Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 133, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 17, 1922 Page: 2 of 4
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FOUNDS EAST EUROPE'S
POLLY AND HER PALS— Only a Great Mind Could Think of This.
—By CUFF STEHHETl
Result of Educational Bureau-
by m. h. hedges
(For The Minnesota Star ami
The Federated PreM.I
Enter the Labor college. Thli 1
the pre-eminent contribution of the
year 1921 to the flald of education
More than twenty-six Institutions
have sprung up like mushrooms In
the year Just closing.
At the same time Institutions like
Bryn Mawr, Amherst and Carleton
have revamped their courses to
make special appeal to the workers.
Outstanding developments of the
■vear In the field of education are
marked by awakening °'lnle""l.'"1
the rank and file of the 600,01*1
teachers of the country In econom c
and professional aspects of their
occupations, and by drawing to-
gether In cloeer harmony of the
official beads of the educational sys-
tem. _ .
The year 1921 may rnarlt the be
sinning of educational bureaucracy
in America. The following events
Pashago of the notorious Lusk
laws in the state of New York, de-
signed to limit freedom of teachers
Agreement reached between head*
of the National Education associa-
tion and officials of the American
legion on a program of "Americani-
Appointment of John J. Tigert as
federal rommlBBioner of education at
the request of the American l/eglon.
On taking office, Tigert Issued an
Interview to the Associated Press in
which he declared he would declare
war at once on "communism, holstae-
vlsin, socialism, and all other forms
of government that do not recognize
the rights of property and the right
of genius to its Juat rewards."
The year also was marred by cam-
paigns for increased funds for pri-
vate colleges to raise salaries of
professors. Campaigns were con-
ducted openly on the basis that
"bolshevlsm" must be downed In
colleges by giving the "professor ft
livtng wage." Added to this was the
tendency of state universities to In
crease tuition charges with the re
suit that many poor students were
forced to seek education elsewhere
Union of teachers for legislative
action marked the year. In Cali-
fornia the state teachers' association
practically controlled the legislative
program of the state. In New York,
teachers united to resist the Lusk
In Minnesota the overshadowing
event was the union of the 18,000
teachers of ths atate to affect a
legislative program. Three out-
standing objectives are named.
Revision of the tAX system in or-
der to divert more money to educa-
tion. especially for the improvement
of country schools.
To obtain a tenure law for teach-
To improve pension laws for
n Minneapolis the city's 2,000
teachers havo co-operated to resist
euts In the salary scale and to estab-
lish a permanent salary schedule.
rnovfhiNG free heai.8.
Captain Cohen of the Volunteers
of America announces that meal
tickets good for one 25-cent meal at
a local restaurant are now ready.
Business men and Individuals de-
siring some of these tickets to give
to those asking for something to eat
may have same by telephoning the
Captain Walnut 1988, or through P.
O. Box 333. This assures the party
will eat and is much better than giv-
ing out money. The Captain says he
has $12.50 towards this fund, and
anyone desiring to give a donation
may send it in. This money to be
used only to feed the hungry. The
Volunteers of America are a relig-
ious and charitable organization
nationally known and are to be per-
manent in this city.
Money Exchange Situation Is1
Declared the Reason For
Supremacy in Markets.
PARIS. Jan. 17—(By U. P.)—Ger-
many has started a commercial col-
onization of Eastern Europe and is ,
on the way to success.
One of the msln reasons for such ;
success is the difference between the j
comparatively high rates of ex-
change among the group of Anglo-,
Saxon and l>atln states, and the |
other group of flermanic and Slavic ;
,n,,„v /lN /'/// rs\M>
J Lit ti I (JIv A li tj JUtS'
It has created a kind <>f broad d« p
gulf that neither one on both sides
can cross any more. Frequently
the last few days, on the Paris ex-
change market, the Austrian and the
Hungarian crown, the Polish mark,
the Serbian and the Bulgarian dinar,
have not been quoted at all, while
the Czecho-Slovac crown was only
worth little more than one cent, \
and the Finnish mark one and a
half cent, which shows In fact the
Western Powers no longer possess
means of exchange with those coun-
But Germany baa established the
transition, launched the necessary
bridge between the two banks of the
uncrossable stream, and thanks to
the fall of her exchange, the Ger-
man mark haB become in the latter
countries an easily negotiable money.
Thla is how Germany la capturing
the markets in Eastern Europe
where she offers to her old pre-war
clients all the goods they need, at a
fairly high price for thein, but which
they can still afford to pay. Know-
ing the perfect organization of the I
German trade, there Is no doubt J
Germany can within short time draw j
exclusive profit from most of the j
states around her, including the Bal-
kans, Poland and Hungary.
Also, in exchange for the manu-
factured products which she will
sell, ono must not think Germany
will retain the depreciated money
of her neighbors. She will employ
It on the spot to buy Rumanian
wheat. Galician oil, timber and min-
erals in Poland. And with this raw
material, after having put aside, at
cheap price, the quantities neces-
sary to the national consumption,
sho won't meet difficulties to re-
export the surplus, being the only
power In Eastern Europe that has
a merchant marine.
Owing to the powerful banking
organization of Germany, the con-
clusion is that she may become the
ruler of the money market In those
countries where she can Install the
domination of her own money and
h*r trade as well.
It Is generally believed here that
It is then one more reason for the
allied nations to avoid a German
monetary bankruptcy, in order to
restoro the indispensable balancc
between the winner, who is menaced
by his own wealth, and tho loser.
drawing profit out of his very ruin.
I Shalu SHC**/ THE, ~FG&aoco .
YfcArtl h/ViaJ6 AiOTiC£x> That Tm£ \
Last half mch is
I (\jpfvse To ELiMi^Tt
ILL. ADMIT HES Ph JMILtCS "4 BUT ME
<gOT IDE4 \u.EX?TM /WIU-lOJS!
I By MAKiaIW Their Ci<3>*«ETTfcS
0/JE HALF i lCH SMC*?TER'.
(CfV. j-fera rt 07?
—liu WALTER HUMAN
Jerry Is a Sympathetic Little Fellow.
Me?- ufcrro • To MwurV
/460 "L WC/4 Poos. 8ov~ '
V* ON<3 UKE A DoG--4ND
"TbDAV V*U. -
UlUtTfeAW A BtT
GcjrTO 00 SOMewMS-
POSE AS" A
example] yn* ^
1 thought i
fcrlMHW — "ZAT
the same time get* in the subscription
of A. D. Gordon for the same period
Bread Can Be
Sold At Five
Cents a Loaf
Bakers, Jobbers, Gamblers
and Millers Reap Enormous
Profits; Remedy Lies in Co-
Operation — European Co-
Operators Prove It.
Festival of St. Anthony, the orig-
inator of the monastic Idea in Chris-
Two hundred and sixteenth anni-
versary of the birth of Benjamin
Greetings to David Lloyd George,
who today enters upon his sixtieth
Tho bill proposing farmer repre-
sentation on the Federal Reserve
Board Is to be taken up by the U.
S. senate for final consideration to-
"Build Homes" will be the key-
note of the annual convention of the
Northwestern Lumbermen's Associa-
tion. which begins Its sessions at
Many questions affecting the
building trades throughout the Do-
minion will be discussed at the Can-
adian building and construction in-
dustrial convention, opening today
at Hamilton. Ont.
It is expected that a definite policy
on a wheat pool will be decided at
the fourteenth annual convention of
the United Farmers of Alberta,
which is to meet today at Calgary.
The trial of Oliver Vandervort,
who is charged with the murder of
his divorced wife, his mother and a
friend, is scheduled to begin today
at Wilmington, Ohio.
The Duke of Cannaught is to pre-
side at a dinner to be given by the
Canadian Club in London tonight in
honor of Sir George Perley. the re-
tiring Canadian high commissioner
Commanding officers of United
State Veterans' Hospitals have been
called to meet in conference in
Washington today to discuss plans
of the Federal Hospitalization Board
^or the improvement of treatment
Mveo disabled soldiers.
Women's Apparel Advertise-
ments, With Illustrations,
CHICAGO. Jan. 17.—(U. P.)—A
campaign to eliminate sign boards
carrying pictures of women in va-
rious stages of undressing has been
launched by the uatlonal convention
of the American Good Roads Asso-
Advertisements of stockings, cor-
sets and underwear came under the
"The present generation will live
to sec the American highway beauti-
fied." Lieutenant Col. H. L. Bowlby
of Washington, president of the Am-
erican Good Roads builders' asso-
ciation, told the United Press.
"The time Is near at hand when
all main highways will be paved;
lined with trees and shrubbery, ob-
noxious signs and grade crossings
American will soon lead the world
In good roads, he stated.
"America has about 2,700,000 miles
of highways of which only about 15
per cent is improved." he stated,
"but we are now iu an era of road
building which will put this nation
in the lead."
The Island of Guernsey has en-
joyed home rule for several hundred
Back New Corporation Which
Employs Only Union
LOS ANGELES, Col., Jan. 17 —Or-
ganlzed labor, which is making
fight on unfair movie producers,
views with Interest the formation of
a million-dollar company to finance
motion picture production by those
makers using only union labor. Ac-
cording to the Los Angeles Citizen,
the decision to loan only to "fair
producers is based upon the experi-
ence of the unfair firms in trying to
put out blacklisted films.
The new organization is known as
the National Motion Pictures Fi-
nance Corporation. Laurence A.
Lambert is president.
"It is absurd for Goldwyn, William
Fox, Universal and the Lasky-Fa-
mous Players-Realart Corporation to
pretend that the world-wide fight
which labor is making on their films
is not effective," says the Citizen.
ALBERT F. COYLE,
Secretary Ail-American Co-Opera-
Tho farmer Is getting less for his
wheat today than at any time since
1913. The price of flour has drop-
ped from $13 a barrel to $6.50 with-
in a year. Yet the bakers have not
only failed to reduce bread to pre-
war prices, but In several largo cit-
ies they arc now announcing an In-
crease in price of from ono to two
cents a loaf.
Except greed for profits, there Is
no reason why a pound loaf of bread
should cost more than 5 cents today.
And that would leave 2 cents mar-
gin for the baker and retailer. The
flour In a pound loaf costs less than
2V6 cents, according to Senator E. F.
Ladd, of North Dakota, the eminent
authority on grain. The totp.1 cost
of the other lncredients—yeast, salt,
and sugar, does not exceed M cent
a loaf, and the same amount will
covor tho labor cost of making and
baking under large-scale machine
production. Surely 2 cents out of
a G-cent loaf Is adequate compensa-
tion for those who make and dis-
tribute our bread.
100 Per Cent Profiteers.
The workers are now compelled
to pay 7 cents to 10 cents for a
pound loaf. Who grabs the extra
profit? Statistics just presented to
Commissioner of Markets O'Malley
of New York City by expert econo-
mists representing the Bakery
Work or 8* Union prove that the big
bakors of that city aro profiteering
from 75 per cent to 100 per cent in
bread and other bakery products. A
congressional committee investigat-
ing tho high cost of living in tho
District of Columbia found that one
of the large bakers made a profit of
$315,050 in one year, not counting
his own salary of $30,000. Flour
then cost twice what It does now.
And yet within the past week this
same baker has announced an In-
crease of a cent a loaf In his prod-
ucts! During the four years of the
world war. Great Britain, France,
Italy, and Belgium sold a pound of
bread made from American wheat,
with heavy transatlantic freight
costs added, for less than half the
price we had to pay for It in Amer-
The wheat millers stand convicted
by the Federal Trade Commission,
In Its report on profiteering to the
U. S. Senate of squeezing the peo-
ple for an average profit of 38 per
cent—"profits that are indefensible,
considering that an average profit of I
one mill for six months of the year
shows as high as $2 a barrel," an
against an average profit of 18)4 j
cents a barrel before the war. To ;
day the British Co-Operative Whole- j
sale Society Is selling Its best flour,
made from American wheat, at 2 J
cents a pound, while the lowest quo- i
tation In the big markets of this
country is 3.3 cents a pound.
Wheat Gamblers .Make Millions.
Next to the miller stands the Job-
ber, throuph whom all but the big- ,
geat bakers buy their flour. The I
Federal Trade Commission reported j
that jobbers who were content with |
an average profit of 15 cents a bar- I — (
rel In 1913-14, havo increased their ='
exaction to 50 cents a barrel. Be-
tween the miller and the fanner
stands the owner of the grain ele-
vator, the wheat speculator, and a
whole horde of brokers, wheat pit
manipulators, and other parasitic
middlemen. The enormous profits
of the elevator men are notorious;
while within the past three months
ono of the big "operators" Is estima-
ted to havo cleaned up from five to
ten million dollars In tho Chicago
^heat pit on "transactions."
Fanners Sell Wheat at a Loss.
Back of all these middlemen
stands the farmer-producer. Instead
of making a profit on his wheat,
every bushel he sells is at a loss.
Tho grain barons, the big millers,
and their banker associates have
"deflated"' the farmer until ho Is re-
ceiving for his grain about half the
cost of production.
Europeans Get Ilread at Cost.
The workers can cut the cost of
bread if they want to. There is no
reason why they should not have at
least one thriving co-operative bak-
ery in every city of the country,
which would Insure them bread at
cost of production. Bakeries are one
of the commonest and most success-
ful forms of co-operation all over
Europe. The late George Hawkins,
one of the English co-operative pio-
neers, declared that the bread trade
was the foundation of their great co-
operative success. The London so-
ciety is now turning out over 200,000
loaves a week for Its members. The
United Co-Operative Bakery of Glas-
gow has recently compelled all the
bakers of the Scotch metropolis to
cut the price of bread to meet its
The state-owned bakeries estab-
lished by the labor government of
New South Wales, Australia, sup-
plied bread during the past year at
2% cents a loaf cheaper than pri-
vate bakeries, and in addition re-
turned a profit of $2,000 to the gov-
Co-Operative Bakeries in America.
Co-operative bakeries have been
equally successful in this country.
Up in Utica. N. Y., ninety-two work-
men started a co-operative bakery
in 1913, with a capital of less than
$15 each. The bakery is now the
second largest In the city, turning
out about 8, 000 loaves a week, and
doing a business of $150,000 a year.
In Greater Now York there are now
three wholesalo co-operative baker-
ies, with a number of branch dis
The cost of bread can be cut by
co-operation. While the farmers are
co-operating to slice down the juicy
profits of the wheat speculators and
the milling trust, the city workers
Bhould co-operate to take the "ake"
out of their bakery bills by estab-
lishing their own eo-Jperative bak-
ROLL OF HONOR
Open Shop Is Announced at
Start Nationwide Fight.
SCRANTON, Pa., Jan. 17.—The
Schools, self-styled wage-raisers and
man-proraotor8, may be great at get-
ting higher pay and better Jobs at
shorter hours for workers in other
plants, but they have just locked out
their union printers because the
printers asked a 44-hour week such
as is in effect in practically all
union shops throughout the country.
The International Correspondence
Schools are the only concern In
Scranton employing printers which
has not agreed to the 44-hour week.
The lockout at this plant Is the first
labor trouble the local Typographi-
cal Union has had in the 54 years
of its existence. The union is re-
garded as the most conservative in
the city. It has done much to pro-
mote a friendly spirit between em-
ployers and workers, and many of
the men now forced out by the In-
ternational have worked there for
long periods of years.
Many of these same men. several
years ago when the International
Correspondence Schools were in fi-
nancial difficulties^ dug into their
own pockets to help save the organi-
zation. while the union itself loaned
some of its funds to the same cause.
No formal announcement has been
made to that effect, but it is re-
garded as certain that the schools
will attempt to run the plant on the
so-called "open shop" basis. The
union will stand solidly back of the
On May 1, when the 44-hour week
went Into effect at all commercial
plants employing union printers, no
attempt was made to install the
shorter work week in Scranton be-
cause the printers' contract with the
employers did not expire until De-
cember 31. For several weeks just
passed conferences have been held
between the local union officials and
tho employers, with the result that
all plants except that of the I. C. S.
agreed to the new hour basis, and
are working under a 44-hour week
H. A. McOsker. Gray, okla., sends in
one new sub for AI. T. Apple of the same
W. B. McClain, G'encoe, Okla , re-
mits $6 for two yearly nube. He writes
Mrs. S. H. East. Indianapolis, Ind.,
joins the Leader family of readers.
Joseph Feil. Lansing, Ohio, subscribes
for a trial period.
Frederick Uhllg, Shattuck. Okla , geli
in a new subscription for Otto Dohe, of
Loyal, for two years.
Dr. O. Nobell, county superintendent
that tho beat ChrUtmaa news he ever of Health. Beaver county, sends In a new
got was the news of the release of
• « •
j. K. Clark, Purcell, Okla., renewed
his subscription for one year and sends
along a new sub for WiUie Perry, same
John H. Mart. Hominy. Okla, writes
for a supply of subscription blanks. He
says he Is going to work for the Leader
with all his might and main.
Amos Callahan. Savannah, Okla., re-
news his subscription for one year and
gets in the subscription of G. G. Spinks
for the same period.
• • •
••We cannot do without the Leader.
We are very well pleased with the stand
you have taken regarding the Kansas
situation," writes Mrs. E. Maddox. Mul-
Squire Andrus, Roosevelt, Okla., gets
in another new yearly sub. for A. F.
Mart Detriek and G. T. Thomason.
Ringwood, joins the Leader family for
• • t
W. A. McGee, Temple. Okla.. starts the
leader to W. H. McGee, Montpelier,
W. W. Whalen, Buffalo. Okla.. sends
in a new yearly subscription for B. C.
• * •
Mrs. Livonia Dean, Custer City. Okla.,
sends in a new yearly subscription for
C. A. Burgstorf of Custer City. She
berry, Kai... In renewing for another writes. "We have been gettlne the
and in sending the Leader a new leader since the first Issue from your
blind dealer. We certainly enjoy your
S. E. Andrus, Roosevelt, Okla.. sends
in $11 to cover a small list of subs, new
and renewal. Roosevelt showed a slight Sand Springs. Okla.
Basil Petros, postoffico confectionery,
orders three copies
decrease in circulation after the change
from eight to four pages, but Squire
Andrus is getting it back in line.
J. W. McAtee. Morrison, Okla.. always
on the Job for the Leader, gets in a re-
newal and a new sub. both for a year.
F. O. Unwln, Chester. Okla., renews
his subscription for one year and gets
In a new sub. for Robert Carter, also of
H. N. Bryant, Okla., is hammering
away at a real pace now. He gets in
another $9.00 for three yearly subs., one
a renewal and two new.
"If every worker would subscribe to
one dally labor paper, we would have
a labor press in this country with a
mighty mean kick, and It is certainly
their duty to do so," writes James
Walker. United Mine Worker official.
Collinsville. 11L. when sending in a new
sub. to the Leader.
Eliaa Smith, Canton. Okla., renews for
another year and gets In a new yearly
sub. for Geo. M. Howell of Longdale.
A. J. Glpson, Perkins, Okla, does the
real thing. He remits $9.00 for three
new yearly subscriptions.
• • •
C. C. K* gel man. El Reno, Okla., sends
In his subscription for a year and at
Dr. I Levy, sight specialist, better
known as Oklahoma's expert optome-
trist and optician, states that a great
many people have trouble with their
eyes and d. not know what it is. They
usually attribute It to overwork of
their eyes. Sometimes they lay it to
headaches, neuralgia or stomach trouble.
The truth of the matter is that all the
symptoms above mentioned aro merely
a protest of an eyestrain that have
forced by will-power of the rye to do
work beyond Its strength. The expert
dot s not mean to .i^ftr that every case
of headache. iu'ur;ilgia or Stomach trou-
ble is due to eyestrain, but he merely
states that many of them are due to re-
flexes due to eyestrain, which it is in tho
hand of an expert optometrist to cor-
rect with proper glasses.
DR. I. LEVY
Oklahoma's Expert Optometrist
40fi Colcord ItuildiiiK
I'hone Maple 10&>
dally for one month.
Sam Flint, Lamont, Okla., sends In one j
subscription for Jake Piburn, also of La-
• • «•
H. T. Dodd gets in two yearly sub-
scriptions for H. Booze of Aline, and C.
J. Carroll of McWillie.
MORE THAN HE ASKED FOR,
George—I asked Maudie for her
Charles—Well, she married you,
George—Yes, but I didn't get her
hand. I'm under her thumb now.—
UNION MEN PATRONIZE
Cream Crisp Waffles
222 West Grand Avenue
On Strictly Guaranteed
Heavy Duty Dural Ked
While They Last
32x4 l/j .
34x4 t/o .
Cor. Reiio uud
Harvey WaL 1! 131
VI,SO HOTKI KSS.
•'I ran remember when people
thought the telephone was some-
"Well, ours Is."—Washington Star.
Radiators "nd Fenders
By Expert Mechanics
Shipments promptly attended to.
and Fender Co.
W. E. SWEITZER. Mgr.
202 W. 2nd St. M. 0291
| Cleaned & Pressed |
= Men's = Ladies'plain wool =
= Suits = f-uits and dresses ==
EE 1 o cents = $1.00
| lii S. Hanr? M. 21S6 g
What Shall We Do With
the Old Man?"
Now comes the question, "What shall we do with the
old man?" That is the text of my story today. In the
mills and factories and about the railroads are hundreds
of old men who tremble every day, expecting to hear,
"Well, Bi}l, you are getting too old; we'll have to get a
younger man for this job."
Some of these old worn-out fellows can show scars
and crippled limbs all got in the service of some soulless
corporation—really worn-out machines, used up and ready
for the scrap heap. Human machines worn out earning
dividends for stockholders, who ride about in autos, doing
Europe and America, trying to find a cure for ennui, which
is the mental and physical laziness of the rich.
We are aware that some corporations do take care of
the old men, but not many. We have some good examples
of noble effect in this direction. The American system
generally is the scrap heap for worn-out machinery and
men. Dump them and put in the new! Wages spent for
daily needs, children grown up and gone, all having hard
enough time with their own struggle for a living to help
the old folks. So the poorhouse calls for many old men
and women, who dread it as a living hell.
We are treating many of these old men. We are
helping them to stave off the call of the scrap heap.
Auto-intoxication is the most prolific cause of premature
old age and Anti-Toxis is the foe of auto-intoxication.
Per bottle of 12 ounces, $1.50. Send for our free booklet.
Co-Operative Distributing Co.
Box 793, Oklahoma City, Okla.
If you want to learn how the farmers of
Oklahoma have it in their power to change
and better their condition, then by all
means, send for a copy of
* I 1
A Co-Operative Commonwealth |
By FREDERIC C. HOWE
For Sale by Oklahoma Leader
$2.00 Per Copy
11 Special Offer: For §4.50 we will send the |
11 Leader for one year and a copy of this |
| book. This offer only good for a limited |
jl Special Offer: For $10.00 we will send you |
11 three Leader sub cards for one year and |
;| a copy of this book—$11 worth for $10. |
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Ameringer, Oscar & Hogan, Dan. Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 133, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 17, 1922, newspaper, January 17, 1922; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109649/m1/2/: accessed November 29, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.