The Hennessey Clipper (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 2, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 27, 1909 Page: 3 of 10
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GLORIES orM/yW6/7Y C/FY F/IST MAPPFAPW
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That New Haven is fast losing the
bosky glories for which she has been
renowued for two centuries, and
whence her title, Elm City, was de-
rived, is bad news to thousands of
Eli's graduate sons and to many oth-
ers who visit the university town to
be edified by football contests. The
trees are dying as the result of neg-
lect, and soon the picturesque streets
may be as bald as an alumnus of the
class of '63. It is estimated that elm
beetles and other insects have de-
stroyed half of the city's 16,000 trees,
and, figuring the value of a tree at
$150, there is a total loss of $1,200,000.
But no monetary calculation can rep-
resent the damage to beauty, and the
replacement of the stately foliage can-
not be accomplished in a few years, or
An association of citizens, headed
by Prof. Henry Graves of the Yale
School of Forestry, has begun a move-
ment to save the trees which remain.
Last fall the trees were sprayed, and
then hundreds of fine specimens were
killed. Prof. Graves and the citizens
behind him are trying to have the
care of the trees placed in the hands
of a competent park commission.
Next to the university itself the
trees of New Haven have been the
city's chief glory since the town was
founded, in 1636. Trees were planted
•around the central green at once, and
in 1760 Jared Elliott warned the colon-
ists that the trees "must be protected
from savage beasts." The elms which
have lined the green and the central
streets were planted in 1686, accord-
ing to the "Chronicles of New Haven
Green," by Henry T. Blake.
Prof. Franklin Bowditch Dexter of
Yale points out in his paper, "New
Haven in 1784," that Elm street took
its name from the patriarchial trees
planted in front of the house of Rev.
Dr. Pierpont, which remained till a
few years ago. Rev. Dr. Leonard Ba-
con, one of the most famous pastors
in the history of the Center church ot
New Haven, thus told of the planting
of the first tree in front of the Pier-
"As the people were bringing in
their free-will offerings of one kind
and another to complete and furnish
the building, one man (a poor parish-
loner, William Cooper by name), de-
siring to do something for the object,
and having nothing else to offer,
brought on his shoulder from the
farms two elm saplings and planted
them before the door of the minister's
house. Some 40 years afterward
(1726) Jonathan Edwards, then soon
to take rank in the intellectual world
with Locke and Liebnitz, spoke words
of mingled love and piety in the ear of
Sarah Pierpont under their shade."
Mr. Blake's "Chronicles" show that
a systematic planting of trees through-
out the city took place in 1759. Prof.
Dexter thinks that the large button-
•wood tree which has stood in front of
the First Methodist church in Elm
street is probably a relic of that fa-
mous planting. This tree has suc-
cumbed to recent neglect and is now
dead. Prof. Dexter says that "250
buttonwood and elm trees were set
out in 1759 around the green."
Rev. Samuel Peters says in his
"General History of Connecticut,"
written in 1781 in London, that New
Haven was the most beautiful town in
New England, if not in America. He
eulogized the trees of the town, but
descendants of the dissenters who
founded New Haven record that New
Haven was far less favorably im-
pressed with the old Tory parson than
Rev. Mr. Peters was with New Ha-
ven. Rev. Manasseh Cutler wrote in
a similar vein of his visit to New Ha-
ven in 1787. He said that the trees
"were large, and added much to the
town's beauty." He made special men-
tion of the long rows across the cen-
ter of the green.
The incorporation of the city in
1784 gave impetus to a planting move-
ment in connection with the beautify-
ing of the city, although when the
British invaded it in 1779 their gen
eral, Garth, looked at the trees and
wrote home that "the town is too
pretty to burn." The great planting
of New Haven trees, however, was
the one of 1792. This came in
sponse to an order of the commoc
council, and James Hillhouse, aftei
whom Hillhouse avenue was named
was the chief promoter. Atwater's
history says of this planting:
"The great planting of the elms had
its inception in the order issued from
the common council, September 22,
17S4, and approved in city council June
5, 1787, for the laying out of Temple
street to Grove street. The avenue,
through the Hillhouse farm, 105 feet
wide, now Hillhouse avenue, was sur-
veyed and laid out and the elms
planted in 1792. Among the boys who
assisted were Ogden Edwards, born
in 1781, afterward a New York city
judge, and Henry Baldwin, born in
1779, afterward a judge of the su-
preme court of the United States. The
latter once said in the presence of
Mrs. Worthington Hooker, then a
young woman, and a daughter of Gov.
Edwards: 4I held many an elm while
Hillhouse shoveled in the earth.' Even
the girls caught the enthusiasm.
There was, for instance, Caroline
Shipman, who became Mrs. Garnet
Duncan of Louisville, Ky. She was a
daughter of Elias Shipman, a leading
merchant, who lived in the house now
occupied by the Quinnipiac club. She
watered the trees which Hillhouse
had planted along Chapel street in
front of her house, and with her own
hands set out an elm."
There was another large planting in
1839 by order of the common council,
when 150 maples were set out. The
trees which were started on these two
dates were at the height of their glory
about 1865, when the picture of the
famous Gothic arch in Temple street
was taken. The heavy storm of 1893
damaged them badly, and in 1900 a
commission was appointed to replace
GOOD TEAMS ARE AN
IMPORTANT FARM ASSET
Anlmnls Should Be of Medium Size, Well Milled, Active,
Strong. Intelligent and Trulned—By J. H. Hynes.
A Good Farm Team.
CASE FOR THE BABY RIBBON.
Easily Made and Really Indispensable
as Part of Belongings of the
The girl who knows how disrepu-
table baby ribbon can become unless
daintily cared for will welcome a sim-
ple, washable case that can be made
in a few minutes.
A somewhat large embroidered hand-
kerchief with a border running around
it was cut in half, each piece making
a case. The half was turned up so
that it folded in thirds, with the outer
side coming down at a top or cover.
The part cut in two was finished
with a narrow hem and the ends were
finely overcast together. The case
was then divided into five compart-
ment, three smaller ones, one on
each end and the third in the middle,
and two larger spaces between. These
latter were made big enough to hold
a bodkin run through the card on
which the ribbon was wound.
Small cardboard reels were made to
fit each compartment. These were
slightly curved on each edge to keep
the ribbon from slipping.
The advantage of such a case is
that it is quickly laundered and( takes
up no room in a bag or trunk. If in-
tended for a present, each reel can be
filled with a piece of baby ribbon in
different colors, the bodkins can be of
silver or different colored ivory and
a tiny pair of scissors can be attached
to one of the reels. These make in-
expensive and pretty trinkets for a
set of prizes or as a ready seller at a
BEWARE OF THE MUD SLINGER.
Habit Sometimes Unconsciously Ac-
quired, But It Is Always Fatal
IS COUNTRY WITHOUT GERMS.
Peculiarity of Jamaica That Greatly
A Philadelphia physician, lately re-
turned from a trip to Jamaica, was
greatly impressed with the almost to-
tal absence of many kinds of germs on
the island. Infection is so rare as to
be almost unknown, and it is not nec-
essary for surgeons to take the pre-
cautions against it which are indis-
pensable here. "I was amazed when
I saw them dressing wounds in a
Kingston hospital," said the physician.
"They used no antiseptics of any
kind, and did not even go to the
trouble of sterilizing instruments. I
questioned the surgeons in charge,
and they said it was not necessary;
that there were so few infectious
germs on the island that healing was
almost never interrupted by infection.
If we should do work in any of our
Philadelphia hospitals as they do it,
we would be overwhelmed with blood
poisoning and other cases of that
kind. They will not always have this
freedom from germs, however. Inter-
course with the United States and Eu-
rope will, in time, load them up with
germs, unless great precautions are
taken. It is a pity that such must be
the case, just as the introduction of
tuberculosis germs Into America by
the white man was a great pity. The
Indians never had tuberculosis until
the Europeans came, and then they
were decimated by the disease.
Many of the South Sea islands are to-
tally free from malaria just because
they do not have malarial germs nor
the mosquitoes which transmit them.
To me a country that had no germs
would seem a paradise."
BEC0MINGF0RM OF NECKWEAR
Idea That Is Largely .Copied from the
Styles Popular with the
Are you a mud slinger? Soon life
is only seen through dark glasses and
your friends are naught but targets.
The girl who would be horrified to
cut a friend's throat thinks nothing of
slashing her reputation, which is more
Why should stabbing a man in the
back be counted a disgrace, and stab-
bing him to the heart with slander
not raise a ripple of disapproval?
What is mud slinging? It is hound-
ing a girl who is down; it is mean in-
nuendo and ugly flings at a rival; it
is spreading instead of smothering a
scandal and unctuous repeating of un-
TliC mud slinger cares not whether
her victim is blackened by slime of
the mire of untruth and hatred nor
does a ruined life and heart-broken
friends give her a reproachful pang.
She keeps on detracting every one
who meets with her disapproval, until
she is dreaded by friend and foe alike.
Girls can all too soon get into the
way of mud slinging. It is easy to
repeat thoughtless, unkind remarks,
to impute wrong motives, to tell the
ugly story, but it is an easiness that
makes for hardship all around. The
victim suffers, but not more than the
character of the girl wh# acquires the
habit of seeing nothing but evil.
The surest way to be unpopular is
to gain a reputation for saying cut-
ting things. The very girls who
laugh at them will secretly fear that
they may be the next target and they
will avoid you. They will remember
the mud slinger's habit after they
have forgot that they found it amus-
The original home of the horse is
unknown, but in all times and among
all nations he has been a boon com-
panion to man. In the early ages when
civilization was confined to the warm
climates the horse was a royal animal.
Horses were used by princes and war-
riors in vast numbers. Job giv
finest description of the horse ever
written, a part of which we quote;
I "Hast thou given the horse strength?
} Hast thou clothed Ills neck with thun-
der? Canst thou make him afraid as
a grasshopper? The glory of his nos-
trils is terrible. He paweth in the
valley and rejoiceth in his strength.
He mocketh at fear, neither turneth
at fear, neither turneth he back from
A study of the nature and construc-
tion of his body shows wisdom on the
part of the Creator in designing that
the horse should be a most useful
servant to man.
The farm team should consist of me-
dium-sized animals well mated, active,
strong, intelligent, and well trained.
About 1,400 pounds is a handy weight
for a general-purpose farm team. Any
less weight lacks strength and a great-
er weight results in slow, awkward
movements. The team should have
a combination of bone and sinew and
muscle, developed in a high degree
and so nearly alike In each animal that
an equal distribution of strength will
result. Tills will allow them to stand
severe strain better and longer with-
out damaging either. An unevenly
mated team in any of the features is
The physical construction of the
horse is so similar to that of man that
the rules pertaining to the care of one
will apply to the other. The food giv-
en the horse must be pure, for the
stomach of the horse is very small
considering his weight and the diges-
tion is rapid to quickly replace lost
energy in work. While the digestion
in the cow Is slow and complicated,
that In the horse Is rapid and simple,
hence only the best of feeds should bu
used if you would avoid disease.
Another Important item Is pure wa
ter. Cattle and hogs may thrive drink-
ing Impure, muddy water, but a horse
the will not. We do not think it best tc
water teams just after coming In from
work, especially if the morning work
work was hard. Work horses sliould
have a liberal amount of salt in their
feed every day or so as he sweats so
much in labor, which results in the
carrying off through perspiration much
of the saline elements in the body.
We believe salt just as essential to
the health and nourishment of the
horse as it Is to man.
When spring work begins care must
be taken not to overwork the team la
the si art. They should be gradually
worked up to the point where they.can
endure a full day's work. Don't think
for a moment that your horse is made
of steel. Coming out of the winter In
a somewhat weakened muscular con-
dition, due to idleness, you must not
expect reasonably that you can get a
full amount of work from them. If
you have heavy work, use the fore-
noon for this and then in the after-
noon do some lighter work for a few
days till the team gets hardened some-
what. When spring work begins then
commence heavy feeding. Grain ra-
tions must be given freely. Tills In
conjunction with plenty of clean hay
will enable your team to do its duty.
Never feed dusty, molded hay. Better
none at all. When pasturage can bo
had give the team free access to it.
On fair nights turn out at pasture
rather than keep the horses in stall.
When they must be housed from incle-
ment weather see that they have lib-
eral beds of clean, dry straw on which
to rest. A horse dislikes to lie down
in a bed of filt,h and will not do so as
a general thing.—Farmers' Review.
We are getting more picturesque
every day. This is especially true of
neckwear. There are some women
who cling to starched turnover col-
lars and the high boned, untrimmed
stock because they are becoming;
but many other women take advan-
tage of the pictorial opportunities in
One of the newest fashions is a
duplicate of the old method used by
gentlemen for covering their necks.
A high linen collar with a soft finish
is fastened to the neckband of the
blouse, its points are turned over by
hand in front, and a black satin scarf
is wrapped around the collar-and tied
It is best to use satin on the bias.
Any weave of it is correct. It Is usual
ly folded double and stitched so that
it will not roll back and show the
lining. It is finished in front with a
loose bow and ends, or a precise lit-
tle bow, from the center of which
may dangle velvet ribbon, a lace frill,
or jet balls. •
The most picturesque fashion is to
arrange it in this formal little bow
in front and add a double frill of
Valenciennes lace down front of
blouse. If the lace is dipped in tea
it will take on that Old World color.
There had been a fire In the apart-
ment building, with heavy loss of prop-
erty and many narrow escapes.
"Were there any acts of conspicu-
ous heroism?" queried the reporters.
"Yes," said one of the victims.
"With a self-abnegation never before
witnessed in a case of this kind, sir,
we all turned in and helped to carry
out the piano that was on the second
USEFUL SERGE COAT.
FARM SUBWAY FOR
Tunnel Connecting House and
Uurn Used in Winter.
Strangers who travel through New
England notice the sheds and other
outbuildings which connect house and
barn. Usually the barn is a safe dis-
iance away, but low wood sheds and
store rooms connect the two. In case
In addition anything could be handled
between house cellar and barn cellar
without bringing up and down. This
tunnel could be used in such cases or
where a person objects to having
The tendency now Is to put public
traffic underground. The great sub-
way in New York Is a success. Tun-
nels are now being made under the
rivers which flow past Manhattan is-
land. We hope to see the day when
all railroad trains will be put under-
Thin Black Dinner Gowns.
Black tulle and net dinner gowns
are extremely fashionable this season.
The different qualities of these mate-
rials make it possible to haVe a va-
riety. Jet is again popular, and there
are many designs in jet passementerie
and embroidery that are delightfully
effective. As a rule skirts are made
quite plain. Sometimes there is a fold
of black satin or velvet ribbon around
the hem, and one of the newest mod-
els has two folds of satin, the same
fashion that was popular two years
Preserving the Complexion.
Before going into the wind or on a
long trip in an automobile, rub a lit-
tle cold cream into the face and then
I I I I M_
House to Barn Subway.
A useful coat ot this description can
be made in serge cloth or coating; it
is quite plain, and the small sketches
at the side show how the coat can be
worn close to the neck or not, as pre-
Turban-shaped hat, trimmed with a
jet ornament and an aigrette.
Materials required: Five yards cloth
48 inches wide, 15 buttons.
of flre there is little hope of saving
the buildings. People who go to New
England In summer wonder why this
connection is made. Could they live
on the farms in winter and see the
great snowdrifts or view the blizzards
they would understand. The object Is
to reach the barn without going out-
doors. A writer in the Rural New
Yorker makes a suggestion which he
has worked out in the little picture
shown herewith. He says:
"This represents a tunnel under
ground, connecting house and barn,
which could be used in winter in
northern latitudes where heavy snow
storms exist or conditions of heavy
winds and gales. At times going out-
doors is very disagreeable, especially
for a case where women were obliged
to travel between house and barn, and
Care in Breeding Chickens.—The
poultry raiser in breeding for show-
room specimens and in compliance
with the requirements of the standard
of perfection, all specimens possess-
ing disqualifications and 'blemishes
should be culled out. Under this
head come such faults as feathered
legs on youngsters of clean-legged
breeds; scantily-featherd legs on full-
feathered typical shape; defective
head points, etc. Birds thus defective
should be segregated and disposed of
because undesirable for stock birds;
the pullets may be reserved for com-
mercial eggs, provided the breeder
has ample room, otherwise they, too,
had better be sold for that purpose
to the commercial breeder.
Don't Forget the Salt.—Common
sense and many experiments teach
that the proper way to salt cattle is
to provide it in sufficient quantity and
make it accessible to them at all
times. Salt should be placed at at
least two different points where the
cattle run and they should be al-
lowed to get it whenever they want it.
An animal will eat no more than is
absolutely necessary In this way.
While, if salt is given at infrequent
intervals, cattle and particularly fat-
tening steers are apt to eat much
more than is good for them. Salt is
an important factor in preparing cat-
tle for market and the same care
should be given to its use as to feed-
The Ground Squirrel Pest.—To rid
the farm of the ground squirrel a
good way is to dissolve one ounce of
strychnia sulphate and two ounces of
borax In two quarts of hot water In a
closed vessel, stirring occasionally for
iiO minutes, or until completely dis-
solved. Then add six quarts of warm
water, and sprinkle this poisoned so-
lution over 30 pounds of rolled or
crushed wheat, stirring and mixing
thoroughly until it is all absorbed.
Place a quarter of a teaspoonful of the
poisoned grain near the entrance ot
each occupied burrow, or in each run-
way. For mice one-half ounce of
strychnine is sufficient.
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Sprague, G. E. The Hennessey Clipper (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 20, No. 2, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 27, 1909, newspaper, May 27, 1909; Hennessey, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc105659/m1/3/: accessed March 18, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.