Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 34, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 6, 1909 Page: 1 of 4

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HU^rU'Al SOC«vij
A Clean
Conservative
Independent
Non-Partisan
NewspaptV fa:
die Homes
OKLAHOMA LABOR UNIT
"ALL IN ONE; ONE IN ALL"
THE PARAMOUNT QUESTION: LIFE. LIBERTY. THE ENJOYMENT OF THE GAINS OF 05R OWN INDUSTRY
THE PARAMUUM *offjcjal 0rgan of the oklahoma State Federation of Lauor
Cm robcy:
Honest
Legitimate
Business
Methods
Every D*jr
NO. M
1 tMlll.
CITY. OKLAHOMA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY
OKLAHOMA
Farmers Educational
AND
Co - Operative Union
Of America
About Swine Production.
It is sometimes claimed that pork
production cannot be made a profit-
able business-in the South since corn
has advanced in prices. It is often
said that the farmer can buy his pork
cheaper than he can make it. But
It must be remembered I hat pork has
advanced in price as well as corn,
and the cheapest side meat now costs
from 10 cents to 12.5 cents per pound,
and that hams and shoulders cost
from 15 to 20 cents per popnd. Corn
has advanced in price more rmpidly
than has pork, but the South is in a
position to change her feeding moth
ods when corn as a sole feed gets
out of reach. The Southern hog
prices are higher than at either the
St. Louis .or Chicago markets,
the present writing prices all over
the South are substantially higher
lhan they are in Chicago. All condi-
tions here are encouraging for hog
production. We can grow the corn,
we have the best markets as far as
prices are concerned in America, and
we can grow many kinds of pasture
crops, the crops which cheapen pork
production more than any othre feed.
It is generally considered thai there
is no other feed equal to corn tor
pork production. This is true, pro-
vided the corn is used judiciously.
If it be fed alone for any length of
time, there are few feeds which are
poorer than corn, but if fed in com-
bination with other feeds its use is
to be highly commended, and it can
be used to great economical advant-
age, too, even though it sells on the
market for 70 cents per bushel.
The hog is not adapted to living
on corn alone, and when we require
it of him we are forcing him to do
a thing which is not consistent with
his nature. Man likes a mixture of
feeds or a change in diet, so do the
lower animals. The hog in its wild
slate is not compelled to live upon
one feed alone. When wild and free
to make its own choice he is omniv-
erous, feeding upon roots, nuts, fish,
grass, fruit, snakes, and in fact but
few feeds can be mentioned that he
will not eat if he be given the oppor-
tunity. Our domesticated hogs have
inherited the tendency to select their
foods from a variety of substances,
and when we enclose them in a pen
and feed but one feed we can feel
assured that we are not allowing
them to reach their highest possibili-
ties.
Probably those who claim (hat pork
cannot be produced in the South at j
a profit mean that it cannot be pro-
duced on corn alone at profit. If so,
that is entirely correct. Experiment-
al data show that pork can not be
profitably raised and finished upon
corn alone when corn sells for 70
cents per bushel. •
The Demand For Horses.
While the horse markets are not
very active even with moderate re-
ceipts, still good horses are selling
pretty well, no matter to what class
they belong. Increased business ac-
tiviiy will undoubtedly bring about a
better horse market. Tile financial
and industrial depression lias inter-
fered with tlie trade for both bust
ness and pleasure horses. I' ewer
business horses were required; and
as the ones on hand were too ex-
pensive to keep in idleness a good
many of them were thrown to market,
thus cutting out' a part of the de-
mand for fresh horses. Many busi-
ness men in their efforts to econo-
mize have either disposed of their
pleasure horses or refrained from in-
vesting in them. The automobile has-,
undoubtedly displaced a good many
horses of both classes, but as the-
public learns the cost of Keeping au
tomobiies, their rapid depreciation ir.
value and (heir often infirmities there
is a reaction in favor of the horst
among people of moderate means,
who are learning that it is not beat
to go too fast or too far in spending
money or in getting about. We-have
known several cases of such reaction
even when the preference was toi
the motor. When business improves
the horse market will improve natur
ally. And as it is it looks pretty
good compared with only a few years
ago.—National Stockman and Farmer
Labor Legislation
By J. Luther Langston, Secretary Oklahoma
State Federation of Labor
=LABO
WORLD
The experiment station at Raleigh
has for the past six months been con-
ducting some extensive experiments
in feeding cotton seed meal to mules
and horses. Throughout the state the
ration commonly fed to work stock
is corn. This is a very undesirable
ration from the standpoint of its heat-
ing and fattening qualities and its
excessive cost. A small amount of j
cotton seed meal added to the corn i
ration would certainly improve its I
efficiency according to the protein 1
One i
The condition of the farmers of the
United States is fast assuming a
marked change. For over a century
the American farmer h&s been com
pelled to stand the brunt of all con
ditlons, financial and otherwise, but
today we arc witnessing.a revolution
among the hardy sons of toil that
bids fair in the end to be of untold
benefit to mankind in general, it
has been a remarkable fact in the
past that an agriculturist was com-
pelled to accept prices for his prod-
ucts as dictated by the market jug-
gler and if he complained he was
confronted with the old cry of sup-
ply and demand. But Mr. Farmer
has learned that when he desired
to purchase the necessities of lif
the law of supply and demand did
not apply. Therefore, as he was com-
pelled to accept any price offered for
his product and compelled to pay any
price demanded for that which he de-
sired to purchase. Not having a
voice either way in the transaction,
it became a question with the farmer
how to regulate the injustice. So
we find him today working along
lines similar to the trades unions;
and by co-operation and organization
it is only a question of a short time
until we find the farmer placing his
own price upon his products, thereby
Insuring him a fair return for his
labor.—The Labor Unit.
Chickens as Scavengers.
A few days ago when I was prepar-
ing to thresh buckwheat I thought of
doing it in the field, but as not many
of the hens had found the buckwheat
field, as it was a considerable distance
from the poultry house, I decided to
haul the buckwheat to the barn before
threshing. There is always more or
less shattered grain in threshing
which Is lost unless the chickens
gather it up. If this shattered grain
Is where the chickens will find it
they will work for it from morning
until night. They save all the shat-
tered grain, and if there is any grain
left in the straw it will not damage
until spring. So the threshing ground
will furnish the chickens profitable
employment for several weeks, as
they will scratch the straw over and
The labor unions believe that lo hold any kind of a job men should
be specially qualified for that particular position.
For instancv, if a painter Is needed, one would not hunt ft brickniason,
i:c:- vice verta.
To be chief mine inspector of Oklahoma, the person seeking the job
must have had at least eight years' experience as a practical miner, and
tin law is correct. To be insurance commissioner of Oklahoma, the man
uspiring must be a practical insurance man.
Why should not the state printer be a man who has had at least eight
years' practical experience as a printer?
The Typographical Unions of Oklahoma are asking that £ne State
I', inter be a practical man. A bill will be introduced at this session of the
legislature requiring at least eight years' experience as a journey (a
man who has served at least four years as an apprentice—devil—is a Jour-
neyman). This would give the aspirant at least twelve years' experience
in all at the printing trade befotv he would be qualified to fill the position
of state printer. Why should not this be required of thv public printer?
There is no reason on earth why the state printer should not be a prac-
tical man. Bill Murray to the contrary notwithstanding.
In many other states the position has been given to some "deserving
politician, regardless of his qualifications, and everybody knows of the many
scandals that have been brought about by the ignorance, in many cases, of
sia'te printers.
Oklahoma should require that experienced men fill her public office*,
regardless of what •self-seaking politicians may have to say about it.
Some men say that it does not require technical ,'tnowledge to ba
public printer, but that any business man can "do the job."
There is not a job of auv magnltudethat goes into a printing establish-
ment which does not first go to the foreman of thv composing room^im-
less the man bidding on the job lias a thorough practical knowledge of tlr.
printing business. Why is this? It's because he knows the business. Any
foreman of a book and job printing house that does a five thousand dollar
monthly business has thy necessary business qualifications to handle the
position of state printer, and many others wh aiv nt forman
oughly competent to fill the position.
You might as well argue that a printer without any knowledge of farm
is competent to fill the position of commissioner of agriculture (that
are t hol-
ing
13, the way the Job 'should be filled) or the position of commissioner of in
Eurance, as to argue that the public printer should simply be a business
man without the practical knowledge of the business.
The public printer should be elected by the people the same as other
state officials, because the position of state printer is one of the most im-
portant departments of state government. The taxpayer is lo be benefited
by the bill that the union printers propose to introduce and have enacted
into law.
The Farmers' Union and the State Federation of Labor are behind the
Typographical unions in this fight, and there will be "hair pullin.' if th->
politicians are successful In defeating this most meritorious measure.
Let all the people who believe in running things right, get behind 'tils
bill. . .
The union printers of the state will see to It that there Ts no loop
holes left in the law and that the state printer is a competent man.
STATE FEDERATION NOTES
over.
Buskwheat is an excellent poultry
and it seems to stimu-
When I am plow-
content of cotton seed meal
and a half pounds of cotton seed meal j feed. any^J
added to the ration for the day will lit® okk 1> e
as a general thing be eaten quite mg sod land in the
freely, although in some cases horses ! spring
and mules have refused to take it in . 1,°^'""^"e8'tw0 purposes—the insects
it under any circurn-
this amount,
refuse to eat
1 encourage the chickens tc
follow tile plow for worms and bugs
Others almost entirely | ™8g^d for the chickens, and if they
stances. These cases, however
I are not destroyed they are injurious
quite rare. Some animals are quite I lo lhe °i','op'
M ... i Farm world.
—A. J. l.egg. in Amercian
greedy for the meal, eating it in Us
pure form. This has been observed ;
in the work carried on at this station. \
It is the intention to carry on this I
work until practical rations are work- j
ed out. The endeavor now is to de- ]
termine in what amounts cotton seed !
meal can be most satisfactorily fed,
and the feeds with which it will most
satisfactorily combine. Later we
hope to give some definite results
as to the feeding of cotton seed meal , - • ba)es
regarding its special advantages In | ^ iiti hv ri
co,ton
The Special Convention of the Okla-
homa State Federation of Labor will
be ealvd to ordetr at 10 o'clock Monday
morning at Guthrie by the President
and immediately turned over to the
legislative committee.
Many important matters will be
brought up and it is expected that
some llroly times will be had, as there
is a disposition on the part of some of
the legislators to absolutely ignore the
sary, In order that all the dele]
may be provided resting places.
The child labor bill by Franklin,
manv other bills of importance to tha
general public will be taken up and
discussed, and the friends of labor will
be asked to support the measures as
per their promise before the election.
The hatters fight will be given much
publicity. The fight of the hat manu-
•iation against the label
pledges which were made prior to the facturers assoc
will be aired thoroughly, and all mem-
election.
If is anticii>ated that some strong
resolutions will be Introduced rela-
tive to the action of Judge Wright
in sentencing to prison the officers
Anent the much-taikedof
shnrtaee the Texas Trade Kevlew
The world's pro- j Qf the American Federation of Labor.'
From the interset manifested there
will lie a large attendance, though If
sensibly remarks'.
duct ion of cotton for mill consump
tion in 1H07 amounted to 16,512,1>S;
bales. Whereas the consumption dur
the year ended August .11, 1908,
18,856,519 bales, a fact which
the year's growth was inad
ing
was
indicate
eouate to the requirements by about
" . nU. 1.. olwiet a on W9H
This shortage was
mule and horse rations, both from
the standpoint of efficiency and finan-
cial saving to the farmer.—R. S.
Curtic N. C. Exp. Station.
every local in the state has a repre-
sentative the crowd will be much
larger than usual at the regular con-
ventions.
btrs will be a=ked to purchase none
but goods bearing the label of the
different crafts to the end that vi-e
may aid in showing the manufacturers
that we will not bee intimidated by
court decisions in the purchase of
goods, that we will spend our money
where and with whom we please,
j All the courts in the land cannot pre-
vent us from calling for gooda bear-
ing the label o rrefusing to buy goods
| that .lo not bear the label.
Every local in Ciklaohnia City will
| haw delegates at the convention, and
Grade poultry before marketing If
you have a lot of fat Hens, a few
old hens, persistent brooders, and
some cocks to dispose of, grade them
according to size and quality. Good
hens in the same coop with old birds
and broodies will not raiBe their qual-
ity, but they will be dragged down
to the level of the poorest bird, and
cocks detract from the appearance of
the entire coop. There is no good
reason why a uniform price should
be paid for all chickens.
lated stocks. This inadequacy, how
ever should not be taken as a nor-
mal one, for there are reasons out-
side of ">e ordinary demands for thi
Increased requirements. In other
words there is no guarantee in the
shortage to the planter for any large
increase in the acreage tor the ■
Ing year, although the visible sui„.iy
of old cotton was small at the begin-
ning of the season. The only way
to make and i^tntain good prices is
by limitation of output. It is not
the great bulk ot the crop whlcn
ii.ak-- I Prffc*. ■ •
ence of a until ovei plus that ruins
business.
The luthrle unions are
range«.ents to entertain
wil make a showing that, will cause
other delegations from other cities to
sit up and take notice.
Local No. 1. Bricklayers of Okla-
homa City, made a nice little dona-
tion to the legislative fund of the State
Federation of Labor. Before many
making ar-
the state
convention, and judging from the en-
thusiasm manifestede. then* will be a
great time at the capitol city. This
will be the first convention ever had
the HBHHHHHHHHH
ing to show the union men from moons it ie hoped that the brlcklay
other parts of the statv that they are
in the front ranks of labor organiza-
tion of Oklahoma. Nine members from
different crafts compose the arrange-
ment aiid entertainment committee,
and there are fiw hustlers of the r^
srs
will be affiliated with the American
Federation of Labor, and likewise with
the State organization. The well de-
veloped head, big heart ami strong arm
of the bricklayers is needed in this
struggle to mainuuiikour position an
sentiment
$ of that
Washington.—Determined to prows to 1
final issue the appeals In the pend-
ing injunction proceedings against
he American Federation of Labor, a
plea was issued by the executive coun-
cil of that organization at its final
session "to organized labor, its friends
and sympathizers" for funds for that
purpose. After declaring that a
most unusual and Important epoch
has occurred In which extra funds
essential to carry on the fight."
the appeal sets forth the recent de-
of Judge Wright in the con-
tempt proceedings, and that an appeal
has been taken in that case as well
in the original Injunction. It is de-
clared that should an adverse deci-
sion be reached It will be essential
to make further appeals to the su-
preme court of the United States.
Seattle. Wash—The Western Union
Telegraph company must pay $1,200
damanges for the alleged blacklisting
of James W. O'Brien, a telegraph oi>er
aior, formerly employed by the United
Press, according to a verdict rendered
by a jury In Judge Wilson It. Gay's
ct; trt. O'Brien had been an operator
for twenty-four years on various news-
paper associations. During the tele-
graph strike of 190G O'Brien became
chairman of the press committee
ami gave out information concerning
the matter In which the Western
Union handled messages at that time.
On Dec. 20, 1907, O'Brien was dis-
charged by the United Press from the
Puget Sound American at Belllngham.
Wash., it was claimed, on demand of
the Western Union.
Milwaukee, Wis.—The stand taken
by the Milwaukee Ministerial associa-
tion In regard to labor problems meets
the hearty approval of organized labor.
The preachers have declared them-
selves as favoring the principle of con
cilliatlon and arbitration In Industrial
dissensions, the regulation of toil for
women, the reduction of the hours of
labor to the lowest practical point,
equitable division of the products of
Industry, suitable provision for aged
and incapacitated workers. Organized
labor is endeavoring to secure these
conditions.
Denver, Col.—A contract has been
signed in New York city by James
Peabody of Colorado, representing the
Hayden Townslte Company, and Carey
Bros., under which machine shops will
be built by the Denver, Northwestern
& Pacific at Hayden, Col., which is
near Steamboat Springs Col., the
present terminus of the road. The
total amount to be expended Is $1,500,-
000. The Moffat line, as originally |
projected, was to extend from Denver
to Salt Lake City, and would be the
most direct line between these two
points.
Chicago.—The delcslon of the su-
preme court that picketing is unlawful
was followed by Judge Arthur H. Chet-
lain. In the superior court, when he di-
rected a jury to refuse damages to
George H. Schnell In hia suit against
August llausske. a furniture manufac-
turer. Schnell instituted a $5,000 dam-
age suit against the furniture manu-
facturer on the alleged grounds that
he was maliciously prosecuted by
llausske for picketing in 1904.
Topeka, Kan.—"Contract labor will
be abolished at the Lansing peniten
tiary hereafter," said Gov. Stubbs at
ter a conference with Warden Haskell
and the directors of the Kansas peni-
tentiary. "We also have decided not
to renew the contract for keeping the
Oklahoma prisoners," he added.
Brooklyn, N. Y— Brooklyn Central j
Labor union has entered a protest
against the decision of the National
Building Trades department of tin-
American Federation of Labor that
there can be only one building trades
section for the entire city of New
York. The Brooklyn body and the
building trades in all the boroughs out
side of Manhattan want borough sec-
tions and they will refuse to acknowl-
edge the section in Manhattan.
Chicago.—The first issue (if tin*
"American Photo Engraver," the offi
cial organ of the photo engravers, u'i
thorized at the recent session of the
international body is a neat l >-page
publication, full of matter of general
and special interest to the craH
published in this city ami is ed|
M. Wolf, the international prej
cedion committee. In the event that organized worl era, « d tin
h. hotels are crowded, it is intended among the difftrenlj lodg
tluit the dim-rent brothers will put organization i« Con tantly getting
down pallets in their homes if neces- stronger for afflliatloi
dent.
St. Paul, Minn —Steam Kngln. ers
union is considering the advisability
of making an effort to obtain several
needed laws to govern boiler inspec-
tion. and the appointment of inspec-
tors on a salary basis. An endeavor
will be made to Interest other unions,
with a view to obtaining their co-oper-
ation.
Chicago.—The railroad department
of the American Federation of I.abor.
which was formed In Denver, Col., last
November, completed Its organization
at a meeting at the ICaiserhof hotel,
and adjourned to moot on November
8 at Toronto at the close of the annual
convention of the American Federa
tlon of l.abor. II II. Perham of iJi.
Louis, president of the Order of Hail-
way Telegraphers, was elected chair-
man of the new department, and 1)
W. Roderick of Chicago, business
agent of the International Association
of Machinists, was elected secretary
and treasurer. Ten organizations have
affiliated with the new department, in-
cluding about 150.000 railroad em-
ployes.
Jefferson City. Mo— Representatives
of different branches of organized la-
bor of the state are arranging to push
labor legislation before the present
session of the legislature. E. C. Whit-
sett of Moberly, und five other mem-
bers of the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Firemen and EngWemcn compose the
board of that organization. At least
one of the members of tills board will
remain In Jefferson City during the en
tire session and the entire committee
will meet at the capitol from time to
time. Twenty-eight men are In Jet
feraon City representing the Hallway
Trainmen, and the trainmen will keep
at least two men at the capital.
Columbus, O.—Tin' independent win-
dow glass manufacturers came to an
agreement, and within a few days the
Imperial Window Glass Company,
which will include in its personnel
practically every manufacturer of
hand blown window glass, will he
launched. The capitalization, officer*
and other details were not definitely*
decided upon. Out of the 2,000 and
more pots of the Independent window
gluss factories more than 1.750 signed
the agreement, and when the remain-
ing factories, which are located in
West Virginia and Pennsyvnnia, are
heard from final touches will be put on
the new exportation.
New York.—Hatters on strike In
Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Orange and
Newark, as wel' as in Norwalk, Soutii
Norwalk, Danbury and Bethel, Conn.,
gathered at the various factories to
collect the wages due them up to Fri-
day morning, when they walked out.
There was not the slightest disorder
in any of the cities and the men said
there will be none. They are ready
to wait for results, no matter how
long a. settlement Is deferred. The
American Federation of Labor v.-ill get
behind the halters and a fund of $300..
I oOO Is available lor disbursement,
j Chicago.—The big plant or the Corn
' Products Manufacturing Company at
| Argo Will be built by union labor.
I George M. Mollett, the new superln-
j tendent, lias canceled the contract
with the Lake Construction Company,
and awarded It to the Thompson-Star-
reft Company at a guaranteed price.
The Pattce-Trultt Commissary Com-
pany, from whose system of boarding
grew the chart' • or peonage at that
plant, also has been ousted. From 1,500
to 2,000 building trades workers will
be employed at Use plant during the
j nest few months
Washington.—Secretary Straus lias
referred to a special committee In the
i department of commerce and labor the
advisability of calling together Impor-
j tant labor leaders, publicists and di-
; rectors of big Industries to consider
! several questions of Importance
' throughout the country.
Washington.—That one-quarter of a
million Italian laborers, inot-i of them
rrotn Sicily and Calabria, will leava
their native land within the coming
four months, principally for the l ulled
States, as a result ot the earthquake,
is the remarkable assertion made by
importers or New York city In a brief
filed with the house committee on
ways and means. These importers de
clare that the lemon raising area of
Italy will lose nearly 300,000 workers
as a result or the earthquake.
New York An agreement has been
made between the International Sea
! men's union and the International As
soclatlon or Longshoremen and Marine
and Transport Workers. Th • setth-
-
I shoremen striking out or their title tlio
! words marine and transport workers.
| and in the future accepting as tn-ni
hers only men who are employ ed about
shipping in duties outside <>t the call-
ing Of sailors and deckhands.
New York —The Order of Railroad
Telegraphers Is endeavoring to secure
some legislation to prevent the dis-
patching or trains by telephone, de
uounclng It as unsafe, unreliable and
a menace to the publii
It is
ed by

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Egbert, R. Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 34, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 6, 1909, newspaper, February 6, 1909; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc107606/m1/1/ocr/: accessed September 19, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

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