The Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 41, Ed. 1 Saturday, April 3, 1909 Page: 1 of 8
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r'ree llltttoilcal Strtety
THE OKLAHOMA LABOR UNIT
. ^ o it r\f a r^r ni'l AUHMA
Endorsed by the
OKLAHOMA CITY BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL
devoted to the interests of organized labor and the f. e. c. u. of a. of oklahoma
Endorsed by the
OKLAHOMA STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR
Endorsed by the Oklahoma City
CENTRAL TRADES AND LABOR ASSEMBLY
OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLAHOMA, SATCRDAV, APRIL it. l tm.
VOl I ' M\ li.A In f MA ' 11 1 *
typographical un pensions [|v[ LOCAL LABOR GOSSIP IHE DESPISED BOYCOTT
How the Plan Has Worked Out During
Twenty-Four Weeks of its Application
It has never been the policy of the
International Typographical Union to
follow. In all advance movements
and achievements the printers have
been in the lead. The progressive-
ness of the organization was clearly
demonstrated in the establishment of
the Union Printers Home at Colorado
Springs, Colo. When the institution
was opened in 1892, the more conserv-
ative trade unionists viewed the pro-
lecl with doubt as to its practicabil-
ity. After sixteen years the Home
stands today the only one of its kind j
in the world, a grand monument to a
great organization, its mission estab-
lished and its work constantly broad-
ening. Recognizing that many aged
and incapacitated members wer
AMONG THE PRINTERS.
The new monotype typesetting ma-
chine being installed at the Daily Ok-
lahonian is almost ready to go. The
machine lias matrix plates capable of
one year—the demands on the pen- setting a dozen or more
sion fund would be far less than its kinds of display type faces and when
revenue. However, the expenditures : the thing gets to going it will ca t
from the fund will constantly grow, j new ad type which will be used
is evidenced by the continued ad- replace the old fonts.
dltion of names to the roll of pen' Mrs, AY. J- Dunn returned Thur •
sioners. This statement is also borne Eldorado
and Wichita, Kansas.
C C Sheldon, who was formerly
managing editor of the Oklahoma*
and later advertising manager of tin-
Majestic theater, is now working in
out by the experience of the English
unions that have for years conducted
Applications for the pension to the
number of 566 had been received and
acted upon up to January 31. 1909. I ^°J\vorth and Dallas in the Interests
Of this number 41 petitions were dis- 100-page edition of the
approved, one was withdrawn, and 521 , t0 b'e tssued on April 2t
J. D. TRAYLOR. ,
Will Hereafter Be Organizer and Bus
iness Agent of the Build-
ing Trades Council.
At the last regular meeting of the
Building Trades Council thai body
elected J D. Travlor as organizer and
business agent of the structural
building trades department of the
American Federation of Labor.
Brother Trayior is a member of
local No. 807 Brotherhood of Paint-
si. Decorators and Paper .Hungers ot
commemorative of the great run
were approved. Death invaded the ,
ranks of the pensioners on 17 occa- |ima
sions, living 5M pensioners on the j Xm.man A Smlth, operator
Western Newspaper Union.
roll on the date named above
A table showing the ages of mem
erT'on' another°"dvanced ^
tablished the present old age pension | since dead, follows.
has plans on hand for, and In a coti-
lves ot the comiorw m mo . — - -- . i pie of weeks will begn the erection of
the International Union decld-j pension was made, towthejMrtth the flnt ,u lU(J
Ot !be Of application for
fund. This movement originated at
the convention of 1905, which a 1opt-
ed a resolution providing for the ap-1 p«wn«
pointment of a committee of thrc; to |
reDort to the next session a 1>lan f01' I
a systb'" of Penslon and rellet f'"
uged and* sin, members." The eight-
hour strike, begun Oil .Tanu . • ' ^
so occupied tile attention Of H1® J
ganization that President Lyrtch 'i< '
layed the appointment of the comm'i-1
tee until after the l 0tl convention, |
which decided the time then ripe for
the further consideration of this sub-
ject At the 1907 convention the com-1
inlttee appointed by President Lynch
reported, and its recommendations,
which are embodied in the present
pension laws, were adopted. The pro-
posed plan was submitted to a refer-
endum vote of the membership in Oc-
tober I907' and was d°Pted by :l
vote 'of 17,177 for, to 9,194 against.
with a provision that the pension a->
cessment should not become effective
until the eight-hour assessment then
•being collected was discontinue.!. In
February, 1908, the executive coun?ii
ordered that the eight-hour o.«e-;s-
ment be discontinued with that 11 oi.tli
and directed the collection o; the pul-
sion assessment, beginning v ith
March, 1908. The assessment being
on the percentage slan, the revenue
for any one month does not reach
headquarters until the following
month. Thus the International Un-
ion had received the assessment fot
Number and Age of Applicants
20, . .
30 . .
27| . .
10! . .
... E. Sims, night operator at the
Western Newspaper Union, sot the
I index finger of his left hand caught
| in the carrier mechanism the other
j night and the end was nipped off. re-
quiring surgical treatment. This has
1 caused Brother Siuis to take an eu-
| forced layoff. The injured linger is
I healing nicely.
I Bradford, ad foreman of the l)ail>
1 Times s.'vs those new shoes pinch a
I little,'but th^ they have the union
I stamp all right. , ,.
j Suppose the auxiliary
i will organize? Why not now.' ,
j Brother Dunn and his boys are n*.
i t'ng about all the job work they can
! handle. He can give you the label on
j your printing, so call for It.
The March number of the Plnmb-
i ers, Gas Fitters and Steam Fitters'
I Journal devotes a liice Space to the
j Oklahoma City local 449, also a view
! of the boys in uniform as they ap-
; peared I.abor Day. As there were 61
i in the group they make a fine show*,
i ing. We might also state that the
j plumbers and gas fitters official jour-
| nal is without doubt one of the clean-
1 est and newiest trade papers that we
have ever seen.
1998, inclusive—at the close of bus-
iness January 31, 1909.
It was estimated by the commit-
tee preparing the old age pension law
that the assessment of one-half of
one per cent on the total earnings of
all members would produce $ 1 *58,000
per year, and it was thought that the
annual disbursements of pensions 10
pensioners would aggregate $104,000.
This estimate was thought to be con-
servative, and the results of ten
months' experience with the fund is,
therefore, somewhat surprising. The
receipts of the fund have been far in
excess of the estimate, and the ex-
penditures therefrom considerably
less than was anticipated, with thi3
One half of 1 per cent as-
sessment, March to De-
j 504! 17 45 i 66| j \ man who will work unjer the
t ' 'benefits obtained by organized labor
An analysis of the ages of the |i<>n | #nd thcu refuse io join those Who
I sion applicants develops the notable ! obtained these conditions is not
i fact that the average age of the 366 j wortj,y the name of an American cit-
! applicants is 68.5 years. Of the total
J. D. TRAYLOR.
Recently Elected Business Agent of
Building Trades Council.
America, coming into the' Wat sdme
■rrs ago. He came to OkiallOliilt
k> , nn Texas in the earl} davs
ai..l ha, I Mil* a"ucl\° and
thuslastlc In J'1" *>bor "ov*
ment. For thP |ia«l six Jears! J3Wthei
Trayior has held a commission as Ifl
A. F\ of I,, organizer, consequently he
brings to his new position an experi-
ence that will result in strengthening
his work of organization. He has a
host of friends in and out of labor
circles who, with the Labor Unit
wish him big success in his new ,10-
Brother Trayior will at once open
up an office in the down town district
where he will be able to better look
after his duties.
If Duck stoves had been manufac-
lured in Kansas City, it's a cinch that
Oklahoma business men would be
friendly to a boycott on that product
at this time, by the labor unions.
Imbued with a spirit of fairness, the
I laboring people assisted In every way
I possible the fight agalus,t rate dis-
1 elimination which affected the lndus-
1 trial interests of Oklahoma. They
1 lined up with the business men In
I etery way possible to abolish rale ad |
I vantage that Kansas tilt- hH(1 enjoyed 1
I tor h number of years over the cities
1 of the new state, not for flip sake ot ^
boycotting, but because they believed
the fight was a Just one.
Ninety-nine times out of a hundred
when labor declares war on a con-
cern it is a justifiable act, if a union
lias any recognized rights at all. War
is declared when an employer has re-
fused to make any concessions, or
when the employer attempts lo deny
labor the right to organize, or has re-
fused to labor the light to bargain
for what it desires colectlvely.
The difference 1* that business men,
In boycotting a man or concern or
city, just "withhold their patronage"
secretly, when labor cornea out In the
open and "calls a spade a spade," and
proceeds to boycott some one.
But labor is learning to juggle the
English, aiul now when, we want to
1 "withhold our patronage" we Just ask
I our constituents not to boycott so and
' so. as to do so is illegal.
We deplore the fact that labor Is
compelled at times to employ boycot-
ting methods in order to gain a de-
sired ena but that weapon, though
'ar, will continue as la-
December, j ntimber 59.3 per cent <336) are
izeu. For instance the
for union arpentcrs
rate per hour
Judge Wright ought to get busy out
j here. The business men of Oklahoma
j recently used the boycott with silr-
tween 60 and 70 years; 35.6 per cent (,ity |s r,0 cents per hour, ot an eight.
4 7 ner |,onr day. A non-union man may ob-
(202) are septuagenarians: 4.7 per
cent are octogenarians, while one is a
nonagenarian. There is one woman
on the pension roll—Miss k*. Louise
Bryant, of New Haven (Conff.) 1 n-
ion No. 47. She Is 62 years of age.
and has been a member of tire In-
ternational Union for thirty-two con-
Regarding the Assessment.
After collecting the assessment for
The best way to make organized la-
oh-jbor effective is to stick together and
tain' 45 cents per hour and feel" that ! work a a nnlt.
l,c is worth it, but If it hadn't been ,
for the work of union carpenters in Keep >0111 nunc
obtaining a scale of 50 cents per hour | bel.
the scab would not be able to com-
mand 20 cents per hour no differ-
ence how good a mechanic he might
very unpopOfc'"' until the
bor « most eflVc*.
By J. Luther Langston
employer comes to his senses and rec-
ognizes that there is justice in the
principles upon which the labor union
is founded and is willing to let them
have a voice in the fixing of both
wages and the conditions under which
they aro compelled to work, and to
bargain collectively. Labor believes
thai It should have the right to say
whether or not a product Is made un-
der fair conditions. To deny that
right Is equivalent tu saylun that any
I manufacturer or business man has a
property right In any citizen as
I prospective or even possible customer.
[ There are many pe6|>le, not members
of labor unions, who want to know
who and what Is fair and unfair to
labor. To attempt to deny to labor
the right to Impart the desired Infor-
mation. Is simply foolishness, and
could never be made to stick.
No judge can compel you, by injunc-
tion or otherwise, to give your pat-
ronage where you do not wish to give
It, and wliern the law Is invoked to
aid any concern in a purely business
disagreement with Its employes, it is
a sure Indication that organized labor
Is exorcising its inalienable rlulit to
! spend wages earned under union con-
| ditlons with those dealers who favor
The Uusiess men of Oklahoma are
I just beginning to realize that a lio>-
cott is very effective, though labor has
I known that fact for many years.
Here's hoping that the time will
come when so much "Inhumanity to
I man" will have ceased to exist; when
men will treat with each other like
men, and both employer and employe
will- recognize that the other has |
I rights that must be respected.
eve on the la-
Don't be In a hurry to believe iliat
a man Is not a good union man be-
cause he does something you don't
like. Perhaps he is doing so through
ignorance, ft is your duty to teach
r M pensioners V.8.3«-0J>
Clerical work ... JXi.-e
Books and Ptg... 496.85
rSX* —— - -
ten months and paying the Pensicm .l !tI)0r Unlt advertisers"
for twenty-four weeKs—almost ha f labeled goods.
year-there is a healthy balance n , Call onUtem^.A^ ^ ^ ^
the fund. Each .lay brings new appli ^ thpv advertise in your paper.
cations for this benefit. The me mber ; It win do them
ship will grow older with the passing : U w«f £>u £, „a 800„. Advert is-
of each year, and as the number of g°°J
members reaching the age of 60 n- ■ ffpctive.
creases with the constantly advancing mg is enecuve.
irsjsssS r- - - -
IS now known that a large number of , goods.
rhrp^ionh2aveeno«Kaskertherefor. | By your assistance in calling for
r , It's the label that cu.s the ice See
with them be-1 that it is 011 all goods you bnj.
The gootl union man will always de-
It will do us good. Advertia- 1 maud the label.
rs like to know that their advertis- —- , ,
More good can be acompli^hed
all union men working together and
in harmony than by pulling in differ-
TTTJZ ma " ther change [hrunfon label in your hats you will
^fthese men be eleprived of employ- help K.000 union men win their fight
ment With these facts lit view, let j against the hat manufacturers.
us not reach hasty conclusions. The
A top notcher is simply an individ-
ual who works for the organization
of which he is a part, not against it.
Whv not be a top notcher?
increasing balance in the fund is not
a cause for worry. It is safeguarded
in ,,verv possible way, and. like the
reserve fund of large insurance socie-
ties, may prove the salvation of th
International Union and th
plan in the years to e-ome.. Typo
Rrn Frank Davis has been elected
rainst tlie nai niauuiat,iu.v. . uro. r rnun.
Genius begins great works: labor to supersede D dd>c^^Ird8 aH bUS-
' . u ° .v.— iness agent of the carpenixrb.
alone finishes them.
Balance in Mnd
31, 1909 $116,10—-
In the period covered by the- above
figures per capita tax was received on
an average of 44,720 members. Thus
Ihe pension assessment has averaged
34 4-5 cents per member per mont l. j -n-aIker, general organizer
The pension is paid o«ce !In ««r> | 1^^^e/eration of Labor,
four weeks, the idea being to giv of - q„rinK8 and we are in
s n,n., r .... .i
Payments had been made
the "twenty-four weeks ending Janu-
rv 16 1909. The amount paid to
pensioners—$38,344 is an average of
ti -,<17 per week. Should this ratio
be" maintained for fifty-two weeks-
unionize the city. If there is a man
in the movement that can accomplish
this act it is Bro. Walker. Mr. \\alk- ,
er's many friends will be Kl*d t° k"°*; !
of his whereabouts and that he is still j
in the business. [
The Electrical Workers I^ocal I n-
ion No. 4^6, reports the Fair and I n-
pension I fair shops in Oklahoma City as fol-
McDermott & Dillingham.
Smith & Rice.
Kemp Klectrical Co.
The Bell Eelectrlcal Co.
Hodge-Scott Electrical Co.
DUNBAR ELECTRICAL CO.
Arnold & Weatherbee.
Southwestern Electrical Co.
Mike Williams, acting state printer,
Ib down from Guthrie on busines.-.
PAINTERS AND DECORATORS
Brother Trayior, who for the past
fortnight has been working day and
night on the decoration of the Ma-
jestic theater, has quit in oreler to as-
snme his new duties as organizer and
business agent of the- Building Trades
The painters are a mighty busy
hunch these days. The large building
operations calling for new men all the
time. This has caused the local to
gain ground right along, and new
members are being added at every
weekly meeting. The present member
i ship is about 140.
' ' -NSIONS.
PROPER OLD A6E ,
(North Ada/fls TraiisW/jiH.,
The old age pension sysfertf frtsflK.
0,1 by the International Typographic^
Union, which has been commented up-
on several times in this column, bids
fair to equal, if not exceed, all that
was expected of It. Apparently it is
to be a complete success from the
very start. Certainly the report of its
operation for the first six months is of
the most gratifying and encouraging
The fund from which the pensions
are paid is drawn from the members,
the assesment being one-half e>f one
per cent of their earnings. The per-
sons entitled to pensions are members
over 60 years of age who have been
in good standing for at least twenty
consecutive years, and who are not in
a position to earn their living. The
pension is $4 per week. There are
now over five hundred members on
the pension roll, and the number will
undoubtedly Increase, as it is known |
that there are many who are entitled j
to the pension who have not yet asked |
But it looks now as if the fund j
would he sufficient to take care of
them when they come. The receipts
for the first six months were nearly
$156,000, while the amount paid to
pensioners was $38,344. Tills is aj
splendid showing, and indicates clear-
ly that the International Typography I
cal Union Is on the right track In its
efforts to ameliorate the condition of ,
its aged and Indigent members.
The pension system adopted by this
powerful union is a fine illustration of ,
the- benefits of unionism when rightl-
conducted. The fund is raised by a
I lax on the working members which is
so small as scarcely to be felt, the as-
sessments thus far averaging only a
! fraction over 34 cents a month. By i
contributions so trivial to those mai<- ,
ing them an amount has been raised j
sufficient to meet the demands upon
the treasury anil leave a large bai-
ance. It is to be expected that the
drafts upon the fund will increase-, !
but the present samil tax is sufficient \
to meet a very substantial increase.
Consequently the outlook for the con-
tinued success of this commendable
pension sche*mei is bright indeed.
This country Is not yet ready lor
old age pensions to be paid out of the
public treasury, but this great union,
by taking the step it has taken, seis
an example for other industrial or-
ganizations which is well worth) ot
their consideration. It has reduced
ihe doctrine of the "brotherhood of
man" to concrete form, which is the
only form in which it amounts to
NEWS OF THE PLUMBERS.
U B. Whiteside Is at StJl'hur
haudllng a responsible job. lie Is in-1
<tailing something like a score of bathl
full*. Morris hiked to Britton Wed-I
Katph ^ 'ng. Italph has his eyol
morn.^ lob there and wllll
on a good house . 'he material ar-l
get at it as soon a I
Cat Parker l now workln*, I
.< i Chickasha. ^ I
Art Hamilton came over from Knld'l
and spent Sunday among th* boys. I
No. 291 is in good shape and Is I
holding together. The boys are true I
blue clear through. I
The slereotypers are a busy iiiiach
every day am! night in the week ex-
cept Sunday. There are not very
many of them, all told, but there are
enough to keep things hustling. The
boys have' a union feeling about them
that Is good to see.
The stereotypers will hod their reg
ular meeting next'Sunday at. 3:30 p.
m„ at the home of Ray Evans, Webb
and Grand. A ruil attendance Is de-
sired, so make ita point to be on
Mrs. Laura Colder has been out in
the interests of the Women's Interna-
tional Union Label League through
the slate and she has established
lodges at Ardmore, Chickasha, Coal-
gate. Shawnee and the next at ':nid.
There will be leagues established in
ever> city in the state where there is
a trades council.
T. .1. Herron, of Shawnee, state pipe
line Inspector, is intending to locate in
Oklahoma Cit) Mr. Herron is one of
the best known union men in tin- state
and we are glad to have him with us.
II \ Roberts, business agent 'if the
painters, has moved his office from
LVi", I hill to 1Ui w. Grand Ave., 'n
the Grand Ave. Pool Hall, where lie
will be found most any time that one
desires to sn him. The move was
necessary on account of the general
public having a hard time to locate
the office when in Labor Hall.
Special From Guthrie.
Ch is Dougherty, Commissioner oi
Labor, is reported to be improving
from bis recent illness. Mr. Donu''ei
ty w t < to have b-en a representa' ,w
to the Child Labor Convention at N
Orleans, but hi - attack of il ■ l "
vented him from going.
What about that hat you Intend iuy
ing. Will it bear the label?
Bert Mills, one of our old plumber
frlenels, has redeposited his card with
local 449 and Is ouc of us again.
Don't rati to see that the union la
bels are on all your purchases.
Here’s what’s next.
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Smith, H. W. The Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 41, Ed. 1 Saturday, April 3, 1909, newspaper, April 3, 1909; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc107612/m1/1/: accessed September 20, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.