The Hennessey Clipper (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 25, No. 26, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 3, 1914 Page: 3 of 10
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Tins CLIPPER. HENNESSEY. OKLAHOMA.
THEY SEEK PEACE
Washington Learns Neutral
Nations Have Sent Out
AFTER SHIPPING PROTECTION
Several South American Countries
Request United States to Help
Them Persuade Europeans.
Washington, Nov. 27.—Evidences
that an organized effort may be made
in the near future to bring about con-
certed action by the neutral countries
to end the European war are accumu-
Feelers have been thrown out. it
was learned today, from Switzerland,
Holland and Sweden, to the warring
nations to ascertain their sentiment
toward a compromise.
Wilson Watching for Opening.
It was learned at the White House i
today that President W ilson is closely !
watching these new developments.
The first specific report of the actual
war situation will be made to him
next week when Henry Van Dyke,
United States minister to The Neth-
erlands, will see the President.
Before returning to this country,
where he arrived last Saturday, Min-
ister Van Dyke was visited by the
Dutch premier, and circumstantial re-
ports declare that he bears a definite
suggestion for co-operation between \
Holland, the United States and other
neutral powers, looking toward ending
Per Ostberg, aid of the King of .
Sweden, is in this country and is re-
ported to have brought a personal let-
ter from King Gustav to President
Wilson. Ostberg, on landing, said that
his mission was of such a character j
that his letter was not entrusted to
the mails, but was sent by special
To Protect Shipping.
The United States government has
been asked by the principal nations
of South America to co-operate with
them in negotiations with tiie bellig
erent powers of Europe to exclude all
belligerent warships from the waters
of the two Americas and to safeguard
the trade of Pan-American countries
with each other.
Argentina, Chile, Peru and Uruguay i
have laid their suggestions before the
Washington government, while tlie
Brazilian government is considering
the advisability of taking a similar
step. Practically all the Central and
South American countries have been
circularized by some of the principal
nations, resulting in a series of diplo-
matic conferences in Washington and
the capitals of South America which
are now in progress.
SEA BAFFLES THE RESCUERS
Eugene Brieux, who is in this
country to represent the Acad-
emie Francaise at the rreeting
of the American Academy of
Arts and Letters, is famous as
the author of "Damaged Goods"
and other plays.
SEVEN MILLION ARE STARVING
Mothers and Babies Dying in Little
Belgium While America Thanks
Providence for Bounties.
Life Savers Ddown When They Try
to Rescue Passengers from
Wrecked Ship Hanalei.
Bolinas, Cal., Nov. 25.—Forty-three
survivors and fifteen dead from the
wrecked coasting steamer Hanalei,
which went ashore on Duxbury Keef,
near here, had been accounted for at
10 o'clock this morning.
Of these thirty were towed ashore
by life lines or struggled through the
smother of surf by their own strength
and thirteen were carried aboard the
revenue cutter McCulloch. The fif-
teen dead also were on the McCulloch.
They were beaten to death by the
The Hanalei broke into splinters
early today after pounding on the reef
nearly twenty-four hours. Some of
the fragments washed far enough in-
shore to enable those clinging to them
to make a fight for their lives. The
ordinary apparatus of live saving was
powerless against distance, fog and a
The Fort Point life saving crew
from the beach fired lines which fell
short until, in desperation, they double
charged their mortar and it burst. An
effort to launch a boat from the Hana-
lei failed and a passenger was drown-
ed. A sailor tried to swim ashore
with a line, and men on the beach
could see his arm swing above the
waves, but at the line of breakers he
sank and bis body drifted out to sea.
A life saving crew which went out
toward the wreck was upset. The cap-
tain reached shore and the remaining
five men got aboard the Hanalei. Two
later were washed off and drowned,
and there seemed no hope for any
N'ew York, Nov. 27.—Thanksgiving
day found 7 million starving persons
in war swept Belgium crying out. for
bread and only half enough food on
hand to appease their hunger. Three
thousand tons of food are required
each day to feed the sufferers, yet to
date the United States, unon which
the Belgians must depend in the main
for sustenance, have furnished less
than half that amount. Ten ounces a
day will save a human being from
death by hunger.
The foregoing epitomizes a state-
ment issued by the American Commis-
sion for the Relief of Belgians, carry-
ing a plea for the small quantity of
food specified for each inhabitant of
the stricken land.
A cable lrom H. C. Hoover, chair-
man of the London commission, de-
clared the situation desperate and
urged assistance immediately. He said
the commission was chartering sev-
eral ships for dispatch to the Atlantic
seaboard, trusting that Americans
would fill them with supplies.
The Middle States are leading in
contributions, the commission says.
Edmund James, president of the Uni-
versity of Illinois, has started a move-
ment to raise one-half million dollars.
Each of the ninety-nine counties of
Iowa soon will contribute a second
carload of flour.
CUiETER IN MEXICO
Parleys Between Carranza and
V.lla Are Eeing Held as
"die Final Effort."
ONE ARMY HOLDS VERA CRUZ
£,5C0 Carranza Soldiers Formally E -
tabi.sn "Co^ernment of Mexico"
In that Seaport.
Washington, Nov. 2S.—Negotiations
are again in progress between Villa
and t'arranza for a peaceful sclutiou
of tlje Mexican pioblem. This was
said here today to be the real reason
why Consul John It. Silliman went to
Vera Cruz to jqin Carranza, Leaders
of the vaiious Mexican factions are
reported desirous of making one addl-
t onal effort to get together before a
final battle 'or mastery of the nation.
Confidential State Department ad-
vires fn mi Consuls Silliman and Can-
ada and from Special Agent Carothers
with Villa all agree that Mexico at
the present time is more tranquil than
in a long time.
Carranza Strengthens Capital.
Vera Cruz, Nov. 28.—Gen. Venusti-
ano Carranza has formally established
ills "government of Mexico'.' In Vera
Cruz. The last of the Carranza mili-
tary forces marched in this morning,
bringing the strength of the garrison
up to about 8.500 men.
The Carranza lieu'.enants say they
are plentifully supplied with artillery
and ammunition. With the gunboats
Bravo jind 5'aracoza lying in the har-
bor, and resources at hand and ex-
pected from customs receipts they in-
sist Carranza holds the w hip hand in
tiie Mexican situation, and can compel
the acceptance of most of his demands
on the final adjustment of the south-
ern republic's affairs They expressed
doubt that either Villa or Zapata
would attempt to capture the city by
force of arms.
To Let Villa Move First.
Rivalries which exist between these
leaders, Carranzistas believe, would
compel both to retain large forces in
the capital, thus leaving Insufficient
strength, even if they combined in an
expeditionary attempt, to take Vera
Carranza emphasized today that he
is satisfied to stand pat with the hand
he now holds and await developments.
By Carranza's orders, every possible
line of communication to the City of
Mexico lias been cut with the idea
that whoever holds the capital will be
forced to suggest peace parleys.
ATTENTION TO BIG AND LITTLE FRUITS
The Amateur Orchardist Must Do Violence to His Feelings When Pruning.
Go through the orchard and small-
frult plantations and clean up all the
brush and burn it. You destroy dis-
eases, insect pests and weed seeds
Clean out all the old rod raspberry
canes and transplant the blackcaps. If
you do not have enough blackcaps,
layer the tips by burying them. Just
sink your spade half-way in the noil,
slip in the tip, and the job is done after
you tread on the soil above the buried
The bon-rs should be dug out of
their winter nests.
Don't let the s< abby apples lie undor
the trees, but feed or burn them
The strawberry bed does not need
its winter blanket until the ground
freezes hard enough to hold up a wag-
on Don't be stingy with it.
Do not use any material such as clo-
ver chaff or barn-loft sweeping® to
mulch the strawberry bed, or you will
regret it next spring when you fully
understand this warning
Cut scions for grafting; tie them in
handy bundles and bury them in forest
leaves in the cellar.
The fruit and vpgetable cellar
should be ventilated and kept as near
the freezing point as possible.
Washington, Nov. 28.—Several Span-
iards were murdered by Zapata's
troops in the City of Mexico, accord-
ing to advices by the Spanish embas-
sy today from the Spanish foreign of-
fice at Madrid. Spanish Ambassador
Riano gave the information to Secre-
PLANS FOR STORING
REFUSED FOOD TO BELGIANS
American Relief Commission Declares
Germans Would Not Have Given
Supplies to the Starving.
London, Xov. 23.—The American
commission for relief in Belgium to-
day Issued the following statement:
With regard to a statement publish-
ed in America and credited to General
von Frankenberg, governor of Ant-
werp, to the effect thiit if America had
not been so kind-hearted as to send
foodstuffs to Belgium the Germans
themselves would have considered it
their duty to bring food from Ger-
many, we cannot conceive that the
German governor of Antwerp ever
authorized such a statement and are
inclined to believe that the report is
The following cities, through their
representatives, have made appeals to
the German representatives in Ant-
werp for food: Malines, Lierre, Wille-
broock. Boom, Buffol, Torhagen, St.
Nicolas, Coutich and Wahlen. They
CONDENSED NEWS ITEMS
Soldier Estates to Home Rule.
London. Nov. 25.—Seven hundred
Irish soldiers have made their wills
In the form in their prayer books, be-
queathing all their possessions to
John Redmond, home rule champion.
Congress 8pent $1,116,118,138.
Washington, Nov, 27.—Congress ap-
propriated at its last session $1,116,-
118,138 for the current fiscal year,
again $1,098,GTS,788 for the last fiscal
year, according to the final computa-
tion announced by the appropriation
committee of Congress.
Left I. C. C. for Corporation,
Washington, Nov. 27.—Ross D. Ryn-
der, chief examiner of the Interstate
Commerce Commission, has resigned
to become commerce counsel for a
fcrge Chicago corporation.
—School girls of Philadelphia will
j soon be given an opportunity to study
| infant care in connection with the
course in domestic science in the pub-
—The twenty-first annual conven-
tion of the United Daughters of the
Confederacy has come to a close at
Savannah, Ga. The 1915 convention
will be held in San Francisco.
—The army transports Cristobal,
\ Kansan and Sumner, bearing General
i Punston and part of the Fifth Brigade
! troops which have occupied Vera Cruz
i for seven months, have arrived at
I —President Wilson will not adopt
! the suggestion of the American Fed-
! eration of Labor that steps be taken
' to have a receiver appointed for the
Colorado coal mines involved in tiie
1 strike, with the purpose of having
them operated by the federal govern-
—Kaiser Wilhelm has given his
! pledge to Sir Roger Casement of Dub-
j 1 in to free Ireland if Germany Is vic-
torious in the present war, according
to a statement given out by James T.
. Clarke, president of the United Irish
I Societies of Chicago.
HOW GOOD IS U, S, DEFENSE?
j Widely Known Men V/ill Form Body
and Request Congress to
New York, Nov. 28.—Nearly three
score widely known men of N'ew York
City, believing the exact condition of
the army and navy and national de-
fenses should be revealed to the peo-
ple of the United States, have taken
the first steps toward the launching
of a movement to urge a thorough con-
gressional investigation Into the sub-
ject with a view to the adoption of
an adequate national policy.
Disclaiming any intention or idea of
a pro-military or pro-naval propagan*
da, seven of them have joined in a
call for a meeting at the Hotel Bel-
mont at 5 o'clock the afternoon of De-
cember 1. It is hoped there to form
a committee which will undertake the
work in a systematic, businesslike
way, either indorsing the proposals of
Congressman Gardner of Massachu-
setts or some other statesman.
It is hoped a nation wide organiza-
tion of business men will grow out of
the first meeting and that even the
most rabid believer In the theory that
the United States can "lick all crea-
tion with a pitchfork" will recognize
the responsibility of the men w ho will
ask that Congress do something ade-
Rain Quenches Forest Fire.
Little Rock, Ark., Nov. 28.—Rain,
which began falling over Southern Ar-
kansas, became general over the en-
tire state, and from all points located
in the fire swept timbered areas
came reassuring reports of the sub-
siding of the flames. The local weath-
| er bureau forecasts were for a con-
| tinned fail and the 2-Inch or more pre-
| cipitation is expected to quench the
burning woods completely.
T*> Arrest Street Car Flirts.
Chicago, Nov. 28.—Six detectives
were assigned today to ride on Chi-
cago's street cars to protect women
patrons from flirts. Leonard a Busby,
president of the Chicago surface lines,
said that reports had reached him
that certain men had made a practice
recently of annoying women.
Dean of Chicago Hotel Men Dead.
Chicago, Nov. 28.—William McCoy,
dean of Chicago hotel men and build-
er of the third "fire proof" hotel in
the country, died here today.
Potatoes for Seed and TaWe Use
Next Spring Should Be
Buried in Dry Spot.
Do not store away any unsound or
bruised fruit or vegetables, as they
will soon decay and cause all those
next to them to go the same way.
Bury Irish potatoes on a well-drained
spot. Cover with wheat-straw about
six inches deep, put on four inches ot
dirt (earth) and let this freeze light-
ly, then cover with six or eight inches
of rough, strawy manure As soou as
this gets wet and freezes put on six
inches more earth and pat it down
smooth. This is for potatoes for seed
and table use next spring before early
potatoes come again.
They will keep better than if kept
in a cool storage plant.
Place beets, carrots, salsify, turnips
and a few parsnips in barrels First
put in two or three inches of garden
soil; any mellow earth will do. Then
a layer of vegetables and so on till
the barrel is full or all are in. Place
the barrel in a moderately warm
cellar. A slight freeze will not hurt
Turn the cabbage upside down, leav-
ing the roots on; and cover the heads
with earth about four inches, leaving
the roots sticking out, and they will
keep fine in this way.
Pull up a few tomato vines with
the fruit on and lay in the cellar.
You may have ripe tomatoes at Christ-
TIMELY TOPICS IN
THE FARM ORCHARD
Tarred Paper Will Keep Rabbits
Away From Young Trees—
Fight San Jose Scale.
Heavy paper will turn the bunnies
away from the young fruit-trees if it
is wrapped about them two feet high.
Do not forget that the fall and
spring seasons are best for spraying
with the lime, sulphur and salt mix-
ture in your warfare against the San
Mulch the big fruit and little fruit,
the young shade and nut trees, the
roseB, the perennials, the rhubarb, tho
vines and everything you wish to have
push root growth and store up fer-
tility and strength for the growing
If you have an old orchard you
wish to destroy dig away the soil from
about the trees, cutting the largest
roots, and the action of the wind and
frost will fell the tree for you by
The young orchard must be protect-
ed against mice and rabbits. Do not
Take cuttings of hardy roses and
shrubs, as well as currants and goose-
berry, cut slips six or eight inches long
and plant them in a sheltered and w ell-
drained spot, leaving one bud above
the ground. Mulch wMi strawy ma-
nure when the ground freezes.
Many authorities recommend the
practice of pruning grapes in late fall
and early winter, and it recommends
itself to busy farmers who have eo
much work to do in the spring.
The amateur vineyardist must do
violence to his feelings when pruning,
for he dislikes to cut back, but severe
pruning is essential to the future use-
fulness of the vine.
The fan system of pruning consists
of reserving four or five of the strong
low-growing shoots and cutting out all
While you are pruning, select
good smooth shoots, cut about one foot
long, with two or three buds—a bud at
the top and bottom. Plant them at
once in a slanting position witli the
top bud just out of the ground. Tramp
the soil firmly and mulch with coarse
OF POULTRY YARD
Breed of Farm Fowls Is Not as
Important as Way They Are
No matter how long they have been
in the business they do not all raise
prize winners, so don't be discour-
aged if there are some culls
Do you know the parents of the
best birds you raise? It would be a
good idea to keep track of the matter,
if you wish to gain steadily.
The breed of fowls for the farm is
not of so much Importance as the way
they are bred
Don't waste your time crossing pure-
bred fowls. Crossing standard bred
fowls only makes scrubs, and there
are enough of them now.
The reason why so many people
fail in the poultry business is because
they do not give it credit for being
a business and they expect to suc-
ceed with side-issue attention.
It is not all in having the best birds
to breed from. Much depends upon
the skill of the breeder in mating and
Break the hens of the notion of
roosting in the trees. Begin before
the hens have the habit. It will take
a lot of work if you do not.
AT COUNTY FAIRS
Farmer Should Have Picked Up
Ideas Regarding Live Stock
and Farm Machinery.
The fair is over and should have
left some lessons for us all.
if you were a prize winner, in what
did your success consist—excellent
material alone or special care in show-
ing it up?
If about to invest in a new breed
of stock, did you compare the merits
of the breeds you saw?
Did you notice that in the beef
strains of cattle the flesh is largely
put on where most valuable?
Did you compare the stock of any
noted sire, observing what traits pre-
dominate, so you could see if pedi-
gree does not tell, after all?
Did you get any Ideas regarding
farm machinery needed in the imme-
Work Horses Suffer.
Thousands of work horses suffer
from lack of care and proper feeding.
A great per cent of the work horses
are tended In any old way without
giving any thought to their need and
are pushed unreasonably to get the
most work done. It la time that horse
owners lived above such methods.
WILL IRON OUT
WILL EFFECT INCOMES OF EN-
GINEMEN ON NINETY-EIGHT
WAIT ON ARBITRATION HEARING
Peace Conference Now in Session-
President Prevented Strike of 55,-
COO Employes bj Intervening
and Getting Controversy
Chicago.—What those interested de-
clare is the most momentous arbitra-
tion case in ttie history of the country,
brought about by the interposition of
President Wilson, is in progress here.
The case is that of the employes of
ninety *ight western railroads, be-
longing to the Brotherhood of locomo-
tive Engineers and the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Firemen and Bnginemen
and their employers, represented in tiie
proceedings by the conference com-
mittee of managers, whic h was named
for tfie purpose by ti"- asso<iation of
A statement given out at Brother-
hood headquarters today, says:
"In a general way tiie members of
the two brotherhoods are asking for
a standard rate of wages and a stand-
ard day, with special rates of pay for
overtime. They ask for a five hour
day in passenger service with over-
times based upon a twenty mileage
hour running time. In freight service
they desire a ton hour day basis. In
hopes of standardizing wages among
the employes on freight engines and
trains in western territory, the broth-
erhoods have suggested that pushers,
helpers, men on mine runs, belt lines,
transfer lines, wrecking trains and
other unclassified service should be
paid on a basis of through freight pay.
"Details of the demands of the man-
ufacture were thoroughly threshed out
last spring by the two parties. They
could not agree and the men voted
overwhelmingly to strike. The war in
Kurope broke out, however, and Presi-
dent Wilson persuaded them to accept
arbitration. It was only recently that
the government appointed its mem-
bers of the arbitration board and the
proceedings were delayed on that ac-
AMERICAN AID IS ALL THEY GET
At Berchem the Germans Stored the
Food They Had Seized at Antwerp,
and Which They Asserted Was Be-
ing Sent to Brussels.
London.—There is imminent danger
that, driven desperate by hunger, the
Belgians in some districts, will at-
tack the Germans in an effort to ob-
tain food, according to a report re-
ceived here by Herbert C. Hoover,
chairman of the American Kelief Com-
mission, from a special commission-
er doing relief work in Maastricht,
The commissioner cites a statement
made by a refugee which was con-
firmed by others, in which the Belgian
"In Berchem (two miles southeast of
Antwerp) and the neighboring villages,
there has been for some time no food
available, except what was got through
the commission. At Berchem the Ger-
mans stored the food they had seized
at Antwerp and which they stated was
being sent to Brussels. Consequently
the people, while starving, see quan-
tities of food within reach. Meetings
are being held nightly where the
chances of success in attacking the
German garrison and taking posses-
sion of the food are seriously dis-
EXPORT SHOWS EXPANSION.
Secretary Redfield Say* Foreign Busi-
ness Greater Than Last November.
Washington. — Secretary Redfield
told the house appropriations commit-
tee the commercial expansion of the
United States was evidenced by the
fact that the total exports for Novem-
ber showed an increase of $63,000,000
over November last year and undoubt-
edly would have shown $140,000,000
increase if cotton and copper had
been exported. Part of the increase
in exports he attributed to the war.
Mr. Redfield and Postmaster Gen-
eral Burleson urged their estimates ot
appropriations for inclusion in appro-
priation bills to be reported in Decem-
ber. Mr. Redfield explained estimates
that exceeded the current appropria-
tion. He said the South American
field should be looked after for mar-
keting American products and that
banking connections should be estab-
lished in that market.
1,700,000 SHIRTS FOR TROOPS.
Allied Powers to Buy Flannels From
St. Louis Firms.
St. Louis, Mo.—Bids for 1,700,000
flannel army shirts for the allied army
were submitted by several local firms
to representatives of the British war
department here. It is believed the
contract, which is to be given this
week, will amount to more than $2,-
000,000. A contract for 7,000 sets of
harness costing $175,000 was granted
to a St. Louis manufacturer by rape*,
•entattves of the allies.
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The Hennessey Clipper (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 25, No. 26, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 3, 1914, newspaper, December 3, 1914; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc105948/m1/3/: accessed July 29, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.