The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 45, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 26, 1911 Page: 4 of 8
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By Department Horticulture and
Botany, Oklahoma A. fit M
TTTTC 1YTCW F51R
Entered as se?ond class mail matter
•it the post office at Davenport, Okla.,
according to act of Congress of March
CHAS. T. HEDGES
Preserving Fruit In Original State.
Will you p/«asr send us formula for
pre ervlnf fruit In lt*> original slat#. W«
are dealrous of aocurlng in our office aq
elaborate display of everything that
5 row* in our county, and we do not
now the formula# for different things.
—-C. Bradley Jk Bon, Alfalfa County, Ok-
LOST one Bull Mog with two
I 'ilac k eyes and a Yellow Scotch
Collie Female— Will pay 51 each
i'or return—Geo. Willis.
■y Department of Horticulture & Botany
A. A M. College, Stillwater, Okla.
There is no single mixture which
la used tor the preservation of all
fruits. The mixtures are varied ac-
cording to the kind of fruit, it color,
and several other things. ISoine frulta
art very easy to preserve. Apples,
pears, and grapes may be placed in a
two per cent solution of formalin and
water, and it will preserve them quite
naturally for several years.
Peaches are more difficult to pre-
serve, but tliey may be preserved for
at least a year by the addition of about
two per cent of glycerine to the above
Blackberries, raspberries, and black
cherries are Quite difficult to preserve
without their coloring going luto the
preserving fluid. 1 should advise you
to leave these fruits alone unless you
care to put more work in on them
than 1 anticipate you do.
Department Heads of A. & M. Col-
lege, Stillwater, Okla., Reply to
Inquiries Made by Farmers
Born to Mr. ami Mrs. A. E.
daug, Monday morning, an
digitt pound girl. Mrs. Hang is
nit. of danger and the little one
is strong and well.
Best Grass Pastures.
What in the best kind of gra«s to low
next npring for permanent pasture for
horses and cattle? What is the best seed
to aow for hog pasture?—Chas. Hawk,
Ottawa County, Oklahoma.
Starting a Walnut Grove.
I nhoulri like to liave some literature
that treats of the growing <<f walnut tim-
ber for oommercliU purposes. 1 wish to
obtain Information relative to selection
of seed, soil, climate, geographical loca-
tion. and also In planting, cultivating and
caring for the black walnut treeB.—J. H.
Thompson, Kay County, Oklahoma
By Department of Horticulture A Botany
A. A M. College, Stlllwster, Okla.
The black walnuts should be gath-
ered In the fall soon after they fall,
which is usually about Ocober. In se-
lecting the nuts preference should be
given to the large ones from good
thrifty, healthy trees. In case you de-
sire to plant In the fall they should
be in the shade piled In small piles to
avoid drying out and heating. It is
not necessary to hull the nuts. They
may be planted any time after gather-
ing up until the soil freezes.
For spring planting, which is pre
ferable to fall planting, the nuts
should be stratified, thnt Is to say, take
a box, put a couple of Inches of sand
In the bottom, then a layer of nuts,
and so on. Keep the contents moist
and exposed bo ab to be subject to
freezing during the winter. This will
soften the shell so they will germinate
readily In the spring. Watch them
cloBely In the spring, for Bhould they
Bprout the sprouts are liable to be
broken off as they are very brittle.
They should be planted as soon as
possible after the soil Is in workable
condition In the sprint
It is best to plant the nuts in soil
which has been previously cultivated
If possible. For the most satisfactory
growth, deep, rich, soil along river or
creek banks is preferred. It Is dlffi
cult to transplant black walntits on ac-
count of their long tap root, and for
this reason it is desirable to plant the
seed where you expect, to grow the
trees. Lay off the rows ten feet apart
snd plant the nuts three feet apart
In the row, and about four inches deep.
It is not necessary to till the furrow
entirely at first as this will assist In
catohing and holding the rain. If It
is not possible to plant in this way
desirable spots may be picked out and
spaded and planted, thus giving you
smull scattering groups of trees. Ah
the walnut Is a moisture-loving plant
It Is very important to keep the plant-
ing cultivated until a good root system
Is developed, in case of the group
planting where cultivation is not prac-
ticable, mulch the Boil with straw or
some kind of litter.
The black Aalnut is found in west-
srn Massachusetts to southern Min-
nesota and eastern Kansas south to
western Florida and Texas
Will >ou please send in* bulletin on
uple and peach rultiirt, 1 liavo an or-
.-nanl on the best of Wunlilta River land
Both apple and peach ure six years old.
The apple has auuered from insects sat.
out off leaves every spring Tlis peach
trees are doing no good; some of them
are ordinary. I'he apple trees are small;
i have a notion to abandon the apple
•rchard. reach trees are short lived.—•
Ben Hampton, Grady County, Oklahoma.
By Department of Horticulture A Botany
A. & M. College, Stillwater, Okla.
The last three years have been the
most discouraging that were ever
known to fruit growers in Oklahoma.
It Is the fruit growers,, however, who
do not allow themselves to get dis-
couraged but keep on taking tare of
their orchards who will ultimately
have orchards that are worth some-
You are in a good fruit district, and
aught to succeed in raising fruit. We
may not have another succession of
three bad years again In a half cen-
:ury. We will have dry years of
rourse; there is no question of that,
Mlt not the combination of three in
I am sending you sm h bulletins as
I believe will be of advantage to you,
ttid hope you will feel free to write
aa at any tine we way be able to aid
By Professor J. A. Wilson
Director A. & M. Agricultural Experiment
Station, Stillwater, Okla.
A better kind of grass for this cli-
mate to be used in a permanent pas-
ture than the orchard grass which you
have been experimenting with is the
Hardy Bermuda. It is better for the
reason that it Is sure to form a per-
manent sod. It will stay green
throughout the long, dry summer and
Is comparatively nutritious, having a
high per cent of protein that is di-
. ~~ ~ ~ r , . As to the best kind of seed to sow
Mrs. Irving nlacj anil two f0r j,0g pasture> ia
your section of
little girls returned from an ex- the state alfalfa would be the most
tended visit in Kentucky, last)
Pr. W. I). Bail (I now of New-
,ciik was in town Monday 011
professional business-'. The doct-
or and family moved to Newkirk
from Altus about two weeks ago
ind are making their home
Roy Turner of the Moiiis
Packing Co. of Oklahoma City
spent Sunday with his mother
Mis. W. S. Looney and her
iiine months old baby passed
1 way within an hour of each
other last Saturday night at
heir home near the brick plant.
Typhoid fever was the cause of
the deaths. The husband with
the bodies and the eight other
children left on the Sunday night
train for Morrisville, Mo- the
former home of the family. It
was indeed a sad departure and
the sympathy of this community
•vent with them.
Mrs. T. P. Perkins of Pearl,
Texas is in town this w<."h look-
ing after her property here. She
iia.-> had a new roof put 011 the
-itore building on Broadway.
Mutt Duit, the newspaper cor-
respondent, was renewing ac-
quaintances with some of., the
old timers in this part of the
county, the first of the week.
Vlatt, sees sermons in stones,
'tooks in the running brooks and
iiewspaper copy in «vafyt-hiug.
4()o Due at 4:40 A. M. Stops
407 Due at '2:2K P. M.
!> Due at 7:15 A. M. Slop*
411 Due at 5:38 P. M. Stops
413 Due at 7:48 A. \l.
No. 412 Due 10:11 A. M. Stops
No. 403 Due at 1:53 P. M.
No. 10 Dob at 7:00 P. M. Stops
No. 40(1 Due at 1:39 A. M. Stops
No 414 Due at 9:99 P. M.
Passengers take nolice Agent
does not meet Nos. 405 and 400
All passengers having baggage
to check 011 these trains out of
this station, will please notify
conductor who will attend to it.
All passengers who have bag
gage to unload front either of
these trains will, just lief ore ar-
riving at Davenport, notify the
conductor that baggage is lo
come off here antl yi*e bun the
checks and bo will attend to it.
J, J. Otlimn, Ag lit.
SANTA FE TIME CARD
Train No. 414, Local Freight, 8:5o a. m.
408, t'assenger, 2:07 p. m.
Train No. 407, Passenger, 1:40 ]>, m
" " 418, Local Freight, p. m.
Rt oilers, !• c
Quinies, J 2 1-2 Each
City Meat Market
valuable crop for hogB, although red
dover is said to do quite well in that
section of Oklahoma. If you simply
want to sow some legume in order lo
prepare the land for alfalfa you will
be more successful If you will use
the sweet clover instead of red clover
for the reason that the formor has
been found to develop the same bac-
teria in the soil which alfalfa requires
Soil Inoculation is most successfully
done by applying a thin dressing of
soil from clay lands that have already
produced legumes successfully; but
in your case, if it is difficult to se-
cure such land, I believe the sweet
clover will serve you very well. It
is also quite a rank grower and ^ou
would not have the difficulty that you
are now experiencing from the crab
grass from your experience in trying
to grow red clover.
Cotton Seed Meal.
We are sending you a sample of cot-
tonseed product culled Cold Pressed cake,
we are desirous to know whether or not
this feed will make a good l'eed for
horses, und whether it would be safe to
feed It to hogs?—C. C. Leach, Hushes
By Professor C. K. Francis
Department of Chemistry, A. & M
lege, Stillwater Okla.
Cotton seed meal or cake may con-
stitute part of the ration for horses,
but must be fed with care. I would
suggest that a couple of handfuls may
be given at the start and gradually
Increased to a quart per day. It us-
ually acts something like linseed meal,
giving tone. Occasionally cotton seed
cake and hulls have been fed to
horses in large quantities without any
injurious effects, but in such cases the
animals were In charge of persons
who had long experience In the care
and feeding of the animals.
This Station has underway an ex-
periment with hogs that are being fed
on cotton seed meal. The animals
have been given the following mix-
ture dry since early last wirier with-
out injurious effect:
2 pounds corn meal and 4 ounces
notion seed meal (per hundred
i am of the opinion that cotton seed
meal is not a dangerous food if the
Beed Trom which It is made is ripe,
sweet, and In good condition. Often
tt is piled in the open, gets wet, fer-
ments and it stands to reason that it
may become contaminated and unfit
for feeding. Experience has shofc-n
that the young pigs are more subject
to unfavorable results front feeding
on cotton seed meal tliuu the older or
Second Growth Cane As Pasture.
Would you please Inform me as to the
safety, or advisability of usinn the sec
ond growth or crop of cane as pasture?
The sorghum cane was mowed about
three weeks ago. A nice second growtti
Is coming on Will It he safe to nun
milch cows on this" W. P. .Jackson,
Okmulgee County, Oklahoma.
By Professor J. A. Wilson
Director A. & M. Agricultural Experiment
Station, Stillwater, Okla.
Permit me to suggest a good way
to determine whether a particular Held
you wtsh grazed has any danger lurk-
ing In it. If yiu will take a compar-
atively valueless animal and allow it
lo graze for a time, you will be able
to determine very directly whether or
not prusslc acid or any other poison
has developed in the cane. A calf
would l>e sufficient for the trial or a
yearling If the calf will not graze and
if there appears to be no danger, you
ought to let your herd get gradually
used to It probably giving them a lit-
tle dry fodder at night arter they be-
gin grazing on this feed. Having onco
started them on this kind of feed they
ihould be permitted to graze steadily
thereon without intermissions.
Al our Sub-stations at the Murray
School Farm at Tishomingo, Oklaho-
ma. we grazed a very valuable herd of
Jersey cows throughout the latter part
of the season last yfear with very bene-
ficial results and no injurious effects
Beginning of Christian Era.
In the year 391 of our era Theodo-
liuus the (Ireek issued an edict abolish-
ing paganism and idolatry throughout
the Roman empire.
8panlsh Hen Holds Record.
The eggs of the Spanish hen, weigh-
tag seven to the pound, are the largest
Filling the Silo.
By Professor W. A. Llnklater
Department of Animal Husbandry, A, M
M. College. Stillwater, Okla.
A good many farmers in Oklahoma
are being confronted this year for the
first lime with the problem of tilling
a 'silo, and there are a number of
questions which a good many of them
would no doubt like to have answered.
Among these quetslons are the fol-
What crops are best auited to cur-
ing in the silo? At what stage Bhould
such crops be cut? What equipment is j
necessary for tilling the silo? What
precautions should be taken when flll-
' lug the silo?
Heavy, solid stemmed plants like
corn, kafir, milo, and jorghum are
much more sitistactory than alfalfa,
cowpeas and other leafy plants for
making silage. Corn, kalir, and sim-
ilar plants when cut up, pack much
better in the silo than will alfalfa or
cowpeas, and for this reason cure with
less loss. In a good silo there there
should not be to exceed a ten per
cent waste when corn or kafir are
properly stored at the right stage of
i maturity, but the waste in the case of
alfalfa and cowpeas will ordinarily run
from eighteen to twenty per cent. It
is seldom practical to put alfalfa in
a silo. When cowpeas are used it
Is well to mix them with about twice
the bulk of corn, kafir, or sorghum.
Most silo users have decided that
corn should be dented before it is cut
for silage. Corn at this stage posses-
ses the greatest amount of nutrients.
When the corn is run through the en-
silage cutter the cut corn should be
quite moist. If it is not, enough wa-
ter. should be added to make it moist.
Kafir and sorghum should have seeds
well past the milk stage before ihey
are cut for silage.
A power ensilage cutter is necessary
for filling the silo. There are many
ihakes on the market. These are man-
ufactured in various sizes, from those
that may be driven with a four to six-
I horse-power gasoline engine and with
I a capacity' of four or five tons of corn
I per hour to the largest size, which re-
I quire twelve to fourteen horse-power
j steam engine to drive, and with a ca-
pacity of over ten tons per hour. Only
tin ensilage cutter with a blowers at-
tachment should he purchased. The
smaller size ensilage cutter will serve
j very well except in cases where a num-
: ber of silos have to be filled. It is
j economy where possible for a half
| dozen or mpre silo owners to purchase
a large mftehine and work together in
the filling of the silos, as with a large
ensilage cutter and a full force of men
and teams, as much as one mtndred
tons of silage can be put into the silo
in a day. A force of six or seven
teams and fourteen or fifteen men will
be required lo keep such machinery
running at its full capacity without
I taking into account the force neces-
sary to cut the corn in the field. For
I such rapid filling two or three corn
binders will be necessary. If binders
j are used to cut the corn it is often
I i>ractical to start cutting the corn in
the field one or two days before filling
the silo. This is very good practice
I axcept in periods of rain, when sand
ind dirt may get washed into the corn.
[ It will be found best to cut the corn
| into % or half-inch lengths and to
keep the knives sharp, as otherwise
I there will be a lot of uncut leaves and
! iileces of stalks in the silage, which
will prevent thorough packing. The
sut corn, kafir, or surghum must be
thoroughly mixed in the silo. Several
jf the manufacturers of ensilage out-
ers are now selling a distributor,
which helps very materially in this
-espect. The cut stems, ears, and
eaves must be all thoroughly mixed
:ogether to insure keeping, as if the
eaves are allowed to accumulate in
.lie place in the silo they will not pack
I sufficiently and spoil. It is advisable
| ivhen filling the silo to keep it well
| It makes very little difference wheth-
er ten or one hundred tons is put in
i silo In a day. The only disadvantage
sf rapid filling is that it is not pos-
sible to pack the corn so well in the
| silo, and consequently it settles more.
! \ thirty-foot deep silo filled in one day,
j 30 matter how well tramped, may be
| fxpected to Kettle five or six feet, and
nnless refilled a considerable part of
the storage capacity is unuBed.
The chief waste in a good silo is at
the top. It is Impossible to keep a
small amount of silage from rotting
ind spoiling at the top. Where feed-
ing from the silo is not begun for a
period of from sixty to ninety days it
s to be expected that ten or twelve
Inches of rotten silage will be found
3n the ton. Different methods for
preventing this waste have been tried,
lut few are practical. The best plan
s to cut a few loads of low grade
'odder and put It on the top of the
i silo, wetting it well and lramping if
I throughly. Feeding fr#m the silo
| nay be begun at once If the feed Is
j needed. When feeding from the silo
s begun two or more inches mur.t
)e removed all over the top of the
| dlo every day to prevent any spoil-
l ng. There is a good deal of smut in
J torn this year, but this will not make
ha silage dangerous to feed.
j The cost of putting corn or other
. iimtlar crops in a silo, that is, cutting,
muling and filling, may be expected
o run from sixty to seventy-five cents
per ton, allowing $3.50 a day for a
earn and nutu, $1.50 a day tor day la-
tor, $10.00 a day for rent of an en-
tine. What machinery of small c -
lacity is used and the labor is largely
aken care of by the home force It is
laltn possible that the cost of filling
oay be figured tt a lower rate.
Real Bargains in Real Estate
Farms, ranches, and Davenport
property. Live trades. All
kinds of exchanges. We make
a specialty of farm loans, write
insurance and look after rentals.
Davenport Real Estate and Investment Co.
J. VV. STALKER & Company
S. W. corner 1st and Broadway Phone No. 6
This School Stands for your Progression
This school H maintained for just such met? and
women as you. It is the school of opportunity for
those who will build for thn future.
Tire training you receive through the lessons,
hooks and personal instruction, combined with
scientious endeavor on your part, give.-- you th
es^ary equipment tojbe highly successful in the
You will find n > more congenial work, no better
opportunities for rapid advancement, in both position
and salary, than that which bookeeping, shorthand,
typewriting and its branches offer.
These courses of instruction have been constantly
kept apace with the times. The instructor devote
their entire time to the students, The courses are we,I
known for their thoroughness, reliability, practicality
We have issued a new book which explain? in de-
tail just what this school will do for yt5u, and its meth
ad of instruction. This book will be sent free to all
who are interested, to become bigger and better men
Drop us a postal card and the book will come at
Hill's Business College
Oklahoma City U. S. A.
The Very Best Turnouts
Phone No. t
II Christy Davenport, Okla.
We Can Save You Money
We ask your patronage be-
cause we are in a position to save
you money on the following goods
Hardware and Tinware
Guns and Amunition
Price & Miller Hdw. Co
j Professional Cards -
Dr. J. W. HUDDLESON
Physician and Surgeon
Oftick at rks. Phone Nu. 67.
Drs. Louwlen & Hanson
Rooms 1, 2, and 3, Feuquay Bldg
P. S. Terrill
i A full line of coffins and ens
kets always on hand
| Embalming done.
Would like a chance to figure
on your jobs. At Meltons Cafe
SAM L CASTLEBEKR y
Office over May & Stacy's
Collection A Specialty
1 I rompt attention given all business
intrusted to his care.
]}. ]'. Nit kell & Soil
Phytician and Surgeon
Ottke over May & Stacy. Phuna 30. raaitlwce 52
Carbon lype.r for sale Cc for a
large sheet at the Era office
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The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 45, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 26, 1911, newspaper, October 26, 1911; Davenport, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109817/m1/4/: accessed October 22, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.