Davenport Leader (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 25, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 19, 1905 Page: 8 of 9
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Union of America
THEY ALU MET.
Sample of Saturday Week's F. U. A.
The Farmers' Union meeting held
at Fort Worth lawt Saturday week
■was one of the "rousiugest" ever held
In the State. In the first place there
iwas a meeting of about all there is
lu the county in the way of active
farmers. They were there from Dan
to Beersheba and "acrossi the river."
The question of holding cotton for a
minimum price of 11 cents was hardly
discussed, because there was nobody
present who felt that he would take
a less price. The matter of selling
seed was brought up, and the uni-
versal agreement was that so long as
seed sold for less than $14 that they
had bettor be used as fertilizer or as
cattle and pig feed. There was a
bunch of addressee*.
It is estimated that within a radius
of 20 miles of Fort Worth at least
25,000 bales of cotton are raised, and
that if Fort Worth wants t'he cotton
concentrated for sale at that city it
will provide a safe warehouse, and
that the institution would take care
of itself after that.
Arganizer Evans announced that ar-
rangements have been made by the
executive board of the union by which
farmers who desire to hold can secure
money on their cotton at a G per cent
rate per annum. When the meeting
had passed the above resolution Mr.
Evans asked the floor and said that
there was another matter that was
also of great importance to members
and that was the proper care of the
staple after it had been gathered.
He hoped that members would prop-
erly care for their crop by keeping it
in out of the rain, and thus save
money. He added that a loss* of 40
per cent was often noted where cot-
ton had been permitted to be out in
the weather, and as a result there
was what he called weather deterior-
"We v/ant to inaugurate a system
that will overcome this loss," said
Mr. Evans, and to do it he suggested
that warehouses must be provided.
He said that Eastern manufacturers
are urging that farmers provide bet-
ter arrangements for caring for this
crop of cotton, especially that it be
kept dry. Figures were cited to show
that heavy losses have resulted from
this carelessness on the part of farm-
"We are losing millions of dollars
annually from this cause alone," said
Mr. Evans in concluding his remarks.
Mr. Evans announced that arrange-
ments have been made with the Mer-
chants and Planters' Warehouse com-
pany at Galveston to store cotton with
them and that money will be advanced
on the holdings to the amount of two-
thirds of the Galveston quotations at
the time of shipment. The Interest
to be charged is C per cent. The
charge for handling and holding will
he $1 per bale for the first thirty days.
This charge includes selling, insur-
ance, commission, storage, drayage,
sampling, etc. After thirty days the
charge will be 15 cents per b:ile per
All union cotton that is sent to this
warehouse is to be labeled with a
all the Southern States and from In-
dian and Oklahoma Territories are
most gratifying, too. These meotings
were not, strictly speaking, Farmers.'
Union meetings, because, while under
the auspices of the Union, and called
by the National President, yet all
farmers were invited and the action
of the meetings were those of mass
meetings. It was an occasion of hold-
ing another session of cur great Na-
tional Farmers' school—a grand edu-
cational rally. Many went away from
those meeting's with a knowledege of
the utility of co-operation which they
had never before possessed. They
saw how, by co-operation, the cotton
crop of last year brought, by holding
it for a few months, $300,000,000 to
the South that would have been lost
by early selling and crowding the
market. They were brought to see
that by a sensible marketing of the
seed thr.t $14 to $15 a ton couid be
had Instead of from $10 to $12—a net
profit from organization of $13,000,-
000 or more, over and above if the
seed were sold in the usual hap-haz-
zard way. These figures look gib, but
they represent the value of organiza-
tion and education. This is the profit
side of the organization question, and
the social side will pay all tho ex-
penses—the money saved is clear gain.
TO HOLD COTTON.
Kansas vs. Texas.
Here's the menu which the working
man hands out to Marshall Field, the
merchant prince, and the balance of
the capitalist class:
Eggs a la Mornay.
Cotes d'agneau, petit pois.
. Medallion de Volaille, a la Percy.
Grouse roti. -
Cafe Noir. Fruits Liqueurs
Here's what the working man re-
serves for himself:
Sowbelly a la Arkansas.
Corn Bread. Oleomargarine.
And If he gets this twice a day,
served cold for dinner, he counts him-
self fortunate. Say, the working mule
is about the easiest mark I know of.
—Girard (Kan.) Age of Reason.
Now the above conditions may ex-
ist in Kansas, but they don't do busi-
ness in Texas. Not on your tin-type.
The Texas farmer pulls on his boots
and rustles tip something like this:
Cantaloupes with dew drops.
Tomatoes, natural crystals.
Chicken de Spriug.
Butter de Cow.
Eggs de old spec'.
Bacon de Hog. Ribs de Shote.
Milk (which '11 you take.)
Mustard, Lettuce and Radishes.
Grapes and Fears.
Bully Black Coffee.
Having finished his repast he wan-
ders down to his diversification farm
and waits till dinner time, wonder-
ing how he can enlarge himself so as
to hold the turnips, cabbagcs, cucum-
bers, beans, onions, corn bread, ham,
blackberry pie, apple dumpling, but-
ter milk and other things his good
wife will gather up around the place
for his dinner. G'way, you old Kan-
sas Howl. r.
President Calvin Asks General Co Op-
President E. A. Calvin, of the Farm-
ers' Union of America, has Issued the
following appeal to tho bankers and
business men of the South to lend
their aid in the struggle for better
prices for cotton:
To all People Interested In a Fair
Price for this Seaoon's Cotton Crop:
Last year we produced 13,000,00
bales of cotton and marketed it at an
average price -of more than 9 cents per
pound. This achievement will remain
as a lasting monument to the conserv-
atism and co-operative power of the
Southern people. Prices declined be-
cause of over-haste to sell, and not so
much because of over-production. Mr.
Hester figures that the crop of 1904
brought $028,195,359. Marketed In a
degree of moderation, the trade was
willing to pay that price for it. Had
the trade been asked to absorb the en-
tire quantity in three or four months,
and before it needed it, it is unlikely
that the crop would have brought more
than $450,000,000—a difference of near-
ly $200,000,000 saved to the cotton
growers through organized effort and
co-operation. The handling of last
year's crop, "the bumper crop of the
world," should stimulate us to a more
successful handling of the present
crop. The outlook now for even a fair
crop hardly seems possible, and I
think 10,000,000 bales a very liberal
estimate. All who are familiar with
crop conditions agree with the above.
Mr. Price said two months ago that
the present crop would not exceed
9,500,000 bales, and crop conditions
are worse today than then. Mr. Sully
says the price will be a secondary
consideration when the true possibili-
ties of this crop are known. M. H
Thomas & Co., of Dallas, says the
crop will be short, not more than 10,-
000,000 bales. The Southern Cotton
Association says the crop will not ex-
ceed 10,000,000 bales. The Farmers'
Union headquarters has made a care-
ful investigation and finds that the re- 1
duction in acreage from all causes and
the present conditoin of the crop will
not warrant more than 10,000,000 bales
which is a very conservative estimate. •
The demand for cotton is the great-
est the world has ever known. Condi-
tions were never more favorable for a
maximum consumption. The mills of
the world are consuming over 1,000,000
bales per month, or 12,000,000 bales per
year. The demand for cotton goods is
something marvelous. The minimum
price of 11 cents as fixed by the Farm-
ers' Union and endorsed by the South-
ern Cotton Association, Is unquestion-
ably warranted by existing conditions
pa]|drao XuojJVs aq pinoqs pu« Xspo}
with by every true son of the South.
Theg reat contest between the bears
and the producers is attracting wide-
spread attention. The outcome of it
means eiher higher or lower prices,
and it is up to the farmers of the
South to say which it will bean, it is
a common fight against a common foe,
and all true men who would see their
country prosper must enlist in this
battle for the annihilation of our com-
mon enemy. When once we have ac
complished this task and adjusted the
differences between the producer and
the t.pinner the victory will be com-
,„*NEUVERS AT FORT SILL
The Army Will Have Another Sharr?
Battle During the Month
LAWTON: It has been announced
unofficially that sometime during the
present month Fort Sill is again to
be assaulted by the enemy. This time
General Lee of Fort Sam Houston and
his staff will be in command of the
attacking forces. General Lee will
be in command of the troops which
Colonel Howe had with him in the de-
fense of the post and the soldiers who
were victorious in entering Fort Sill
under command of General F rauk
Baldwin of Oklahoma City will be on
the defensive, under comand of
It is expected that the commission
of the general staff at Washington,
consisting of Major Duval, Captain
Moneher and Captain Morris will be
here to witness the sham battle. The
fight is to continue four days, as the
assaults on the fort will be by strat-
This commission is to make a re-
port as to what an artillery regiment
should consist, whether it should be
composed of two battalions of three
batteries each or three battalions of
three batteries each. In either event
tho regiment will have twenty-four
VERY LITTLE INSURANCE
Cushing Visited by a $20,000 Fire, and
Only $500 of Protection
GUTHRIE: A disastrous fire com-
pletely wiped out a portion of the
business part of Cushing, with a total
loss of $20,000. The fire started in a
meat market owned by J. W. Isom.
The following are the losses: Isom s
meat market, Chris Machardo s res-
taurant, Marion Eaton's barber shop,
Thomas Stratton's building, occupied
by Daniel Burke for hotel purposes.
Arthur Harris' building and Thomas
McGee's building, b'rth unoccupied.
The contents of the occupied build-
ings, excepting Isom's and Eaton a,
were removed. The Cushing Hard-
ware company's building and H. N.
Ferrin's business block were dam-
aged. With difficulty the business
blocks on the north side of the street
were saved. There was only $500
insurance on the burned property.
A Jockey Severely Injured
DEER CREEK: While riding in
the last event on the program, In
which there were seven entries, awl
more than the usual trouble experi-
enced in getting the horses away, the
runner ridden by Dan Brown fell at
the quarter pole, throwing the rider
and catching one foot in the stirrup.
The dust prevented the crowd seeing
the accident at once, but when dis-
tinguished, the horse was running,
with the boy dragging alongside. As-
sistance was rendered as quickly as
possible, but not before Brown was
unconscious and dangerously injured.
An examination disclosed that no
bones had been broken, his shoulders
and face having taken the brunt of
the damage, because of the high stir-
rup. While the immediate injuries
are not. considered fatal, internal com-
plications are feared by the phys-
Thoburn's New Position
OKLAHOMA CITY: J B. Tho-
burn, until recently secretary of the
board of agriculture, has accepted
the editorship of the Farmers' Maga-
zine of this city, one of the leading
agricultural publications of the two
territories. Mr Thoburn will devote
bis time to the editorial pages.
Poisoned From Canned Salmon
GUTHRIE: Mr. and Mrs. Julius
Woelke and daughter of Lahoma were
poisoned as a result of eating canned
salmon, and for a time their condition
was dangerous. All except Mrs.
Woelke recovered soon afterward, but
she is said to be in a dangerous con-
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Davenport Leader (Davenport, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 25, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 19, 1905, newspaper, October 19, 1905; Davenport, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc106334/m1/8/: accessed October 15, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.