The Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 1, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 17, 1911 Page: 1 of 8

Endorsed by State Federation of Labot
Central Trades and Labor Couaail
Endoraed by Building Trt Council
and AUiad Printing Tr. lee CouaeJ
VOL. 4.
The slate council of carpenters will
meet in Bartlesville on Saturday pro-
ceeding the state convention August
21st, of the federation of labor and
will be attended bjr about on hun-
dred delegates, most of whom will re-
Thain for tlie state meeting.
ORGANIZATION IS GROWING RAP- ^ amendmeI1| ,() general luw8
IDLY, SAYS FIELD 0j tjie international Typographical
MANAGER. j Union relating to the abolishment of
| piece work in printing offices under
the jurisdiction of the I. T. U., sub-
Headquarters of the Oklahoma Local
Option association have been opened
in the Culbertson building, with T. H.
Heiny, secretary, in charge.
The change was made Monday
from the temporary headquarters in
the Lee-Huckins hotel and the active
work of arousing interest in the ob-
jects of the association will be taken
up immediately. General Field Man-
ager O. \V. Houck of Oklahoma City
is contemplating a trip over the state
within the near future, accompanied
by several members of the organiza-
tion. Branch associations will be
formed in every city and town
The membership of the association
has grown to 26,000, although it is but
scarcely a week old. Krotn every part
of the state letters are pouring in,
congratulating the promoters upon the
clean business like manner in which
they are going after things, and in
each ease the writer promises individ-
ual support.
"We do not intend to make any
vicious or bitter fight of any descrip-
tion," said Secretary Heiny. "We
simply intend to put a clean straight-
forward hill up to the people of the
state with the arguments we are hold-
ing in reserve against prohibition and
let them judge. The association asks
the support of all broad-minded citi-
zens and the members are certain that
such will be given."
According to the present plans, lit-
erature giving an outline of the pro-
posed bill, together with some Tacts
and data relative to prohibition, will
be printed and sent out over the state.
The matter to go into these pamph-
lets is being gathered at the present
lime by the promoters of the associa-
That the anti-saloon league in the
city and state will light the associa-
tion at every step is certain. Officials
of the league with offices in the Hers-
kowitz building, confirmed this Tues-
day morning. H. L. Sheldon, repre
sentative of the anti-saloon league in
charge of the Oklahoma district, said
that a vigorous light will be made.
"We are waiting anxiously to see a
copy of the bill which the local option
association is preparing," said Mr.
Sheldon, "and we will be on the
ground to oppose it. The efforts of
the local representatives of the asso-
ciation have tended to suppress the
hand the brewers have in the move-
ment. If it were not for the brewers
(here would be no local option asked
in the state. Neither will the at-
tempt to put up an "ideal saloon
proposition fool the people."
"Quite naturally the* anti-saloon
league will oppose this movement,"
said Secretary Heiny, "and 1 do not
care to be drawn into any discussion
at this time. Relative to this brewer
matter, everything that comes up in
the state, according to the anti-saloon
league, is directly traceable to the
brewers. They must think a lot of
Last Saturday night the Onion club
met in regular bi-monthly session,
with every galoot, male and female,
present except "Berite, the Lamb
and "Foddie's Little Girl." The
Kook Lady" and the "Auctioneer" did
the entertaining handsomely. The
settin' of the Onions was so enjoy-
able that the members concluded to
suspend the constitution and elect a
group of likely onions, male and fe-
male, to honorary membership. Early
in August there is apt to be quite a
settin' of Onions in Omaha and the
mltted to referendum on May 17 last,
was carried by a big majority. This
means that the law will go into effect
on August 4, 1911. The vote was as
follows: For the amendment, 22,879;
against, 11,017.
Mounted on the jacket covering I he
mechanism of the car is a smooth-bore
one-pounder cannon, the breech being
behind the wind-shield alongside of
the steering gear. Strapped to the
rear is an ammunition box on which
is painted the word "Mars," symboliz-
ing the general's warlike demeanor.
This unique piece of artillery can be
seen on the strets of Los Angeles any
day the general visits the downtown
office of the Times.
To all affiliated local unions, and Trades Councils of the Oklahoma
State Federation of Labor, greeting.
The eighth annual convention of the Oklahoma State Federation
of Labor will convene at Bartlesville. Okla., on Monday, August 21,
1911, being the lliird Monday in August, the dale designaled for the
holding of convention at the last regular convention.
Local unions and Trades Councils are entitled to representation
as per Sec. 1, Art. 8 of the constitution. Here is the law:
"Each central body shall be entitled to a delegate, and each local
union shall be entitled to one delegate for each 50 or majority fraction
thereof of membership upon whom per capita tax has been paid to the
Slate Federation up to the lirst day of the month in which the con-
vention is held, providing locals having the required number to hold
a charter in their National or International shall have one delegate;
each central body representated shall be entitled to one vote, and
each local union shall have one vote for each 50 or majority fraction
thereof of membership represented, provided any local union shall
be entitled to one vole regardless of membership."
Fraternally submitted.
The union crushers of California are
finding that the importation of strike-
breakers is rather a costly pastime.
The competent workmen, it is said, in
many instances, desert on reaching
their destination and the incompetent
ones are nothing but an expense to
their exploiters. The condition desired
by "big business" on the coast may be
farther in the future than they realize.
White the movement for the "open
shop" has been a concerted movement,
the organized workers also remain sol-
idly united and are stronger than ever.
Washington, 1). C. -Arrangements
had been completed in Altoona, Pa.,
for a mass meeting to be held in one
of the public amusement parks on Sun-
day, June 4. The meeting was arranged
for the purpose of listening to promin-
ent speakers in the labor movement,
and the employes in the shops of the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company had
been invited to attend. The railroad
company has many ramifications and
upon the information reaching the com-
pany that a meeting was to be held in
the amusement park they procured an
old lady who was a part owner in the
park to sue out an injunction against
the lessees of the park prohibiting the
lessees from permitting the meeting to
be held stating in the injunction that
the park was only to be used for "mor-
al" amusement. It was apparently ex-
pected that the injunction would be
violated and the meeting held. It was
decided, however, to change the meet-
ing place to a piece of ground on the
side of a hill, the property being
owned by those who were sympathetic
toward the labor organizations. An at-
tempt was (hen made to bring pressure
to bear against those who owned the
latter piece of property to also forbid
the meeting, but their pleas were un-
availing. The meeting was held on
Sunday per schedule and there were
present some 0,000 in tlie audience.
Secretary Morrison, Raymond ltobbins
and Frank Mulholland were the speak-
ers. That night there had been an-
other meeting scheduled to take place
Washington.—Pursuant to the law i Los Angeles, Cal. -John J. McNa-
enacted by Congress at the last sea-1 mara and his brother James, narrowly
sion, creating a bureau for the inspec- escaped one of the traps set by the
tion of locomotive boilers, there were capitalist courts for workers who tail
appointed three chief boiler inspect- into the toils. Under the operation of
ors, John T. Ensign having received an amendment to the penal code of
the appointment of Chief Inspector, a California adopted by the recent legis-
member of the Brotherhood of Loco- lature the prosecution is not compelled
motive Engineers. The assistant chief to furnish the defense with transcripts
inspectors are Frank McManamey, a of the evidence under which indict
member of the Brotherhood of Loco- ments are returned until live days be-
niotive Firemen and Enginemen, and lore the trial begins.
C. D. Robinson, mechanical engineer. This law was not in force a few
These three chief inspectors were di- weeks ago when the McNamaras were
rected to formulate rules and regula- arraigned, though It was aimed at just
tions for the government of the bu sm.j1 cases. Had the law been in ef-
reau . In compliance with these in- ject ut tj,at fime the defense would
structions there were called together ],aVe been almost hopelessly swamped
the superintendents of motive power jn an effort to analyze the evidence
of the Union Pacific Railway Company, aIKj £0t. any start toward framing a
Louisville and Nashville, Rock Island, defense before the first day of the trial,
rtmnsylvania System and the New |n (he McNamara (.ase there were
York Central, who were vested with ,r>(|0 foHog nf evidence delivered to
full authority to act for 90 per cent of
the railroads in the United States, to-
gether with H. E. Wills, legislative
agent for the Railway Brotherhoods.
Several session swere held by those
representing the railroads, the bureau
and the Brotherhoods, and rules and
regulations were adopted for the reg-
ulation of the inspection department,
the decision finally reached being ac-
ceptable to all parties interesled.
There are to be 5u dstrict inspectors
appointed and notices have been for-
warded to all the principal cities in the
country where civil service examina-
tions tor proficiency were held
Job Harriman the day of the arraign-
ment. It took several days to make
duplicate, copies of the evidence for
Clarence Darrow and the other attor-
neys for the defense.
The amendment to the penal code
was framed in Los Angeles and it was
sent to Sacramento to be introduced
by a northern senator in order to keep
the fact that it was a Southern Cali-
fornia capitalist measure from being
known at the capital. This was one of
a score of proposed amendments to the
penal code that were calculated to in-
crease the severity of the law and
of the workers made any confession,
other Bto make statomen ilstklyeu-ee
saying they knew nothing of the affair
and had nothing to confess. Daily
newspapers played up stories of con- j
tensions and identifications by Connors.
The iron worker said he had been sub
jected to the "third degree" but that he
had not confessed as he knew nothing
of the alleged dynamiting attempt.
- .
In the official notice for the call of |
the State Federation convention in .
last week's Unit the notice read in |
part of the edition that the convention
would be held on the 17th of August. \
The notice should have read the third j
Monday in August, being the 21st day
of August.
June 7 and S. As soon as the reports j make more difficult the defense
are filed seelctions will be made. The working-men who fall Into the clutches
inspection department will commence' capitalist lawyers.
active operation on July 1, 1911. ' The operation of this manfisetly un-
I just law was Invoked for the first time
THE RIGHT ATTITUDE. when Job Harriman and Leeompte Da-
! vis, attorneys for the defense of F.
The following editorial appeared in i Ira Bender, Bert Connors and A. B.
the Springfield (Mass.) Republican, j Maple, charged with complicity in an
one of the most influential newspapers alleged attempt to dynamite the Hall
of the country, in its issue of May IS: j of Records last September, were ar-
The Typographical Journal, official raigned. The prosecuting attorney re-
organ of the International Union, is j fused to deliver transcripts of evi
severely critical of the manner in dence under the operation of the new
near one of the hotels in Atloona and j which the accused in the dynamite amendment. The defense claimed Un-
just prior to calling the meeting to or eases were removed from Indiana to j law was not effective in this case as
honorary ones may be hitting the trail ,ier the mayor telephoned to Secretary | California, but it does not follow s«> the offense alleged was committed and
to the settin' sun about that time, j Morrison stating that the ministers of I many other labor leaders in charging one of the men had been arrested be
The lucky group of famed mortals j the city had protested against a labor! that the case against the men must be fore the legislature adopted the amend
elected to honorary membership at meeting being held on Sunday. Mr. | one manufactured by the enemies of ment to the penal code.
this meeting are the following excep-1 Morrison replied that labor sermons, the unions. Until their guilt is proved. This plea was overruled and the de
tionally good fellows and ladies: I would be preached and that nothing it: says, a presumption of innocence fense given no testimony and no mti-
Thomas F. Crowlev of Cincinnati, would be said that could give offense must be maintained. It hopes they will mation as to what the men are accused
Will M. Maupin of* Lincoln, George to any of the ministers in the city, and | be able to prove their innocence audi t of beyond the bare charge. A further
R ("Duffy") O'Brien of Chicago, ; upon this statement the mayor with-, is willing to leave their case with the appeal will be taken and an effort to
George P. Nichols of Baltimore, M. 1 drew his objections and the meeting1 courts, which it evidently believes can force the district attorney to supply
1) L Shrope of Easton, Pa., Nate Was held. It is rather an amusing inci- j he relied upon to do justice. This is the evidence will be made. The oper
Newman of New York, T. R. Drake dent that an ^junction should he is- the right attitude, and in refreshing a tion of this infamous amendment has
and J. J. Dirks of St. Louis, and Jason sued against the holding of a public contract to that taken by the more been a shock to scores of lawyers who
R Lewis of Chicago, (leorge D. Riggs ( meeting in an amusement park—a | conspicuous labor leaders. are now awake to the conspiracy that.
Washington. In New Castle-on-
Tyne, Gateshead, South Shields, Sun-
derland, Stockton, Middlesboro, York,
Hull, and a number of other English
towns and cities, have advanced the
wages of their employes, and in a
number of instances, reduced the
hours of labor without any reduction
in the former price paid. Over six
thousand men have been benefitted to
the extent of over $50,000 a year.
Washington -The threatened strike
of over one hundred thousand seamen
belonging to all nationalities, now ap-
pears to be reaching a point where
there will be an actual cessation of
work unless the ship owners agree to
discuss the matter with the officers of
the organization representing the men.
A secret date has been selected, and
if on that day some settlement has
not been had, the strike will take
place, ami it. is intimated that the
28th of the month is the day on which
the stirke will be inaugurated.
Los Angeles.—"No attention should
be paid to the 'confessions' that are
exploited in the daily newspapers. The
Delaney hoax, where a man was re-
ported to have made such an elaborate
confession at Muskogee, Oklahoma, is
a sample of what may daily occur dur-
ing the pending trial," said Job Harri-
man, of the counsel for the defense of
the McNamara brothers.. "The public
has, of course, been hoodwinked by a
number of such fakes. There must be
a limit to the patience of the people.
"Amateur detectives till over the
country have gone insane about this
case and it is not surprising they
should go to such lengths as this youth
in Oklahoma."
The Muskogee Incident where John
Delaney was arrested and a youthful
detective gave out a circumstantial con-
fession, giving dates and places of ex-
plosions which never occurred and the
statement that he planned these dyna-
mite plots while in the employ of
John J. McNamara is but one of a hun-
dred such fakes that may be perpetrat-
ed. At the end of the story, which was
carried broadcast by the news agencies
was a nullifying line saying the yarn
was looked on by the authorities as a
fruud. This fact did not prevent Los
Angeles newspapers making a big
screed—the Times especially Hhoutlng
for blood.
The whole fake was unmasked the
following day, but the plot had had its
effect and thousands who read the
original story never heard of the ex-
posure of the fraud. The detective
agency discharged the faker.
i was hatched before the legislature was
i Bender, Connors and Maple were ar-
C. C. Zeigler, president of the Okla- rented and held on testimony of one
homa State Federation of Labor, was J. Mansell Parks, a stool pigeon of the
in Holdenville the first of the week detectives who made the arrest. Parks
While there he organized a Federal was arrested and is said to have made
Labor Union, and started it on the j a confession. This was proved to be
right road. He also visited Shawnee a part of the plot to get Connors and
Onion club.—Western Laborer, Ora-1coming more and more effective asjon the same trip, and reports things others to make statements likely to In-
aha. Neb. 1 time goes on. | in good shape in that city. 1 criminate themselves and others. None
of Des Moines, Charles W. Fear of j place where meetings of this character
Joplin, Edwin R. Buchanan of Nash are usually held, and demonstrates the
ville and Dan W. Green of Atlanta. A lengths to which employers of labor
committee of the influential members will eo in endeavoring to frustrate any
was appointed to wait on Mr. A. L. movement looking toward the organ-
Mohler <f the Union Pacific to re- j iration of men who work for wages,
quest that the train bearing the dis-; Present indications are to the effect
tinguished people be detained in t that the strike of the men on the
Omaha subject to the pleasure of the Pennsylvania Railway System is be-
Important conventions during the
month of May were those of the Order
of Railway Conductors, held at Jack-
sonville, Fla., and the Brotherhood of
Railroad Trainmen, which met at Har-
risburg, Pa. The conductors raised
the salary of A. B. Garret son president
of the order, from $5,000 to $8,500 per
year, and the pay of the several vice-
presidents from $4,000 to $5,000. The
trainmen pursued a similar course,
raising the salary of Grand Master W.
G. Lee from $7,000 to $X,000; the sal-
ary of A. E. King, general secretary
and treasurer, from $5,000 to $0,000,
and the salary of D. L. Cease, editor
of the Railroad Trainman, the official
magazine of the brotherhood, from $4,-
000 to $5,000 per year. The vice-pres-
idents were also increased $500 per
Cooks and waiters employed at
Rueb's cafe, Lee's lunch room and sev-
eral smaller restaurants in the city,
walked out at noon Tuesday, following
the refusal of their employers to sign
the new six-day scale.
A large crowd gathered in front of
Rueb's when it was learned that lunch
had been "held up" and extra police
officers and deputy sheriffs were sum-
moned on the scene.
Eight of the large restaurants signed
the new scale Tuesday and these were
not ti fleeted by the strike. They were:
Thelmo, Press, Bonn's, Quality, Sen-
ate, Spear's and the Famous.
The raise in wages being asked by
the cooks and waiters is a very slight
one. The main concession asked is
that their members be allowed one day
off out of every seven. This seems
to be a very reasonable demand, and
should be granted them by all cafes
and restaurants in Oklahoma City.
A movement is on foot at this time
to open up a first class eo operative res-
taurant in this city. All out of work
members of the Cooks and Waiters'
Union will be employed in this restau
rant. An assessment has been levied
| on all working members to help pay ex-
penses of the strike. Officials claim
they have won a victory, as they are
adding new houses to their list every
An organization said to be the first
of its kind in this country was
! launched in Buffalo, N. Y., a few
months ago, namely, the Trades Union
i Section of the Buffalo Association for
the Relief and Control of Tuberculosis.
About sixty unions are at present af-
filiated, among them being Typograph-
ical Union No. 9. An extract from a
booklet issued by the association says:
"It is an organization of trades
unions, electing delegates to a central
I body, for the purpose of doing every-
' thing in its power to prevent the
spread of tuberculosis among the well,
j and to care for the sick among Its own
members. Through organized effort,
and its affiliation with the parent asso-
ciaton, it will work for more and bet-
ter hospital facilities for the care of
the sufferers, and for improved public,
health agencies of all kinds in city,
county and state, and to arrange that
its members have proper sanatorium
treatment whenever possible.
"It will work for improved sanitary
and hygienic conditions in factories
and all places of employment. It will
through meetings, lectures, and
printed matter, carry on an educatonal
campaign among the organized work-
ers of the city. It will help to save
human lives."
During the second year of the asso-
ciation the work has grown and broad-
ened tremendously. Its members have
| gained in experience in both the mat-
ters of organization and in educating
the public In the prevention, relief and
control of the white plague. In this
work Hugh Wallace, of Typographical
Union No. 9. has been one of the most
active participants.
| Jesse Day, member of the legisla-
tive committee of the Oklahoma State
Federation of Labor, was in the city
last Monday. Mr. Day had some mat-
ters to bring before the officers of the
Washington.—Senator Bourne of
Oregon has introduced a resolution in
the senate to empower the committee
on postoffices and postroads to make
an inquiry into what changes are
necessary to be made in the opera
tion of the department, with a view
to establishing a parcels post. The
question of adding this feature to the
[lostoffice department is becoming
more and more pressing, and advo-
cates are being added every day.
Washington.—It was renorted a
week or so ago that the Welsh Coal
i Miners had reached a settlement of
otrlk0 then 'n nroeress in South
Wales. Later information states that
j a deadlock has occurred, many of the
miners protesting against the accept-
I ance of the terms offered by the oper-
| ators. Indications point to a further
I prolongation of the strike.

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Casler, Howard M. The Oklahoma Labor Unit (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 3, No. 1, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 17, 1911, newspaper, June 17, 1911; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. ( accessed February 20, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History,; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.

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