The Hennessey Clipper (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 19, No. 35, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 14, 1909 Page: 3 of 8
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REHABILITATION OFRUINJ OF FA/IOUJ OLD FORTRESS
fi£~J TOff A T/Ofi OF FORT TlCO/VDt'ROGA
ftbV/YJ OF FORT^T/CO/VDFGOGA
Out of her ruins made famous be-
cause of the history which marks
every stone and inch of ground, old
Fort Ticonderoga is to rise again. Rich
is the place in the associations of the
colonial and revolutionary wars, and
now that thrilling chapter from
American history is to be preserved
to coming generations by the purpose
of its owner, Mrs. S. H. P. Pell of New
York city, who intends to restore
buildings and grounds and walls to
their pristine glory and strength and
make it her summer home.
It is expected that the West bar-
racks in which Col. Ethan Allen de-
manded the surrender of the fortress
"in the name of the great Jehovah and
of the continental congress," as tradi-
tion has it will be finished next July
for the tercentenary of the coming of
Champlain, which is to be celebrated
under the lee of the old walls on the
Ticonderoga has been in the pos-
session of the Pell family for nearly
a century, and the approaching cele-
bration and a renewal of interest in
early American history caused the
present proprietor to consider its re-
Mrs. Pell's father, Col. Robert M.
Thompson of New York city, is under-
taking the rebuilding and restoration
of this historic pile. The West bar-
racks, or "officers' quarters," will be a
'museum, and the other buildings with-
('in the inclosure are to be used for
Memories of centuries cluster about
Ticonderoga, held and taken from the
beginning of time by various races of
•men. The legends of the aborigines
tell of the promontory on which it
stands having been a defense of the
Mound Builders and then wrested from
them by the Indian hordes. The Iro-
quois lost it to the French, the French
surrendered it to the English, and then
England was obliged to yield it to the
forces of the revolution. After that it
was taken and retaken, and finally dis-
mantled and abandoned and echoed
with the step of fighting men no more.
Its position made it for centuries the
key to the Hudson valley and of the
way from this country to Canada. The
fortification stood between Lake
Champlain and Lake George, on a bluff
which commands the river connecting
the two bodies of water. The Indians
were accustomed to come down from
the St. Lawrence and the Richelieu
rivers to Lake Champlain, and from
there past the site of Ticonderoga to
Lake George, then called Horicon.
From the lake canoes could be carried
across to the headwaters of the Hud-
son, whence the progress was easy to
Albany and to the mouth of the
stream where lies the present city of
Fort Vaudreuil was, as far as is
known, the first stronghold built by
white men in this locality, and in later
years it became known as the Grena-
diers' battery. There are evidences
that it was connected by a tunnel with
Fort Ticonderoga during the British
occupation. The grst defense on the
site of Fort Ticonderoga was known as
Fort Carillon and was erected by the
French in 1755. It was of wood, faced
with stone, and was built under the di-
rection of Gen. Montcalm. Carillon
means chime of bells in French and
the designation, was given on account
of the lnnWcal sound of the falls in
the river a mile or so distant.
The appellation Ticonderoga is In-
dian in origin and conveys the idea of
falling of brawling waters. The old
surveys of the fortification made by
British spies designate it as Carillon.
Its history is interwoven with the
story of French Canadian, and about
it were fought many battles which
finally determined the supremacy of
the Saxon over the Gaul on the Ameri-
can continent. Champlain came to
that region in 1G09, allied with the Al-
gonquins, and there met the Iroquois
face to face. It was here that the pow-
erful Iroquois first encountered white
men who bore firearms and several
warriors were killed by the deadly dis-
charges. Ttv* Iroquois retreated to the
REGULATING THE COOK.
"Maggie," said Mrs. Hartford
sharply, "this meat is not properly
sooked. My husband says it is not fit
for a pig."
"But, Mrs. Hartford—"
"Now do not answer back, Maggie.
I do not care to argue with you. I
went to the butcher myself yesterday
and bought the steak, so I know it is
"Do not be impudent with me. I
have warned you several times about
trying to correct me. You have made
a dismal failure of to-day's dinner. Mr.
Hartford is thoroughly disgusted with
your cooking and just left for the
cafe to get something to quiet his ap-
By this time poor Maggie was in
"There is no use crying about it,"
continued Mrs. Hartford without the
least display of sympathy. "I have
remonstrated with you about your neg-
lect of duty long enough. Remember
now, if this occurs again I shall cer-
tainly discharge you without a mo-
But Mrs. Hartford awoke with a
sudden start and shaking her husband
"George, I just had the most impos«
sible dream."—New York Herald.
CHARGE OF THE FAIR BRIGADE.
(With apologies to the shade of Lord
Half a stop, half a step,
Half a st« p onward!
Over there the bargains lie
On the counters piled so high.
Luring the unnumbered.
Forward the fair brigade!
"Charge through the aisles!" they cried.
(Three know what thry want to buy—
Bargains to right of them;
Bargains to left of them;
Bargains In front of them.
There to be plundered.
Storm they with right good-will;
Boldly they push and well;
Into the jaws of death,
Where the best bargains sell.
Push the unnumbered!
When will their courage fade?
Oh, the wild charge they made!
All the men wondered,
Yet "'honored" all the charges made,
As oft before they'd paid
For their wives' plunder.
Forward the fair brigade!
—Myrtle Conger, In Judge.
ROME AND ROAM.
south, allied themselves with the Brit-
ish soldiery and with the colonists,
whence rose the long and bloody
Varying fortunes fell to the share of
Fort Ticonderoga during the War of
the Revolution, and it was taken and
retaken several tnmes and when the
treaty of peace was signed it was
abandoned. The last military occupa-
tion was by the British in 1780.
With the return of peace the fort
and the 700 acres surrounding it were
given to Columbia and Union colleges.
Mr. F. Ppll leased it in 1806 and
erected a summer home. In 1818 he
bought the place outright.
The house was burned in 1825 and
the present dwelling was erected. It
is now being remodeled for the occu-
pancy of Mr. S. H- P. Pell and his fam-
ily, pending the restoration of the fort.
The place has for many years been
rented for farming purposes, yet all of
the original landmarks, earthworks
and redoubts have been carefully pre-
It has been, however, most difficult
to keep the relic hunters from despoil-
ing the place and digging at the old In-
trenchments in their quests for but-
tons and bullets.
Mr. Pell had not been at Ticondero-
ga for 25 years until last September,
when he was a guest at a clambake
given near the fort by the Ticonderoga
Historical society. He there met Al-
fred C. Bossom, an architect, who
had been so interested in the fort that
three years ago he made tentative
plans for its restoration. He is an
Englishman by birth and a graduate of
the Royal Academy of London and be-
longs to the Royal Institute of Archi-
tects and other organizations. His at-
tention was first drawn to the fort
while visiting a friend in the neigh-
borhood, and from the British point of
view he became intensely interested in
the history and the traditions of Fort
Ticonderoga. Col. Thompson has
given Mr. Blossom the commission for
Preservation as well as restoration
is the aim of the rebuilding of Ticon-
deroga. All the old walls will be left
intact and pointed up, while every
patch of plaster which remains will be
undisturbed. Most of the original
stone is still on the place, although
early in the last century it was the
custom for citizens to organize sleigh-
ing parties and come down over the
ice of Lake Champlain to gather ma-
terial from the old walls for the build-
ing of their houses. Some of the
blocks have been built into fences,
from which they will find their way
again to their pristine use. The entire
front, including bastions and outer
walls, was 520 feet across. The build-
ings on the inside of the fortifications
were in the form of three sides of a
square, while a bomb proof completed
Inside of the square was the parade
ground, somewhat depressed below the
level of the outer works. There were
two bastions on which guns were once
mounted and around them a dry moat.
There was a heavy counterscarp wall
now much tumbled in, beneath which
were casemates where soldiers were
The restoration will be made in ac
cordance with documents of which the
British and French governments have
given copies. Whitelaw Reid, ambas
sador to the court of. St. James, has
also aided in making it possible to
glean authentic information concern
ing Ticonderoga. It is likely that a
request will be made to France' foi
some cannon of the period. The mu
seum will be filled with Mr. Pell's own
collection of Ticonderoga relics and
any other mementos which may be do-
nated for the purpose, and it will on
certain days be open to the public.
The man was suing a southern rail-
road for damages, owing to a delay
which made him miss an appointment,
and the ordinary preliminary ques-
tions were being put to him.
"Age, please?" asked the judge.
"Well, your honor," said the plain-
tiff, "do you want my age when I got
on the train or when I got off?"—
"Do all roads lead to Rome,
"Well, I never see one that led me
to do anything else."—New York Her-
"Hello, old chap! What are you do-
ing in a drug store?"
"I want something for my head."
"H'm. How much do you think
you'll get?"—Philadelphia Telegraph.
"What is the trouble?" asked the
wife of the brilliant essayist.
"I have received an offer of $300
from the editor of one of the maga-
zines for a 2,000-word article on any
Bubject I may choose, but there isn't
a thing I can think of to write about.
L.very matter of any consequence
seems recently to have been thorough-
ly gone over."
"What's the matter with Napoleon?"
"By jove! Of course. \YThy couldn't
I have thought of him myself?"—Chi-
She began, dutifully enough, with
hating man very bitterly indeed. But
man, with characteristic obstinacy,
omitted to reciprocate, and this made
her position difficult. Indeed, it was
no long time until the best she could
do for her cherished principles was to
hate the Providence which had made
man so wretchedly indispensable.
After that she hated herself for a
Then, greatly to her chagrin, she
discovered that she hated nobody,
which left her no alternative but to
live happily ever after.—Puck.
"Can you help me, ma'am?" asked
the itnerant at the door. "I was
burned out last night, and lost every-
"Yes, everything, ma'am."
"Well, you don't seem to have lost
your nerve. You were around here
last week and told me the same
How to Tie Him Up.
Mrs. Exe—Good-by. I'm sorry my
husband isn't in. I wish I knew some
way of keeping him at home a little
Mrs. Wye—Let him buy a motor
Mrs. Exe—Why, he'd be out more
than ever then.
Mrs. Wye—Oh, dear, no! Mrs.
Dasher tells me her husband bought a
motor a few days ago, and the doctor
says he won't be out for six weeks.
"He's kind to his wife; when she
gives him cold coffee in the morning
he warms it over himself."—Chicagc
Comparisons Are Odious.
Mrs. Chrimsonbeak—This papei
says that about twice as much powei
is required to stop an express train
as to start one.
Mr. Crimsonbeak—Very likely, but
that does not give us any adequate
idea of the additional power needed
to stop a woman talking as compared
with what is required to start her.—
Bacon—Do you have any trouble
with your cook?
Egbert—I certainly do.
"Does she talk back to you?"
"I shouldn't think you'd allow it."
"You couldn't help it if you were
married to her, as I am!"—Yonkers
Efficiency in Clerks.
The man who habitually lets cus
tomers go away served merely with
what they came to purchase should be
placed on half pay. He is only doinj
half his work.—Men's Wear.
Irish Foreman (to applicant for
work)—Sure an' there was only one
vacancy at present, and that's filled;
but the man we've got here to-day
hasn't turned up—so If he doesn't
come to-morrow we shall send him
home again—after which—b'jabbers,
there you are!—London Sketch
Hippi—They tell me Tortoise has
passed away. What was the trouble?
Boa—He died of chagrin. After
holding the Bpeed booby prizes for
years with unquestioned supremacy,
some envious rival Inveigled him into
a match race with a government con-
TO 3F FRECTE'D ON oS/TF OF DRMFOlFWELL
IN PF'fi/idY/. I/A/Y/A. | ^
TO t'V K"*
DRAKE OIL. WELL WOrti/WEnr
There is nothing found in fiction to
equal the wonderful story of the mar-
velous development of the petroleum
industry in this country. Perhaps the
nearest one might come to it would
bo found in Scheherzade's tale of
Aladdin's lamp, the magic power that
produced wealth and luxury beyond
computation. Th# lamp of Aladdin
was no more marvelous than that
which burns "Standard, water white,
150 degrees test."
It is not yet a half century since
this industry began. To be accurate,
it will be 50 years on August. 19, 1901),
since Col. Edwin A. F. Drake com-
pleted that famous first oil weli near
the banks of Oil creek, a short dis-
tance below the present city of Titus-
ville. The 49 years since that event
have been of the busiest in oil devel-
opment. The history of the industry
is an aggregation of romances unpar-
alleled; it is one great romance of
vital and intense interest.
"Progressive Pennsylvania" has been
accused of a lack of civic pride. Its
monuments are few, though its notable
achievements have been many and
its great men legion. Oildoni promises
a better record. A magnificent monu-
ment to Col. E. A. F. Drake stands in
Woodlawn cemetery, Titusville.
Now, a beautiful monument, com-
memorating the foundation of the in-
dustry, is planned by Canadota chap-
ter, Daughters of the American Revo-
lution, to be erected at the site of the
Drake well. It is desired to have this
monument unveiled on the fiftieth an-
niversary of the discovery that gave
to the world a new industry—an in
dustry that has done much—or more
—to advance civilization as the appli-
cation of steam. The design of this
monument is shown in our illustra-
tion and it is to be provided by the
voluntary contributions of the grate-
ful "sons and daughters of the oil
The crowning feature of the monu-
ment is to be a flaming torch, illumin-
ating the globe. What a wealth of
suggestion! It tells the story of how
the cheap mineral oil from the earth
carried the light of intelligence into
the dark corners of earth! Since
Drake's discovery the obscure Lin-
colns of the world have not been com-
pelled to read by the light of blazing
pine knots on the hearth; our Frank-
lins have not been forced to study
philosophy by the feeble flicker of
sputtering tallow candles.
Ilumination, however, is not the
whole story of this industry. From
crude oil more than 300 porducts are
extracted. The parafine wax, familiar
to every household, the equally uni-
versal vaseline, the gasoline that has
introduced a new era of power; the
lubricants that make the machinery
run smoothly; the naphtha that en-
riches to brilliancy, all manufactured
gas. Brilliant color dyes, photographic
developments, many medical drugs,
come from the compounded fluid call-
Natural gas, the perfect fuel, its
supply now an industry in itself, is but
a branch of the new world opened by
Drake's discovery; a world of effort
and wealth developed by other geni-
uses, who followed after. This monu-
ment will pay tribute to every one of
them, because it will be dedicated to
the vast and marvelous mining and
manufacturing industries of which the
Drake well was the foundation. It will
be a monument to the race of men
who have solved more gigantic prob-
lems and met more emergencies in 50
years than were ever given in the
same space of time to any other race
of men to solve.
In this short time the men of "oil-
dom" have discovered a new product,
dissolved it into its constituent ele-
ments, devised means for storage, cre-
ated vast systems of transportation,
delivered the product to the uttermost
ends of the earth, devised new ma-
chinery, conquered physical obstacles
and read the book of the rocky strata
as no other men have done.
From that little beginning of Col.
Drake on Oil creek, a small hole of
150 feet deep, and a few barrels of
greasy fluid, has grown a world-wide
industry. It employs a million men;
walking beams creak in every clime;
oil flows from the Gulf of Mexico to
the Caspian and back again; the
driller is at work in the cradle of the
Aryan race, in Japan, in the bi®int of
the wild man of Borneo. This Indus-
try has added billions of dollars of
new, clean wealth to the world's store
in this marvelous half century—within
vthe life span of men whose hearts are
It well deserves a monument and
one built tyy the men who have helped
to create the industry—the men who
have rubbed the wonderful lamp and
found gold in their hands. This duty
should not be left to another genera-
tion. Already there are thousands en-
listed in this army of modern grease
who never saw the site on which the
old Drake well was drilled with so
much pains and patience. Annually
hundreds of travelers pass the magic
spot and have naught to attract their
glance from the car window. But next
year they may see tho tall shaft and
the torch that, hand in hand with Lib-
erty, has lighted the world, literally.
The following description is given of
the design of the Petroleum Me-
"The monument is in the form of a
monolithic Doric shaft bearing aloft
a bronze lantern in the form of a
globe. The shaft rests upon a single
block of stone, upon the four faces
of which are bas-reliefs symbolical of
the departments of human activity
which have been most affected by the
discovery of oil—heat, light, power and
locomotion. The base rests upon a
stylobate of three high steps. The
8tylobate is in the center of a paved
area surrounded by a parapet having
at the four corners salient masses,
upon the outer surface of which are
to be cut inscriptions telling of the
history of the discovery of oil by Col.
Drake and of the evolution of the in-
dustry. The whole monument is to be
raised upon a sodded plateau and is to
be approached on all four sides by
flights of 13 steps.
The dimensions of the monument
are as follows: Plateau, 94 feet
square; platform at parapet line, 52
feet square; diameter of shaft, 5 feet
6 inches; pedestal, 8 feet square;
stylobate, 20 feet square; height of
plateau, 8 feet; height of monument,
53 feet; total height of monument and
plateau, 61 feet.
The location of the old Drake well
is on a sightly spot near the line of
the Pennsylvania railroad, so that the
monument when completed can b*
viewed by all travelers between Pitts-
burg and Buffalo.
HIS LIFE A LUCKY ONE.
Youngster at Least Had the Great
Virtue of Cheerfulness.
The following is a genuine essay by
a ten-year-old boy;
"My life has been a very lucky one.
When I was three years old I fell
downstairs and cut my head. When I
was five years old I was looking at
some hens and a dog bit my leg. When
I was eight I went with my brother in
the trap and the horse fell and threw
us out of the trap; my brother lit on
his feet and I lit on the horse's back.
Last year I was playing, and I ran into
a surrey and cut my eyebrow, and it
has left a mark. One day I went into
the slaughter house and a big sheep
ran after me and knocked me down.
I have had a happy life."
This cheerful acceptance of what
are usually regarded as the ills of life
reminds the writer of an old school-
fellow who took part in the fight at
Elandslaagte at the beginning of the
South African war. After the engage-
ment he was taken to the hospital at
Pietermaritzburg. As soon as he was
able he wrote home and sent his peo-
ple the tunic he had worn in the bat-
"You will see," he wrote, "that there
are 11 bullet holes in it, but I was
awfully lucky, only six of them hit
Sexes in Antagonism.
Woman suffrage has been carried to
an extreme in Buenos Ayres. An Ital-
ian woman describes the situation in
the Argentine city: "A sort of recip-
rocal fear seems to raise an insur-
mountable barrier between the men
and women. Whether at home, in the
street, at banquets and public prom-
enades, in the theaters or schools, the
two sexes, as if by a tacit understand-
ing, keep each other at a respectful
distance. What most strikes the for-
eigner who walks in Buenos Ayres,
whether he traverse the narrow street
where the traffic of foot passengers is
more crowded than in either London
or Paris, or saunter through the broad
avenues where tram cars, carriages,
automobiles pass and repass each
other, is the absence of woman. . . .
She acts, not as an associate of man,
but as a rival, and in the same house
we find an antagonism existing be-
tween husband and wife, mother and
son." The social reformers of Argen-
tina are beginning to think that wom-
en are being too highly educated. They
neglect their children and household
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Miller, C. H. The Hennessey Clipper (Hennessey, Okla.), Vol. 19, No. 35, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 14, 1909, newspaper, January 14, 1909; Hennessey, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc105639/m1/3/: accessed September 21, 2021), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.