The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 4, 1911 Page: 2 of 4
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c^|("BY BEN MELLON
/yjjxw/.n-y/vv ycwf c>ntjZ?7iFn!FPIrMOUTH
Nl.Y seven Americans
Only seven I Not
enough to mutter. At
lenst this wiih the ogive
explanation given In
the new# dispatches on
tho eighth of hist Octo-
bor for telling no little.
about the explosion In
the Btarkvlllw coal
mine, when llfty-live
men were killed. As
for the other forty-
eight, they were Igno-
rant foreigners, mid ap-
parently did not count.
And yet. out of that
coal mine wan carried
a charred, dlsfljt
ured body, ono of
which lay. twisted
from I he death-
pain. In the bright
Cyss. a Pole, some
one said, and a
woman, who had
watched three de-
spairing days and
nights, raised her
bony lists against
the serene, far
away sky, and
the horror before
her. she ran
the mountain side.
and another worn
an, w ho caught
the flxcd stare of
her eyes, nb*ti
doned her children
The clumsy raci
turned down the
dry canon and
ended In one of
those forlorn littU
mark a coal mini
the world over
The Polish woman
In the lead burst Into her cabin, aud, seizing a
revolver, rushed at her terrified children, but, be-
fore she could shoot, her arms were selied from
behind The struggle was ahort and decisive
•<>««• plunge backward across Itie pounded dirt
floor and the second woman staggered to one
side, panting, with the revolver safe In her hand.
Just at that dramatic moment the body of her
own husband was being carried to the surface.
This was a mere Incident, almost lost In the
stupefaction following a local calamity. Hut It
serves as a meaningful Introduction to a splen-
did example of the kind of occurrence which has
doubled the number of men killed In our coal
mines In the last ten years
The Starkvllle mine Is nn average American'
coal mine The last annual report befure the ex-
plosion showed that the mine had cleared 1500.-
OtM) In the previous year, It pointed out that the
property was yielding handsome returns on the
Investment, but It did not mention the fact that
the mine was so dusty a new air-shaft was sore-
ly undid The air-shaft would have cost $10,000,
and the management decided against It. I'nfor
tunately, there was no one In the state of Colo-
rado to make the company sink It.
Oneflftleth of the year's earnings ws too
much to make the uilne reasonably safe! Re-
sult. flft.v-flve dead, thirty-two widows thrown
upon the world, and almost a hundred children
fatherless They formed an Important addition
to the year's total from the coal mines of more
than seven thousand killed and Injured fifteen
hundred widowed, and four thousand children de
pendent on Ignorant and helpless women
Officially these men were killed by an explo-
sion of the coal dust, but they were really killed
by creed It la the same with all mine disasters
You ran find volume after volume on the causes
but. sift them to the bottom, art ! In more than
three-fourths of the eases you will find that spirit
of. Hlet out the coal, never mind how many men
you kill, but get out the coal" As ex-Governor
Dawson of West Virginia one* exclaimed In ex
nsperatlon "There are coal companies which
have no regard whatever for human life."
' This explains why there are killed In certain
aootloua of the naturally not unsafe bituminous
coal fields of Pennsylvania and West Virginia
twelve tlmea as many men tn comparison to the
number employed as In the tlghly dangerous
coal mines of Peigium. For la this one section
alone, from killing six out of every thousand In
ltOO. by 1>GS. when the list reliable f gores were
obtained, the annual death roH bad Increased
to more than twelve,^
The truth Is that men are ru'hlessly killed In
our coal fields because the coal operators find It
less expensive to repair damage than take pre-
cautions. The human cost they do not tske the
trouble to figure because, 10 them, there Is none.
To kill miners entails no financial loss. In the
Pittsburg district, even In the big notorious ex-
plosions of recent years, the average cost to the
operating companies las been Uss than 150 for
every man dead.
• You musn't blame the mine operators." an im
portant government official apolcglftd. wh*n the
b'anie was laid at their doors. "It Isn't their
fault They are doing alt they can."
Yju need only turn to the government's own
reports to see the fallacy of such a s ateuient
The Increase In mine disasters became so marked
about five ye.1 rs ago that It even attract! d the at-
tention of the geological aurvey, more a scientific
than a humanitarian organisation, and two men.
Clarence Hall and Walter Snelllng were detailed
to study the situation here and abroad They
found the contrast to be almost unbelievable. II
E s summarised In these few sentences:
"In spite of all the natural ccn illions tending
la reduce the percentage of mine dls strrs In the
l lotted States to a low figure, the accidents diir
t'jt the last fifteen years have shown directly
r nlraty results Considered la regard to the
PEARSON PUB CO
runr/ML! ape- nor
www in jar
That Tired Feeling
That comes to you every spring issign that
your blood is wanting in vitality,Just ias Pfj"P,e9
and other eruptions are signs that it is impu •
Do not delay treatment; begin at once to
Hood's Sarsapuriila. which effects Its wonderful cures, not simply because It
contains earsaparllla. but because It combines the utmost remedial values of
twenty different ingredients, raised to their highest efficiency for the cure o
all spring troubles, that tired feeling and loss of appetite. There is no real
substitute; Insist on having
"I felt tired all the timo and c.ouiu
not sleep nights. After taking Hood's
Sarsaparilla a little while I could
Bleep well and the tired feeling had
gone. This great medicine has also
cured me of scrofula, which had
troubled me from childhood." Mrs.
C. M. Root. Box 25, Gilead, Conn.
A Country School for Girls in New \ork City
Best Features of Country and City Life
Out-of-door Sports on School Park of 35 acres near the Hudson ^Advan^d
Academic Course from Primary Class to Graduation Upper Cl^or Advanced
Special students. Music and Art. Certificate admits to College. Sch<x>l ( Mch Mee
Day Pupils. Mi,. Bang, and Mi.. Whiton, Riverdale Ave., near 252d St.. We.t
■ill 7ury-}in txeepr two, wrtouvti) m nns aw or-noo/p/ wtnr h/llc-d m antcxplosion
number of deaths per
thousand men em-
ployed, the United
States occupies a less
than any other of the
coal producing coun-
tries, more than three
times as many men
out of every thousand
being killed as in
some of the European
countries which nre
much less favored by
In regard to deaths
per thousand tons of
coal the United States
not only occupies a
position worse than
most of the European
countries, but it Is
also showing an In-
crease In the death
rale, whereas ev. ry other country is showing a
They pointed out that the European mines are
deep iind beset with mnnv dangers we are not
troubled with, while our mines are easy and
should be safe to work, because the veins are
large and thick and run horizontally. And yet they
showed where we kill four times as many men as
This Is the condition of our comparatively safe
mines of today, but. as they showed, we are now
beginning for the first time In the history of coal
mining In this country to open veins that are real
ly dangerous. We are on the very threshold of a
new and far more haiardons period In coal mining,
and, unless we take active measures, we are going
to have a series of mine explosions which will
appal ua—even If there are no Americana killed.
Out of the report they made has grown the
Plttsburc testing station of the department of
mines, which Is now taking up the most serious
cause of mine explosions—electricity. There would
be no objection to electricity under proper condi-
tions. but the difficulty with It at the present time
Is that the electrical machinery sparks. In a
gaseous or dusty mine, given the right conditions
and It needs only spark to kill every man In it
It should be used only In mines where there Is no
chance of the accumulation of gas; but. In point
of fact. It has been adopted most generally by thr
mine operators of the "gas belt" of Western Penn
s.vlvanla and West Virginia. In all that country
there la never any telling where gas will be struck
next, and the cutting machines, which work ahead
and are most likely to open gas pockets, are oper-
ated by electric dynamos which are constantly "at
the face" of the coal. Formerly It was the rule
and In some states the law to bore ahead and test
for gsa pocketa. but with the modern electric cut-
(ii g machines all such precautions are out of ths
The case against electricity, when used for pow-
er, la the most serious consideration In the whole
oi" the coal mining situation, because It has made
coal production cheaper, and, on that account, no
matter how many deaths It causes. It would be
extremely difficult to drive It out of the dangerous
coal fields. The saving sverages about three
cents a ton. but here Is an Instance of the lengths
to which operators have gone to make that miser-
able profit: When the dangers from electricity
began to be understood. Its use waa permitted only
In mines where open lights were ssfe. So the op-
erators, to dodge the Isw. tore out their covered
lights and sent men Into gsseous mines with 0am-
Irg torches In their hats. Then, until some terrific
accident happened, the mine Inspectors were si-
Perhaps we sre not to blame the coal opera'ors
for reducing the coat of production to the lowest
possible point; but when they do so at the present
tremendous coat of human life. It la high time Ihey
feel the stern hand of regulation So far. however,
they have always been able to prevent the real
cause of some of tfce worst disasters being laid to
electricity. A definite cause, tn any event. Is an
abhorrence to them. For, If the blaTe can be
placed on the operating machinery of a mine. It
opens the way to damage suits, a contingency ths
coal operators are adepts at escaping
This whole situation waa never better ahown
than In the terrific disaster at Mor.ongah No. 8. In
West Vlrg'nla, which bad the longest death list
In the history of American coal tninirg The acci-
dent occurred on December 6, 1907, immediately
after a trip of fifteen loaded mine cars liberated
by the breaking of an Iron courting r'r, had run
back twelve hundred feet on an <igM per cent
grade, raising a thick cloud of dust and ending by
causing a short clrc .It in the electric current. Rut
when H came to flu ng the cauae electricity was
hard'v cons'dere : fart that Is particularly note
worthy, as the decision was severely criticlsvj aft
erwards In engineering Journals
Testimony that tended c prove that electricity
was to blame caine out at the hearing, but was Ig-
nored. Fire Doss Trader at No. 6, In which the cars
ended the run, said that twice before there had been
runaways, and on each occasion fires had been
started In the coal dust, but had been extinguished
before they spreda. And Blacksmith Jenkins, figur-
ing the time between the passage of the cars and
the moment of explosion, showed that between the
short circuit and the explosion there had been at
least a remarkable coincidence.
There were 3G2 men killed in that disaster, and.
If the cause had been fixed on electricity, the own-
ers might have been forced to pay $1,800 a man,
like the owners of the Cherry Hill mine, who faced a
public opinion outraged at the thought of men be-
ing sealed alive in a burning mine. As It was, they
got off by contributing $20,000 to be added to the
public relief fund of $149,000. So, Instead of $1,800.
each man cost only $55.25.
Electricity was also not blamed In the case of
the Marlsnna disaster of November 28, 1908. when
154 men lost their lives; but, after the public Inter-
est had blown over, the use of electricity was aban-
doned at the suggestion of the department of mines
and compressed air replaced In its stead. This
might appear to Indicate a guilty knowledge of the
As a matter of fact the owners of the mine, the
PlttBhurg-Buffalo Company, had already had warn-
ing that all was not right In the Marlanna. On Au-
gust li, more than two months before the big ex-
plosion, there was a smaller explosion which result-
ed In the death of one man and serious Injury to
two others; and Alderman A. R. Day, of Mononga-
hela, before whom the preliminary hearing took
place, found that the accident had been due to eiec
tricity. William Underwood, foreman in charge of
the mine, was arrested on Information filed by State
Mine Inspector John F. Bell, on a charge of penult-
ting "the use of spark-throwing machinery In that
part of the mine where only safety lamps are al-
The Pittsburg-Buffalo Company repeatedly denied
the fact of this accident, but the report of the state
department of mines for 1908 contains an account
of the accident
Now that the X'nlted States government has
recognized the danger of electricity. It has taken
the position that it would be blocking progress to
prevent its use- So it has set about solving the
problem in a way that will bring final relief, but
this will not prevent the death of thousands of men,
who will lose their lives on account of electricity be-
tween now and the time when safely devices are
Invented. It Is Impossible to fix an exact number,
but probably no less than five hundred have coma
to their death through unsafe electric apparatus In
the past year, the length of time ths government j
has been at work on the problem.
In March, 1910, the federal department of mines
sent wool to all manufacturers of electric mining
apparatus that H. H. Clark, an engineer, had been
iflaced In charge of the work at the Pittsburg test-
ing station and was ready to stamp the seal of gov
HE UNDERSTOOD THEM
Apprentice Carried Out Orders of His
Employer, but the Result
"Now, William," the old farmer said
to his new apprentice, "I want thee to
mind what I do say to thee, to be
sharp aud attentive and to delay not
In carrying out my Instructions."
"Ay, ay, zur," replied William.
"First, now, I want then to take
out the old white mare and have her
"Ay, ay, zur," said William, and de-
He returned two hours later and the
old farmer questioned him.
"Thee hast not been quick, lad," he
gnld. reprovingly, "but If thee hast
done thy work as I ordered thee thou
shalt be forgiven. Didst thee have
the mare shod, as I telled thee?"
"Ay. ay, zur!" replied William,
beaming. "Didst thou not hear the
gun? I shot her myself and I've Just
buried her."—London Answers.
SHE WAS THE CAUSE.
Not Exactly Patriotic.
He was, let us say, Irish, was among
several men of other nationalities, and
had Imbibed several beverages. He
was extremely anxious, moreover. to | ^""o" formerly smoked 10c " cigars now
Hewitt—I am a ruined man.
Jewett—Does your wife know Itf
Hewitt—No, she doesn't yet realize
what she has done.
LEWIS' "SINGLE BINDER."
A hand-made cigar fresh from ths
table, wrapped In foil, thus keeping
fresh until smoked. A fresh cigar
made of good tobacco Is the Ideal
smoke. The old, well cured tobaccos
used are so rich in quality that many
uphold the glories of Erin, but was
not quite so sure of what was going
on about him. A foreigner near him
"An honest man is the noblest work
The Hibernian didn't quite catch
what was said:
"Get out!—an Irishman is!" he
"James R. Keene, at an Easter cele-
bration in Cedarhurst," said a ^New
York broker, "once gave, in a dozen
words, the Wall-street definition of a
" 'A lamb,' said Mr. Keene, 'is one
who Invests first and Investigates
sinoke Lewis' Single Binder Straight
5c. Lewis' Single Binder costs ths
dealer some more than other 5c cigars,
but the higher price enables this fao
tory to use extra quality tobacco.
There are many imitations; don't be
fooled. There Is no substitute! Tell
the dealer you want a Lewis "Slngb
Love never clogs a man's memory.
He Is scarcely off with the old until
he Is on with the new.
If thou art a master, be sometimes
blind; if a servant, sometimes deaf.—
Did you hear It ?
Mrs Woggr—So you keep your bus '
band home evenings ? 1 suppose you These stomach noisestnake
put Ms slippers where he can tad , ^ ^ ^
"!\irs Boggs-No, I put his over the floor. You imagine everyone
hears them. Keep a box of CAS-
shoes where he can't—Puck.
Randall—Has a reputation for brav-
ery, has he?
Rogers—Yes, with every one who
has been his wife.—Life.
A WIDOW'S LUCK
Quit the Thing That Was Slowly In-
CARETS in your purse or pocket
and take a part of one after eating.
It will relieve the stomach of gas.
CASCARKTS 10c a box for a week',
treatment. All druggists. P. ijfjfcst seller
In tho wjild—million boxes a month.
A woman lells how coffee kept her
from insuring her life:
"I suffered for many years <*hiefly
from trouble with uiy heart, with
severe nervous headaches and neu-
ralgia; but although incapaciUied
\\flJIQ Women aa well aa men
YY nw aro mad(i niH:rable by
kidney aiul bladder trou-
ble. Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
nj A \fp Hoot the great kidney
remedy promptly relieves.
At drugglats in fifty rent and dollar sizes.
You may have a sample bottle by mall
free, also pamphlet telling all about 1L
Address, Dr. Kilmer Jt Co., binghamton, N. T.
ernment approval on all electric mining machinery | ^ fof my huusewort , did LOl
that did not spark; but nine months later he had
not yet discovered a slnglo piece of electric appara- 1
tus which met the requirements. Just consider that
for a moment. Even with all the improvements
which have been made to electric apparatus, safety
ia aa fsr off as ever.
But what Is to be done? It la objected that you j
can't stop nine-tenths of the mines from operating I
until they are made safe. And yet. If they are per (
mitted to go ahead aa at present, thry sre absolute-
ly certain to kill from 2.409 to 5.000 men before safe
apparatus Is devised snd Installed.
Are those 5.000 lives to be sacrificed? Is nothing
to be done meanwhile? Apparently not.
If those 5.000 men were in one mine and abso-
lutely certain to meet death there unless the elec-
tric arrarati:* were torn out, the situation would be
dramatic, public opinion would be aroused, and some
thh g quite effectual wou'.d be done. The real need
la no less Insistent. If. then, it would net be absurd
to demand Immediate action in the one case, it 1
not in the other.
But It is objected agtvn. It would Interfere with
business. It would be too fcti eualve, impossible.
*toney, then, has more rights than humanity Money
n>i:«t be ssved at any coet to men. And these & 000
n ust die because It would be too expensive to save
In Colorado tbey are beginning to see the light.
A whole series of horrible disasters has forced it
on tfce.n. The coroner's jury that Inves"ig-- ted the
Blarkville explosion fi uid It had been due to elee-
tilcltj, and a commission appointed by the governor
strong y urged on the legislature this spring abso-
lutely to forbid the use of electricity in mines, re-
gardless of the coat.
Having no ron'er to enforce the use of safety
apparatus, the department of mines Is basing I'.*
undertaking on moral suaalon. With the help of
mining Inspectors and new state laws It hopes te
get re * JtS I ventualiy. It bn reason to believe.
It will be successful It Is doing s similar work ia
respect to eiploelves
realize the gravity of my conditior till
I was rejected for life insurance, be-
cause. the examining physician said,
my heart w as so bad he could not paso
"This distressed me very much, as
1 was a widow and had a child de-
pendent upon me. It was to protect
ber future that I wanted to insure
Fortunately for me. I happened to
read an advertisement containing
testimonial from a man w ho had been
affected in the same way that I was
T'l* flr*t dn«e often astonlnhc* the Invalid,
giving elasticity ol mind, buoyancy of body,
GOOD DICd SI ION,
rtjulmr t>o«di and solid flesh. Price, 20 eta
W. N. U., Oklahoma City, No. 18-1911.
° Oklahoma City
with heart trouble, and who was bene I HlirbitlC Hnlol
filed by leaving off coffee and using v UUl/tVllIj 11UICI
distressing symptoms passed away. No
more waking up In the night with my
heart trying to fly out of my mouth!
"Then I again made application for
life Insurance, and had no trouble In
passing the medical exatSnatlon.
it was seven years ago that I be-
gan to use Postum ard I am using It
,;ill. and shall continue to do so. as I
Bud it a guarantee of good hemlth."
Name given by Postum Company. Bat-
tie Creek. Mich.
"There's a reason."
Head the tig little book. "The Road
to VVellville." in pkgs
Km read (he abaer *u-r * «
•nr ai p**«r tr.aa IIm. I. "w.-
arr (HriM. tree, h4 ««U ml kautaa
Heiut «s fonr
Postum. 1 grasped at the hope this Kurop<.an Ratt.s #| ^ lH>r
held out, and made tho chango
Popular price Cafe in connection*
once. r r .
My hea.lh began to Improve Imrne- KERFOOT-MILLERfcCO.
diate.y. The hetdachc# and neuralgia <inoorpo ata i
disappeared, 1 gained In flesh, and my j Manufacturer* of
aj>;*etite came back to me. Greatest BRONCHO BRAND
^roin1 the'1begianing*and "soon all the OVERALLS AND WOBK CLOTNINQ
For Best Results Use
They Are the Best
ASK YOUR DEALER FOR THEM
BARTELDES SEED CO.
S Hoyt*. OklthMM Cite
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The New Era. (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 4, 1911, newspaper, May 4, 1911; Davenport, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109792/m1/2/: accessed April 24, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.