Cleveland County Enterprise. (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 43, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 30, 1914 Page: 2 of 8
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NORMAN, OKLA., ENTERPRISE
MAP OF VERA CRUZ CITY AND HARBOR
7ttf, CM. *1
III FIRST BUTTLE
TWELVE DEAD AND 50 WOUNDED
IN THE CAPTURE OF
MEXICAN LOSS ESTIMATED 150
Bluejackets Drive Federals Back In
All-Day Skirmish, and Now Hold
' , a Large Part of the City—The
Prairie Takes Part.
Vera Cruz.—Twelve Americans kill-
ed and about fifty wounded, marked
the complete investment of Vera Cruz
by the United States.
Rear Admiral Fletcher has taken up
headquarters at the Terminal Hotel.
The city is strongly patrolled and
quiet prevails. Rear Admiral Fletch-
er is in command of the land opera-
tions while Rear Admiral Badger
commander-in-csbief of the Atlantic
fleet, haB brougnt bis flag into the har-
bor on the Minnesota.
After the general advance began
Mexican sharp shooters on the roofs
put up a stubborn resistance. There
was one brisk action, guns of the
Prairie and (.'hester assisting in si-
lencing a heavy fire from the naval
college. Shells from the Prairie fin-
ally shattered its walls.
The numDer of Mexicans killed is
estimated at 150 with many wounded.
The paymaster of the British cruis-
er Essex, Albert W. Kimber, was
wounded on board his ship by a "snip-
per" on shore.
The British bluejackets crowded to
the bows and vociferously cheered
the American marines as they pro-
ceeded in shore from the landing.
Major D. Butler, with marines from
the Prairie, made a sortie up the rail-
way for a considerable distance.
There was no organized resistance,
but from the beginning of the advance
a smart fire came from defenders on
house tops which invariably drew a
merciless fire from the advancing par-
ties. The machine guns sounded their
"tap, tap," in all quarters and Ameri-
can sharp shooters posted at street
corners and other points of vantage
picked off at will any man who ap-
peared to them to be acting suspi-
The Mexican troops forming the gar-
rison of Vera Cruz were turned loose
as soon as it was seen that the Amer-
icans were about to land and were told
to act as they saw fit. Very few, if
any, of their officers remained with
the Mexican soldiers, whose operations
were carried on without any one to
direct them. Some of the Mexican
troops obtained a considerable supply
of intoxicants by looting two stores.
As a result, many of them were in a
condition which made them equally
dangerous to natives and foreigners
who came within their range.
♦ HUERTA'S WAR STRENGTH +
+ Army— +
+ Soldiers of all classes (esti- +
♦ mated) 45,000 to 60,000. Quns +
+ Gunboat Bravo, 1,260 tons.. 8 +
♦ Gunboat Morales, 1,260 tons 8 +
♦ Gunboat Tampico, 980 tons 8 ♦
+ Gunboat Vera Cruz, 980 tons 8 +
+ Training ship Zaragosa *
+ us gunboat) 8 +
♦ Two armed transports 10 +
•♦♦♦ + ♦<* ♦♦ + + + ♦♦ +
A FLYING SQUADRON ORGANIZED
Rear Admiral Cameron Winslow Will
Washington.—Secretary Daniels is
sued orders forming a special service
squadron for service on the east coast
of Mexico. Rear Admiral Cameron
Winslow has been selected to com
mand and hoisted his flag on the New
York, which left to join the fleet now
in Mexican waters.
The special service squadron con-
sists of the battleships New York and
Texas, armored cruisers Washington
and Montana, the Tacoma, Des
Moines, Chester, Salem, Nashville,
Dolphin, Castine, Paducah, Wheeling,
Petrel, Eagle and other vessels that
may become available from time to
Most of these vessels are well
adapted for inshore work jn the Mex-
ican coast and the experience and
ability of Rear Admiral Winslow em-
inently fits him for command of this
Admiral Winslow Is at the naval
war college at Newport. It had been
generally understood that he was to
succeed Admiral Badger in command
of the Atlantic fleet.
The creation of the special service
squadron recalled to veterans th«
famous "flying squadron" in the early
days of the Spanish war. Only in the
present instance the special service
squadron comprises the most incon-
gruous elements ranging from the
most powerful battleships to the tin-
iest gunboats. This squadron start-
ing with sixteen vessels und is likely
to be augmented to two score will
be serviceable for blockading pur-
The New York, Texas and Wash-
ington are at the New York navy
yard. The Montana is crossing fronf
Guatanamo to the Mexican coast;
the Tacoma is undergoing repairs at
Charleston, S. C.; the Des Moines at
Tampico, the Chester at Vera Cruz,
the Salem at Philadelphia, the Nash-
ville enroute from Guatanamo to
Vera Cruz, the Dolphin at Tampico,
the Castine at Boston, the Machias
at New Haven, the Paducah on the
north coast of Cuba, the Wheeling
at San Domingo, the Petrel and the
Eagle in Haytian waters.
BORDER PREPARES FOR FIGHT
Refugees Cross Into United States;
Federal Troops Mobilize.
Eagle Pass, Texas.—All the federal
forces In this section of Mexico have
been ordered to concentrate at Sal-
tillo. The order says it is for the
purpose of "repelling the American
Whn the people of Piedras Negras
learned that the American marines
had occupied Vera Cruz, dozens of re-
cruiting offices were opened at once
and arms are being issued to volun
teer companies as fast as they are
After destroying the main fortifica
tions at Piedras Negras the federal
garrison retreated southward, burn-
ing railroad bridges behind them.
General Guajardo, the federal com-
mander, is withdrawing to Saltlllo,
where he will join the force under
General Joaquin Maas.
Piedras Negras is almost deserted,
without police or fire protection. The
majority of the inhabitants have
crossed to the American side and the
streets of Eagle Pass are crowded
Before leaving General Guajardo
stated that he had received official
notice that a state of war existed
between Mexico and the United
CARRANZA SAYS U. S. SHOULD
HAVE REFERRED TAMPICO
INCIDENT TO HIM
VILLA SAYS HE IS WELL PLEASED
And Laughs at the Idea of "Fighting
the Yankees"—Wilson States His
Position Plainly in Replying
To Note from Gen. Carranza
Washington.—Gen. Carranza pro-
tests the American "invasion" an4
Gen. Villa says it Is all right. As a
result of the uncertain attitude of
the rebels, the embargo an arms is
The position of Gen. Carranza Is
slated in the following note to Presi-
"The Mexican nation, the real peo-
ple of Mexico, have not recognized as
its executive a man who had pre-
tended to launch a blemish on its na-
tional integrity, drowning in blood its
"Victoriano Huerta is a culprit who
Is amenable to the constitutionalist
government, today the only one, un-
der the abnormal circumstances of our
nation, which represents the national
sovereignty. The illegal acts commit-
ted by the usurper and his partisans
and those which they may perpetrate,
be they of an international character
as those which recently occurred at
the port of Tampico or of a democrat-
ic character, shall be tried and pun-
ished with inexibility and promptness
by the tribunals of the constitution-
President Wilson issued the follow-
ing comment on the Carranza state-
' I wish to reiterate with the great-
est earnestness the desire and inten-
tion of this government to respect in
every possible way the sovereignty
and independence of the people of
"The feeling and intention of the
government in this matter are not
based upon politics. They go much
deeper than that. They are based
upon a genuine friendship for the
Mexican people and a profound inter-
est In the re-establishment of their
"Whatever unhappy circumstances
or necessities may arise this object
will be held steadily in view and pur-
sued with constant purpose, so far as
this government is concerned.
But we are dealing with facts.
Wherever and whenever the dignity
of the United States is flouted, its
international rights or the rights of
Us citizens invaded, or its influence
rebuffed, where it has the right to
attempt to exercise it this govern-
ment must deal with those in actiifii
control. It is now dealing with Gen-
eral Huerta in the territory he now
controls. That lie does not rightfully
control it does not alter the fact thyt
he does control it. We are dealing
moreover only with those whom he
commands and those who come to his
support. With these we must deal.
They do not lawfully represent the
people of Mexico. In that fact we
rejoice because our quarrel Is not
with the Mexican people and we do
not desire to dictate their affairs.
But we must enforce our rightful de-
mands upon those whom the existing
authorities of the place where we act,
do, for the time being, represent.
That he will decline to be dragged
into a war with the United States by
anybody, was the statement made to
George C. Carothers, special agent of
the state department, at El Paso, by
General Francisco Villa.
"Why," he smiled as he threw an
arm about the broad shoulders of the
government representative, "all Eu-
rope would laugh at us if we went to
war with you. They would say that
'little drunkard Huerta has drawn
them Into a tangle at last.'"
The general brought with him a
hundred woven rugs of the softest
lambs' wool as a present for General
Scott, who recently left Fort Bliss to
become assistant chief of staff at
Washington. Carothers promised to
nrward them with Villa's congratula-
oils of the promotion.
O'SHAUGHNESSY GETS PASSPORTS
AMERICAN CHARGE DE AFFAIRS
LEAVES MEXICO CITY
Movement of Land Troops, to Back
up the Navy, is Begun, With
Gen. Funston in Charge
nessy has been given his passports
by Huerta at Mexico City, Charge
Algara, representing the Huerta gov
ernment here, has asked for and se-
cured his; United States troops
moved to reinforce the American
navy at Vera Cruz; the embargo on
arms into Mexico was formally re-
stored; and troops were ordered to
the Mexican border primarily to re-
lieve uneasiness among border resi-
dents, but also as a precaution against
hostile military operations along the
Secretary Garrison announced that
a brigade of infantry and some ar-
tillery under Brigadier General Fred
K. Funston had been ordered to em-
bark on the four army transports at
Galveston for Vera Cruz to support
the expeditionary forces of marines
and bluejackets there. The chance
that General Maas, the federal gen
eral, might make a return attack on
Vera Cruz with reinforcements and
the possibility of a forward move
ment toward Mexico City to protect
fleeing Americans and the Vera Cruz
railroad were the underlying reasons
for the military movement.
The restoration of the embargo on
arms was officially announced after
the pronouncement of General Car-
ranza, the constitutionalist chief, that
he regarded the seizure of Vera Cruz
as a violation of Mexican sovereignty,
had been considered by the adminis-
tration. While Mexican constitution-
alists here protest that Carranza/s
real attitude was friendly, the Amer-
ican government decided to take no
chances and abruptly stopped the
shipment of arms into Mexjco.
President Wilson earlier in the day
had issued a statement warning Gen-
eral Carranza, the constitutionalist
chief, that the United States was deal-
ing now and would continue to deal
with those who Huerta commands
"and those who come to his support."
The United States has chosen Bra-
zil to look after its interests in Mex-
ico. Where there are no Brazilian
consuls, French consuls will act for
the United States.
More Shipments Sent South
During the day a special reserve
fleet ranging from dreadnaughts to
tiny gunboats was ordered to the At-
lantic coast of Mexico. No fighting
of any consequence was reported
from Vera Cruz though the American
land forces pushed their way three
miles inland to some important breast-
works to make their position secure
Rear Admiral Fletcher and American
Consul Canada are occupied in Vera
Cruz handling hundreds of American
refugees. British and German vessels
took off more than twelve hundred
refugees at Tampico, and a general
exodus of Americans from Mexican
cities was reported.
The senate passed the house bill
appropriating $500,000 to care for
American refugees. Senator Borah
declared in the debate that a condi-
tion of actual war existed between
the United States and Mexico. Sen-
ators Lodge and Weeks urged that the
embargo be placed along the entire
Rear Admiral Badger requested
permission to capture all Mexican
gunboats and vessels carrying troops
or ammunition for the aid of the
Mexicans around Vera Cruz.
TAE MEXICAN GUNBOAT ESCAPES
Enters Vera Cruz Port Not Knowing
Yankees Were In Command
Vera Cruz.—The Mexican gunboat
Progresso with more than 500 soldiers
aboard steamed To the harbor mouth
but no further. The commander of
the Progresso h!*d tnot heard that
the Americans were in possession of
The Progresso was hailed by the
flagship and boarded by Lieutenant
Bryon McCandless of Rear Admiral
Badger's staff, who informed the
commander that he had the choice
of remaining under the guns and
searchlights of the flagship or put-
ting out to sea. He was informed
that the United States was not at
war with Mexico but that the pres-
ence of Mexican gunboats and sol-
diers at Vera Cruz was not desirable.
The Progresso steamed away.
The Progresso came from the
south, probably from Frontera. Tiio
captains of the Mexican steamer Te-
huntepec and a government fire boat
moved their crafts into the harbor
and then discovered that they were
Army Buying Oklahoma Horses
El * Reno.—Captain Valentine, in
command at Fort Reno, government
remount station near here, received
orders from the war department for
1,200 head of horses for army pur-
poses, to be delivered at Galveston
as soon as possible. The order calls
for 300 artillery, and 900 cavalry
horses. There are only 500 head o(
horses at Fort Reno at present, and
it will be necessary to go into the
open market to supply the other 700.
Agents have been sent over the state
tu buy all they can get.
IN THE PUBLIC EYE
Rev. James E. Pershing of Okla-1
homa City is a busy man this week,
acting as moderator of the state con-
ference of Congregationalists.
Ministers and lay members from
all over the state assembled in Okla-
homa City Aprii 28. 29 and 30, on the
occasion of the twenty-fourth annual
conference of the Congregational
churches and auxiliaries of Okla-
Several hundred delegates attend-
ed and more than fifty churches
of the state will be represented.
Prominent divines of the denomina-
tion were present to address the con-
The Rev. Charlse E, Burton, D. D.
of New York, addressed the confer-
ence during nearly every session.
Other'speakers included Dr. G. W.
Ray of Fort Worth and Rev. R. W.
Gammon of Chicago, who is one of the
leading workers in the International
Association of Sunday School Work-
Sessions of the conference were
held at the Harrison Avenue Congre-
gational church. The program com-
mittee consists of Rev. A. Meikle of
Delegates To Road Meeting.
Governor Cruce completed the selec-
tion of delegates to the Ozark Trails
convention to be held in Tulsa May
26 and 27 next. This will be one of
the most interesting meetings from a
historical point of view that has been
held in the state for a long time.
Those supposed to be familiar with
the history of the country as well as
the geographical location of old land-
marks, will attend the convention.
The delegates as named, are:
J. D. Morton, Stilwell; J. T. New-
port, Perkins; J. C. Roberts, Carmen;
J. W. Creisel, Pawnee; B. C. Mc-
Cleary, Atoka; T. H. Bayless, McAl-
ster; A. A. Haskell, Elmwood; R. S.
Andrews, Sayre; Clarence Farrell, Te-
cumseh; J. A. Ward, Albion; T. B.
Ferguson, Watonga; C. A. Bennett,
Crawford; L. V. Stinson, Durant;
Thomas Cummings, Fort Cobb; F. H.
Boyd, Claremore; G. S, Rector, Mus-
tang; F. T. Hudson, Wewoka; W. M.
Kirkpatrick, Fox; James King, Mul-
drow; Dick King, Park Hill; W. H.
Rader, Loco; R. P. Draper, Hugo; C.
C. Kennedy, Eva; James D. McGuire,
Norman; A. M. Clark. Grandfield; I.
L. Bowman, Coalgate; J. W. John-
son, Carter; F. A. Sontar, Bare City;
R. B. Tyner, Ramona; Frank B. King,
Lawton; E. B. Ross, Cordell; Noah
Harrison, Centralia; R. S. Armour,
Galena; M. E. Binckley, Sapulpa;
William A. Campbell, Woodward;
Charles Hebert, Arapaho; Charles N.
Barnett, Jay; S. Rogers, Oakwood;
F. H. McCarter, Shattuck; L. G. Gos-
sett, Bison; J. L. Case, Wynnewood;
H. A. Cranwell, Chickasha; J. R.
Roberts, Deer Creek; F. H. King, Jes-
ter; W. R. Aufill, Hollis; W. D. Drake,
Buffalo; James Bower, Stigler; G. W.
Lawrence, Holdenville; W. H. Waugh,
Tonkawa; A .E. Stalnaker, Kingfish-
er; Sam B. Nix, Hobart; C. C. Ma-
thies, Wister; R. R. Tway, Wilburton;
H. E. Deanes, Chandler; J. W. Blas-
singame, Marietta; L. M. Oliver, Me-
ridian; J. W. Simpson, Washington;
E. V. Buchanan, Valliant; J. H. Lay-
man, Hanna; Irwin B. Rauseier, Fair-
view; Lake Mundy, Madill; William
Tell, Choteau; J. W. King, Sapulpa;
W. T. Cole, Boynton; E. R. Martin,
Perry; A. M. Cobb, Nowata; Alva J.
Niles, Okemah; A. C. Couch. Luther;
C. W. Goree, Okmulgee; W. M. Clark,
Pawhuska; Frank Hubbard, Afton.
Burn Pastors Home.
State Fire Marshal C. C. Hammonds
returned from Lexington where he
went to investigate the burning of a
house. L. H. Morehead, owner of the
house burned, had formerly been pas-
tor of the Baptist church there. Mis-
understanding arose and another min-
ister was secured. Both sides had sup-
porters, and considerable feeling re-
Rev. Morehead and wife went to a
neighbor's to spend the night and dur-
ing the night the house caught fire.
Fire Marshal Hammonds says he is
satisfied the house was set on fire,
and that kerosene had been used. No
arrests have been made, but the case
will be thoroughly investigated.
REV. JAMES E. PERSHING
Moderator of the Convention
Weatherford, Rev. J. H. Parker of
Kingfisher and Rev. W. H. B. Urcb,
D. D„ of Oklahoma City.
Bidders Would Not Give Bonus
Bidders for sand and gravel leases,
with one exception, got nothing last
week when the school land commis-
sion considered the bids that hail
tieen received. With one exception,
bidders offered practically nothing in
addition to the minimum of 2Vs cents
a yard for sand and gravel. W. T.
Phillips, of Oklahoma City, made the
one bid that brought response from
the commission. His was for 6>/fc
cents besides the minimum royalty
of 2% cents a yard. He secured four
miles of territory in the bed of the
Arkansas river, near Tulsa.
When the bids of others were found!
to be down to the minimum, the
commission tnougnt they were not
getting good offers and the hoard
then adopted a motion that if the bid-
ders wanted to make a flat rate ot
four cents a yard they would be
awarded territory. S. M. Williams,
of Fort Smith, agreed to come in on
that basis and a lease will be made
to him. The others did not indicate,
what they would do.
ThoBe having bids were: J. W.
Breedlove, Sallisaw; John M. Ingram,
Sand Springs; A. D. Krow, Ralston;
N. E. West, Muskogee; O. A. Brewer,
Shattuck; S. M. Williams, Fort
Smith; Yahola Sand company, Mus-
kogee; HineB-Kobel Sand company,
Sallisaw; L. A. Daly, Osage; Musko-
gee Sand and Gravel company, Mus-
kogee; Fred 8. Ratcliff, Tulsa; Price
Sand company, Tulsa; J. J. Harmon.
Muskogee; W. C. Rupdight, Tulsa;
M. Lynch, Tulsa.
The rules of the bidding are that
no one person may secure more than
four miles of territory. It was
thought by the board that there would
be more competition than developed,
and that by placing the minimum at
2y2 cents a yard that bidders might
offer a bonus.
Wants Rate Reduction.
City Attorney Tibbitts of Guthrie
prepared a petition for presentation
to the Oklahoma corporation commis-
sion asking for a reduction in tele-
phone rates in Guthrie. The complaint
charges that the rates now existing
for residence phones range from S1.00
to $1.75 per month and for business
phones $2.50 per month and that the
company seeks to increase the rate
to $2.00 and $3.00. The Guthrie pe-
titioners hope for a rate of about $1.00
par month for residence and $2.00 for
Building Owner Sued By State.
Hermine Herskowitz, owner of the
Elite hotel building, in Oklahoma
City, is accused of wilfully permitting
the property to be used as a boot-
legging Joint in a suit filed in district
court by Attorney General West who
askB judgment in behalf of the state
for $8,000. The suit is brought on the
provisions of Sec. 3169, revised laws
of Oklahoma, 1«10, which makes it an
offense to own a building In which
liquor is sold contrary to the law and
imposes a penalty for each offense of
$100 to $l,00t. t
Another Decision on R. R. Rates
Authority and jurisdiction of the
corporation commission to sit as a
court of record in matters pertaining
to the refunding of millions of dollars
to the people of Oklahoma is affirmed
in two opinions handed down by the
supreme court commission, one deal-
ing with the passenger fare refund
and the other with the express rate
The 2-cent railroad fare litigation
now pending in the federal court is
not affected by the decision. The
opinion simply upholds the authority
of the commission to take charge o.
the refund if it is eventually ordered
by the federal court.
The immediate effect of the decision
is that it paves the way for the com
mission to take the necessary steps
toward requiring the four big express
ocmpanies operating in the state tc
refund to their patrons approximately
$700,000 in charges collected in ex
cess of those fixed by the corporatioD
Under the terms of the agreement
made by the attorney general with
the carriers the question of refunding
excess railroad passenger fare is left
to the federal court where the case is
now pending and no effort Is made
by the commission to interfere there,
but according to the opinion, litiga-
tion on behalf of the express com-
panies has been exhausted and there
is no reason why the refund should
not be made.
Requisition for Swanson.
Governor Cruce Issued a requisition
for Lee Swanson, wanted in Tulsa on
a charge of burglary, and under ar-
rest in Kansas City. It is claimed that
on the night of December 13 last he
broke Into the office of the United
States Express company at Tulsa.
Want To Be Annexed.
Citizens of two townships lying in
the northeastern portion of Hughes
county appeared before Governor
Cruce with a petition asking that they
be attached to McIntosh county. The
governor after giving both sides a
hearing referred the whole matter
to the attorney general for opinion w
to the sufficiency of the petitions. It
the segregation asked for Is made the
portion of Hughes county Including
Hanna township and a small portion
of territory north of the Canadian
river would be added to McIntosh
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Fox, J. O. Cleveland County Enterprise. (Norman, Okla.), Vol. 22, No. 43, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 30, 1914, newspaper, April 30, 1914; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc108449/m1/2/: accessed November 21, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.