Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 117, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 29, 1921 Page: 4 of 6
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But Labor Receives More
Than In U. S., It Is De-
BY CUARENfE DUBOSE
United I'rews Staff Correspondent
TOKYO. (By Mall.)—The increas-
ing slump In Japanese exports is
causing much worry In business and
The foreign trade in silks, cotton
goods and other important items of
Japanese manufacture has fallon off
greatly and the business men say the
end is not yet in sight.
Failure Criim>« Worry.
. The reason is that Japanese prices
ere so high, and the reason Japanese
prices are ko high is that cheap labor
here has almost ceased to exist.
In some lines, such as silk, artifi-
cial stimulation or maintenance of
prices by government pools, or by
pools backed by great financial
sroups, has been practised. However,
business men are wondering, with
considerable alarm, whether this pol-
icy is wise, how much longer It can
last and what will happen when it
Living Test High.
They face the fact that they are
losing trade while the inflation is
maintained, but that they will lose
much money with deflation.
Living costs are higher here than
in any part of the world today. La-
borers refuse to return to pre-war
scales and are securing still fur-
ther Increases in pay.
Holders of merchandise bought at
boom prices refuse to "Stand the
loss" of readjustment and hold out
for a profit on the high prices they
The result is that Japan is losing
world markets she galnod when, as
a result of low labor cost, she could
tmdersell all competitors.
Formerly Japanese industry could
"tnploy half a dozen coolies, where
an American factory would have
one workman, and the wages of the
six would not equal that of the one
American. Other factors being equal.
Japsn could and did undersell.
But now Japanese wages are in-
creased from three to ten times the
scale of a few years ago and many
tlmes that of a decade ago. Tho great
bulk of Japanese labor Is untrained.
.Several of them are required to equal
the production of a skilled foreign
workman. So the low-cost labor ad-
vantage is lost and Japan's labor
"overhead" is the highest In the
It's easy enough to say "reduce
wages." But Japanese workmen have
learned to strike and like it A typl-
csl reswlt of the situation is the ex-
perience of a Japanese, recently re-
turned to Tokyo from New York
where for years he was a large Im-
porter of Japanese cotton manufac-
tures. His once extensive American
business dwindled to almost nothing
during the last six months, because
the prices of American-made goods
were cheaper than he could possibly
Tneet. He is not going back to New
Production costs in America are
cheaper than in Japan now, because
labor wages have increased so here,"
BUENOS AIRES.—(By U. P.)
During the seven years since the
outbreak of the war, notwithstand-
ing almost complete cessation of j
emigration, the population of Buenos
Aires has increased by over 300,000. ;
In the last decade the growth was
over 610,000, a truly astonishing
figure, aH compared with the cen-
sus of other capitals.
There has been, however, a some-
what disquieting decrease in the i
birth rate of the city. With a popu-
lation of 1.692.600, the births were
only about 34,000 per annum, w hereas \
in 1914, when the population was '
much less, these numbeied nearly)
In some cases this decrease is at-
tributed lo the high cost «'t Urinj
the great Jump in price taken by
necessities, it is alleged, has led to
a "strike of mothers."
POLLY AND HER PALS— Ashur's Running No Risk.
A ORPinsfco ) j LLMME LIVt MV Lit-e.
m Hm /ismjg!) I MXJ U*. *?uraJ.
HBESh wu i vu« * ■
Reserve Board Governor Says
Outlook ''More Hopeful"
BV LAWRENCE MARTIN
Copyright 1921, United Press.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20. The
bells that ring in 1022 will usher in
a business revival that will develop
In due course into a "new era of
prosperity" for the United States.
This confident prediction was
made today by W. P. Q. Harding, gov-
ernor of the federal reserve board.
Choosing his words with care and
wolghlng his phrases before he ut-
tered them, Hardin# told what his
exceptional opportunities for survey-
ing the nation's financial condition
have shown him.
"Business has passed through the
primary stage, the acute period of re-
action," he said, summing up his ob-
"It Is my sober conviction that
basic financial conditions are very
much better than they were twelve
months ago. There are many indi-
cations that the revival cycle is not
far distant. When It docs definitely
set in. it will be followed in due
course by a new era of prosperity."
Speaking thus, Harding sitting at
his desk in the treasury, looked like
a finance expert. Reaching out hla
hand to press a button he marshalled
battalions of figures and facts to
support his predictions.
"There are well defined cycles in
business." he said. "We are nearly
at the end of a long period of slow
liquidation, business depression and
stagnation. Such a period is fol-
lowed by revival."
High railroad rates aud taxes, high
costs of fuel and rent and the im-
paired condition of agriculture are
barriers to complete economic res-
toration, Harding said.
"But," he added, "I think the out-
look for the farmers Is more hopeful.
Also for some months past there has
been a marked easing of tho credit
situation. Notwithstanding some
features of our revenue laws, the In-
vestment market is now absorbing
McurtttM at rates which would not
have been considered a few months
ago. Liberty bonds are at or ap-
proaching par. Good railroad and in-
dustrial bonds have Rained, as have
some standard stoeks."
—By CLlt t MLKKUTl
mcV; <g*i j a M-Jrrv' a (Sal.
HIS i*rrEU.tc"tu i, inferior' V
VJiSfc. ME UP
Ihe. ft>m j
PAfJ ^ (
—By WALTER HOBAli
JERRY ON THE JOB— No Trouble to Answer This One
IV- I'M N8T "Tbo
GNUSJ * \WU>
\NEU.= VT VJOblD BE A
<3£EAT "TVMS W-
UUMANfH \T-TVW0 QUIT
UTtlE ONE? ~TUAT
1 DONST I&ICM) IV "THIS
DlSACMAWEVJT 1UIMG VM.U BE A
SocDTUlMS "*05. WUMfcUfTV
ITS' All Ton "THE SAKE, OF
WUfAANPN *VIWBE GOMG
To PEOHW TUE.
TO SELL MILK
New York Aldermen Say That;
Is the Only Way to
End Milk War.
On "Slave Law
By Federated Pr«5n.
NEW YORK. Dec. 29.—The alder- |
maniccommituevhich for two weeks constitutional Rights Violated — Community Prosperity
ha« been investigating the milk | Blighted—Miners Await Court Decision in
Howat Habeas Corpus Case.
Letters to The Leader
LcttWL (rum readers are wtlcom* Thoae or three hundred words or
teoa ha/e thi best chanoe of publtoation. We reserve the rt*ht to edit or
oondenva. The Leader Is to be understood as neither approving nor agree-
ing with any op4mon here axpreased.—Editor.
•1 i t
ILLINOIS MEN FOR HOWAT.
Kdltor Leader: The following resolu-
tion Waa adopted in regular meeting of
Local Union No. lSOj. Thursday night.
December 16, 19SI. by unanimous vote.
Whereaa, Alexander Howat and
, August Dorehy. officials of District No.
14, IT. M. W. of A., state of Kanaas. have
rjne to Jail In defense of the principles
which are dear to all men, namely, that
men can not be half free and half slaves,
Whereaa, we believe that the Incar-
ceration of Brothers Howat and Dorehy
has been heralded from coast to coast as
a blow to organised labor, and
Whereas, we the members of Local No.
1106 oondemn the aotlon of our last In-
ternational convention, controlled and
dominated by John L. I* wis. because It
did not support Brothers Howat and
Dorehy In this trying crisis of their
Therefore Be It Resolved, that we
the members of Local No. 1806 pledge to
Brother Howat and Brother Dorehy our
| moral and financial support In their
j fight against the ooal barons of this
<x untry and their enemies within our
;mion who are seeking to destroy them.
It. d. hood.
WORKERS 05LI COMPETE.
Editor Leader: 1 hope the Leader
will be r.ble to increase Its cir-
culation to the 30,000 mark. The work
the Leader is doing to educate the Farm-
ers and Laborers that they have the
same interests is the most valuable serv-
ice the Leader could render.
The Japanese are flooding the western
part of the country *lth cheap oranges.
They will be able to undersell the Amer-
ican orange growers. The newspapers
seem to think it is legitimate for the
government to prohibit such competition
We industrial workers know that it will
destroy the orange growers and throw
thousands of (Americans out of employ-
ment and then the traders would hell
orsnges higher than ever. The same
holds true with ever thing else.
When cheap labor is thrown on the
market against American labor, or union
labor, we find no sympathy for the la-
borers. "If they do not like to work for
low wages let them qui: and give the
work to men that want it."
There is no class that is expected to
meet competition, except the laborers.
A man with eight children and an invalid
wife muat be able to live on the same
wage a Mexican batchelor get*, with
no one but himself to support and who
is accustomed to lower scale living.
Not all Mexicans, no more than Amer-
ican*, will scab, but the workers are
< ailed on to meet uny and all competi-
tion. .Such is the last of the competitive
system. There is no longer competition
among business men. Thjry have passed
the whole system down to the workers
Moral, Join the Reconstruction league.
IRA W. FINLEY.
Elk City, Ok la.
TAKE OVER THE minfr.
Editor Leader: i am writing you to
call your attention to a question that is
of great interest to organized labor.
As you no doubt are well aware, the
coal miners are Idle, practically all over
this district. The miners have been
locked out here lor more than a month,
and from what I can find out, the same
condition prevails In the surrounding
1 have it from good authority that the
operators are closer together than they
have been for some time, or possibly
Now there is no question in my mind,
or yours either. 1 am sure, but that there
is a great conspiracy on to starve the
miner* Into submission.
Now It is an established fact that when
tha MINER locks the mines our govern-
ment step* in and unlocks them and put
the men to work Now with this pre-
cedent i am sure that if we can get be-
hind this Just right and prove this con-
spiracy we should be able to force the
state to take over these mines and oper-
I am only calling your attention to
this, as it seems to me that It is a fine
chance to call OUR government's hand.
With the best of holiday greetings, I am
E. W. BARTMESS.
ELECT oi k own k1x1>.
Editor leader: From the action of
tho corporation commission in allowing
the Increased of gas rates by the com-
pany to the consumers it looks as if the
oommission assumes authority to abollnh
the right of contract to the city and to
champion the Interest of the gas com-
pany and help them to rob the people
who consume the gaa This shows them
to be truly a commission for promoting
and protecting the Interest of corpora-
I would suggest that in the next legis-
lature wo abolish this commission t<o
that we may go direct to the courts for
the enforcement of our contracts. How-
ever. to accomplish thi* we must elect
different men to the legislature
As a rule, we elect a class of men to
the legislature who favor enacting laws
favorable to corporations and capitalists
and then we support an expensive lobby
to prevent them enacting laws to our
L«t s elect men of our own kind and
see if we can't get laws like we want.
J. W. SAXON.
strike here, has Issued a report urg-
ing that the pasteurization and dis-
tribution of milk in New York city'
he done by the municipality, and
thut the distribution of milk be "en-
tirely by municipal operation."
The report "finds that tho strike
wa.s Ill-advised, but from that point
on it also finds that the distributors
assumed an arbitrary attitude and
not only refused the good offices of
the mayor, but at this late day re-
fused to meet this committee and
Health Commissioner of the city,
even a quarter of the way."
Tho condition of the milk plants,
tho report says, is not normal and in
somo instances is unsanitary. It
says that tho companies appear to
have a price fixing agreement and
that they refused the committee any
Information as to the character and
permanency of tho strikebreaking
wagon men with which the concern
are attempting to operate.
MATERNITY WORK BY
STATE IS PROMISED
.Maternity and child welfare branch
to tho state health department will
soon be organized, according to Dr.
A. It. Lewis, state health commis-
sioner. A federal appropriation
under the Sheppard-Towner bill will
start the work.
Miss Lelia Hoagland, now with the
publicity department, will have
charge of the new department, ac-
cording to Dr. Lewis.
The false hair worn by American
women is imported chiefly from
China, France, Italy and Switzer-
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Dec. 29.—Phil
H. Callery, general counsel for Dis-
trict No. 14, United Mine Workers of
America, and personal counsel for
Alexander Howat when interviewed
this morning concerning the Indus-
trial Court law and the probable
outcome of tho habeus corpus action
for the release of Howat and Dorehy
now pending before Judge Pollock in
the United States district court for
Kansas, made the following state-
"Two years of the Industrial Court
has indeed been a costly and bitter
experience for the people of Kansas,
and especially the citizens of south-
eastern Kansas. In the counties of
Crawford and Cherokee the coal in-
dustry has been practically ruined,
and many business concerns that two
years ago were highly prosperous
are now said to be tottering on the
verge of bankruptcy.
The city of Pittsburg that has been
the most prosperous and fastest
growing city in the state is today, in-
dustrially, paralyzed, and another
year of the Industrial Court will
doubtless complete the financial ruin
of the entire district.
The financial loss suffered by the
coal district of southeastern Kansas
through the interference of the in-
dustrial court since its establishment
the vicious falsehoods circulated con-
cerning tho people of that locality to
bolster up the fortunes of certain
politicians and to justify the shame-
ful misuse which they have made of
The Industrial Court I^aw of Kan-
sas is additional proof that there is
nothing new under the sun. It is
but an echo from tho sixteenth cen-
tury when a statute was passed in
England making the organization of
workmen into labor unions a crim-
inal conspirancy, and providing
severe penalties for the name, and
further providing that all persons
able to work as laborers and arti-
ficers were bound to work on de-
mand. and which also gave full
power to the justices to fix the hours
of labor and the rates of w^ges.
Similar legislation has reoccurred
from time to time through the cen-
turies until its latest reoccurrence in
the passage of the Industrial Court
Law. The law is subversive of the
fundamental principles upon which
our institutions arc founded, and fin-
ally it will be so declared by the
Very recently, and within the
present month the United States su-
preme court has made an important
touching upon the
. . . , i pronouncement
Is variously estimated at from $20.-1 r|(fht to str|ke „hlotl the mdustria.!
000,000 to J25.000.000.
While but little honest expression
of opinion from the mass of the
court law has sought to prohibit. The
case before the court in which the
. , A1 ... . .opinion was rendered was that of
people ot the coal section, finds Its , Am,,rlrnn Sl(!el |.-OUnrlrieH against
way into print nevertheless:! believe (he Tri-<;ity Central Trades Council,
Two hundredth anniversary of the it Is a conservative estimate when I j et al while the legality of the
birth of the celebrated Marquise de j say that 95 per cent of the business gtrike wa,. not directly before the
interests, the farmers and the labor- court In ^ casei it "being an action
ing class of Crawford and ( hcrokee |0U(.hj vali,my of a court in.
county are bitterly opposed to the !Juncf)on mfrainln(t pickett!*, never- .
Industrial couit law. theless the court In lta opinion, de- I
livered by Chief justice Taft, in un-
mistakable terms clearly expressed
its views concerning the right to
strike. Speaking of the purposes of
labor unions and the right to strike
the court said:
"They have long been thus recog-
nized by the courts. They were
organized out of the necessities of
the situation. A single employe was
helpless in dealing with an employer.
; He was dependent ordinarily on his
I daily wage for the maintenance of
himself and family. If the employer
refused to pay him the wages that
ho thought fair, he was nevertheless
unable to leave the employ and to re-
sist arbitrary and unfair treatment.
"Union was essential to give labor-
ers opportunity to deal on equality
with their employer. They united to!
exert influence upon him and to j
leave him in a body in order by this
Inconvenience to induce him to make
hotter terms with them. They were
withholding their labor of economic I
value to make him pay what they j
thought it was worth. The right to
combine for such a lawful purpose
has in many years not been denied
by any court.
"The strike bccame a lawful in-
strument in a lawful economic strug-
gle or competition between employer
and employes as to the share or di-
vision between them of the joint
product of labor and capital."
This opinion, coming from the
highest judicial tribunal in the
United States is the enlightened
twentieth century view of the labor
problem as distinguished from the
voice from -the dark agC3 expressed
in the Industrial Court Law.
Speaking of the, probable outcome
of the habeas corpus proceedings
now pending before Judge John G.
Pollock in the United States district
court for Kansas, Mr. Callery con-
"It is needless to say that we can-
not now state what the result of the
action now pending before Judge
Pollock will be. We hope, however,
and confidently believe, that when
the matter is determined in this ac-
tion that a clean cut declaration of
the law relating to the issues raised,
will be made, and without any con-
sideration for the question of poli-
"After almost two years of Cha-
tuaqua barnstorming and legal acro-
batics on the part of the supporters
of the Industrial Court the citizens
of Kansas are certainly at last en-
titled to a sincere judicial pro-
nouncement as to the constitutional-
ity of the law. They are entitled to
know whether we are to continue to
adhere to the bedrock principles
upon which this nation was founded
whether we arc to scrap the
Declaration of Independence and the
United States Constitution, and be-
come the slaves to a state burcau-
Ohio will open bids today for a
$20,000,000 bond issue to provide for
the soldiers' bonus.
Washington University. St. liouis.
today will bestow an honorary LL. D.
upon M. Jusserand, the French am-
bassador to the United States.
The annual oratorical contest of
the Southern Inter:-'ute Young Judea
association is to take place today at
St. Paul, which has been under the
commission form of government
since 1914, today will vote on a new
city charter which provides to some
extent for the old aldermanic type of
Plans to bring about tho general
use of the metric system of weights
and measures in tho United States
and Canada will be considered by the j
American Metric association, meet-1
ing in annual session today at Tor- j
Beginning today and continuing i
over tomorrow the University of i
Pittsburgh will act as host to the
eighth annual convention of the
American Association of University
Adoption of a definite program of
action by the American Library as-
sociation on library revenues, na-1
tional certification of librarians and I
copyright legislation is anticipated "
when the council of the association I
meets in Chicago today.
Despite the poison propaganda that
has been manufactured and distrib-
uted to the people of Kansas by the
Allen newspapers against the resi-
dents of the coal fields it can bo
truthfully said that there is not to be
found anywhere in the state of Kan-
sas or in any other state a more
peaceful, charitable and neighborly
class of people as a whole than those
who reside in the coal fields.
"Pittsburg and the surrounding
cities of that locality have suffered
an incalculable injury as a result of
Undelivered New Tailor-Made
Suits, Overcoats and Pants arc
being sold for less than one-half
former prices. Look them over.
122 West Grand
Wo Specialize on Remodeling
and Repairing, Cleaning,
Our Prices Are Reasonable,
fall 122 West (irand
ALWAYS TIIK BK8T
i; in ix. i.
Set Teeth $10.00
ALL WORK GUARANTEED
Dr Romine, Dentists
11®Mi North Broadway
North of Oklahoma Oat ft Eler. Co.
On Strictly Guaranteed
Heavy Duty Dural Red
While They Last
We Carry Retread Tires
Cor. Reno and Harrey WaL 31.11
Cold weather will soon be
here and we have now on dis-
play a complete line of com-
bination gas and coal stoves.
both heaters and cooking, and
priced much lower than up-
town stores must charge.
Our fine equipment has
helped fill many a sports-
man's bag and our rea-
sonable prices, made pos-
sible by low overhead
expense and volume buy-
ing-power, means added
joy to the hunter.
At the JONES store you will find a complete line of
Hardware, Stoves, School Supplies, etc. Come to Capitol
Hill—to JONES' store—and buy at TODAY'S prices.
You'll appreciate the SAVINGS.
Jones Hardware Co.
2613 S. Robinson
Capitol Hill, Oklahoma City
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(Per bottle of 100, $1.25)
Best candy cathartic or
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Best headache tablet on
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Ameringer, Oscar & Hogan, Dan. Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 117, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 29, 1921, newspaper, December 29, 1921; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc109633/m1/4/?rotate=270: accessed January 17, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.