Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 142, Ed. 1 Friday, January 27, 1922 Page: 4 of 4
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S 3000 A V ««K -
MttllelK M —<UU M
Published every day eicept Sunday by The Oklahoma Leader Co.
Oscar Amerlnger ) Editors
Dan Hotan 1
John Bagel Buslneas Manager
17 West Third Street, Oklahoma City. Okla.
P. O. Box 777. Telephone Maple 7600
' Entered as second class mail matter June 1, 1918. at the Postofflce
a* Oklahoma City. Oklahoma, under the Act of March 3. 1879.
ILKTNOT LIMTTYOCU OPPORTUNITIES
The basis of success in organizing a consumers' co-oper-
tive is the buying power of the membership. It is not so much
question of capital as it is "turnover," and this must be se-
ureit by every rightful means. Do not misunderstand uh. \\ e
aid that buying power was the BASIS of success. The en-
' jrprise must be founded upon correct principles, it must be
lanaged according to well defined and well understood rules.
ut however efficient and honest the management and however
lentiful the capital employed, unless there is a membership
• rhich will furnish the consuming and buying power, the en-
erprise will fail.
It grieves, therefore, the experienced and scientific co-
perator to see the organizers of a co-operative enterprise dis-
osed to limit its membership, as for instance, coal miners who
/ill allow no one but coal miners to own stock in the co-op-
rative store, or carpenters or printers or even furmers, found-
lg a co-operative enterprise with a rule which will only per-
ait carpenters, printers or farmers, as the case may be, to
elong to it. Such limitations would not be practiced by any
Toup of folks except working people, and why they should
o it passes all reason and understanding.
Printers may think, and so may coal miners, that because
hey are printers or coal miners they have a peculiar power
■ I nd a particular sort of ability to do things, but thej aie
I, aistaken in this regard, for if the well known and carefully
stablished principles of co-operation are observed—and they
aust be observed if the enterprise is to succeed—-the craft or
ailing of the membership has very little to do with it.
The success of the store, depending upon the volume of
•usiness done, no one who has that thing which we all have
■uying power—should be excluded from membership. On the
ontrary EVERY ONE should be urged to join with but one
inderstanding and that is that he or she will STUDY THE
'RINCrPLES OF CO-OPERATION, and conform to the rules
,nd usages of the society and agree to labor earnestly for its
UC°Under no circumstances 3hould co-operators limit their i^.o^'^proWMUv^d^co^n^t'eV
lowers by excluding ANYONE who wishes to co-operate. IniNot only was thin restriction effect-
.•he old line joint stock company, where money votes, there
j nay be some excuse for limiting the membership for fear that
ome clique or inner ring may get control for the purpose of
unning the institution and ultimately ruining it; but that
i s not co-operation. In all co-operative societies Individuals
| >ote and not money, and the larger the membership the better.
/iRiNT 14/AG£S /Reason f\BL£
$ 60. A WIIK
TODAY MY MARRIAGE PROBLEMS
ANOTHER JOKE OF CIVILIZATION
A railroad president gets $3,000 a week and
an engineer $60 a week.
One is responsible for the finances—the
other is responsible for human life.
Aren't wages reasonable? Not only in rail-
roading, but in all lines of activity. A chewing
gum manufacturer gets a hundred thousand a
year and a scientist is lucky if he doesn't starve.
The owner of a machine makes a fortune—
the inventor of the machine lives on the charity
School teachers have to skimp along on a pit-
tance and the boss of a sausage factory is a
A comic artist gets $2,000 a week and ..
minister who is supposed to attend to our moral- ".J""1''',
regeneration and get us intoi heaven is lucky
if he can deposit 2 cents a mflnth.
A young man gets a job that is easy money
because he has a pull, and another young man
who should have had the job by right of mejit
gets discouraged and stays a failure.
What we are trying to say here is that a
"reasonable wage" is just what you are able
When Mr. Pierpont Morgan was asked in
1914 if he thought $10 a week was a high duty,
enough wage for a longshoreman, he said-
that it was enough if he accepted it.
"There Is good in all evil," even
The Tartars, ferocious fighting
hordes that once ruled Kussia, and
terrorized all western Europe, are
•lying of famine. Seven out of eight
will die and that will close one chap-
Dreadful, savage creatures with
hiRh cheekbones, the Tartars came
marauding, burning and murdering
from the east toward the west, driv-
ing their cattle with them. When
they stopped to eat they would cut a
piece of flesh from the living animal,
eat ^t and continue driving the ani-
mal on with them until it could go
They have improved
slightly, but their disappearance will
be no serious loss.
Throwing (hit I'Minuter.
United States warships, that cost
hundreds of millions, will be
scrapped with ceremony. Henry
Ford, who knows about machinery,
nays: "Scrapping those warships is
like throwing out dishwater after
you have washed the dishes. Sub-
marines and flying machines have
made warships useless; throwing
them out means as little as throw-
ing out dishwater that has done its
How about the federal reserve sys-
The federal reserve system is a
modification of the plan presented
by Senator Aldrich for a federal re-
serve association, in which the
money issuing power was to be cen
tralized in one great bank o*ned and
operated by the "money trust." This
plan was evolved by un International
banking house in Wall Street. The
federal reserve system established
regional banks, broadened the power
of issue to include, in addition to
government bonds, other public and
commercial obligations as a base. It
is capitalized by national and state
banks, each of which could demand
a sufficient volume of notes, made a
legal tender by the government,, for
locnl needs, on deposit of approved
securities. But the mandatory pro-
visions of the law were nullified by
More Truth Than Poetry
By James J. Montague
(Copyright. 1921, The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE POPE
The importance which attaches to the death of the Pope,
he head of the Catholic church and the selection of his suc-
:essor, interesting details of which are appearing in the news
t lispatches, may be reached by the number of Catholics in the
vorld as compared with other religions.
Roman Catholics in the world number 288,000,000; Greek
>r Eastern Catholics, 122,000,000; Protestants, 167,000,000;
lews, 14,972,000; Mohammedans, 227,000,000; Buddhists, 140,-
>00,000; Confucians and Taoists, 311,000,000, and Animists,
In the United States there are 21,643 members of the
Jatholice clergy, 16,580 churches and 17,885,000 communi-
WHAT OTHERS SAY
NEW DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
O. E. Enfield.
When in the course of national life it becomes necessary
for one class to array itself against another, a sense of justice j averages more than three dollars
ed, but an arbitrary retirement of
notes issue was decided on. and it is
due to this that there is a "money
What can be done to remedy this
Several plans are advanced, but
none can succeed unless hacked by
public opinion. There is practical
unanimity on one point—that the
delegation of power to fiscal insti-
tutions must cease. The government,
without the endorsement of which
no currency can be made a legal ten-
der, must reclaim that authority and
exercise it. One of the leading econ-
omists who has labored for years for
the nationalization of our finances
insists that the government shall
cease to go to the bond market as a
borrower. He would have the gov-
ernment alone exorcise the power to
issue money, as it is really the back-
er of the banks. To provide funds
for public use, he would have the
government issue treasury notes of
full legal tender, in exchange for
non-interest-bearing bonds, limited
in amount to a stated proportion of
the taxable land values, redeemable
at the rate of four per cent a year.
To avoid excessive inflation, the
treasury notes would be retired as
they were paid in by the borrower.
This would serve automatically to
keep the volume of currency adjust-
ed to the needs of the public. Tak-
ing public bonds out of the market
would lighten the interest burden of
industry and commerce, and cause
money to seek legitimate investment
What would be the saving? The
cost to taxpayers for Interest today
requires that the fundamental cause thereof be set forth.
We hold that the earth exists for the good of all men,
;hat upon the earth are abundant forests and boundless plains;
[ that beneath the earth are rich deposits of rich minerals, coal
' and oil; that when to these the hand of Labor is intelligently
, applied there is created unlimited wealth.
i, But that the worker has been robbed of his rightful por-
1 tion, let facts be submitted to him who will hear the cry of
First. The land, to which all must have access, has been
t brought under the control of the few; therefore the masses are
: exploited by r-nts.
M Second. Money, the medium of exchange, has congested
in the chests of the money kings, therefore the poor are pinched
; by usury.
Third. The tools of production and distribution have be-
come the private property of a privileged minority, therefore
the great majority are deprived of the right to labor at will,
in consequence of which the great masses are in a state of
subjection and poverty.
i: That these evils may be corrected we advocate the aboli-
b tion of the idle parasitic class and proclaim these principles to krazy kat —
■ the world: The collective ownership and the democratic con-
\ trol of all large scale industries.
one dollar paid for the actual im-
provements—streets. sewers, school-
housefl or other. This is not paid by
the generation borrowing it, but is
a legacy of debt to future taxpayers.
It makes the international financiers
masters of all property and business,
with power to arrange conditions so
that foreclosure is at their operation.
The swelling tide of tax delinquen-
cies Is but a forerunner of what is
to come. The reform will come when
public opinion is alive to the need
through understanding for Itself the
inside of the question.
\ MTTI.K MISINDKHST AN BITfO.
Mrs. Jones—Yes, Larry stayed
over in England after the war. He
works in a butterlne factory now.
and gets thirty pounds a month.
. Mrs. Sylvester—Thirty pounds a
month? What does he do with if
He can't eat all that.- Detroit News. Boston Transcript.
If Wordsworth had written It with an eye to subsequent movie production.
Oft had I heard of Lucy Gray,
Of how The Stage beguiled
From lovely Hackensack, N. J.,
That solitary child.
She joined a show they called "East Lynne."
Which busted, while en route
For Oregon, and left her in
Her helplessness, at Butte.
She wed a miner, Lucy did—
A man of rugged health—
They called him the Bonanza Kid,
Because of all his wealth.
He gambled all this wealth away
, Upon a crooked wheel;
But ah! game little Lucy Gray,
Her heart was true as steel!
She hastened to the gambling den,
And cast a scornful glance
Upon a host of wicked men ,
Engaged in games of chance.
She shot the dealer in his tracks,
And, when this deed was done.
She gathered in the gleaming stacks
Of money he had won.
"You done just right," her husband said,
f When tripping home she came,
"Now that there Short Card Pete is dead,
WE'LL start a little game."
And you will see, if you are there
When ends the thrilling reel,
Bonanza in the lookout's chair,
And Lucy at the wheel!
Adele Garrison's New Phase of
Revelations of a Wife
Omrvx 1M1. Hi .un r~i la.
The Request Jim Made ot' Madge.
I told I was going away on a little
excursion I didn't want my wife to
know about, and that I wanted him
to stay until I got back. He won't
say nothin' because he thinks it's a
good Joke, and he likes the idea of
working here. And my address will
be Marvin for a while. I can make
good money till winter on fishing
boats, and nol ody there will )hink
anything strange about my leaving
home for a while. The men mostly
have to go different places. 1
, . , , | wouldn't like to have it get around
eraay to work here for you, and p |hal left Katli0_
while he s kinda flighty, Jerry is. .
There was something so final
about Jim's attitude as he sat facinj;
me and told me of his determination
to go away and leave Katie to the
"other man," that for a shocked sec-
ond or two I had no words to an-
swer him. Before I could collect my
wits enough to expostulate with him
he had begun speaking again.
"I've planned it all out." he said.
"I'm not leaving you folks in any
lurch, because Jerry Ticer is just
yet he's a good worker, and I think
you'll get alon^ just fine."
He awkwardly lugged a buckskin
*• .Not hi ill? Hill Happen.**
"You haven't," I interrupted firm-
ly. I know that as well as you do. I
pouch from his pocket, took from it j know something else, too, which you
a roll of bills and counted off sev- Wlll learn and that is, Katie's love
eral which he held out to me. i and truth to you. There is no other
"I just got 'em from the bank to-: man. I am sure of it. But I think
day," he explained. "I can't give it is all right for you to go away for
'em to Katie. In the first place, the a while and I will take good care of
way she feels now, she'd pitch 'em 1 Katie until you come back."
He rose, swallowed hard two or
three times and made a queer, awk-
"Thank you, madame. I know that.
Good-by," he said, huskily.
I put out my hand, grasping his
"Good-by, Jim." The hext minute
I stood alone in the kitchen, listen-
ing to his heavy retreating footsteps,
wondering if I had, after all, done
right in letting him go with so little
Mother Graham came to the door
right back into my face, and in the
second place, 1 don't believe it would
be right to give her a lot of money
all at once. But I thought if you'd
take 'em, ma'am, and give "em to
her a little at a time as she needs
'era, I'd feel better about her. That'll
last till I get work, and then I'll
send you some for her every month."
Madge Makes Promise.
"When do you plan to go, Jim?"
I asked the question quietly, ac-
quiescently, for I saw that in his
present mood words from any one j as I stood there and gave a melo
if the ships are worth anything, it
is a crime to scrap them. If they
are. as Ford says, "only dishwater
being thrown out," there is no use of
fussy ceremony. It's like retiring a
hansom cab to make room for a taxi.
The theory that one nation can
create or improve clvillzation~by im-
posing its will on other nations is
exploded by conditions in Abyssinia.
British Investigators find, in the cap-
ital of that "self-determined" nation,
that more than half the population
Arms are imported from the
United States to use hunting down
and capturing slaves in neighboring
territory. And slaves are even found
at work in the British legation.
Civilization can be forced upon
people no more-than education can
be forced upon individuals. It is
a slow, tedious process.
Take Edison. Harding, Hiram
Johnson. Volstead. Gary, Armour,
Rockefeller, a thousand of the best
known statesmen, scientists, busi-
ness men and moralists in the
United States, ship them to the Con-
go and tell them to create a fine
civilization. A hundred years from
now they would still have a Congo
kind of civilization, nothing else.
You must first change your people.
Civilization comes up from below,
not down from above.
"I beg you to recommend me to the .
j Virgin of* Pompeii." Having told that. | as to get away. Nobody guesses a
the was dying, Pope Benedict, speak-1 thing, except Jerry Ticer. and him
ing to Cardinal Sili, thus expressed
j his hope and faith.
I Oxygen and camphor were being
administered. Scientists were work-
ing over him. His faith was not in
the modern miracles of science, but
in the old belief.
! pel™*1"1 me t0 the * " S'n M 10'" I is to tour the country on behalf of his fellow-prisoners in
what, comfort hundreds of millions! Atlanta prison, for wherever he goes he will ladiate the spiiit
i have found in simple ancient faith, iof love which Christ exemplified. "Never have I ever seen any
What I* Happiness 1 lone from whom love so shines as from this man," writes a
i Again, what is happiness? In the xr"
would be worse than useless. Be-
sides. he evidently did not intend to
go out of our lives altogether, and
he had gained sufficient control
over himself so that I no longer
dreaded any insane outbreak of jeal-
ousy from him. Perhaps. I told my-
self, with an Irritated remembrance
of Katie's sullen indifference to
Jim's point of view, his going away
might not be the worst thing in
the world for my temptestuous lit-
tle maid. That Jim loved her loy-
ally. devoutedly, even, in a sense,
humbly, I knew, and I guessed also
that she received his devotion very
much as a matter of course. His
absence might teach her a salutary
Jim hesitated at my question,
looking at me appealingly.
"''I'd like to tell you, Mrs. Gra-
ham, and I want to give you my ad-
"I will not tell Katie anything you
tell me until you give me permis-
sion," I assured him quickly.
"Well, then, I'm going tonight I've
just waited for you to come home so
dramatic little "st!" I beckoned her
to enter, advanced to meet her.
"Is he gone?" she whispered.
"Very much so." I returned, in a
low voice for I did not know how
near Katie might be.
"Katie came down stairs just after
Jim called you out here," Mother
Graham went on. "and I had Mrs.
Underwood take her into the libra-
ry. She doesn't know you were talk-
ing to Jim."
"That is fine, mother. Thank
you," I said, and her withered
cheeks glowed with pleasure.
"Isn't it about time you were go-
ing?" she asked anxiously and I con-
sulted my wrist watch.
"Very nearly." I returned. "I'll go
to Lillian now."
She plucked me by the sleeve as I
passed and when I looked at her I
found that her face was pale and
"Don't go into any danger," she
faltered. "I couldn't bear it if any-
thing should happen to you, Margar-
"Nothing will happen." I said re-
assuringly. as I stopped and kissed
her with the warm little feeling at
my heart which her rare expressions
of affection never fail to brinu to me.
DEBS AND GHANDI
Nothing to our mind could be finer than Eugene Debs'
"I beg you to rec-,bearing since his quitting jail; we welcome the news that he
he Mrgin of Pom- j tnnr thp rnnntrv on behalf of his fellow-Dl'isoners in
BIRT CHE 4P.
Frank Irving Fletcher. New York
advertising man. said in an address
"Another fault that is fast disap-
pearing is exaggeration—lying, you
know. Some of the advertisements
of the past remind me of n dialogue
between a salesman and a patron. It
runs like this:
"What's the price of this article?"
"One dollar, sir."
"Bought direct from the manufac-
turer, I suppose?"
"No. sir, we got it at a sheriff's
sale of the manufacturer's stock."
"Why did the manufacturer bust
railroad station where you get chew-
ing gum by putting a cent in a slot,
a short, commonplace, extremely un-
Interesting individual of forty ex-
„~~~~~~~~~~~~ | rtmjnet] himself carefully in the lit-
SkLF ( ON'STITl TKI) OFFICIALS, tie looking glass. He looked at him-
Worse than the law violators whom self full-faced and frowned - but ap-
they seek to punish are those who j provingly trying to look like Napo-
constltute themselves agents to pun- leon.
ish crime. If they have evidence suf- I He looked at his left profile and
ficient to establish violations of law j smiled, at his right profile and
they should report It to proper au- ' smiled again. He fixed his red neck-
thorities and not usurp the duties of j tie. wiggled his fat. short body and
jury\ executioner. We are , waddled off contented and happy
not friendly to the I. W. W. and kin-
dred organizations. But no excuse
can be made for the worse than I.
W. W. adherents, the men who last
week, in Shreveport. La., kidnaped
a lawyer from Chicago, took him out-
side of the city limits and adminls
of one kind, consists
in being satisfied with what you
have, not knowing too much about
your own deficiencies.
A great naturalist said: "The dif-
ference between a low-type of Afri-
tared a severe whipping, after which ran .in,i a highly-developed white
uiey shipped him out of the state ; man greater than the difference
His offense was that he had been j between that savage and a blade of
employed to defend three men ac- grass." That, unfortunately, is true,
cused of being members of the I. . anrt intelligent Charles E. Russell
w- ; knows it.
. Let us not deceive ourselves or
IHh FARMhltS* BAY. others, even, in the noble cause of
When every farmer in the south ; brotherly love.' Those that are de-
friend who called on him in Washington. No wonder the
president was so moved; no wonder that the heathen of the
press rage. The editors can not understand how such a man
can glory in his faith and can refuse to admit that his belief
has been altered or affected in any degree by his incarceration.
They gnash their teeth in anger at his serenity of spirit; they
read with horror of 50,000 people welcoming him to his home
as if he were a triumphant president instead of a returned con-
vict. Verily these are good days to live in when Debs and
Ghandi give daily proof of the power of love, of the refusal
to bear hate, or malice, or resentment, or to carry arms! Of
course, they know the price they must pay. Debs told Mr.
Harding that he expected only hate and misrepresentation;
the prison doors may open for him again. The world needs
nothing so much today as the teachings of these two men who
have risen by the conquest of their own spirits to heights of
A TKST OF CIVILIZATION.
The first principle of civilization
ought to have been and ought still
be. that the condition of every per-
son born into the world, after a state
of civilization commences, ought not
to be "worse" than if he had been
born before that period? But the
"Through selling this article at a
"I suppose he paid too much for
the raw material, eh?"
"Oh. no; he stole the raw ma-. , — — . . . A , ....
terlal." shall eat bread from his own fields celved. no matter how kindly, lose fact is, that the condition or millions
"Gee whiz! Wrap me up half a anfl meht from his own pastures and iheir way. is far worse than if they had been
dozen."—Los Anceles Times. ; disturbed by no creditor and en- l)o Von (iamblel !l>orn before civilization began.—
slaved by no debt, shall sit amid his ( Do you gamble In stocks? Have Thomas Paine.
teeming gardens and orchards and you observed lhaL the "little" or j .
vinyards and dairies and barnyards, "independent" steel stocks are going OR A LKATIIhK MhliAI..
pitching his own crops in his own up? He careful that you don't go up : A farmer gets about 3 cents a
wisdom and growing them in inde-j or blow up with them. 'pound for a cowhide. The shoe-
pendence, making cotton his clean if you KNOW about them go ahead, maker pays $1 a pound wholesale for
surplus and selling it in his own | buy, and you may prosper. But un- I *ole leather. The Central Leather
HOW HE K\KW.
Here's a bit of real boy. Archie.
5 years old, had found a cat and
given it the name of Mary.
"Well, why did you give it a girl's
"Well," replied the youngster, "I
saw her washing her face and she
washed her ears and she washed be-
hind her ears, and nobody but a girl
would wash behind their ears."—
(To E. V. D.)
Nine six five three.
Numbers heard in heaven.
Numbers whispered breathlessly.
Mystical as seven,
Numbers lifted among stars
To acclaim and hall
Another heart behind the bars,
Another God in jail,
Tragic in their symmetry,
Crucified and risen,
Nine six five three,
From Atlanta prison.
—Winter Bynner in The New Day,
"Your wife held her audience
"I don't doubt it," replied Mr.
Meekton. "I know from personal ex-
perience that when Henrietta la
True Love Speeds Fast.
time and in his chosen market and'less you do KNOW, go slowly. Bear Corporation repoits a deficit after
not at a master's bidding—getting his | always in mind. If you must gam- nxetl charges, of near 12 million dol-
pay in cash and not in a receipted | ble. the fact that the big steel com- lars for the first nine months of 1931.
mortgage that discharges his debt, , pany can sell steel at a good profit i \ corporation tht can lose money
hut does not restore bis freedom— for less than many of the little com- In a deal like that ought to be given j speaking anybody within hearing
then shall be the breaking of the ; panics can manufacture it It is wel? a boobv prize. — American Eagle, | distance is going to pay attention."—
fulness of our day—Henry W. Grady, i to print this warning occasionally. 1 Estero.'ria. Washington Star. m
SHOES, AT HOME ANI) ABROAD
Labor, Plumb Plan Weekly.
Three dollars and sixty-five cents a pair is the average
price for which American shoes are sold to foreign buyers for
[ export from the United States.
Nine dollars a pair is the average price paid by American
► consumers who purchase the same shoes in this country,
j The figures come from the Department of Commerce and
' are undoubtedly accurate.
Evidently the shoe combine has such a firm grip on the
i domestic market that it can charge Americans any price it
J sees fit. When it enters foreign market s it cuts its profits
f so as to successfully meet competition.
For more than a year the present attorney general has
| been promising to prosecute profiteers. Here is a case made
I to order for him. Will he act V
<S0I«&~7D 7*E AliXT ,
nVUJM To <5£r ^ £ov£
tuflr is gowva
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Ameringer, Oscar & Hogan, Dan. Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 142, Ed. 1 Friday, January 27, 1922, newspaper, January 27, 1922; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109658/m1/4/: accessed July 28, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.