Cleveland County Enterprise. (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 43, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 30, 1914 Page: 3 of 8
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NORMAN, OKLA., ENTERPRISE
The Tripolium—Milk Depot and Milk Wagons Owned by 100 Farmers.
How It Is Done in Europe and May Be Done
in America to the Profit of Both
Farmer and Consumer
By MATTHEW 8. DUDGEON.
(Copyright. 14. Western Newiipaper Union.)
GETTING GOOD MILK INTO THE CITY.
Copenhagen, Denmark.—Would it
not be a relief to you It you knew
where you could get absolutely good
milk, and cream, and butter; If your
milk and cream were guaranteed to
be rich, and pure, and fresh; If you
could buy a brand of butter which was
always up to standard, always had the
same flavor, and the same amount of
moisture In It, was never over salted
or under salted, and was always abso-
lutely free from taint of age. Most
of us In America get good butter and
good milk at times. All of us get
bad butter and milk at least occasion-
ally. Over in Denmark there Is an
entire nation which is united in a
common purpose of producing good
milk and butter. Its success is due to
team work; the cow does her part,
the farmer does his part, the cream-
cry does Its part, the delivery man
<loes his. and the government itself
takes a hand In the process. Not very
long ago there was a complaint from
England that the quality of Danish
butter was falling off. It was treated
In Denmark as If the national honor
had been attacked and every reason-
able complaint was attended to at once
t>y the united action of all concerned.
It was not a local question, but a na-
tional one. Primarily Danish butter
and milk Is good because the Danish
farmer is scientific In his methods.
But the milk after it leaves the farm
is dealt with by the distributive agen-
cies In a way no less efficient, and sci-
entific and businesslike. This is
where the Danes surpass the Ameri-
cans, and with the result both con-
sumer and producer in Denmark have
occasion to be satisfied.
Why American Milk Is High to the
Consumer and Low to the Farmer.
Dr. Thomas Nixon Carver, now di-
er and the consumer. For the same
service performed in a leas Banitary
way taking a longer period of time,
involving more waste and more con-
tamination the Boston consumer pays
five and one-half cents. Here is a
saving in cost of distribution of two
and one-fourth cents per quart. If this
could be saved to the milk consumer
In Boston It would amount to about
J10.000 pay day of $3,650,000 in a year.
How many lives would be Baved by
absolutely pure milk at the reduced
price no one knows.
A Night Visit.
In order to see the Trifolium milk
depot at Its busiest we planned our
trip to reach the establishment at 10
p. m., about the hour when they begin
to fill their 35,000 bottles of milk for
the morning delivery of the succeed-
ing day. The most striking charac-
acteristlc Is the Immaculate clean-
liness that everywhere prevails. The
entire establishment Is absolutely
! free from dust and dirt. Not an odor
can be detected. The association fur-
nishes the employes with working
clothes, and itself launders them and
maintains ample free bathing facili-
ties. The employe coming in from the
street goes Into the dressing room,
sheds the clothes which have been
more or less contaminated by wear
upon the street, takes a bath and as-
sumes a newly laundered garb.
Every proceBs through which the
milk moves from Its receipt at the
door until it goes out in the wagon in
the early morning is an efficient proc-
ess both from the standpoint of main-
taining purity and excellence and
from the standpoint of economy of
handling. After the milk cans, for ex
ample, are fully emptied, they are
Tector of the government bureau of | placed upon a drain board. The drip
rural organization, who at one time
•made a thorough Investigation of the
prices of farm products, says in his
book on the "Principles of Rural Eco-
pings from this board produce 1,000
pounds of butter per year, which am
ply repays the Blight trouble caused
in placing the cans in this position.
nomics" that the milk for which the i Every process is practically automatic,
■dealer in Worcester receives 2%c per Their machines seem to have almost
quart sold for eight cents in nearby ! human intelligence. The milk which
Boston. Milkmen drove all over the ; goes into each bottle is automatically
city to deliver a few gallons of milk, j measured and not a fraction of an
He received and probably earned two | ounce more or less than the specified
■cents per quart for doing this. If a | amount is placed in the bottle. The
route were arranged (as they are in
Copenhagen for example), so that one
man could deliver on one street con-
secutively from house to house mak-
ing It unnecessary for any other de-
livery man to follow him up or dupli-
cate his delivery route, the work could
probably be done for one-half cent per
quart, certainly for one cent per quart.
Another reason for the high eight
cent price was that the farmer sold
the milk to a contractor, (the con-
tractor seems to have been a specula-
tor), who took out a profit of 2%c per
■quart raising the price at least two
cents higher than it otherwise would
have been. The account stands thus:
As It Is Should Be.
■ftld to be a digestive aid of great ef-
fectiveness. Altogether the company
takes In annually for its products the
considerable sum of $4,150,000.
Profit* to the Farmer.
At the time when the milk Is deliv-
ered to the concern the farmer is
paid a little over two cents a quart.
This Is exactly the same price which
others are paid for their milk by the
distributing companies, lu case of
the man who delivers to one of the
joint stock companies this Is all that
the farmer ever receives for his milk.
The farmer who Is a member of this
co-operative concern, however, at the
end of the half yearly period receives
a dividend which amounts to about
one cent per quart. At the end of
the year there is generally a small
additional surplus, so that the farmer
has altogether received over three
cents a quart for his milk, almost one
cent more a quart than the person
selling to the private distributors.
But this is not all. The farmer has
Invested absolutely no money in this
co-operative concern. Yet at the end
of the 20 years the 100 farmers are
in possession of a plant which is prob-
ably worth $200,000 and which has
been accumulated out of the profits of
the establishment. This is the prop-
erty of those who have delivered the
milk to the concern. It belongs to
them In proportion to the amount of
milk which they have delivered, taking
Into account, in every case of course,
the quality of the milk as well as the
quantity. The average farmer has
then from his milk, In addition to the
price which he has already received,
made a profit of $2,000 for the 20
Cheap to the Consumer.
On the other hand, the prices paid
to the co-operative concern by the pri-
vate taker Is extremely moderate. For
the ordinary quality of milk, which
corresponds to our certified milk, he
pays about six and one-third cents
per quart. For the special milk, the
infants' milk and the hospital milk,
which Is of a quality seldom found in
American cities, the consumer pays
seven cents per quart.
Capitalized Without Money.
Twelve years ago when the Tri-
folium was organized, not a dollar
was furnished by the members. One
hundred farmers got together and au-
thorized a few of the leaders to bor-
row $125,000 at the bank. It is to be
remarked in this connection that the
banks of Denmark consider a loan to
a co-operative association which has
no capital stock and no tangible prop-
erty as a perfectly good loan. It has
been demonstrated again and again
that these associations are planned in
such a way that they are worthy of
credit. It Is considered as safe as
any American industrial bond. In this
case as in all others, only a few of
the leaders signed the note at the
bank, although of course the entire
number who were In the organization
agreed to stand back of those who
borrowed the money. The bank was
safe, both because the 100 farmers
represented were responsible finan-
cially, and because they knew a co-
operative concern such as this was to
be was a sound business venture.
The arrangement with the bank
was that the money was to be paid
back out of the profits in annual in-
stallments running over 20 years.
The rate of interest was low.
The association has been in opera-
tion 12 years. A larger sum than the
original $125,000 has been advanced
because the volume of business has
been so great that it was necessary
to make additional investment. The
concern has now $200,000 invested.
Nevertheless the entire indebtedness
will be wiped out within the 20 years.
It Is to be noted that this co-opera-
tive milk company succeeds, not be-
cause it is co-operative, but it suc-
ceeds because it stands, as do other
co-operative concerns, for the highest
possible quality in its product. It
strictly enforces rigid rules relative
to quality and takes every precau-
tion to insure cleanliness and purity.
Some of the requirements which it en-
forces upon those who furnish milk
to it are as follows:
First, theTe must be a monthly in-
spection of the cows by the veter-
inary representing the distributing
company; second, all unhealthy or de-
fective cows must be instantly with-
PRINCIPLES AND METHODS OF GOOD TILLAGE
A Good Job of Breaking, in Which a Plow for the Purpose Was Used.
(By HAROLD T NTI^RON.)
In the consideration of this subject
we find ourselves grappling with a
Question of such pigantic proportions,
we are able to touch the points but j
lightly, in order to cover the entire |
ground in a short space of time. The ]
subjeot includes so many different I
phases that some of them we are I
obliged to pass over completely. We I
cannot but see the importance of this ,
subject when we consider what enor- j
mous sums of money are annually ex-
pended for implements of tillago, the
splendid work they do and the human
labor they save. We might with pro-
priety devote a whole hour's time to
the statistics of manufacture and sale
of tillage implements. Another large
field for thought nnd investigation is
in the different kinds of implements,
the work they do, and when and how
each should be used. An interesting
discussion could be given on the prin-
ciples and methods of construction.
A fertile field of investigation is the
question of draft with practically all
the tillage implements. With many
of our tillage tools the draft question
is all guess work and nothing definite.
An interesting chapter for a book
could be written on the economic im-
portance of tillage implements and it
may here be said that the modern til-
lage tools are the underlying factor In
the principles of tillage. Fancy the
American husbandman of today tilling
his soil with the tools of a century or
more ago. The vast domains of the
republic which are now supplying the
millions of the world with bread,
would in all probability lie in deso-
late waste if such were the case.
We shall therefore confine this dis-
cussion to a few of the underlying
principles of the more important til 1-
the field of stump, but. on the prairie
fields where we have neither stumps
nor stones and the fields are large,
it can be used with great advan-
tage. The steep, abrupt mold-board
is hardly suitable for our stiff, heavy
clay soils, but in lighter soils it can
hardly be surpassed. Thus it is that
the various kinds of soil and the dif-
ferent conditions in which they are
found determine the kind of plow to
use. The disk plow does not, as a
usual thing, have a place on Iowa soils.
It Is essentially a dry weather plow
and in Western Kansas and Oklahoma
they are used extensively and are
quite successful, but even in these lo-
calities they are not used when the
condition of the soil will permit the
use of the mold-board plows.
The harrow is an Implement that
can hardly be used out of season nor
too often. It can be used for smooth-
ing or leveling the ground, killing
weeds, loosening the soil and making
a soil mulch. A few principles gov-
erning the use of the harrow can be
given, however, which may be of
value. Do not use the harrow when
the ground is so wet the harrow will
not fill the hoof prints of the team.
Neither use it when the ground Is
very hard or dry for it will do no
good. Use it when the soil will pul-
verize when the harrow passes through
it. Use it when you have a dust mulch
on your land, and wish to keep it
there. UBe it when the weeds are
small and easily torn out. Do not hes-
itate about putting It on cultivated
crops, as it usually does them much
good and very rarely any harm.
The disk Is one of the most Impor-
tant tillage Implements we have. It
can bo used for a variety of purposes
and always does good work when han-
NOT SIT OP
Now Does Her Own Work.
Lydka EL Pinkham's Vegeta-
ble Compound Helped Her.
Iron ton, Ohio. — " I am enjoying bet-
ter health now than I have for twelve
years. When I be-
gan to take Lyilia E.
ble Compound I
could not sit up. I
had female troubles
aixl was very ner-
vous. I used the
remedies a year and
I can do my work
and for the last eight
months 1 have
worked for other
women, too. I cannot praise Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound enough
for 1 know 1 never would have been as
well if I had not taken it and I recom-
mend it to suffering women."
Daughter Helped Also.
" I gave it to my daughter when she
was thirteen years old. She was in
school and was a nervous wreck, and
could not sleep nights. Now she looks
so healthy that even the doctor speaks
of it You can publish this letter if you
like."—Mrs! Rena Bowman, 161 S. 10th
Street, Ironton, Ohio.
Why will women continue to suffer
day in ami flay out end drag out a sickly,
half-hearted existence, missing three-
fourths of the joy of living, when they
can find health in Lydia E. Pinkham's
If you liavo tlie slightest doubt
that Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta-
bleConipouud will help you, write
to Lydia E.Pinkliam MediclneCo.
(confidential)Lynn, MiiN .,fnr ad-
vice. Your letter will he opened,
read and answered hy a woman
and held in strict confidence.
■ 4- - ■, ' ^ ' '
Titta Ruffo's Important Views.
A piece of baked macaroni trying
to stand upright. This is the defini-
tion of the modern American woman
given to a Denver newspaper reporter
by Titta Ruffo of the Chicago Grand
"It ees like a piece of cooked maca-
roni making effort to stand upright,"
he said with an air of disgust. "In
Eet-aly the women are beeg. Only
beeg women are beautiful.
"The American woman is very chic
and it is good for her to be a suffra-
gette. It is nice for woman to rule
man in America. In Eeet-aly It is not
so nice." I
The Montesaori System.
Old-Kashioned Mother—What is this
Montessorl system of child education
that I hear so much about?
Old Fashioned Father—I dunno, ex-
actly, but the keynote of It seems to
bo "votes for children."
What He Wanted.
"My wife insists on having a flying
"We have some that are perfectly
"Have you one that will fly at aa
altitude of about ten inches?"
viles nmnv tli-iM.-
hy Dr. Pierre's 1
uses find seriously nggra-
es. It is thoroughly cured
ellets. Tiny sugar-coated
filling of the bottles, the placing of
the stoppers, the sealing of the stop-
per, the transportation of the bottles
from the machines to the shelves, the
cleansing of the empty bottles and
cans—all these proceed automatically.
When ready for delivery the milk
is placed 011 racks in the largo milk
wagons. Each wagon is accompanied
by a driver and six boys, who by the
use of carrying racks are enabled to
deliver the bottles with great rapidity.
No driver can go into another driver's i drawn; third, any slight sickness be-
Farmer's price !s 2\
Transportation cost "4
Contractor's profit is
Milkman's wages is. 2
H to 1
Vi to 1
V4 to 1
Copenhagen's Milk Supply.
Here in Copenhagen there is a bet-
ter method employed. The farmer
gets more money, the city man gets
more money, the city man getB more
milk and the milk is better. This is
being accomplished through a co-oper-
atlve arrangement which could be
duplicated in Boston, Chicago or Kan-
kakee. It is no experiment. The
company has been operating success-
fully for twelve years, and it has been
clearly demonstrated that It is possi-
ble to do the business in this way.
There is nothing mysterious or secret
about It. This co-operative association
is a simple, business-like organization
of dairy farmers, backed by good bus-
iness men operating on sound, scienti-
fic and business principles. There is
delivered every morning to local pri-
vate consumers in Copenhagen 35,000
bottles of the best milk in the world
at a price less than six and a half
cents per quart; some of this milk
comes forty miles, but it Is handled
so well that three cents pays all ex-
penses and profits between the farm-
district. There is no duplication of
routen. The wagon hardly pauses in
its course. Here milk delivery ia re-
duced to a science.
Over Four Million Reaeipts.
The concern gets out a variety of
dairy products. The fresh sweet milk
is of the grade known generally as
certified milk. In addition to this
tween monthly visits must be reported
to the company and the milk kept sep-
arate; fourth, all sanitary directions
as to ventilation, cleanliness, etc.,
must be followed; fifth, milk from
cows others than those inspected and
under control must not be mixed with
the milk furnished to the company:
sixth, milk intended for infants' use
they sell a special high grade called i or hospital use must be produced
"infant's milk." The milk that goes
into the bottles so labeled must have
been produced during a certain part
of the bovine lactation period. The
cows must have been excluded from
fodders which are inclined to give
taint or unpleasant flavor to the milk.
The milk must have certain high per-
centages of butter fat. The quality
and purity of this grade of milk Is
most carefully guarded, and it goes
out only in sealed bottles or cans to
families and hospitals.
Skimmed milk and butter are also
sold. Three different grades of cream
are placed upon the market—the rich
whipping cream, the medium cream
and half cream. In addition to this
from cows from which are excluded
all feeds and fodders injurious to the
flavor or quality of the milk; seventh,
there must be a periodical examina-
tion for tuberculosis; eighth, the milk
must be cooled in some efficient way
as soon as drawn from the cow, so
that bacteriological growth may be
stopped. Here, as In other co-opera-
tive institutions, the quality Is evi-
denced by brands which have come
to stand as guaranties of cleanliness,
healthfulness and palatableness.
Do It in America.
Naturally, the question that pre-
sented itself to us Americans as we
looked over the plant, was whether
or not the procedure could be dupli-
the finest of cream cheese and the j cated under American conditions. W e
highest grades of butter are made and j have canvassed the situation fully
sold. A particular brand of butter
milk which has proved popular and
profitable is known as Bulgarian Yog-
hurt This is similar to the product
which is said to have made the Bul-
garians a race of centenarians. Its
valuable qualities are due to fermenta-
tion produced by the bacteria of the
Bacillus Bulgarlcus variety. It Is
and can discover no reason why the
entire plan or one parallel to It could
not be adopted In any progressive
American city. Everywhere co-opera-
tive societies succeed, but succeed
because they produce a product that is
recognized as of standard quality.
Co-operation In Denmark spells qual-
age tools, and cite a few instances of
the results of special experiments with
specific kinds of tillage.
The plow is the most important of
all the implements of tillage. It is
constructed to represent a triangular
wedge which Is drawn beneath the sur-
face of the soil, cutting loose a por-
tion, raising and inverting it and let-
ting it drop in the previous furrow.
The plow can be used at almost any
time and under the most varied condi-
tions. It is primarily used as a tool
for the preparation of the seed for
cultivated crops It will destroy weeds
when used at the right time, pulverize
the soil and make It so that it will
hold moisture better and other minor
We cannot touch much on the phase
of the question how to use a plow as
this involves the problem of draft.
Briefly we will say use it in such a
way as to have it do the greatest
amount of pulverizing possible
Have the hitch so adjusted that the
plow swims freely To do this the
line of draft should be a straight
line from the shoulder of the horse
through the hitch in the end of the
beam to the shin of the plow. The
share should be sharp and cut suffi-
cient to make a smooth, clean furrow
at the bottom
The reasons why to use a plow have
been partly given already, but they
may be briefly stated now as follows:
To kill weeds, to improve the me-
chanical condition of the soil, to con-
serve moisture, to correct the temper-
ature and to prepare a seed bed for
the cultivated crop.
The kind of plow to use Is almost
completely governed by the condition
and the kind of soil that is to be
plowed. For instance a stubble plow
cannot be worked to advantage in a
grass sod, for the draft is too heavy
for the amount of work done, while
the sod breaker is made for turning
the sod and does so with the least
amount of work. Neither could we
very well UBe a modern gang plow in
died by a careful man. Its rolling
disks cut and push and loosen the soil,
and it is a great way towards having
a prepared seed bed.
It is difficult to say when to use it—
it may be used before and after plow-
ing, 011 grass sod and in hard corn-
stalk ground too dry and hard to
j plow. It is a good weed destroyer
and generally does good work A disk
should have a place on every well reg-
I ulated farm, it is an almost indis-
pensable tool for modern farm work
The cultivator, as an implement of
inter-tillage, is also an important tool
to consider The kind of cultivator to
use is best estimated by conditions
where they are used. It is safe to say,
however, that in the past too largo
shovel cultivators have been 011 the
market. The smaller shovels are
better, especially since it has been
found by experiments at Illinois that
it is bept to cultivate shallow in the
spring and deeper later on.
Good and faithful use of the cultiva-
tor may mean the difference between
a crop or a failure A single cultiva-
tion at just the proper time may bring
several bushels of corn more per acre.
A cultivator therefore is a very useful
tool, as it not only kills the weeds but
may mean much toward a good corn
There are other Implements that
might with propriety be treated with,
but I will only mention them and then
if further information is sought, it
| can be found. The roller is a very
I important implement. The smooth
roller Is the more common at present,
but the time Is coming when the cor-
rugated roller will be more favored
; The correct use of the roller may
mean several bushels more of grain,
\ and leave the land In the best possi-
i ble condition. The corrugated roller
! In a measure does the work of three
j implements, viz: the roller, the sub-
| surface packer, and the harrow.
Where a garden is large enough it
1 pays to rotate.
Marie—Yes, but he needs encour-
agement.—Boston Evening Transcript.
For thrush use Ilanford's Balsam.
Ret it into the bottom of the affected
We know some railway bridges that
seem to be dependent 011 Providence
and a coat of paint.
If you wish beautiful, clear, white
clothes, use lied Cross Ball Blue. At all
good grocers. Adv.
A good sense of humor can be
| turned into dollars. The modern prac-
j tteal joker writes them and sells them.
Housework Is a Burden
It's hard enough to keep house if in
perfect health, but a woman who is
weak, tired and suffering from an aching
back has a heavy burden.
Any woman in this condition h is good
cause to suspect kidney trouble, especial-
ly if the kidney action seeins disordered.
Doan's Kidney Pills have cured thou-
sands of suffering women. It's the best
recommended special kidney remedy.
A NORTH DAKOTA CASE
i: "try I He
I non us Kid
[1 all this trou-
Get Dmb'i at Any Store. 50c ■ Box
FOSTLR-MILBURN CO.. BUFFALO. N. Y-
DAISY FLY KILLER gSff t
.nil killa *11
fllaa Noat, Clean, or
cheap. Luti all
10 a * o n Mudeo-
over; will n< t noil oi
All dealers «<r6«en«
unit i>a'<l for
BABOLD BOMLKb, 160 DeKalb Av« , Brooklyn, h. Y.
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Fox, J. O. Cleveland County Enterprise. (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 43, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 30, 1914, newspaper, April 30, 1914; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc108449/m1/3/: accessed January 20, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.