The Hennessey Clipper (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 26, No. 24, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 18, 1915 Page: 3 of 12
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
TEUTONS HARD HIT
BY HUSKY SLAVS
IN REGION OF RIGA AND DVINSK
RUSSIANS ARE PUSHING
ARE INFLICTING SOME HEAVY LrSSES
Serbia Has a Fighting Chance—Allies
Active On Vardar River, and Win-
ning iteadily Against Best
Bulgaria Can Offer.
London, Nov. 15.—Chief interest in
military operations continues to cen-
ter upon the Balkans. Field Marshal
Von .VlcKenzies' forces, fighting their
way step by step from the north, are
gradually eating into the territory
over which lies the Serbian retreat.
The Serbians, fighting as they are now
In the mountain regions, however,
seem to be holding the invaders to
In southern Serbia increasing resist-
ance by the Serbian forces opposing
the Bulgarians and the increasing ac-
tivity of the Franco-British forces
give hope to military observers in the
allied capitals that the enveloping op-
erations by which the Serbians seem-
ed likely to be cut off from retreat
may not, after all, succeed. Allied
operations around the Vardar river art^
reported to be bringing results helpful
to the Serbians, particularly in the
neighborhood of Vels.
Teutonic submarine activity contin-
ues in the Mediterranean. Announce-
ments received of the loss of mer-
chant vessels seldom reveal where the
sinking took place, but several steam-
ers reported today as having gone
down apparently met their fate in
Mediterranean waters. Of these Brit-
ish steamers Den of Crombie, of 6,500
tons, was the largest. Loss of life,
however, apparently was involved in
the sinking of the Italian steamer Fi-
renze, off the Egyptian coast, six pas-
sengers and fifteen of the crew being
reported missing. So far as learned.
110 Americans were aboard the Firenze.
From the German side there is laclt
of reports of operations on the east-
The latest Fetrograd statement,
however, indicated that the Teutons
were losing ground in the neighbor-
hood of Kiga and apparently had lit-
tle chance, at least of immediate suc-
cess, either to Riga or Dvinsk.
Italian attacks on Gorizia are con-
tinuing and, according to Rome, ara
making progress, as also is the offen-
sive on the Carzo front. No gains for
General Cardona's forces are conceded
by Vienna, however.
Under the state highways law SO
per cent of the license tax of 25 cents
per horsepower on automobiles and
motorcycles goes to the counties and
cities of the first class and ten per cent
der this law, for the month of July,
was disbursed as follows:
THE ANCONfl CA5E WILL BE PROBED
Rome, via Paris, Nov. 15— lengthy
conference between Foreign Minister
Sonino and Thomas Nelson Page,
American ambassador, is believed to
have brought about a full exchange of
views concerning the Ancona. The na-
ture of the conversation has not been
revealed, but there is reason to be-
lieve that the Italian viewpoint was
fully presented, reflecting a strong
feeling that the sinking of the liner
was such a flagrant breach of inter-
national law that governments should
adopt a course to secure complete rep-
Ambassador Page was advised of
the sinking of the Firenze today even
before the official announcement was
made public. This adiditonal incident,
following closely that of the Ancona,
has increased official and public indig-
nation to an intense degree.
Washington, Nov. 15.—All efforts of
the United States government to learn
the circumstances under which the
Italian liner Ancona was sunk with a
loss, it is believed, of several Ameri-
can lives thus far have been without
Although it at first was believed that
the Italian censorship was responsible
for the delays, officials now are com-
ing to believe that the inaccessibility
of those who were rescued and the
conflicting and incoherent statements
made by them has caused Italian au-
thorities to make a thorough investi-
gation before furnishing Ambassador
Page with a report.
Rome, Nov. 13—Giovanna Martini of
Reggio, Calabria, a survivor of the
Ancona, in describing the scenes at
the sinking of the liner, said that the
first note of warning to the passen-
gers in the steerage, who were danc-
ing and listening to music at the
time, was a sound that was taken to
be a clap of thunder. The ship slow-
ed down, but the music continued until
a ripping sound was heard followed
by a woman's scream. Everybody
then seemed to understand what was
happening and pandemonium was let
ti *. 2
. 121 50
Pauls Valley 95.on
Bhi m hm
Pond Creek 159.00
1 *2 75
4 93..4 5
1 30 25
Take Highway Exams.
Twelve applicants for the position
of county highway engineer were ex-
amined last week. Forty-seven were
examined September 17 and 18. These
examinations are prescribed under the
law requiring iliat each county must
have its road, bridge and culvert work
done under the specifications of a
competent county engineer. These
engineers may be employed whether
a resident of the county or elsewhere.
About 50 per cent of those who ap-
plied to be registered as county en-
gineers failed in the first examination
Those who secured a credit of 70 or
above are: T P. Clonte, Muskogee;
M. M. Binckley, Sapulpa; John \V.
Curry, Wagoner; R. E. Brownell, Ok-
lahoma City: J. H. Lary, Watonga;
Brent E. Clark, McAlester; J. 11.
Chandler. Bartlesville; Milton Leon,
Muskogee; G. J. Stein, Miami; T. P.
Paxton, Okmulgee; H. C. Adams, Ok-
lahoma City; R. K. Ilugbes, Tulsa;
Irvin B. Ramseier, Fairview; C. H.
Lawrence, Holdenville; Homer J.
Wilkins, Oklahoma City; B. F. Lewis,
Eniu; E. E. Gravelle, Coalgate; R.
E. Witt, Okmulgee; P. A. Little, Fred-
erick; W. H. Patterson, Okemah; S.
A. Hott, Medford; L. V. Stinson, Du-
rant; C. Wheeler, Sallisaw; C. A.
Wood, Perry; T. P. Alford. Newkirk;
II. A. Hatcher, Tishomingo; J. B. Ben-
nett, Norman; C. G. Geiger, Hobart;
D. W. Patton, Poteau; Warren E.
Moore, Oklahoma City.
Those who have failed will be per-
mitted to take the examination again
LAKE STEAMER IS LOST.
Think Freighter and All Hands Have
Perished In Recent Severe Storm.
Duluth, Minn., Nov. 5.—The steamer
Charles A. Luck, until recently known
as the City of Berlin, has been lost
with all hands, according to a report
that reached here today. The report
has not been verlfiod, but G. A. Tom-
linson. who had the steamer under
charter to carry grain from Duluth
to Buffalo, said he fearod that th*
report la true.
Ask $150,000 For Rate Case Trial.
An additional appropriation of at
least $150,000 for use in defense of
the pending 2-cent railroad passenger
fare cases will be asked by the corpo-
ration commission if the legislature is
held in January. There seems to be
no question but that the session will
be held, and already the commission is
preparing information to be presented
to the legislature, showing the need
of more money.
The last legislature made an appro-
priate nof $75,000 to be spent by the
corporation commission and the at-
torney general in defending the con-
stitutional 2-cent rate. This fund has
almost been exhausted, and the trial
of the case, it is said by members of
the commission, it is not half finished.
It is absolutely necessary for the com-
mission to have more money to con-
tinue the work it has already started,
Chairman Jack Love says.
It is estimated by Chairman Love
that the railroads are spending more
than $1,000,000 in their ffght to rein-
state the 3-cent rate, while the state
so far has appropriated only $75,000.
Union Station Again Agitated.
At la: t the questions of the building
nf a union passenger station and the
Mminntlon of grade crossings, which
has been agitated in Oklahoma City
ir the last two years aro to be de-
ideii. An order was issued by the
orporation commission directing the
dicers of each of the four railroads
ntering Oklahoma City to appear be-
the commission on November 20
and show cause why a union station
hould or should not be built. The
union station proposition necessarily
involves tht G'ade crossing question.
Fire Bugs Blamed In Marshal's Report
Fire loss in Oklahoma in October
was $33,270.45 less than for tlie pre-
ceding month, according to the month-
ly report of State Fire Marshall C. C.
Hammonds. The figures for Septem-
ber were unusually large on account
of the. great loss resulting from the
gasoline tank explosion at Ardmore.
The total for October was $191,040.86,
of which $74,775.30 was on buildings
and $116,263.30 on contents.
One hundred and thirty-five fires
were reported during the month, the
causes being shown as follows: Un-
known, forty-two; supposed incendar-
ism, five; adjoining fires, twenty; oil,
gas and gasoline explosions, sixteen;
defective flues, twenty-seven; defect-
ive stoves, three; lightning, four;
matches in children's hands, five;
careless burning of trash, two; de-
fective wiring, six; spontaneous com-
With Hie approach of the winter
season, Mr. Hammonds calls atten-
tion to the dangers of the open grate
and the open fireplace. All open fire-
place^, he urges, should be screened
for the protection of women and chil-
dren, whose clothing is easily ignited.
Several deaths from burning occur in
the state every year, he says, as a
result of carelesnesss.
Pipeline for Newkirk Field.
One of the largest and most impor-
tant oil and gas pipeline companies in
the state is soon to make connection
with the Newkirk gas field, said to be
the largest in the state, according to
announcement by the corporation com-
mission. The name of the company
was not given. Approximately $1,500,-
000 has been provided for the construc-
tion of the line. Laying of the pipe,
it is understood, will begin soon. All
the necessary preliminary details of
the work have been completed.
Insurance Law Upheld.
Validity of an act of the Fifth legis-
lature providing for the creation of a
6'ate insurance board for the regulation
I of insurance business of all kinds in
| Oklahoma was upheld by the supreme
j court. The constitutionality of the
law was attacked by the Insurance
Company of North America and other
j insurance companies in proceedings in-
! stituted in the district court of Okla-
homa county. They sought an injunc-
tion restraining the board from per-
forming the duties conferred upon it by
Commission Seeks to Supervise Rates.
Rates now charged by freight and
passenger carriers may not be ad-
vanced in the future unless such ad-
vances are approved by the co*^ora-
tion commission, according to an orde,
issued by the commission and directed
to all railroads operating in the str*w.
Heretofore railroads have vigorously
protested all attempts of the commis-
sion to c: Iroi passenger rates and it
is expected that the carriers will ap-
peal from the order to the supreme
Nov. Ifi— Cornerstone layltiK. Oklahoma
- —School lann sale. El Reno.
jj°v. 22-2:; School laud sale. Chandler.
i\ov. shrincia toiate Ceremonial, ok
Nov. 27—State ICducal lonal Assocla
tlnn Ollnn,,.,,, ,.„v
Nov 29-Dec. S—School land sale. Klnc
Nov. 29—Allotted land sale, Wagoner
Nov. 2:' Allotted lann s.ilo. Coalgate.
Nov. 2:< Allotted lanil sale. Claremore
Nov. 2!'—A lotted land sale. Tishomingo.
Nov. .'.it—Allotted land sale. Hugo
NOV. 3li Allotted land sale. Stigler
Nov. ::o Allotted land sale. Kufaula
Nov. 3i' - Allotted land sale, Wewoka.
Nov. SO- Allotted land sale. Sulphur.
Nov. 30—Allotted land sale. Waurika.
l>ec. 1 — Allotted land saio, Bartlesville.
Dec. 1—Allotted land sale. Vinita
Dec. 1—Allotted land sale, Okemah
Dee. 1—Allotted land sale, Stilwell
Dec. 1—Allotted land sale. Ada.
Dee. 1—Allotted land sale, Duncan.
Dei'. 1—Allotted land sale. Antlers.
Dec. 2—Allotted land sale. Durant.
Dec. 2 Allotted land sale, McAlester.
Dec. 2—Allotted lsna sale, Marietta.
Dec 2—Allotted land sale, Tulsa.
Dec. 2—Allotted land sale. Sallisaw.
Dec. 3—Allotted land sale, chickasha
Dee. 3—Allotted land sale, Idabel.
Dec. 3—Allotted land sale. Atoka.
Dee. 3—Allotted land sale. Pryor.
Dec. 3—Allotted land sale, I'oteau.
Dec. I! Allotted land sale. Okmulgee.
Dec 3 Allotted land sale. Sapulpa
Dec. 4—Allotted land sale, .lay
Dec. 4—Allotted land sale. Nowata.
Dec. 4—Allotted land sale, Tahlequah.
Dec. 4—Allotted land sale. Holdenville.
Dec. 4—Allotted land sale. Mllskoget.
Dec. 4—Allotted land sale, Ardmore.
Dee. 4—Allotted land sale, Pauls Valley.
Dec- 4—Allotted land sale. Madill.
Dec. fi—Poultry Show, Woodward.
Dec. 6-f-Sehool land «a|e. C.t><hr>
Dec. 9-10—Oklahoma Municipal league.
J?ee. 9-11—School land sale. Norman
City* —School land sale. Oklahoma
Dec. 27-,Tan. 1, Eaatern Oklahoma i3ciul-
■*an- 3-18—Sale cf Indian lands of
Ghoetaws and Chlekasaws.
March 3-8—Livestock Show. Oklahoma
Sept. 23-30—State Fair, Oklahoma City.
turalV' 19—Slate V. at Kansas Atjncul-
Nov. 19—Enmenl at phillips tr.
Nov. 25—Arkansas U. at Kendall.
City V" i-'- vs. Aggiea. Oklahoma
Mountain Paik Herald says that
1,056 hales of colton have been ginned
there this season.
All but $10,000 has been raised for
a packing plant at Enid, starting with
a capital of $25,000.
Cleve moore, charged with murder,
broke from jail at Enid and still is at
large. This is the third jailbreak there
in the last nine months.
W. A. Newton, former cashier of the
First State Bank of Rush Springs, was
arrested on the charge of embezzling
? 1,054 from the bank.
Claude Williamson, 19 years old, fell
from a freight train at Haskell and was
instantly killed when the train passed
over his body, severing both legs.
The traction line at Ardmore has
been put In operation again and the
receiver announces that the cars will
he kept running until the liiv is sold,
Owing to the death of a Hobart high
school boy the result of an accident
in a recent game there, football has
been abolished as a sport by the local
board of education.
While E. V. Lemon was entertaining
friends at his home in El Rono, he
died from an attack of heart failure.
His wife and child were at Calumet
visiting relatives when his death oc-
Investigation by farmers in Woods
county develops that the hessian fly is
busy ill the early sown and volunteer
wheat. Some of the fields were found
so badly Infected that there is no prob-
ability of their making a crop.
James and Hood Baldw'n, residing
near Broken Bow, who were convicted
several months ago in Severie county,
Ark., on a charge of bank robbery
were pardoned by Governor Hays last
week. The brothers are among the
leading residents in I he Broken Bow
vicinity. They were serving six years
each. The Baldwins were accused of
being the masked bandits who robbed
the bank of Gilliam or $1,000 in day-
light last April.
A. J. Discher, of Bartlesville, recog
nized as the greatest authority in the
world on the production and market-
ing of natural gas, is said to be at the
head of a company, capitalized at
$1,500,000, organizing to construct a
pipeline into the Newkirk gas field.
Sheriff John S. Barger of Muskogee
county has issued notices that begin-
ning November 15 he will arrest the
owners of all automobiles which are
not carrying state licenses. Penalty
for conviction of such an offense is a
fine of from $50 to $100.
Edgar A. Nelson, of Guthrie, a San-
ta Fe railroad fireman, has been noti-
fied that he will not only receive a
Carnegie medal for heroically saving
a young man from drowning in the
Cottonwood river, in 1913, but that he
will be awarded $1,000.
E. K. Gaylord, in a letter to the di-
rectors of the Oklahoma City Chamber
of Commerce, tendered his resignation
as president of that organization and
Ed. S. Vaught, an attorney, vice presi-
dent of the chamber, was elected
president by a unanimous vote. Mr.
Gaylord is removing to Arizona for his
Already three carloads of pecans
have been shipped from Shawnee and
the season's output will be he; \y. Both
as to yield and quality the year's pro-
duction locally will,be exceptional.
The nuts come from wild tree , and the
crop from a large tree will bring $25.
William M. Haney, age^ 57 years,
shot and killed himself at his farm
home five miles east of Red Rock
Haney was in Perry the same day alio
entered into a written agreement wit'
his wife concerning a division of tliel.
property as part of divorce prcceedlngs
which Mrs. Haney instituted in Perry,
DETECTOR SYSTEMS CONSID
ERED BY THE SCIENTISTS.
Thought to Be Most Effective Method
of Combating This Most Deadly of
All Modern Naval Weapons
The prime advantage of the subma-
rine—its ability to escape detection
through sight—has been overcome by
the Invention foe use by the entente
allies of a means of detecting its pres-
ence through heiA-ing. The exact na-
ture of some of the most essential fea-
tures of this invention has, of course,
been kept secret, but a general de-
scription of its manner of working is
given in the Scientific American. One
of those who contributed to the de-
velopment of this detector system is
William Dubilier, an American elec-
trical engineer with numerous wire-
less telephone and wireless telegraph
inventions to Ills credit. He had gone
to France on the mission of installing
wireless telegraph apparatus on air
craft, when he was called upon to aid
in solving the submarine detector
problem. Dubilier went to Cherbourg,
an important French port on the Eng-
lish channel, where he found Profes-
sor Tissot of the French Academy of
Science, hard at work on the detector
For some time before this, devices
had been contrived by which it was
possible to detect the sound waves
made by submarines, but these de-
vices also conveyed the noises made
by the propellers of all kinds of craft,
and they were of little value, because
it was practically impossible to dis-
tinguish the sounds made by a sub-
marine from those coming from other
vessels. Fortunately for the inven-
tors, however, it was discovered, in
the course of the tests, that the un-
derwater craft were the sources of
sound waves of exceedingly high fre-
quency, quite distinct from any other
subaqueous sounds. While the causo
of the high-pitched Bound is known to
the inventors, it cannot be divulgod
since it would, then, be possible for
submarine constructors to eliminate
the source of the telltale sound waves.
It still remained to the inventors to
eliminate all other sound waves from
affecting the detector and also to de-
vise means by which the distance of
the submarine and the direction of its
ravel could be determined. It re- I
quired several months of careful ex- |
perimenting to develop suitable res-
onance tubes for filtering out unde-
sirable sounds. At first the device
finally developed, worked at a distance I
of a few miles and then its range was
increased to 55 miles, by use of the
Audlon amplifier, an American inven- |
tion. This system is used all along j
the coasts of the British isles and
France. It is not available for use on
vessels because of its extreme sensi-
tivity. An illustration shows tho form
of the device as it lies in the water—
a cable reaching out from shore and
ending in the sea in eight branches,
each with a rounded object at the end,
somewhat resembling a telephone re-
ceiver—a microphone. Each micro-
phone is placed in such a manner as
to receive sound waves best in one
direction. Accordingly, by listening j
to the sounds received by the different j
microphones, and slowly moving a j
switch over the several contacts, the |
operator can determine in what direc- t
tion the submarine is moving. How
the distance of the submarine is de- j
tected is kept more strictly secret.
Means of communication are main- j
tained between these detectors on
shore and numerous vessels which are
sent out to attack the submarines.
Since the appearance of the Scien-
tific American article, the New York
Times relates that Dr. Lee de Forest
of New York, inventor of the Audion
amplifier, has received a hurry-up call
from the British government and has
sailed for London. The use of his
amplifier in the submarine detection
device attracted the attention of the
British to him, and his services are
desired for contrivance of a system by
which the approach of Zeppelins can
be detected at a great distance. The
Times says that the form of Audion
used by the British in detecting sub-
marines is not so highly developed as
the most recent of the De Forest in-
ventions. Doctor de Forest proposes
to work out a system similar to that
used for detecting submarines by
which not only their sounds will be re-
corded, but their distance and the di-
rection in which they are traveling
will be known.
Lad Casts It Over Shoulder, and It
Goes Through Car Window,
Little Elmer Cook has good reason
to believe there is nothing to the time-
honored theory among youths that to
throw a horseshoe over one's left
shoulder is good luck, because he
tried it and it brought him a bunch of
Elmer was playing with two of his
companions when it came his turn to
throw the horseshoe the boys had
found at lower Stockton road and Y
street. The lad did not know that the
street car was passing behind him un-
til he heard the crash of glass as the
"lucky" shoe flew through the window
of the car.
The boy did not run, but stood his
ground and told the street car con-
ductor a straight out story, explaining
that he hoped the horseshoe would
bring him good luck. .
The car was well tilled with women
and children at the time, but no one
was hurt. Oak Park Dispatch, Sacra-
mento (Cal.) Bee.
A GRATEFUL ACKNOWLEDGMENT.
Mr. F. C. Case of Welcome Lake,
Pa., writes: "1 suffered with Back-
ache and Kidney Trouble. My head
ached, my sleep was broken and un-
refreshlng. I felt
heavy and sleepy
after meals, was
and tired, had a
bitter taste in my
mouth, was dizzy,
specks before my
eyes, was always
thirsty, had a
dragging sensation across my loins,
difficulty in collecting my thoughts
and was troubled with short-
ness of breath. Dodds Kidney Pills
have cured me of these complaints.
You are at liberty to publish this let-
ter for the benefit of any sufferer who
doubts the merit of Dodds Kidney
Dodds Kidney Pll s, 50c. per box at
your dealer or Dodds Medicine Co.,
Buffalo, N. Y. Dodds Dyspepsia Tab-
lets for Indigestion have been proved.
50c. per box.—Adv.
Mr. F. C. Case.
Elihu Root was discussing in New
York the recent constitutional conven-
"Hut there was one group," he said
—"happily it saw reason later on—but
one group there was which had about
as true an idea of self-sacrifice as
"Smith's wife said to him one eve-
" i know, John, dear, this high cost
of living is terrible, but do you really
think we can get along without a ser-
" 'We'll have to,' Smith answered,
firmly, 'unless I get a raise. Why,
hang It, if the worst comes to the
worst you can do the cooking for your-
self and I can get my meals at a res-
REAL SKIN COMFORT
Discussing the law against aigrettes
with a group of actresses in New
York, Douglas Fairbanks said:
"I agree with you. When the
aigrettes are extracted painlessly
from the living bird—which, you say,
is the new method—then this law
against them becomes absurd.
"it is like the girl at the shore
who was a great bird lover. A man
said of her:
" 'A great bird lover, but she carries
the thing too far. She refused to
take a moonlight row with me the
other night because someone told her
that 1 feathered my oars.' "
World's Busiest Port.
Vladivostok, it is reported, is now
one of the busiest ports in the world.
The supplies for Russia's armies are
to go through this port during the
fall, and vast quantities are already
arriving. To transport the cargoes
across Siberia by rail, 400 locomotives
and 20,000 freight cars are on their
way from the United States.
Follows Use of Cutlcura Soap and
Ointment. Trial Free.
By bathing and anointing these fra-
grant supercreamy emollients impart
to tender, sensitive or irritated, itch-
ing skins a feeling of intense skin
comfort difficult for one to realize who
has never used them for like purposes.
Cultivate an acquaintance with them.
Sample each free by mail with Book.
Address postcard, Cuticura, Dept. XY,
Boston. Sold everywhere.—Adv.
Dooms Widow to One Room.
The will of Solomon Bicks, tiled for
probate, disposing of an estate in ex-
cess of $5,000, contains the unusual
provision that his widow, Mrs. Chana
Dora Bicks, of 173 Stanton street, is
to receive an income of $10 a week
for life "provided she lives in a room
alone." Further on there is a modi-
fication which permits the widow to
have a daughter live with her.
The rest of the property is directed
to be divided equally among the chil-
dren, Max, Millie, Lena and Sala.—
New York Times.
His Vulnerable Point.
"A war expert says Achilles would
cut a sorry figure In the present con
"Maybe so. I fear he wouldn't last
long with the Russians."
"He'd be sure to get shot in the heel
while making a 'strategic move' to the
Used Whenever Quinine is Needed
Does Not Affect the Head
Beeause of Its tonic and laxative effect LAX-
ATIVE HKOMO (QUININE will l e found better
than ordinary Quinine for any purpose for
which (juiuiue Ih used. Doph not eaut*e ner-
vousness nor ringing in he <l. Iiemeuiher there
is only one "Broino Quinine." That in Laxa-
tive Jl'"ino Quinine. Look for uiguutuio of
E. W. CJrove. 20c.—Adv.
Wanted His Right.
The Sergeant—Look here, before
you're served out with your uniform
you'd better hip down to the wash-
houses and get a bath.
The Recruit—Wot? I come 'ere to
be a soldier—not a bloomln' mermaid!
THIS IS THE AGE OF YOUTH.
You will look ten years younger if you
darken your ugly, (;riz2ly, gray i airs by
using "la Creole" Hair Dressing—Adv.
The fools that rush In where angels
fear to treail are lucky if they ara
uble to era "'
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
The Hennessey Clipper (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 26, No. 24, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 18, 1915, newspaper, November 18, 1915; (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc105999/m1/3/: accessed February 18, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.