Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 126, Ed. 1 Monday, January 9, 1922 Page: 1 of 4
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
1 An independent newspaper published |
| every day except Sunday. Owned by _
| more than 7,000 farmers and workers. Ea- |
i tablished to defend and chtrish freedom |
1 of i.le press and liberty ol public opinion. g
| It serves no interest but the public good.
"FEARLESS AND TRUE"
Full Leased Wire United I'ress Keport—Member Federated Prest.
PUlliL ONE CENi
MONDAY. JANUARY 1922
OKLAHOMA Cl i 1. OKLA
Vol. 2—No. 126
$2,500 II DAY;
LAKE PLACID THE MECCA FOR WINTER Sl'OItT FOLK
Crops in Oklahoma for 1921
are valued at $175,000,000.
This is less than one-third of
the value of the crop two years I pe[|a| s|ave i_aw; Coerce
On top of that the farmer
has been unable to realize the j
$175,000,000, as he could find, ny
no market for some of his pi on-| pittsburg, Kan.. Jan. 9. Two
ucts. He is further in debt, j hnndre(j ani| fifty national cuanis-
and is therefore paying more I men at Ringo ln ti,e roai fields have |
money for interest to banks ro|d(,d llp thrir tents and gone home,
and mortgage companies. A^|on nr(jfron, Governor Allen, ami
a rule he is paying more taxes.. rumor savs «tiut more will follow in j
Deduct interest and taxes, j n few (lays
take out the rent for the land- ROVernor was wastini; $2,&oo i
lord on one-half of the farms i n day jn a use|ess attempt to break
of the state. How much will lhe strike tor the release of Howat j
there be left for the working j
and Dorchy, and protests were corn-
farmer, his wife and the chil- (ns jn from the Impoverished, lax- j
dren all of whom helped in the . ridden farmers of the state, accord-
oioduction of the crops. I ing to Information from Topeka.
^ The presence of the troops was
* * * . I so offensive to the local men they
Many fanners are active in; wero supposed to protect at their
behalf of the Farmer-Labor strikebreaking tasks th*; these were >
l Ti,.,,. |1KV enlist- i quitting faster than others could be
League. 1 hey are uusj eniisi th(, nutsld(, only a
PI! BEITS Of
Rumo. Agreement on Terms
For Recognition of Soviet
MOSCOW. Jan. X lily V. P.) —
(Delayed.)- Soviet Russia has re-
ceived ami decided t<> accept an in-
vitation from the allied supreme
council to attend the economic cou-
I ference proposed for Genoa in March.
I Conditions laid l > the illles tor
the Russian participation in the con-
ference which is to seek the rehabil-
itation of Europe, will be met.
I From information obtained in so-
viet circles, it was learned that Lloyd
Crisis Is Acuti
Resigned President Plans To Take Fight To People of Ire-j
land—Insinuation Made By Sinn Feiner That England
May Not Keep Her Promises.
ing their neighbor farmers in | TleK11K1amount of coal is being
be (lone i mined, for not 5 per cent of the
j imported from the outside.
the work that must
now to make certain the elec- j normal quotas of men arc working
tion of the League ticket at in ('ruwfoir[,|e^1 j^^n.countle8,
the August primary. In theii ^len and Attorney General llop-
anxiety to convert their neigh- klns an now trying a new tack,
bors, they often overlook their I They are tryinp to get results
wives A woman's vote counts i against Howat'i supporters by buli-
jtlst as much as a man's The ££ tTatr?k?rs ,0t0 r0"
wives and children ot the tarm-; At a secret conciavo in the Hotel
ers generally suffer more from stilwell, with mayors and eouncil-
the unsatisfactory economic | men of the mining towns in the two
conditions than the men. Pa
The season at Lake Placid. New York, is now on in full swing, Many of the !'!lvof l
former years gone to Switzerland for the winter sports. The above Illustration Bho\... ^ini« of th. U
participants enjoying themselves. In the lower left-hand corner is Miss Kath een Davis ol i.aheston rexas.
adjusting her skates, preliminary to taking a spin over the ice. Above her is Miss Halan Kosloff or War-
aujubuiig nci 4 w... wah ovMbitions of fancy figure skating. In
and Hounds Skiing Tourney, and on
the center are members of the younger set off on the scent in the Ha
the right is Miss Marie Ringler of New York, an ardent hockey enthusiast.
counties Hopkins is reported to have
demanded that they enact vagrancy
ordinances making it a crime t' >r a
striker to remain idle if work was
offered him. Almost immediately
after the conference the authorities
of Girard. the county seat of Craw-
ford county, passed a vagrancj or-
dinance to this effect. But so Jar
no arrests have been made under it.
One towu official who refused to be
quoted for fear of arousing the gov-
I ernor's vengeance said that enforc-
One Man Killed,
In Gun Battle
make i lun tit,-) for Griffith and
< -.Mni in their i Hurts to establisli|
an Irish free state.
Maneuvers of De Yalera are be
I - : in .uieminent circles to bt
in- I i •1 l.t tin i , '.Minusih there e\l
i -i .ii i. ,n : of uneii; 1110' -4
. i«. Ii.il the ininurit> will do. Thd
1111 ai'. inoon on a ••puhltean plat fur"i .i resignation of the Sinn Fell]
, ■ i rni II- «■' 11 * •, 11111.11' 'I 1 >> Si I • -i'ii i • i ran,-. .I satisfaction her«
London ( larke. the ensuing light in the Dail wa J
. f ' ,„,ii i The Dail refused to accept its I watched with keen interest.
representative, terms of the condi-
tions that would be required.
nomlc conferenc^ ^^ of the Lull by a vol* of 64 to 57. TOte.1 j
, . hv oinpc I to ratify the peace treaty with (treat
2. The Moscow government shall! Britain whereby IrelandI Joins the j
assume the debts of previous Ru: j British commonwett'th; tm'ay «s u
Itizens of other countries who I
DUBLIN. Jau. i . A motion to re-
elect Katnon DeValera president of
the Irish republic and head of tlie
Dail : ivernment was defeated in the
Irish parliament this afternoon by a
vote of 60 to 58.
Following his resignation this
George, confident of slice.,, of I'M mornlng, DeVabn, stood for■election
I propositi to the t annes conference! ,
that Russia be Hulled to meet the|]
allies this year, arranged in advance]
with Krassin, the soviet !
11 former chieftain by the narrow ma-
will insist, no matter how short
the coin and the rations, that
he must have his "chawin' "
tobacco or his smoke. Get the
women in the League. They
are better fighters than the
men, once they get started.
• ♦ *
The various candidates for
governor, who have announced. ■ ing the law would mean political
have had nothing to say about j suicide but that it was placed <m
the League program. They are! the statute books to avoid trouble
all laboring under the impre,- j ^ the governor s political ma-
sion that the primary election I ' For0(,
>layor te Resign.
this year will be a repeater of j Recently the mayor of the little ( .
what elections have been in the 1 town of Frontenac was forced to ; men i,|S companion, who was killed,
nn«t Thev believe that tllO i resign under charges of laxity in, waB known as "mackie" and his
l. .!',' „ ...ill enlii 1 "luor prosecutions against foreign home was said to he in Joplin, Mo
faimeis «tnd woikcis will spill i horn townsmen. The charges >v.r The men undei1 arrest ga\e tneiv
in as many factions as there j brought after the strike began anil ' nMCS ,,s Frank Hartley and E. L.
are candidates, that thev will (were due to, his friendship foi th>
fight with each other about the ; miners, say his :'ri. ntjs Mien u
„e v,„ ; making no general anti-liquor cm-
mere personalities of the can- j sa(ie
didates. They cannot realize |
Ouster proceedings have just been
that farmers and workers are started against Councilmen E.
Imve lost their wealth through lliis-
| sion revolution shall be Indemnified.
This shall apply only In the case
I of citizens of countries which rec-
1 ognlze the soviet.
I. The soviet government will
guarantee private property rights in
| It was believed here the prollnii-
I nan agreement concerning Russian ,
participation at Oenoa would rocom-
1 mend a loan by the allies to the so-
\ let government.
SEEK TO ERECT
rltlcal day in Irish affairs.
DeValera formally presented to i
Dail Eireann today his resignation
from the presidency of the "Irish t
republic" and head of the Dail ov- |
eminent. Ho called for an Immodi •;
' The" I'lai'i, Iidiowin, i!• v..iei Four Story Structure to Hous^
resignation which was te.uporur^ly All Unions—Large Aud-
taliled. began 'h. pi - jtOrilllTl Planned.
cedure necessary for forming a new
American Ambassador Ren-;
dered Unconscious In
At 1 o'clock a recess was taken Plans for the erection of a Labo]
until late this afternoon when the , Temple, to contain an audltoriun
discussion was to he contiuued. and meeting rooms for all the Iocs
O'Kelleys of the DeValera action I unions are being vigorously pushes
urged the Dail to maintain tin uia-'hy a committee from the ( entr
rhinerv of the Irish republ.c until Trades and Labor Council under
wonk' ' arntt* A
OKMULGEE. Okla.. .Ian.
man, alleged to have been a bandit,
was idiot and killed, another wound-
ed. another capturned and night
Police t 'aptain Homer Spaulding and
Patrolman Lamore wounded in a gun
battle here today.
Three other men fled.
According to one of the captured
Lansing. Lansing was wounded in
One | fleers, drew up alongside. One of
Captain Spalding and two other of-
the auto party asked Spalding tor
his flashlight. The captain pointed
it at his face and at the same time
gave them the command to throw
up their hands. Their reply was a
volley of shots from concealed re-
volvers. Spalding ami Patrulmau
Lamore were wounded but managed
tu return to their car where they
continued the battle. ^
Captain Spalding and Officer La-
more were removed lo a hospital
where It was said their injuries
were not serious.
It is claimed that the men in the
' DURANT. Okla.. Jan,
jConley and Hazel Conley. aged
and f . respectively, are dead today
CANNES. Jan. '> American Am- .)R roM1|t nf burns suffered when
bassador George Harvey was hurled | a gasoline stove exploded at the
from hi?; automobile in a collision j home ot llielr parents at Keirsey,
here today and rendered uncou- Okla.
assured that England
Minified hftl. promises.
Michael Collins. McK«:iwn
others leaped to their feet.
•We'll tight—all of us i:
doesn't." they exclaimed.
Richard Crane, former minister to
Czecho - Slovakia and Wickharm
Steed, editor of the London Times,
wore in the accident, which occurred
when the auto in which they were
ridin was struck by a speeding
going to have men o}" their own
choosing to run for governor
and the other political offices.
No less important than the
election of a governor will be
the election of a legislature re-
sponsive to the League pro-
gram. This is the only sure
way to have the state, its
power, its resources, its money
available for the welfare of the
people as a whole.
The state is a wonderful in-
strument when it conscientious-
Swigert and J. C. Mercer of Mul-
berry, Crawford county, by Attorney j
General Hopkins in the state su- ;
preme court. This is a clear cut 1
labor prosecution, for the bill of ■
complaint charges #fWo officials with
being miners on strike against the
industrial court law themselves and
urging others to remain out like-
No ( riminaI i harges.
No attempt, however, was made to
bring criminal prosecution against
Swigert and Mercer, nor have the
penalty clauses of the Industrial
court law been Invoked at any time
since the mass strike against the ar-
rest of Howat and Dorchy showed
The sun battle occurred early t* fixht wore responsible for many re;
dav in front of the Wooster Oil com- cent robbi i ies in the northern I wit
panv s warehoto , An the'outskirts of the state. \ quantity o nitt«-
_ ' . glycerin and robbers paraphianalia
The men were repairing IV.air an- was found in their cars, officer,
tomobile when the police cnr. with said.
AS MOW S
Purity Squad Arrests Six Men Three Gorgeous Models Put
After Exciting House- Kick In Display of Lat-
top Chase. est Footwear.'
Steed was also injured.
Harvey, with Crane and Steed, w as
drlvln along the sea road beside the ■
Mediterannean, bound for a game of'
golf at the Cannes links. An auto-
mobile driven at terrific speed
whirled up behind them and struck
the rear of the American Ambassa-
dor's machine, breaking the wheels.
Harvey was thrown out, striking 011
his forehead. Wickham Steed was
thrown out and hurt, but Crane es-
Harvey was rushed back to his
hotel and Premier Briand's physi-
cian. Dr. Chattin, attended him. At
first it was believed he was merely
suffering from slight contusions, but
when, after an hour, he failed to
re. pond to restoratives, three more
doctors were called in.
Harvey was saia to be "practically
unconscious" shortly before noon.
onley, mother of the England Planning
was probably fatally -- - —
Accused Senator Delivers Ad-
dress Before His Col-
hairntnnship of Glen Smith, delej
gate from the Typographical
and J and the World War Veterans.
Vrchitects drawings are belnl
in:: 11■ by The Weathers Company
,i 1 "'biter t- for foui story strut!
: . id contain a 11 auditorium whicf
a,II .cat three thousand persona
It ; planned to have an adjustablj
Tr\ MitjinU it Cocw " floor in the auditorium su that
10 IViaKt H Cduy. 1 n Jje uHed ,i((1h ajJ Rn audltoHQfl
LONDON, Jan. 9. Greal Britain ;ili(, a dance antj banquet hall,
plans to withdraw all troops from ucut now being paid to open stfl
Ireland to indemnlfj inhabitant . landlords by various labor orgaajU
ind release Irish prisoners at the tions would pay the Interest on thf
. Ii 1 possible moment. capital which would be necesaaiy jM
Prom an authoritative sourc# 11 I th< erection of a $100.tH)0 building
w;,^ (|i^' lused (he loverniiieiit op- I,n<-atioii.
the situation and 111 j The commltte< has several loct
, (Continued on Pa^e Three)
Loot amounting to $600 was
I lie AGO,
ly works for you and in your j its inutility.
behalf. But when it works or the total of fifty won,™ at- kpn ]n a hold.up ln;300 gorgeous I
wUon if o nnwpr rested at Intervals since the famous to nave m ,, a,*,,- u <
j . , ncp/l for thp ■ marching mornings, not one was ar- the 200 block on North Ilroadwaj ie
and resources ait used rested under the terms of the Allen Sunday night for which two men da>.
benefit Of a few politicians and lau Instead the old statute of "un- lin(1 a woman were arrested a few Thousands Hocked to th uiamnuth
a small group Of banking- and lawful assemblage" was dug up to mlnute8 lalor at the Bristol hotel, ' ollseum to attend the National Shoe
commercial pirates, and for the I fit the * ** . accordinit to th. i«.n<-.< \ion-, H.-taiip™' « oci tion matting,
exploitation of the people, then ^ate amhoritic, are tr.: i„g to , - "
the state ceases to function ;,f ,he Fh„ mtn Nebraaka hotel and «. on th B laat war.
a democracy, it IS looked upon eratton of ,,abo,. tn explaining this. tt,|(l pollcc thcy „ore rohli.-l of til , wafte.l down ill. mil" of double tut
as something outside of the , -rliey lion't dare to arrest anj one SMn| |l}, |h|, m,.n j-v.l ««' hj the attains of a llvelj march
people, something no longer I any more for violating this unpoVu | Bnlt,.lk(n. an<) Tom I nrpenf r. Mr
under their control. I lay.^y lrn-„h1o „„ I Kred Brubaker was also arreted in
Herrick To Represent
U. S. at Conference.
Myron T. Herrick
sador to France
rv of Ambuasador Harvey who reetly
lar In the campaign for
Henryetta mines announce a 1
have enough trouble on ^rH(^ Brubaker
ids with Howat and Dorchy j the room
and both here and in the packing two men.
It took a whole year to earefulh
foot-piek the models from all over
the I nlted States. All of them fur-
their .hands with Howat and Dorchy I the room at the Bristol with the nlshed. a thrill, even as Cinderella.
They were said to ha\ • two minutes before the midnight
been counting the loot wh :i eau hi. uong claimed.
Charges entered against th«- men Screened Models.
were gambling and highway rob- Manufacturers, realizing that iheir
bery, and Mrs. Brubaker wn « ehar, cd show was too succc.-sful. and that
with being an accomplice in the many dealers would leave with a
robbery. most minute conception of every de-
A hotel employe pointed out the tail of milady's apparel but the shoe,
two men as they were leaving the started sideshows.
Nebraska to George Orchi, detective. At these exhibitions the model wa
He followed them to their rooms in screened ill but the foot and a ver>
I the Bristol, and called several other small portion of the ankle
, .. e a 11..,. ana ooin nert
reduction in price of one doll.u hmlRe di8trict of Kansas city they
and seventy-five cents a ten. j ilre conducting their anti-labor cam-
The mild winter and the re- palgn without raising this issue."
suiting lack of demand no doubt |
had something to do with the^ S. IS GIANT IN
reduction in price. The miner FINANCIAL WORLD
is paid about ?1.2."i per ton for
mining coal, so that this reduc-j washington. Jan. ■ iByi'.p.i
tion amounts to more than the 1—America is the unchallenged
entire wage of the
The farmers of
part of the state can
ful for the mild winter, other- From a heavy debtor nation
wise thev surely would have 1914, she ha. .merged the-greatest I
been called upon to dig up this, ^^tor na,,on ,n ,he worlds hiF'
extra dollar and seventy-five. Her banking power during the in-j *lv™ jl'th'
cents on many a ton of Coal, torvenlng seven years has increase ! "" 0 JJ ' ' ^ ,
The old price surely must have | nearly sr. per cent and her 32.20'i •
included a degree of profited
; i -- ine nrimoi, ami ( .inou e cioi uw sman jkiihuii «.i uic nuni'. .
e coal digger. ! Coliatli Ol the financial « rtfl. in. , omc,(.rs whll ln ti,p capture. ' dealers all over the country picked
the western annual ,r,eport, °A. ."it* men were arrested .liy the out the shoes you will wear in the
r'm bp thank- c"™?tr?"rr , c 5l purity squad on South RohiAon, and springtime.
can be thank ;publ|C today, shows Charged with loitering. They were -A Trllle Less."
ing. Ilow else can such a iv-
duction be explained?
McCrMIH.It OX ( OMMITTl i:.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 9. (ByU.lM
Senator Porter J. Mct'umher.
North Dakota, today was formally
selected chairman of Ihc senate
tinance committee, succeed In
urshal cash and credits
more than S48.2U".-
COU'MBt'S Ohio. .Ian.-t ("harlet
Russell, negro, didn't want to be ar-
rested for violation of the liquor law
He went to a hospital Instead aftei
charged with loitering. They
chased on to the roof of an adjoin- The season's shoe and slipper will
inu building and several shots fired be neater and simpler, lacking beads,
before capture w as made. Names, straps and buckles. The price to
station were H. (be shoe wearer will be a trifle less,
mith. R. I.. Davis. Part of the style of the show u i.
Runyon and devoted to instructing the public in
E. L. Jones. ihe art of choosing.
A prowler attempting to enter n Miss Margery McGregor personally
residence in the 700 block 011 ila.st filled shocking stocking to demon-
Twelfth street broke a window pane si rate that correct shoe fitting starts
and awakened the occupants who with the hose.
frightened him away. "Shoes and stockings go foot in
foot." she explained.
CHICAGO, Jan. !• An unidentified
man broke into the home of Mrs.! DETROIT. Ji
A I; ii- rki
late Boies Penrose, Pennsylvania, j he jumped out of third stor* window. A m ju.il upw,
Sleeps 1 theaters here ioda> r
■with more than ?G,0o0.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 9. (Byl.P
Truman H. Newberry, in the sen-
ate today defended himself for the
tirst time against the charge that
his seut there was "bought and paid
for," through extravagant use «f
As Newberry took the floor to,
make the speech that probablj will
determine whethc- he is to retain
his seat, his democratic and repub-
lican foes were ready to attack him
with a crossfire 01 pointed questions.
His direct defense to the .i .<
that he was a party to and had a
part in the collection and expendi-
ture of a vast sum in tin- piimnry
campaign that won him the lepnb.i-
can nomination against Henr.. Conl
was summed up in these words.
"I did not solicit or expei .I. • «'i-
indirectly, one sin^t> dol-
In 1M18. Nor did I know
•ontributions made until
aft'1 ward. /
"The amount expended was large,
said Newberry, "more than I had
any idea was beine expended, and
1 more than ought to be necessary to
I spend in any ordinary campaign. Bui
this w;ts not an ordinary campaign,
ball not dwell at length upon
•asons which the committee
imperati\ely demanded a
■ampaign 011 newspaper publicity in-
J yolving this expenditure of money.
State Highway Engineer Says ^^yTb. fact 'Z '
Light and Power Rates
Can Be Cut.
"Prom my experience as an eiiKin- :
eer 1 should say that a municipal
electric light plant for Oklahoma j
City will prove highly succe. slul if 1
the right kind of a man can be se-
cured," said B. E. < lark, state hinb- .
• lark stated that he had seen many
successful electric lighting systems
which were operated by municipali-
ti< Some which he had seen to or
apparent failures were such only be-
( ails'- of poor management. He be
lie\ed. however, that there was no
odubt that a properly manard 11111
niclpal plant could cut the present
.electric light rate materially.
PANA. III.. Jan. George Stokes
1 eported that he saw a robin eating
strawberri'- in his garden. No re-
| port 01 mosquitoes
was injured in an anto accident yet
terday. it. was announced today.
Ilaivey reported that his injurit
w ere not serious.
•nds to do everything possil
"Calculated to Alarm
John Hetherington was a prosperous merchant of LonmB
On the never-to-be-forgotten day of Januarj 15, ltlit. l.|
crossed his threshold wearinR the first silk hat.
An excited throng gathered about the owner and the crow
, .on increased to such a dangerous extent that the authority
had to interfere. The next morning the riaredc\il haberdashe
was brought before the lord mayor charged with "walking dow
a public highway wearing upon his head a tall structure liavinl
. a shining lustre calculated to alarm the public.
Witnesses gave evidence that women fainted, that childra
i ad gone into hysterics and that one lad had sustained I
broken arm through the violence of the mob. Iletheringtol
asserted his right to wear such clothing a> he saw fit. but tli]
lord mayor took another \ i. w of the matter and ordered tW
defendant to find sureties in the sum of $5,000 for his god
When the Leader appeared on the streets ol Oklah.>m|
City "ti the Kith of August, 1920, it caused about as ntuc
, xcitement as John Hetherington's hat did on January l "i. 1791
[To think that here was a paper that spoke straight from ta
liouldei' in the interest m the people, and one thai didn't giv
a tinker's darn what Big Business interests thought of it,
I.ik.' the lord maynr • I. miIc.m IIm i reliant ol Okla
homa City ordered the defendant, the Leader, to receive rl
advertising from them until it should show better behaviol
towards Big Business interests.
'I ■ I . i.i ; ■ 1 ' i" imcl•:
one inch from its policies. It's going to keep right on, nntl
the Leader is as popular among the people as silk hats anl
of .John I let herington Ust 1 |
amount of money was necessarily wigs were after the day.' , -T . , , .
i-Npeiidei). lean further say that in lowing coupon to get one new sub in the Leaders drive
tin acquisition of that money, in the ,-, qqo new subscriptions during the month of January.
solicitation 01 !hi
collection of that
of that money. 1 1
ever to do. I kn« \
ever about It, not (
"I make this statement, not to es-
cape any responsibility but in order 1
that the actual facts in the matter *
money, in the
toney. in the use
id nothing what-
en the amount!
as 1 know thei
to the senate
At the outaf
senate that lu?
his long llenc
. pel led to brei
friends might misconstrue that si- ,
lence if he continued it.
He asked that he be permitted to |
make hia statement uninterrupted 1
and warned those who were pre-!
pared to heckle nnd question him
that he had nothing to add no more
ini'ornuilion to giv beyond that
i contained iu his prepared speech, I
.-,,INM) M« IfKUlKltS—IT CAN UK DON I
CIRCULATION IIKP'T, OKLAHOMA I.RADRR
Oklnhoma City, Oklahotnn
Kudosed you will finii for which send the Oklalioma|
Leader for un^ >ear lo the following name and address:
I vupoti 1-110.1 lor Mull Suiisi rliiers Only
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
Ameringer, Oscar & Hogan, Dan. Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 126, Ed. 1 Monday, January 9, 1922, newspaper, January 9, 1922; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109642/m1/1/: accessed February 19, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.