Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 31, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 16, 1909 Page: 4 of 8
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OKLAHOMA LABOR UNIT.
A clean, conservative, independent, non-partisan news-
paper for the home.
Official organ for none—unqualifiedly endorsed by all;
stock, owned by members of tne state, central and local
bodies throughout the state.
Published weekly by the
LABOR UNIT PUBLISHING COMPANY.
(Incorporated: Capital stock $10,(MH>)
Office: Central Labor Hall. Ames Building. Telephone:
Long Distance and Local No. 978.
Entered at the Oklahoma, Oklahoma, Poatoffice, as sec-
ond class mail under the Act of March 3, 1879.
(Payable in advance.)
One year $1.00
Six months .50
Three months .25
Regular contract and flat rates for advertising
Saturday. January 16. 1909
The merchant who Hoes not advertise at all may
or may not be your friend, fellow worker, but it is
a foregone conclusion that he who liberally patron-
izes the columns of all other papers and refuses to
advertise in your paper, is not looking for the
working man's patronage, does not wish it, and is
not desirious of your friendship.
You will find that those who advertise in these
columns are worthy of your every consideration, for
we shall use every precaution to protect your in-
When you patronize the man who advertises in
your paper see that he knows where you saw the
advertisement. You will find this a benefit to you
as well as to the paper.
THE EIGHT HOUR LAW.
(By -I, Luther Ijuugston, Sec ret H ry-Trea SI! rer
Oklahoma State Federation of Labor.
The statute regulation; the hours of labor on
public work, known as the Right-Hour Law. seems
to be generally and. in some eases, intentionally
misunderstood or misinterpreted.
In order that the public as well as those it
affects may familiarize themselves with the law.
the statute is printed below in full:
"Section 1. Eight hours shall constitute a day's
work in all cases of employment by and on behalf
ot the state, or any county or municipality.
•See. 2. Any person, firm or corporation, or any
agent, contractor, or sub-contractor, who shall vio-
late the provisions of this act. or who shall aid.
abet, assist, connive at. or permit any violation
thereof, is guilty of a misdemeanor and. upon con-
viction. shall be punished by a fine of not less than
fifty ($.">()) dollars, nor more than one thousand
($1000) dollars, and by imprisonment of not less
than thirty days nor more than six months, or by
both fine and imprisonment. Each day such viola-
tion continues shall constitute a separate offense.
Sec. .1. Not less than the current market rate
ot wages in the locality where the work is per-
formed, shall be paid.
"Sec. 4." (Emergency clause).
Any man who can read ought to be able to un-
derstand Sections one and two. but section three
seems to be generally misunderstood, or the con-
tractors and "straw bosses" who have been inter-
preting the law have deliberately misinter-
For instance, if two dollars a day was the cur-
rent market rate of wages for ten hours, under
section three, two dollars would be the rate for
eight hours work.
men themselves would only investigate anil think
a little for themselves they would conclude that
the "boss" was merely grinding an axe for th
contractors simply beating the men out of about
forty cents per day. which is a saving to the c
It is not a question of what a mail is worth,
hilt a question of how little can a man live on—
and provide for an average family. He certainly
cannot live in Oklahoma and pay his legitimate
bills on less than $2.00 per day.
Then, if he is a good father, lie wants to give
his children just a little better advantage than he
had ; he wants to give thein a common school edu-
cation, house them comfortably, feed and clothe
them in a manner befitting an American citizen.
The community is the beneficiary of such legis-
lation. hut the merchant is especially benefittted.
for lie gets the bulk of the wages of the man who
receives but $2.(Ml per day.
As the head of a family no man. even a laborer,
should be compelled to work for less than $H.OO
per day when the cost of the necessaries of life is
Some Favorable Legislation Recommended and
Expected at Guthrie.
It is highly probable that mile litime will lie de-
voted by the present state legislature to good
roads legislation. Interest in the improvement of
public highways has grown following the govern
or's recommendation for legislation looking to
that end, several organizations of a non-political
nature have sent representatives to (iuthrie to pre-
sent reeominendat ions.
One ol' the most aggressive organizations to
open headquarters in (iuthrie is the township
trustees' association. President D. T. Witt, of
Vinita, is there with resolutions adopted at a meet-
; of township officers at Oklahoma City last
November. The recommendations lie is pushing
ask for a lew assessing a two-dollar poll tax for
all able-bodied men under 50 years of age; for
the cutting of weeds, grass and brush from high-
ways twice each year; placing a salary of road
verseers at a day; the employment of all pris-
oners on roads when sentenced to more than ten
days in jail; for two roads crossing the counties
near the county seats; the assessment of dogs for
good roads revenues.
1 riends of Our Cause and Other Items
It is the object of this paper to give
to thore who show a friendly feeling to
our cause the support they deserve in
THE GUTHRIE NATIONAL BANK.
The oldest bank in Oklahoma, es-
tablished in a tent here at the opening
of this country, Is the Guthrie National
Hank. How well It has kept i ace
with the substantial growth of the
city and section is attested by the
splendid showing the concern makes
The capital stock si $ir 0.000. Pro-
fits are over $00,000 now, and divi-
dends are periodically declared to
or city that employ labor as well as
capital are those that build up, and
the Southwestern Iron Works is one
of Guthrie that stands for an in-
•stment of labor as well as capital
maintained a most friendly attitude
toward the cause of conservative or-
ganized labor and treats it* employes
in a most considerate manner. This
last fact demonstrates a true spirit of
The Southwestern Iron Works has friendship worthy of the reciprocity of
doubt the largest plant in our New
State and are prepraed to do all
kinds of work in their line at the
lowest prices and with promptness.
CORRUGATED CULVERT CO.
It is the merit in an article of com-
merce that builds up its prestige and
success, and such is the reason for
the above firm's rapid growth and
prosperity. Inasmuch as the sheet
metal used in the manufacture of the
Alt home people, six-|abovp f|rm.K culvertB havo b,,.n
teen of them own stock. A two-storv | i„. ■. ... ,
j * ! adopted by the t ntted States govern-
„0-foot Iront brick and stone building I . . . . ,,
...... ment arter a thorough test of all
is the home of the bank, part of to ... ,
"inds of sheet metal and the Ingot
n#sets, and one of the substantial ; , , , , ,
i non Sheets were found to wear long-
structures of Guthrie. Interior fur-
nishings and fixtures are modern,
huge fire and burglar proof vaults
and safes being among the rest. This
is the depository for quite a number
er and to stand more weight than all
others. Nothing is used by the Cor-
rugated Culvert Co. of our city in
the manufacture of their goods but
Ingot Iron Sheets put together with
. ... „ . ingoi iron sneers put together with
of country banks of the State, also U. ,,,„ >, „.i . ... j t ,
s k.,„„ ... . ... I the heaviest rlvits and much deeper
,S. depository, being selected as a re-
eptical for the IT. S. postoffice here.
XT. S. Marshal and government land
office. Deposits average $1,000,000.00
and it requires quite a large force to
conduct the Interior affairs. Officers
in charge are U. S. Ouss, president; J.
W. Perry, vice-president, also vice-
president of the National Bank of
Commerce of St. Louis; Frank Dale
vice-president; and Robt. Sohlberg.
Cashier; C. R. Ilavighorst, assistant
cashier, city treasurer, and a popular
young man of the place who is known
for integrity and popularity among
all citizens who know him. President
Guss, Cashier Sohlberg and all other
•orrugations than any other culverts
on the market. Those who are in-
tending to build or buy culverts should
every loyal citizen and friend of organ,
The reputation of this splendid es-
tablishment has not sprung up in a
day. but is the natural and legitimate
outcome of patience and perseverance,
steadily devoted to the accomplish-
ment of a business object by honor-
able business methods.
The members of this enterprise are
well known to be broad-minded and
public-spirited, and to their skill, kind-
ness and personal )*>pularity can be
attributed the success that they have
had in their important line.
Headquarters of the Oklahoma Farm-
ers' Mutual Insurance Association are
at Guthrie. We may tersely state that
mutual insurance, exclusively for
farmers, has proven a signal success
by this association, which was organ-
ized March 23, 1899, and has as its
members and beneficiaries 1,500 farm-
ers of Oklahoma. Losses paid the past
by all means write the Corrugated ton years have been approximately
Culvert Company of Guthrie for In
formation regarding their culverts.
THE RUEMMELI-BRAUN CO.
It is one of the fundamental prin-
ciples of organized labor is
to foster and encourage to the
fullest extent possible those concerns
which add to the city's best interests
and who are fair and honorable in
all transactions with the laboring peo-
ple. Tn this respect it is with pleas-
«. ai . ure that we Point to the above con-
officers in active charge are among cmi whlch has a] g
the most substantial of the state's fi- reearri ami ,
... regaid and esteem of our members
nanciers and business men. . and cltii!ens generaI
Kate Bernard, state commissioner of charities,
recently from her Langsing prison investigation
trip, lias concluded that the local city officials
cruel to prisoners, especially in the "sweating1
process" as it is terbed. and demands that Chief
Post shall inaugurate reforms in the treatment of
prisoners. Whatever may be said of the adminis-
tration of Miss Bernard in general, it is certain
that she has humane desires and her activity as
commissio of charities for the state may have
a tendency, at least, to ameliorate suffering among
unfortunates and make officers more careful in
A young farmer of l.ogan county. Dane by birth,
was before Judge Cottrel of the Guthrie district
court as an applicant for naturalization papers,
desiring to become a good, sure enough citizen of
tile United States. Among other questions, the
judge asked him if lie belonged to any clan, secret
organization, or society that had for its object any
principles of rebellion or enmity against the gov
eminent, to which lie replied. "No. only the farm-
ers' union." The young man. of course, did not
hilly under stand the question, but it is a good
joke oil the union just the same.
Some of the younger members of both houses of
the legislature are getting ready to "speak a
piece and make for themselves reputations as
statesmen. There is probably not a member who
lias not a bill ot some sort up his sleeve bv which
he expects to secure more or less fame. Let the
good work go on. Oklahoma is now a state, ha:t
new statesmen, has plenty of room for laws cov-
ering various desires ol the people, and we con-
sider the membership of the present assembly a
representative body for brains and original ideas.
The board of directors is made up
as fallows: IT. s. Guss, Frank Dale,
J. W. Perry, J. E. Douglas, Dr. G. A.
Gov. Seay, of Kingfisher, is among
We mention this array of well-known
men as contributing most to the great
National, as safety fixtures,etc., are
secondary in establishing public con-
fidence in institutions of this kind
Cashier Sohltwjrg has had 19 years ex.
perience in banking of the west, has
held this position the past six years,
was receiver of the Hank of Mar-
quette, Kansas, later established the
Marquette State Bank, now one of the
best in the state of Kansas.
The Guthrie National solicits and
does a large business with farmers.
We deside to announce for officers
and owners of this enterprise that they
are among leaders in matters of pub-
lic importance. They were instru-
strUmental tn establishing such im-
portant industries as the cotton mill,
oil mill, our large iron foundry, etc..
and have contributed generally to the
progress and upbuilding of Guthrie.
A bank or public institution that has
more than selfish purposes to sub-
Mr. H. A. Braun has always been
regarded as a staunch friend of the
working classes, and on all occasions
has willingly co-operated to promote
the welfare of the city and the pro-
gress of labor. We unhesitatingly
recommend this concern to the thous-
ands of our readers and offer them
our hearty and unrestricted endorse-
ment. It is just such concerns that
have been instrumental in the up-
building of our city to its present
commanding position of commercial
importance and general prosperity.
mend this popular store to the boys,
- - - - — — and in patronizing one of our own
Pe°P,e aU momb*re *>« can rest assured that
Clothing and Shoes.
Everybody knows "Tom Jenkins,"
and his store is of the best. His line
of clothing, shoes and gents furnish-
ings is of the highest class, and it is
the effort of Mr. Jenkins to cater to
those desiring his line to give to them
the best that money can buy, and at
prices that defy competition.
■Mr. Jenkins is an old member of the
O. R. T., and when it comes to the
labor proposition his heart is in the
right place. It is a pleasure to recom-
your interests will be
the time, is worthy of all encourage
ment and appreciation. For this reason
all public-spirited citizens should be
glad to note that the Guthrie National
ranks among the most substantial and 120122 We.f Harrison'"a^0'
prosperous banking houses of the new Seldom does one see i„ a cit'v the
southwest, and is known as a verita- •«* of Guthrie such mamoth retail es-
ble gibraltar in financial centers of j 'abllshments and it certainly speaks
$150,000. Cash and notes returned to
farmers in that time aggregates about
There is no better proof of the rea-
son and benefits of a public proposi-
tion than its success. The Oklahoma
Farmers' Mutual has facts, figures,
and ten years of actual test to show.
While old line companies refuse to
take farm risks, farmers by this com-
pany simply say "we will insure our-
selves:" "we will stand together,"—
and they do.
Particular information of the plans,
benefits, etc., of the Oklahoma Farm-
ers' Mutual will be gladly and prompt-
ly furnished by Geo. H. Barber, sec-
retary, Guthrie. Headquarters are
rooms 2, 3 and 4, Dewey building. A
complete list of the officers includes
some of the most substantial men in
the state, whose endorsement alone is
a sufficient safeguard for policyhold-
ers. These are J. J. Johnson, presi-
dent and general manager; Geo. H.
Barber, secretary; L. B. Kennedy,
treasurer; with the board of directors
composed of President J, J. Johnson,
of Garfield county; F. M. Pickerill, of
Oklahoma county; in charge of agents
of the state, whose address is Ed-
mond; J. E. Cockrum, Noble county;
E. W. Hunt. Kingfisher county; T. F.
Hartman, Noble county; Clark Seten.
Noble county, and Wm. Buchholz, Kay
county. Its array of officers and
members, backed by splendid success
of the past ten years, are sufficient
testimonials of the solidity and sense
of mutual insurance. Secretary Bar-
ber takes pelasure in furnishing
prompt, reliable, convincing informa-
tion concerning the Oklahoma Farm-
ers Mutual Insurance Association
when called upon or addressed at
In the light of the published statement that
| there are nearly 1,000 insane persons in Olcla
, honia, with inadequate facilities for properly car
I ing for all of them, the question will arise as to
The contractors knew that the work was to be W'1"t P< l" C(>,lt of this i"sani,.v may be accredited
done on a basis of eight hours per dav and fig I '"/m' 'l"""' ,)ootl<Wr- " is q 'te appar-
- I' d
ordinance which was passed before the legislature | o—- ^
Kansas has demonstrated that by printing its
own books for public schools instead of turning
the work over to some eastern trust, a saving of
enacted the present eight hour law, required that
the eight-hour clause be printed in all contracts
for public improvements. Both the Mayor and!
the whole country.
DAWSON AND McELHINNEY,
. . 328 West Oklahoma.
. his is the title of a firm of business
men in Guthrie who handle produce in
all seasons. While they supply the
retail trade promptly with fresh pro-
duce, reaching every point by rail, it
amy likewise be said of them that they
handle the best. This firm takes par
ticular pride in being one of the fac-
tors of Guthrie and the new state that
ontributes materially to their pro
gress. Goods ordered from this firm
may be depended upon as fresh and
reliable, and the orders are promptly
SOUTHWESTERN IRON WORKS.
Organized in Guthrie about three
years ago and is one of the produc-
tive enterprises that gives prestige to
the commerce of the capital.
Messrs. Martlndale and Milam are
the. proprietors of this enterprise and
rank among the pioneers of this city
. 11.., I nearly $225,000 a year to pupils results This i-J n"d 8(>ction- There is favorable indica-
le cit.v clerk say that the clause does appear in an idea that Oklahoma mild 1 1 . ' tions that the Southwestern iron
each application for 1,1,1. „„,i ;.. , ; K 'Oca that Oklahoma public .school trusteet | Works will continue to figure among
the industries of the new state that
gives us prestige in the comrtercial
aanh anr*i;.n«- c • , 11 " 111 #*" ,u,«* \'Ktanoma public
application for bids, and is printed in the) would do well to note carefully
A few contractors have taken advantage of the
ignorance of their employees of the real meaning
of this law. The little slave drivers—"straw
bosses"—have been telling their men that the
There has not been any very lively tilts among
legislators at the capit alyet, but there is plenty
of time, as the session is "young." However, titers
are no very virulent factions. It seems about set-
world. There is a possibility of
Guthrie being a metropolis of impor
tance in the western hemisphere and
the Southwestern Iron Works is 011
of those enterprises that will con-
—««ve oecn letting tneir men that the tied that le.ri«t„,;„ 1 , lnost ent(,rPrises that will con-
labor unions were their real enemies when if the I and niav resultproceedings wi!l be smooth tinue to contribute to our future
the j and may result in much good pro bono publico. | greatness. Those features of a town
well for the city's future growth and
prospuerity to witness the success of
such a firm as this.
There is a reason why the Patterson
j Furniture Co. outstrips all competitors
in our city, as to magnitude and vol-
ume of business, by being shrewd,
capable and "up to now" business men
ever ready to grasp any opportunity
to honorably build up and further
their popularity as upright dependable
merchants, where each and all are
treated with every consideration, car-
rying as they do such an assortment
of Furniture, Carpets. Rugs, etc. The
purchaser Is at once so impressed
with the display that it is an easy
matter to make their choice, and at
prices that defy competition.
Being young men fully abreast of
the tipies we find them giving to the
cause of labor their hearty support
and as to matters pertaining to the
welfare of our city they are leaders in
every move that will further the im
portance of Guthrie as at commercial
We give to Patterson Furniture Co.
that well deserved indorsement due
them and trust that our members and
friends will appreciate the kind feel-
ings of this firm as regards the labor
movement and give them your patrol
HOTEL METROPOLITAN, GUTHRIE.
Aspacious hotel, with numerous
comfortably furnished rooms in Guth-
rie is the Metropolitan. It is ably
conducted by Mr. G. Maassen, assisted
b> his good wife, son John, and a
force of competent assistants through-
out. This is a moderate priced hotel;
the accommodations being equal to
many houses that n=.ve a two dollar
rate, still Mr. Maassen gives his
guests plenty of good things to eat,
comfortable places to sleep and treats
all with utmost courtesy. That the
house is usually crowded is evidence
that patrons are treated right. Gas
heat, electric lights, water works, and
bath, are in connection. Mr. Maassen
deserves the success he is making of
tiie Metropolitan, because he took pos-
session of the house August 15, last,
when patronage had run down and was
practically nothing He has built the
trade up to its present success by
hard work, and his many friends are
glad to note that he is being j-e-
warded for his pains.
WEST SIDE LUMBER COMPANY.
Fifth A. Oklahoma Sts.
No concern in our city is more de-
serving of creditable mention in this
issue than the enterprise that heads
this article. The company has always
TURF POOL HALL.
This enterprise consists of a fine
line of cigars and smokers' supplies
combined with a pool hall where the
and8 '°Vn '° C0,,Kre*ilt<' Guthrie
I !'°" the lvory " The conven
.ences are modern and comfortable,
and the stock of cigars and tobacco
>s of the popular brands most desired
,h,e public R- J- Bradley is the
Proprietor and V. A. Reed the man
ZZ' T° are b°th con*e *> and
niLm ™"8t°mers with utmost hoB
P'tality. Their place is the popular
headquarters for the boys who desire
creation " ^ h°UrS * ™ ~
inlrTt' Sf"ia.-The Servian cab-
r th<3 third time has -tendered
considering"0"1 Wh'Ch KinS P"<"
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Egbert, R. Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 31, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 16, 1909, newspaper, January 16, 1909; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc107603/m1/4/: accessed July 26, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.