29,
1911, and some of the leading educa-
tors of the nation will appear on the
program. Among the celebrities who
will be present are Dean Walter Wil-
liams of the School of Journalism,
University of Missouri; Dr. Henry S.
Curtis, lecturer on playgrounds, Wor-
cester, Mass.; Dean George F. James
of the College of Education, Univer-
sity of Minnesota; Dr. Edward A.
Stelner of Grinnell college, Grinnell,
la.; State Superintendent J. Y. Joyner
of North Carolina, and Miss M. Ade-
laide Holton, primary supervisor, Min-
E. M. Alvord of Muskogee, former
rice president of the Midland Valley
Railway company, n. M. Sharp of Tul
•a, an oil well contractor, I. E. Wat-
kins and Dr. E. Johnson of Kinta,
were In 8tigler recently, compelling
arrangements for drilling oil wells
In Haskell county. They have formed
what will be known as the Taloka
Oil company. Arrangements have
been completed for the purchase of
machinery and work will be at once
started Three wells will be drilled,
one near Kinta, another north of Stlg-
Her and the third near Cartersville In
the extreme eastern part of the
Hopkins Appeals His Case
Oklahoma City—V. R. Hopkins, sen-
tenced to life Imprisonment for the
murder of Walter Huff In Okmulgee
county, January 13, 1911, has appealed
his case to the criminal court of ap-
peals. The evidence In the case
showed that Hopkins shot Huff from
behind a tree when he was talking
to the former's cousin, Jeff Hopkins,
and wife. Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Hopkins
were both Injured by the shot which
Old Man Paroled
Oklahoma City—J. T. Morris, con-
victed of murder In Stephens county
and sentenced to seven years in the
penitentiary, secured a thirty-day pa-
role from Governor Cruce. Morris is
an old man and has been a trusty at
the state prison. He asked for the
parole In order that he may go home
and attend to some business that can-
not be done without his being there.
If a state fair is any Indication of
development, the fifth annual Okla-
homa State Fair at Oklahoma City was
certainly a glowing tribute to Okla-
homa's commercial, Industrial and ag-
ricultural enterprise. In rapid growth,
substantial Improvement and general
attractiveness, It was a surprise. The
fact that It has taken Its place among
the great fairB of the country without
a cent of financial aid from the state,
speaks well for the management and
the fair-going Bplrlt of Oklahomans.
The people of the state as well as
the exhibitors have learned the bene-
fits of this great educational Insti-
tution and It Is now recognized as the
annual meeting lace of thep people of
the atate for education and amuse-
ISach year this institution has shown
a profit although no dividends have
been paid to Its stockholders. The
surplus each year has been spent In
the erection of new buildings and the
geperal Improvement isf the grounds.
Many new Improvements have beeu
planned for 1912 which will add great-
ly to the convenience of visitors and
The annual report of the secretary,
I. S. Malian, read at the annual stock-
holders meeting shows the amount in
vested In buildings and Improvements
to be $320,337.93. Total receipts for
1911, $99,615.50, operating expenses for
1911, $77,224.82, and the net profit $22,-
390.68. The total attendance for 1911
was 130,000 and the premiums amount-
ing to $10,097.74 were paid In the fol-
lowing departments: Live stock $11,-
616.70, farm products $2,994.79, wom-
en's departments $1,486.25. There
were 1,393 exhibitors, an IncreaBe over
The area of the state fair grounds
is 100 acres on which is located sixty
exposition buildings and barns. Floor
space available for agricultural and in-
dustrial displays is 122,559 square feet.
Accommodations provided for live
stock are as follows: Cattle, 600;
horses, 600; sheep, 200; swine, 900;
poultry, 2,500. The number of entries
In the 1911 live stock and horse show
were the largest In the history of the
fair. Preparations are being made for
increased unloading facilities for the
The sixth annual Oklahoma State
Fair will be held September 24 to Oc-
tober 5, 1912. The 1912 state fair will
follow the Kansas state fair at Hutch-
inson, Kansas, and precede the Amer
lean Royal Live Stock Show at Kan-
sas City, Mo., and the state fair of
Tex a s at Dallas, Tex.
The directors elected to serve foi
1912 are H. Overholser, S. C. Heyman,
John Fields, Weston Atwood, J. F.
Warren, O. B. Stone, Orln Ashton, C. F,
Colcord, S. L. Brock, J. L. Wilkin and
I. S. Mahan. The officers elected are
John Fields, president; S. C. Heyman,
vice president; J. L. Wilkin, treasurer;
I. S. Mahan, secretary, and H. Over-
holser, general manager.
The premium list for the sixth an-
nual state fair will be Issued early dur-
ing 1912 and will contain many re-
visions and additions which will prove
attractive to exhibitors.
Plan to Build Capitol
Oklahoma City—A proposition that
of the much-mooted state capitol ques-
tion and lead to a beginning of actual
work on the state house, was made
November 25 by the Capitol Develop-
ment company at a conference with
The company offers, it Is under-
stood, to voluntarily pay over to the
state the bond of $100,000 which It
made for the completion of the cap-
itol building, and also to deed to the
state 630 of the 650-acre tract of land
northeast of the city, the sale of
which, it was anticipated, would raise
the 1,000,000 to be expended on the
Dragged By Foot and Mangled
Muskogee, Okla.—Charlie Plerson,
10 years old, was thrown from a horse
at Coweta and received Injuries from
which he will probably die. When the
horse threw him the boy's foot hung
in the stirrup. He was dragged three
hundred yards. As the horse turned
the boy's body swung wide and struck
a telephone pole with such force that
the saddle girth was broken, releas-
ing the boy, but breaking his leg In
three places and fracturing his skull.
Hobart Wants Reservoir
I Hobart, Okla.—At an Informal elec-
tion held here to vote ou the best
method of securing an adequate and
permanent water supply, the choice of
voters was for a reservoir to impound
Oklahoma City—Governor Cruce
•onored requisitions from the gover-
iors of Mississippi and Arknnsas.
Um Appling, ssld to le In Haskell
eounty, Is wanted in Arkansas.
Westville 1s Anxious
Westville, Okla.—It appeared a cer-
tainty a few days ago that the round
house and machine shops of the Kan-
sas City Southern, now located at
Stilwell, would be removed to West-
ville. but rumors now current Indi-
cate they may be moved to Watt's
Switch, In the northeast corner of
Contract for Annual Report Let
Oklahoma City—8tate Printer Giles
Farris let the contract for the print-
ing of the annual report of the labor
department to the Leader Printing
company at Guthrie. The contract
price is $2,245. The work Is to be
completed In sixty days.
Although by the last seslson acts,
•U taxes levied upon an ad valorem
basis for the fiscal year ending June
SO, 1912, were due and payable No-
vember 1, with a penalty of 18 per
cent attaching on all delinquents aft-
er December 1, the letter of the law
will not be met In Oklahoma county.
This is caused by the fact that tha
■tate equalization board was delayed
in returning the valuation of Okla-
homa county which naturally resulted
in a delay of the county clerk to cer-
tify the rolls to the county treasurer.
Attorney General Appeals
Oklahoma City—The attorney gen-
eral's office has given notice of ap-
peal to the supreme court In the ense
In which Judge E. D. Old(lcld of the
superior court granted a writ of man-
damus to compel the state auditor to
Issue warrants to the Filtsch estate
for rent for the rooms formerly oc-
oupled by the corporation commission
at Guthrie, for two months after the
commission had moved its offices to
Jealous Murderer Sentenced
! Muskogee, Okla.—After three days'
I deliberation a Jury sentenced J. W.
J Emery to four years in the peniten-
tiary for killing William Dulaney.
Uoth were young men courting the
t-ame girl at a country dance near
Porum. Dulaney talked to the girl
for half an hour and after the dance
was over there was a fight In which
Emery killed Dulaney.
j Oklahoma City—Secretary Ben Hen-
I nessey of the ntate board of agricul-
lpre returned from Guymon where h«
was called In regard to the digging
of the deep well at that place by the
state. The contractors had Bunk the
well 907 feet, or the limit of the con-
tract with the state, but a few people
i*f the town objected to the contract
' ors pulling the casing of the well
| They secured a temporary restrain
' Ing order, but when Secretary Hen-
, nessey arrived with the contract ths
| oourt dissolved the injunction.. .
WILL TRAIL ALLEGED WHOLE-
SALE WRECKING PLOT
UNIONS ARE VERY BITTER
Movement Launched For Labor Of.
ganizatlons to Urge Imposition of
Maximum Penally Under Law—
They Feel the Betrayal
Washington, D. C.—It is reported
that Attorney General Wickersham has
ordered one of the most sweeping in-
vestigations ever inaugurated by the
department of Justice as a result of
revelations made in the confessions of
tho McNamara brothers in Los An-
geles. Charges have been made to the
department that a huge conspiracy,
dangerous to life and property, exists,
with Indianapolis as Its headquarters.
Scores of arrests may follow.
Los Angeles—A hint at further de-
velopments in the bribery scandal that
has grown to overshadow the case
of John J. and James B. McNamara,
confessed dynamiters, was made by
John D. Fredericks, district attorney.
Asked if he had in his possession as
has been rumored, besides the $4,000
taken when the arrest In the Franklin
case was tnade, enough money used as
bribes of witnesses and talesmen sum-
moned in the famouB case to pay all
the rewards that had been offered—
"It is more or less true that we have
taken money to that amount from the
witnesses and from other prospective
urymen which had been offered for
purposes of bribery.
"That will make a complete Btory
some day, but It is not ready today.
When It comes I will let you know."
A movement has been started t®
have all labor organizations la the
country to ask for maximum penalty
for the McNamaras. The unions feel
the betrayal of organized labor.
LARGE INCREASE SHOWN
IN OIL PRODCTION
United States Leads the World in Out-
put of Crude Product—Okla-
homa in Second Place
Washington—More than 200,000,000
barrels of oil, with a value of nearly
$128,000,000, were produced In the
United States last year, according to
David T. Day of the United States
geological survey. In an -advance chap-
ter on petroleum from "Mineral Re-
sources of the United States" for
The petroleum industry in the
United States, says Dr. Day, has been
characterized by a phenomenal ln«
crease each year for the last four
years, ftach year's gain over that
of the year before has been so re-
markable as to lead to the belief that
the limit of production has been
reached, but the Increase has con-
tinued rapidly. After varying between
50,000,000 ^nd 60,000,000 barrels annu-
ally In the decade between 1890 and
1900, the oil output was over 63,000,000
barrels in 1900 and Increased to 88,.
000,000 barrels In 1902. In 1903 It
passed the 100,000,000-barrel mark, In
1904 It was over 170,000,000 barrels,
and In 1905 nearly 135,000,000 barrels.
After a slight decline in 1906 the out-
put rose again, In 1907 reaching 166,-
000,000 barrels. It was 178,000,000
barrels In 1908, 183,000,000 barrels In
1909, and 209,566,048 barrels In 1910,
a gain of 14 per cent over the record
output of 1909. This brought the total
output since the beginning of the pe-
troleum Industry to more than two bil-
lion barrels. Oklahoma is second in
production, according to the report.
Forster Is Promoted
Washington—Rudolph Forster, who
has been connected with the White
House in an executive capacity for
more than 10 years, was appointed
executive clerk to the president at
a salary of $5,000 a year and Sherman
P. Allen, of the Washington bureau
of the New York Herald, was sworn
in as bis successor as chief clerk.
Automobile Runs Away
New York—Fifty persons were
knocked down and seven more seri-
ously Injured when a runaway auto-
mobile dashed Into a crowd of theater
goers in Times Square. The car was
driven by a stranger In a silk bat
and evening clothes, who evidently
was unable to guide it. He escaped
through the crowd.
Well Known Woman Dies
Detroit—Mrs. Prollope Heathertng-
ton, 93, who was a maid In waiting
to Queen Victoria and served at the
queen's coronation diner, died at Amy,
Mich. She hnd lived on the same farm
for 65 years.
Would Abrogate Treaty
* San Francisco—Jew VO* Americans
here have Joined in the movement for
an early abrogation of the treaty of
1832 between the United StateB and
Russia because of Russia's alleged re-
fusal to recognize the American pass-
ports of Jewish citizens.
New Cuban Cruder Sails
Cowes, Isle of Wight—One of the
small armored cruisers ordered to be
built by the Cuban governmant hm
been completed and sailed for Cuba.
W. L DOUGLAS' TRUST PUN
Manufacturer Thinks Government
8hould Obtain Publicity by a
Large business organizations have
come to stay. We cannot go back to
old conditions. We must meet world
competition. Large concerns can pro-
duce £iods at lower cost than small
ones. Germany favors large corpora-
tions. The method of the present na-
tional administration Is to dissolve
the great organizations and make
them smaller, which Is a backward
step. There should be no limit to a
corporation doing a large and legiti-
mate business, such as would be pos-
sible under the licensing plan which
I favor, writes W. L. Douglas, former
governor of Massachusetts, in the
Prejudices against corporations
merely because they are big, perhaps,
must be done away with. They give
labor better returns. They cheapen
product and thus benefit the consum-
er. They give opportunities to small
Investors who get returns otherwise
unattainable. They employ able
young men who have no capital at
all, but who receive handsome sal-
aries for their ability and service.
In place of tho Sherman law It is
my opinion there should be a depart-
ment at Washington to grant licenses
to all manufacturers and corporations
In this country who do an Interstate
The law should be made so clear,
plain and definite that it could not be
misunderstood. It should require >11
capital to be paid In full. Semi-yearly
statements should be given to the
public and certified by a public ac-
countant. There should be a board
of examiners In each state to look aft-
er those corporations Just as our na-
tional banks are watched by the na-
tional government. They should have
the right to enter the offices and ex-
amine the records of all the direc-
torates of these companies.
THE TRUTH ABOUT BLUING.
Talk No. 11.
The well often runs dry where they
make bottle blue. It's easy to see.
Only a little quantity, say half a cent
or a trifle more, in the doublo
strength kind and a large bottle of
water and the delusion Is completed.
Buy RED CROSS BALL BLUE. Get
i a pure blue. Makes clothes snowy
white. ASK YOUR GROCER.
Corrected His Veracity.
James—Papa, I ain't got no sirup.
Father—John, correct your brother.
John (leaning over and peering Into
James' plate—Yes, you is.—Harper's
Jones—Do you think the horse will
survive the automobile?
Brown—Not if he gets In Its way.—
Woman's Home Companion.
TO DRIVE OCT MALARIA
AND Hill 1,1) III' THE SYSTEM
Take tho OU1 Standard UKUVK'S TA8TK1.KSS
CHILL TONIC. You know what yuu uro taking.
The formula Is plainly printed on every bottle,
showing It lb simply Quinine and Iron in a ta&tHeaf
form, and the most effectual form, tor grown
people and children, 50 ceni%.
Never fear to bring the subllmest
motive Into the smallest duty and
the most Infinite comfort to the
Mm. Wtnnlow'a Root limp Syrup for Children
teething. Roflena the ffnms, reduces inIluaini v
Uou, allays pain, cure* wind colic, 25c a bottle.
Somehow or other the fellow who
knows it all Is never the one who
wins the bets.
The satisfying quality in Lewis' Singla
Binders found in no other 5c cigar.
If you have anything to say to a
mule, say It to his face.
A SURE SIGN.
Bronson—Is there any doubt about
Woodson—None whatever. If you
don't believe we have money to burn,
look at the way we celebrate the
Fourth of July.
IT WEARS YOU OUT.
It has a proven repu-
tation in cases of Poor
ness, Colds, Grippe and
Malaria. Don't exper-
iment—insist on having
ITT0NES AND INVIGORATES
Kidney Troubles Lower the Vitality of
the Whole Body.
Don't wait for serious illness; begin
using Doan's Kidney Pills when you
first feel backache or notice urinary j
disorders. John L Perry, Columbus, i
Texas, says: "I was
taken sick about a
year ago. My limbs
and feet began to
swell and my doctor
said I had Brlght's
disease. I then con-
sulted a doctor who
said I had dropsy and
could not live. Doan's
Kidney Pills relieved
me promptly and I
owe my life to them."
"When Your Back 1b Lame, Heinem-
berthe Name—DOAN'S." 60c, all stores.
Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
A Natural Error.
"How did that story pan out about
the man up In the Bronx who found
the big hailstone on his back stoop
this morning?" asked the city editor.
"Nothing In it," replied the' re-
porter. "He d'scovered It wasn't a
hailstone, after all. The Iceman left
It there."—Woman's Home Compan-
44 Bu. fo the Acre
Is a heavy yield, bat that's what John Kennedy of
Jfldmonton, AlDerta, Western Canada, got from 40
acres of Spring Wheat in 1U10 Reports
from other districts in that prov-
ince showed oilier excel-
l«'ntresults—such as 4.-
OUO bushels of wheat
from 120 acres, or 33 l-'l
bu. per acre. 2ft.30and 4U
Alberta holds iu 1U1U,
The Silver Cup
at the recent Spokane
Fill r was awarded to the
Alberta Government for
its exhibitor grains, grasses and
vegetables. It. ports of excellent
yields for 11)10 come also from
Saskatchewan and Manitoba in
Free hoim-Meatta of 160
acres. ami adjoining pre-
emptions of 1 tiO ucres(at
93 per acre) are to l>«> had
In tlie choicest districts.
Schools convenient, cli-
mate excellent, soil the
very be*t, railways clone at
hand, building lumber
cheap, fueleasy to get and
rea.Houahle In price, water
eanily procured, mixed
farming a Niiccess.
Write as to best pluce for set-
tlement, settlers' low railway
mtes, descriptive illustrated
"Last Best West" (sent free on
application) and other Informa-
tion, to Sup't of Immigration,
Government Agent. (3ii)
125 W. Ninth St.. Kansa, City, Mo.
Please write to the agent nearest you
"I want a pufT," suddenly announced
the petted, spoiled star.
"Yes, my dear Miss Starllte," meek-
ly answered the long suffering man-
ager. "Shall 1 call on the confection-
er or the press agent?"
MONEt III TRAPPIN8.
tall yon h w and
pay baatprlaai WrtU
for weakly prl
M. SABEL A SONS
Dealers Is Furs. Hides, WmI
BaUbli ihad 1850.
THE BEST STOCK
"•fK able prices, write for frea
4) illustrated catalogue.
A. H. HESS A CO.
30S Travis Si*. Houston, Tex.
W. N. U., Oklahoma City, No. 49-1911.
Stella—If the third finger Is for the
wedding ring, which Is for divorce?
Bella—The linger of scorn.—Judge
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
la the beat of all medicinea for the cure of diaeaaea,
disorders and weaknesses peculiar to women. It ia the
only preparation of its kind deviaed by a regularly gradu-
ated phyaician—an experienced and akilled apecialiat in
the diseases of women.
It ia a safe medicine in any condition of the system.
THE ONE REMEDY which contains no alcohol
and no injurious hubit-forming druga and which
creates no craving for such etimulants.
THE ONE REMEDY so good that its maaers
•re not afraid to print its eyery ingredient on
cach outaide bottle - wrapper and attoat to the
truthfulness of the same under oath.
It ia sold by medicine dealers everywhere, and any dealer who hasn't it oan
$et it. Don't take a substitute of unknown compoaition for thia medicine op
Enown composition. No counterfeit ia aa good as the geutr'je and the druggist
who sa>s something elae is "juat aa good sa Dr. Pierce's" is either mistaken
or ia trying to deceive you for his own aelfiah benefit. Such a man is not to bo
trusted. He it trifling with your most priceless posaession—your health—
may be your life Itself. St* that you get what you ask for.
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The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 50, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 7, 1911, newspaper, December 7, 1911; Davenport, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109821/m1/6/: accessed August 21, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.