Blackwell Lion. (Blackwell, Okla. Terr.), Vol. 1, No. 9, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 19, 1894 Page: 2 of 8

FARM DEPARTMENT.
USEFUL INFORMATION FOR
AMERICAN FARMERS
fcrtwUllf M*th»<«. at Huit|li| lh.
Moil ora Farm and Hard, a—LIm
Nloei. I’oultr j. Hairy. Apiary and
Orchard.
Toharralla
Readers of the Firmen Review
are doubtless aware that experiments
are being made the world over with
tuberculin a-, an agent fer the detec-
tion of even dormant tuberculoaia
They, too, hare learned that t unareds
of cattle hare l»een destroyed in the
eaat as a result of the findings of this
new method of diagnosia Tuberculin
Ls injected hypodermically and causes
a ri«e in temperature when, say the
experimenters, tuberculosis is present
in the animal, no matter whether the
disease be virulent or passive. A
heated discussion has arisen OTer this
matter, for one aide claims that
where almost any lesion is
present in the cow’s body the injec-
tion of tuberculin—or other agents for
that matter—will cause a riae in temper-
ature. Results have shown, as published
in the columns of the Fa km E As’ Review
that the work with tuberculin has
given wonderfully correct and even
astonishing results in some caaes of
tuberculosis that could not be diag-
nosed by percussion sudauscultation
bv qualified veterinarians but on the
contrary it has. if we have read aright,
condemned healthy beasts unjustly
while there is a suspicion n the minds
of some that where a rise in tempera-
ture had resulted from the injection
of tuberculin simple post mor-
tem lesions were pronounced
tuberculous for convenience sake
If it should prove that tuberculin is a
safe, never failing detective agent in
the diagnosis of tuburculoais it must |
mayhap at the behest of some |
enemy or business rival. There is
too, another point of importance, vis. '
that the government should supply-
tuberculin at cost, with instructions
for use to every qualified veterinarian
throughout the country who will en
gage to test it to the t>estof his ability
and report result*. The entire pro-
fession should be able to experiment
if they so desire, and many a veterina-
rian would be willing to experiment
and pay for subject* for post mortem
examination if given a chance to pro-
cure a supply of tested tuberculin —
Farmer*' Review.
Certltiad Tests of Hairy Cows
The Illinois agricultural experi-
ment station announces in bul-.
letin No. 33 just published that
it will supervise testa of dairy
herds and, in exceptional caaes.
of individual cows owned or exhibited
in Illinois, under the following condi-
tions: The numler of tests so super-
vised. and the time* at which they
shall be made, will be determined by
the practicability of sending an au-
thorized representative for the pur-
pose without serious interference with
other work of the station, but it is ex-
pected that there can be prompt com-
pliance with all requests. Preference
will be given to testa of pure bred
herds or cows kept for the rearing of
dairy stock, and to tests continuing
for seven daya The station through
its representative shall receive
full information as to breed-
ing. age. time of calving, date
when bred, and treament of the
cows prior to the teat; also have full
opportunity to determine the quantity
and kinds of food used, and the
method* of feeding and treatment
during the tests, with privilege of
taking samples of food for inspection
or analysis, a* well as the quantity
and quality of the milk and butter
product. The results of the *adnly
S«f from Tubercular Cattle.
We find the following in the Dairy
World, London, which that paper has
translated from some German con-
temporary Owing to the present
spreading of the tubercular disease it
is of much importance to the farmer
to know what the hygiene has to say
as to the use of beef from tubercular
animals, and what the means are
which will in some measure lessen the
pecuniary losses he has to sustain. Al-
ready. when discovering the real na-
ture of the disease and ita contagious-
ness. step* have been taken to lessen
the danger by destroying and burying
down the carcasses. At all the veterin-
ary and medical congresses the opin-
ion has always been expressed that
the desh from tubercular animals,
whatever may be its condition, was
unfit for human use. and Prof. Koch
haa tried to prove bv numerous ex-
periments that such was the case.
Lately, however, it haa been found
that it is necessary to modify these
rigid conclusions, and several scient-
ists have expressed the opinion that
not all flesh is detrimental to the
health, but that it depends entirely on
the nature of the changes themselves.
Thus the beef in which tubercles show
sign of calcination may he considered
rather harmlesabut if havings cheese-
like appearance highly contagious In
this ca*e it is indispensable that the
beef sold be carefully controlled. A
country wbere hygeian matters receive
most attention i* undisputably Germ-
any: this state has now instituted new
regulations re the sale of beef which
somewhat modify the previous exist-
ing ones. According to these a detri-
mental effect is as a ruie only to be
anticipated if knots of tubercles are
contained in the flesh, or the animal
very much fallen off without any such
colonies l»eing visible to the naked
eye. If the animal is in fair condition
and the tubercles have onlv affected
one or several organs in the same
aN ITALIAN BUFFALO.-FROM FARMERS' RF.VIEW.
OCR WIT AND HUMOR.
SAYINGS AND DOINGS OF
LAUGH MAKERS.
ftadlealoas Levities anil Sarcastic Hia-
logue Made to Fit the Weaknesses of
Hally |Life~ Mistaken Philanthropy—
Wise Wards—Meat and UrlnA
A Heavy Strain.
Wife—Is mv husband's condition
serious?
Doctor—Rest will cure him. Me is
suffering from brain strain.
"There’ I told him he ought to hire
a real estate agent to do it."
"Do what?’
“We concluded to let our country
house for the summer, and my hus-
band insisted on writing the adver-
tisement himself.’’
Mistake* Philanthropy.
Kind Old Lady (in admiration)—
What a noble lad you are to rescue
that poor animal from those cruel
boys!
Lumsey. the Kid—Docs ye t’ink I'm
goin' to let dem geezers chase aw ai-
der only stray dog dere's bin on der
block fer a week, an' der bull dog at
Casey’s coal yard jist sp'ilin fer a
scrap?
Sell* on Hlgtil.
Peddler—Have you any daughters,
mum?
Housekeeper—Sir!
"Please, mum. I don't ask out of
vulgar curiosity, mum. I'm selling
resonators."
“What are they?”
“You hang one up in the baii. muni,
and it so magnifies every sound that a
good-night kiss sounds like a canuon
•hot."
“Give me three"
How to Host Hrllllantly.
Valet—liver fifty dunning letters in
to-day's mail.
Chappie—Humph: Nomething will
hov to be done, me good man.
“Yes. sir"
“Let—me—see Go tell all the
newspapers that I have ordered a new
steam yacht That will quiet those
unmannerly tradesmen for a while."
A Liberal offer.
Domestic—Please, sir, the grocer
and butcher and baker and milkman
are down stairs, and they say they
won’t leave until thev are pa:d.
Mr. McAuber—Hem! Very well: tell
them that if they will continue to
supply me with provisions, they are
welcome to stay here and board it out
be considered one of the most import-
ant discoveries of recent years in the
annals of veterinary history.but on the
contrary it is evident that the greatest
possible care must be taken to conclu-
sively prove the eftiesev of tuberculin
before making it the judge author-
ized to condemn to death dairy cows in
wholesale uumber* under state laws
We submit that the study of tubercui
osis. it* etiology, its symptoms.it> post
mortem lesion*, every possible phase
and stage of development.'s of as great
importance as the study of tuberculin
and its effects. There is great danger
in adopting this most interest-
ing “new discovery " as s means
of diagnosing tuberculosis, if it lie
true that other diseases of the lung*
and pluera.of the spleen and liver, on
the exhibition of tuberculin, produce
a rise of temperature a* great a*
that when tulierculosis is present.
The study of tutiereulosi* i* necessary,
because should different stales au-
thorize the condemning of cattle
showing a reaction to tulierculin the
agent will be put in the hands of hun-
dred* of practitioners who know little
or nothing regarding the post mortem
lesion* of tuberculosis. We appre-
hend that a few savants can not settle
this matter for the whole community,
that a few experiments showing suc-
cessful diagnosis of tuberculosis
through the medium of tuber-
culin should not be accepted
a* mi conclusive that tuberculin
experiments in the hands of non-pro-
fewoonal inspectors or even young
veterinarian* may be safely considered
equally trustworthy and final as to the
health or disease fife or death of the
dairy cow This ev .dently .» a matter
for the government to take up and set-
tle after careful work in each stale
po-sseaaiing an experiment station It
is work that the farmer should not pa\
for, work that the government should
undertake in an honest, thorough
manner to be reported upon candidly
and m an unbiased manner. Then and
not till then should any man be made
to abide by tbe results of tuberculin
injected into the veins of hia cows
certified by the station, will be fur-
nished a* soon as determined to the
owners of the cows, or to the associa-
tions under whose auspices the
tests are made The station shall
have the right to make publication
of the results obtained, but no publi-
cation will be made without the con-
sent of owner* or associations until
the completion of any public competi-
tion in which cows have been entered.
The expenses of the representative
of the station in going to and return-
ing from the tests, as well as his main-
tenance during the tests.shall be paid
by the owners of the cows or the as-
sociation authorizing the tests.
Uni R.rorit. In I ft I'rod art ton.
We believe that the main-stay of the
poultry bus.nes* is egg production.and
that there is more money in it for the
egg-producer than for the producer of
dressed poultry. The egg is without
dispute a more perfect food than the
flesh, in the same way that milk is a
mere perfect food than beef. Kggs
are in every way more marketable, as
thev are used in such innumerable
ways, and in all kinds of cooking
This demand will increase from year
to year, and there is little danger of
the supply exceeding the demand in
this generation, at least The pro-
duction of egg* needs to be stimulated,
and we know of no better way of do-
ing it than recording the experiences
of others >uch records have a great
value They vet a standard of attain-
menu as it were, that is sure to be
use l by others for one naturally rea-
sons that wbat one person has done
others may da We want to hear from
poultry raiser* everywhere as to the
best records their hens have ever
mads but we want figures and partic-
ulars In replying give the breed,
number of hens season and duration
of the laying period reported, kind of
food, whether hens were in pens or
running free, and any other items that
may have had an Influence on the egg
production. Let ns have many replica,
for In a multitude of counselor* there
is wisdom.
eivitv. the flesh may be considered fit
for human food. It is very rare that
tne muscle* are affected, and if tuber-
cles, therefore are not present in the
very flesh it may not be con*idered to
j be of an inferior quality, and the sale,
therefore, need not be placed under
special control. From a national
economical point of view it is to be
desired that such beef, which has a
higher value than that from animals
highly fallen off, may be allowed to
be sold without restrictions. :n doubt-
ful oases the opinion of a veterinary
j surgeon must be resorted to. This
ordinance haa been favorably greeted
1 n < lermany. though l’rof Koch still
adheres to his previous opinion that
i the consumption of the infected beef
I involves a certain danger. Ia several
places, therefore, where the control is
very sharp special stands have been
opened where beef less fit for human
food is sold, ahd where the buyer
knows his risk and :a informed of the
precaution* he has to taka, la Berlin
a steam boiling apparatus has been
erected in connection with the public
slaughter house, where all suspected
beef :* boiled so long as to kill the
contagious matter.
PMlIr; is **r.
IX* not be afraid to invest a little
money in the poultry business. A
great many farmers do not succeed
with poultry, for the reason that they
want to conduct it in a man ner differ-
ent from that in which they would
carry on any other business. 1 he idea
should be that the busineas is one ia
which money ia to be inveeted Many
people try to carry on poultry raiaing
without money Let a man consider
whether it wifi pay him better to put
1100 in the bank at •• per cent interest
or whather he shall inveat it in mod-
ern poultry houses, and rat-proof yard,
with the other necesaary adjuncts of
the successful poultry raiser. Even If
s man has a flock of common unpedi-
greed hens, f DM to invested would pay
nim a large per cent True, he could
not draw hia money at will, bnt gen-
erally he would not want to for the
per cent of interest would be so high
that ae would be williag to let it ro-
main
Politely Told.
Young Lady istrolling in tiie woods-
— Ooo' What an odor! NomelhlDg must
be dead.
Polite Yonth iin the fur linei—N-o.
it's a live fur-bearing animal, known
to trade as the black marten
W h»l W• >Ur I.ipert
Foreigner—What means this great
procession of bicyclists?
Citizen—That is the new Armv of
Peace going to Washington to demand
that congress abolish all tack factories
and root up all bu*he> that liear
thorns
Tl»e Hlrtele Stoop.
Render—I have made the trip from
New York to I’hilailelphia on a bicycle,
and have orders to write it up for a
magazine. Wonder where I can get a
good horse"
Friend—What-on earth do you want
with a horse?
Bender I must repeat the trip in a
carriage, so as to get an idea of the
scenery, you know.
UlM Work
Adrian—I suppose. Genevieve. y*m
ire wondering if your Princess Nico-
tine is on straight. but if these bock
beer sign* don’t stop you will soon
o*e all interest in hats for w ing*
will he your principal adornment
fflM U
Little Johnny—hauimy Firam* called
ne a liar to-day
Mother—I hope you were a*Ue to
sonvince him that you were a lo\er of
truth.
Little Johanv—Goes* I did 1 didnt
• t up till he hollered enough.
Editors and tbs Pobllr.
First Printer— How did you lose yoi
job?
Second Printer—I made some quei
mistakes in setting up a leading ed
torial Why, sir. thev were so func
that they started the whole town 1
laughing. Yes, sir. Never saw pe
pie so amused. Anil yet the editc
got mad and bounced me. That shov
how genius :s handicapped. No ma
ter how much you please the publi
you’ll get tired if you don't please tl
one little fraction who happens to 1
the editor.—Ex._
Enthusiastic Taxpayers.
Friend—It's all fixed now. You'
be elected judge. The taxpayers a:
enthusiastic.
Candidate—What argument did y0
use?
Friend—I told 'em you could soc
till the treasury by fining people f<
contempt of court.
RotrogrestloD.
Talkum—Professor Garner say* thi
monkeys do not actually converse, bi
confine themselves to single remarl
on matters of importance.
Tbinkiim — Dear me! How man hi
degenerated.
Easily Attained.
Moldy Mike—Dis yeer paper sai
ther secret of aristercratic appearam
is the repose of manner.
Wearie William—Dat's me
Kfpt a Secret.
Wife—Think I can’t keep a secre
do you?
Husband — N es, I da
Wife—Well. I've worn an old hi
trimmed over for the past two montl
and I haven't told a soul yet, so ther
Something IVroot*
News Editor—Wires must be don
in the we,t.
Night Editor—What’s wrong?
News Editor—N'o reports about tl
Dalton brothers being killed again.
Iii f urination Wanted.
Traveler i from Podunk)—Is this he:
h‘ bureau of information?
Railroad Clerk—It ia
Traveler—Well, about six hours ag
a feller took my watch an’ satch
around th' corner to get my name ei
graved on 'em so they wouldn't gi
lost, an I wanter know if the e
gravers of this ere town are all out c
strike.
Oulckly Found.
Mother—>ee if you can't find me tv
or three tack*
Boy—Yes'm.
"But stop; where are you going ”
' Going to pick up a few tacks "
"But you are taking your bicycle
“Ye* ni; it s a pneumatic.’'
>lrat and llrlaF
. Westehes'er Willie—Wot did yer g
over der,- Tommy?
Tuckahoe Tommy—Oh. 1 got a bi
from the dog What dhl you get?
Westchester Willie—-l got a hoi
from the bull.
*n|>pre*»inc a Xnltasr*
Business Man — Here is a quarter f
you to go the variety theater.
office Boy—Thankee sir. Anythit
1 can do for you?
Business Man—Ye* Learn a ne
song I am a little t.red of the o
one*.
Wanted It l.ong
Farmev WuVback--I promised n
boys I'd buy 'em a few bicycles ef tin
don't cost too much.
Dealer—Well, here is a tine ODe
St'V
•*\Vha-?’*
“The one next to G is **u. next
that anil so on. The farther v
go nlong the row the cheaper tin
geL"
‘ Say mister, how long is the row
"The length of the store "
"Wall, ef your store is ’bo it hall
mile long I II walk on with yeh
.4 ultima for Act ton.
First lloy—If you don't shut up I
lick yen
second Roy—If you think you ci
lick me just come on and try it Y
needu t stand there jawin' like a pr
fesuiotva: pugilist
Mini Meanings
Traveler—Nome expressions iu t
i hinese language have as many
forty different meanings.
Little Miss—>nuie way in F.nglis
i'u amaze me Mention aae "
“Not at home."
Yvry Cooaidvrala
Father—Another poor average th
month: Why dou't you learn vo
lessons?
Nuiall Sou—I don t want to ho
mamma's feelings
“Hurt her feelings ' How?"
“Mamma says she hopes no sou
hers will ever go into polities”
“W hat ha* that todo with it""
’ W hy. teacher is always saym if
study hard I'll get to be l*reaident

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Blackwell, A. J. Blackwell Lion. (Blackwell, Okla. Terr.), Vol. 1, No. 9, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 19, 1894, newspaper, July 19, 1894; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc1078110/m1/2/ocr/: accessed February 22, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

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