Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 31, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 16, 1909 Page: 2 of 8
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World of Labor
News from All Parts of
the World, of General
Interest to the Worker
CATHEDRAL TO DANCING SAINT
Chicago.—By far the most important
development* in iron and steel for
come time was the starting of one of
the furnaces of the United States Steel
corporation's new plant at Gary. This
made the beginning of production a'
this plant which the corporation has
been building for the last three or four
years and which, when completed, will
coat about $75,000,000. One branch
after another will be started as the
various iuIIIh are completed and it will
probably not be long before the cor
poration will derive a fair percentage
of Its total income from this property.
All of the cost of building is to be de
frayed out of surplus earnings, the
larger part of the amount having been
appropriated from that source.
Iloston.—The sentencing of PresI
dent Samuel Gompers, Vice-President
John Mitchell and Secretary Frank
Morrison of the American Federation
of I^abor has aroused a storm in local
labor circles and is the main subject
talked of. The sentence of Judge
Wright of the District of Columbia
court Is, the local labor leaders de.
clare, "An absolute encroachment of
the constitutional rights of all citizens
for free speech, free press and right
of trial by a Jury, as well, they say. as
another example of Judge-made and
Injunction law and ideas."
Washington.—According to a report
recently Issued by the secretary of the
Swiss Workmen's association, the total
number of working people in Switzer-
land is 690,291, but of these only 129,-
319, or 18 per cent., belong to organ-
ized labor unions. Of the 39,652 rail
way employes, 29,987, or 75 per cent.,
the largest In any Industry, are con-
nected with unions, but of the 170,927
engaged in textile industries, only 10,-
194, or six per cent., the smallest pro-
portion In any branch of labor, are af-
filiated with any labor organization.
Washington.—Carrying out its ef-
forts to reduce the number of fatali-
ties in coal mines the United States
geological survey is about to establish
rescue stationa in the principal coal
fields of the country In addition to the
experiment station now located at
Pittsburg. The new stations will be
at or near the greatest centers of ac-
cidents and it will be the purpose of
the experts to teach the miners and
mine bosses how to use the most ap-
proved apparatus for mine rescue
San Francisco, Cal.—The ('.lass
Blowers' union, at Its last meeting dis-
cussed ways by which to revive the
glass-blowing Industry and discourage
the importation of bottles made In for-
eign states. A committee of three was
appointed to bring the matter before
organized labor, with a view of start-
ing an agitation in favor of home
Fall River, Mass.—The review of the
dividends of cotton manufacturing cor-
porations for the year shows an av-
erage dividend of 6.99 for the year.
The total payments were $1,741,1;!!) on
a capital stock of $27,125,000. This
rate, with the exception of the ex-
traordinary rate of last year, is the
beBt since 1902. The outlook for busi-
ness of the year is excellent.
Columbus, O.—Independent glass
manufacturers decided to stand pat on
the wage scale signed with their em-
ployes last September and to refuse
any concessions. The decision means
that 12,000 men will remain out of
work until such time as they choose
to come to the manufacturers' de-
Melbourne, Australia.—The govern-
ment plan of old-age pensions goes
into effect in Australia and New Zea-
land on July 1, 1909. The plan pro-
vides that every person of 65 years of
age who is permanently Incapacitated
for work will be qualified to receive a
pension. By proclamation women of
60 years may be qualified.
Denver, Col.—This city will soon
have a union labor hospital, costing
$200,000, and accommodating 350 to
400 persons. The city is now the
headquarters for the National Union
I^bor Hospital association, which will
proceed with the building of hospitals
for members of labor unions in all
large cities of the country.
New London, Conn.—The Groton ;
yard of the Kastern Ship Build
lug Company, where the steamships;
Minnesota and Dakota were built for
James J. Hill, saw the beginning of it*
dismantling when the auction sale of
the materials at the yard was begun.
Memphis, Tenn.—The Bakers* union
has started a label campaign which
the members hope will produce good
results. The idea is to place a value
upon bread labels and thus encourage
Boston.—All the building trades'
unions report thai business is excep-
tionally good for the season, that there
is much more work under way than
during the summer, and that there are
n large number of large new jobs
about ready to start. All the big job*
which started last week are to be
under strictly union conditions.
Washington.—Declaring the boycott
to be unwise and of general menace to
the public, the general assembly of the
Knights of Labor at Washington re-
cently went on record as opposing flat-
ly the program of the American Fed
eration of Labor.
London, England—The workmen's
conmpensation act, believed here to
have been taken as a model by Presi-
dent Roosevelt in suggesting the
American employers' liability legisla
tlon, has proved so unsatisfactory in
the IS mouths that it has been tried
that English underwriters announced
their intention of greatly increasing
the rati' of premiums on this class of
rlbks. The act covers every imagin
able class of labor and is so sweeping
as to leave practically no loophole for
the employer however free from moral
responsibility he may be for accidents
to his employe.
Springfield. Ill -Replying to a cir-
cular letter issued by President Lewis
of the United Mine Workers of Ameri-
ca, John H. Walker, president of the
Illinois organization, issued an appeal
to the members of the union for sup-
port in his position. Walker, who is
a candidate against Lewis for the
national presidency. characterized
Lewis and his associates as "character
assassins" and charges them with
causing all the disseusiou that exists
in the national body. The appeal is
made for friendly delegates in the In-
ternational convention to be held next
New York.—Notwithstanding tho
unanimous protest against the Jail sen-
tences imposed on Samuel Gompers.
John Mitchell und Frank Morrison, the
Central Federated Union here re-
ceived from Mr. Gompers a letter, In
which he notified the unions that he
had discontinued, on the advice of
counsel, the "we don't patronize'' list
In the future issues of the Federation-
1st, the labor organ. Upon hearing
this the Central Federated Union also
decided, upon the advice of the chair-
man, to suspend its unfair list.
Panama. — American workmen on
the Panama canal threaten a general
strike on account of the sentencing of
an American named Fraser. Fraser,
who was an engine driver on the Pa-
nama canal, was convicted of assault
and sent to prison here. Leaders of
the canal workmen say they will order
a strike unless Fraser Is released on
ball. Officials of the Isthmian Canal
commission at Washington know noth-
ing of the threatened strike.
Paris, France.—About the latest
thing in the line of labor unions in
Paris is the recently formed "Associa-
tion of Inventors'' which aims to or-
ganize all mechanics and other work-
men of an inventive bent, and thus
prevent them from becoming the vie.
tims of those who may try to steal
their Ideas. All patents obtained will
be held in common, and all cases iu
the courts will be conducted by the
Wilkesbarre, Pa.—Orders were post-
ed at all the collerles of the Pennsyl-
vania Coal Company and the Hillside
Coal and Iron Company for a suspen-
sion of work for ten days. A majority
of the employes are foreigners, and
they usually spend so much time in
the Christmas period celebrating that
It Is impossible to get a complete
Lowell, Mass.—As a result of a
meeting of the sheet metal workers,
held recently, the employers voluntar-
ily granted the eight-hour work day
without reduction in pay from the
amount paid for the previous nine-
New York.—Leather workers on
horse goods expect before 1910 to make
a general demand for the eight-hour
day In the trade.
Philadelphia.—With a thunderous
affirmative vote, the Central Labor
Union of Philadelphia and vicinity,
representing SO.000 men, at a meeting
declared that the sentencing of Gom-
pers, Mitchell and Morrison "has once
more reminded trade unionists of this
country that the Bucks Stove and
Range Company is still on the unfair
list of organized labor.'
Washington.—Officials of the isth-
mian canal have instructed Leroy E.
Parks, its labor agent in Europe, to
close his office in Paris and return to
the United States. Instead of three
agencies in the United States the
number has been reduced to one. as
more laborers are going to the zone
than are leaving every month.
Boston.—January I the printing
pressmen's unions of Boston and vicin-
ity began work on the eight-hour work-
day in the book and job shops under
the terms of an agreement made some
months ago with the Boston Typothe-
tae, the association of many of the lar-
ger employing firms, and with the
union label printing offices owners.
Augusta, Ga. — A metal trades depart-
ment of the American Federation of
Labor Is being formed.
London, England.—In both England
and Scotland several rescue stations
have been organized in connection
with experimental galleries devised for
the purpose of training colliers in the
methods of effective rescue work in
the event of explosions, pit fires and
other underground accidents.
London, England.—The total num-
ber of persons employed ai mines and
at the quarries of the United Kingdom
during 1907 was 1,060,014. Of the 972,-
220 persons employed p.t mines 776,456
worked underground ard 195.764 above
ground. Of the latter 5,864 were fe-
fo* H hours and that two officers may
be appointed by each side to meet at
Mr. Moore's house to settle terms for
the surrender of the ports of York-
town and Gloucester."
Washington's famouc letter to James
Madison requesting the latter to write
a farewell address for him and out-
lining its scope is another of the nota-
ble treasures of historical Interest,
while from Lincoln, in addition to his
poem, is a message to congress of De-
cember 17, 1863.
BLACK CAT CAUSE OF IT.
The original church upon the site of the Cathedral of Prague in the capital
of Bohemia, Austria, was founded in the tenth century by the princely Saint
Wenceslas. He had received as a gift from the German King Henry I. an arm
of St. Vitus, und h«- founded a church in which to preserve the precious relic.
Wenceslas himself was buried in the Cathedral. The present magnificent
building, one of the finest Gothic piles in Central Europe, was begun in 1334
by Charles I. Many generations passed before it wa~ completed, while among
the master-builders who carried on the work were Matthe v of Arras, Peter
Parler, and Benes of Loun.
A POEM B Y LINCOLN
ONE OF PRICELESS RELICS IN J.
P. MORGAN'S LIBRARY.
New York Multi-Millionaire Also
Owns the Original Manuscript
of Milton's Paradise
New York.—Guarded in a glass case
In the bibliographical room of the
library of Columbia university is a
manuscript poem written by Abraham
Lincoln in his early days. It is owned
by J. Pierpont Morgan and forms one
of the collection of manuscript treas-
ures from his library which have been
loaned at the request of the Columbia
university trustees for a three weeks'
The poem has never been published.
Its title is "The Bear Hunt," and the
first two stanzas are:
A wild boar chase didst over see?
Then bust thou lived in vain;
Thy richest bump of glorious glee
Lies desert In thy brain.
When first thy father settled here,
'Twas then the frontier line;
The punthcr's Mcreatn tilled night with
And benra preyed on the swine.
The poem is written in the large,
bold, clear hand so characteristic of
Lincoln, but perhaps most readers
will agree with the sentiment ex-
pressed by Prof. Simkhoviteh, who Is
in charge of the bibliographical de-
partment of the university:
"I have always had a great ad-
miration for Abraham Lincoln and the
broad wisdom of his public utter-
ances," he said, "but I must confess
that he hardly conies up to my esti-
mate of a poet's standard.
"We have about 130 volumes of
manuscripts here and after 1 made my
selections from Mr. Morgan's library
you would hardly have noticed that
anything had been removed. It is a
most remarkable object lesson of the
vastness of Mr. Morgan's literary ma-
A small case at the entrance con-
tains four of the finest things In the
room—Milton's original manuscript of
the first book of "Paradise Lost," some
poems and letters of Tasso in a bold,
sharp band; the original warrant un-
der which John Bunyan was arrested,
which resulted in his Incarceration for
several months, in which time he
wrote "Pilgrim's Progress," and Rob-
ert Southey's manuscript copy of his
"Life of Bunyan."
Another choice bit is a splendid let-
ter of Oliver Cromwell to his wife,
written in September, 1650, and it is
much easier to read than the hand-
writing of many modern notables.
Thackeray is represented with his
complete manuscript of "Vanity Fair,"
but perhaps the most interesting re-
minder of the popular novelist Is his
little diary of his American visit in
John Keats' manuscript of his long
poem, "Endymion," and the ode to
"Psyche" will not attract the sympa-
thetic interest that will be given to a
little three-lined note written in a
scrawling hand, the last pathetic mes-
sage to Fanny Brawne, with whom No
was In love, and. says an explanatory
note, "the premonition that he would
not be long ill was too true, as he died
a few months later at Rome."
Lord Byron's long manuscript of
"Don Juan" is full of Interest. There
are many erasures, and It contains a |
number of stanzas that were never j
Some of the other choice things in-
clude Charles Dickens' manuscripts of
the "Christmas Carol," "Sketches of o
Young Gentleman," and "Holiday Ro-
mance;" Wilkie Collins* "Woman in
White" and "The Moonstone," Bulwer
Lytton's "Last Days of Pompeii,"
Charlotte Bronte's "The Professor,"
Thomas Moore's "Lalla Rookh," Dry
den's manuscript of "Eleonora," and
then volumes of Sir Walter Scott's
writings, including "Ivanhoe," "Waver-
ly," "Old Mortality," "The Monastery,"
and "Tales of My Landlord."
American writers are represented by
James Fenimore Cooper's "Deerslay-
er," John Fiske's "Destiny of Man"
and "Through Nature to God." Edgar
Allan Poe's "The Beils," consisting of
three or four sheets pasted together
beautifully written, but badly scarred
in places and stained as though res-
cued from a watery grave; Washing-
ton Irvlng's "Conquest of Granada,"
Oliver Wendell Holmes' "Autocrat of
the Breakfast Table," Walt Whitman's
"Diary of the War" and "Ethiopia Sa-
luting the Colors," written in a large,
heavy hand; Whittler's unpublished
poem, "Vathek," and several others.
Among the interesting letters are
several from Benjamin Franklin and
the complete autograph manuscripts
relating to the siege of Yorktown and
the surrender of Cornwallis bound in a
handsome volume. The letter which
appears on top, written entirely in
Cornwallis' hand on October 17, 1781,
is his offer of surrender, which virtual-
ly closed the war for independence. It
is short, but very much to the point,
"I propose a cessation of hostilities
Powwow Doctor at Last Discovers
Secret of Tuberculosis.
Bethlehem, Pa.—A prominent mar-
ried woman, her masculine neighbor
and a coal-black cat figure in a genu-
ine old-fashioned powwow story that
has just come to light here.
For more than a. year the woman,
living on East North street, has been
111 with tuberculosis, and. as her con-
dition became worse, she followed the
advice of friends and called upon a
weli-knpwn powwow doctor of South
Two questions were put to the pa-
tient before the powwow doctor told
her the certain cause of her sickness:
"Did you hand something to a black
cat?" and "Did a man recently hand
something to you?"
The woman answered both ques-
tions In the affirmative. She was then
told that the man was responsible for
her Ills. To prove this she was in-
structed to throw something at the
black cat the next time she saw it,
and the man in question would be-
When the cat appeared at the
kitchen door meowing for milk the
next morning it was a target for a tin
ladle. Now the remarkable fact de-
velops, according to the abundant
testimony of neighbors, that on the
succeeding day the masculine neigh-
bor of the woman, the man whom the
powwow doctor accused, was noticed
to be walking lame. He told the in-
quirers he had rheumatism.
The powwow doctor's prescription
is that tho woman will recover if she
is careful not to take anything handed
to her by her masculine neighbor, and
so she has moved away and is getting
well, they say.
NEW WAY TO GET A SERVANT.
Missouri Woman Captures Hired Man
by Marrying Him.
St. Louis.—Judge McElhinney of
the St. Louis county circuit court has
granted Mrs. Philippine Kremer of
Belleville a divorce from John C.
Kremer on the ground of desertion.
Kremer sued for divorce, alleging ill
treatment, and Mrs. Kremer filed a
cross bill. He testified that his wife,
who owns a farm in Bonfils, St. Louis
county, had told him that she mar-
ried him only so that she could have
him work on her farm. He also said
that he was forced to cook the meals,
and was never allowed at the table
with Mrs. Kremer's children by a
Mrs. Kremer testified that they
were married March 10, 1902, and that
Kremer deserted her September 6,
1906. Mrs. Kremer's children testified
that their stepfather was always first
to reach the table and last to leave.
Find Bones 170,000 Years Old.
Paris.—Abbes Bouysson and Bardon.
who are conducting excavations at
Chapelle-aux-Saints, in the Correze de-
partment, have discovered what are
believed to be the oldest human re-
mains, dating back 170,000 years to
the middle of the Pleistocene age, the
latest period of geological history.
The skull presents a strong resem-
blance to that of a monkey, having a
long Jaw and being devoid of canine
teeth. The other bones are arched,
showing that man usually walked on
all-fours. The skeleton has been ac-
quired by the Natural History museum
CONDUCTOR OF THOMAS ORCHESTRA
TRY THIS FOR COLDS
Mix half ounce of Concentrated pine
compound with two ounces of glyc-
erine and a half pint of good whiskey;
shake it well each time and use in
doses of a teaspoonful to a tablespoon-
ful every four hours.
These ingredients can be obtained
from any good druggist who will pre-
pare the mixture, or it can be mixed
This is said to be the quickest cough
and cold cure known to science, and at
the same time it has a splendid tonic
effect which benefits the whole system.
The Concentrated pine is a special pine*
product refined for medical use and
comes only in half ounce bottles, each
enclosed in a round case, which is air-
tight, to retain all the original strength
of the fluid, but be sure it is labeled
Doctor (to man who has fallen) —
You need a strong punch of some kind
Mr. Flynn tan old enemy)—Let me
give it to him, doc!
Girl's Head Encrusted—Feared Loss
of All Her Hair—Baby Had Milk-
Crust— Missionary's Wife Made
I'boto by Moffett Studio. Chicago.
Frederick A. Stock succeeded the well-known Theodore Thomas as con-
ductor of the Chicago Orchestra upon the latter's death. Mr. Stock joined
the orchestra in 1895 as viola player and was assistant director for several
years before the death of Mr, Thorn «. He is ths composer of a number of
orchestra pieces and sonf*
Two Perfect Cures by Cuticura.1
"For several years my husband
was a missionary in the Southwest.
Every one in that high and dry at-
mosphere has more or less trouble
with dandruff and my daughter's scalp
became so encrusted with it that 1
was alarmed for fear she would lose
all her hair. After trying various rem-
edies, in desperation I bought a cake
of Cuticura Soap and a box of Cutl-
cura Ointment. They left the scalp
beautifully clean and free from
dandruff, and I am happy to say that
the Cuticura Remedies were a com-
plete success. I have also used suc-
cessfully the Cuticura Remedies for
so-called 'milk-crust' on baby's head.
Cuticura is a blessing. Mrs. J. A.
Darling, 310 Fifth St., Carthage. Ohio.
Jan. 20, 1908."
Potter Drug & Cbeni. Corp., Sole Pnjps., Boston.
The calf, which Gideon King had
taken the summer resident to see.
surveyed his owner and the stranger
with a wary eye. "Er—what breed is
your calf?" asked the visitor.
Mr. King removed a wisp of straw
from his mouth and said:
"That critter's father gored a Justice
o' the peace, knocked a lightning-rod
agent end over end, and lifted a tramp
over a picket fence; and as for his
mother, she chased the whole Ran-
bury brass band out o' town last
Fourth o' July. If that ain't breed
enough to pay $G for, you can leave
him be. I'm not pressing him on any-
"That's a fine looking maid you hav«
"Yes, she's a darling, and she came
to me highly recommended.''
"Knows all about the latest styles of
maiding, I suppose?"
"Oh, so far as knowing the duties
of a maid goes, I don't suppose sh
knows a thing."
"But she came highly recommended,
"Yes, she broke the jaw of the last
man who tried to kiss her."—Houston
A Woman's Threat.
"Well, if that ain't the limit," mused
the postman, as he came down the
steps of a private residence.
"What's the trouble?" queried the
passing citizen, who had overheard tho
postman's noisy thought.
"Why," explained the man in gray,
"the woman in that house says if I
don't come along earlier she'll get ner
letters from some other carrier."
Broadening His Purpose.
"Yes, the old millionaire left the col-
lege a hundred thousand to endow m
"Well, the faculty thought It bettor
to broaden the purpose of the gift. In.
stead of using the money for a single
Greek chair they bought all the seata
for the new stadium with it."
ROSY AND PLUMP
Good Health from Right Food.
'It's not a new food to me," re-
marked a Va. man, in speaking of
"About twelve months ago my wife
was In very bad health, could not keep
anything on her stomach. The Doctor
recommended milk half water but it
was not sufficiently nourishing.
"A friend of mine told me one day
to try Grape-Nuts and cream. Tho re-
sult was really marvelous. My wife
soon regained her usual strength and
to-day is as rosy and plump as when
a girl of sixteen.
"These are plain facts and nothing
I could say in praise of Grape-Nuts
, would exaggerate in the least tho
value of this great food."
Name given by Postum Co., Battle
Creek. Mich. Read "The Road to Well,
ville," in pkgs. "There's a Reason."
Kvc r rend tlic above letter? A new
, one nppenrM from time to time. They
I nri. ireuulne, true, und full of human
\ ' 1 -V - \
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Egbert, R. Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 31, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 16, 1909, newspaper, January 16, 1909; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc107603/m1/2/: accessed August 2, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.