The Kiel Herald (Kiel, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 51, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 4, 1910 Page: 3 of 8
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R0AD and FARM
FACTORS FOR ROAD BUILDER
Climate Is Important Matter to Con-
sider—All Road Forms Should
Have Good Crown.
(Dy W. L. SI'OON.)
The climate U a factor of Impor-
tance for the road builder to consider.
Iu the eastern sections, where the soil
1b plastic, the rains are most abundant
while In the western sand hills the
climate is semi-arid and quite strong
south winds prevail. These conditions
Introduce an important matter for con-
sideration. Sand roads are best when
wet, and clay roads when dry, but cli-
matic conditions operate adversely
and must be taken into consideration
seriously. The rains make the eastern
roads muddy, while dry weather
makes of the western roads deep shift-
ing sand. The suggestion offered by
thia natural condition is to add sand
to the eastern clays and clay to the
western sands in order to bring about,
rate it with the clay so as to oi/taiu
the best possible results.
All forms of hard roads should
have a good crown, varying from
side to center. The slope of the
crown should be greatest at the sides
and flattened as it approaches the
center. Only a sand road requires
I no crown at all. Where nothing but
I deep sand prevails, the surface should
be concave for the purpose of con-
serving, as far as possible, the mols-
I ture. Sand alone is Improved by
: 3. JSSaffiw
An Excellent Roadway.
between the soil and the climate, the
balance necessary for the betterment
of the roads. Additional encourage-
ment Is afforded by the natural distri-
bution of the material, which in most
cases is abundantly provided for all
In the eastern portion, where rains
are abundant, the question of drain-
age is very important, and, more-
over, a greater percentage of sand
(63 to 85 per cent.) must be used,
while in the west, In the semi-arid
sandhill section, the reverse propor-
tion is not only permissible but often
necessary. In the east the road must
meet, as Its supreme test, continued
wet weather, while in the west con-
tinued drought furnishes a maximum
strain on the binding power of the
clay. In the east the road is likely to
fail by reason of mud holes and
washes; in the west it must resist
pulverizing and blowing away as dust.
Between these two extremes lie ail
Expensive to a Farmer.
the possible methods of sand-clay
road construction. Upon the judg-
ment of the supervisor, therefore, de-
pends the character of the work to
be dene. He should know how to
select the best available clay for the
conditions to be met, and likewise
how to select the sand and incorpo-
The only really successful garden Is
the clean garden.
Good fruit and vegetables In clean
attractive packages need no salesman.
Turnips as a second crop more
than pay the time and work put In on
Making a good garden is a man's
Job. Do not leave the hard work to
the women folks.
With good equipments and willing
workers haying Is not altogether a
Cauliflower can be grown more eas-
ily than cabbage. It Is always In de-
mand and at good prices.
Plant seeds of string beans every
fortnight, so that there will always
be a supply of tender pods.
Wagons, rakes, forks, racks, and
everything should all be In good or-
der before the harvest begins.
Celery blanches nicely if a six-inch
drain tile Is slipped over each plant,
when the time comes for blanching.
Make sowings once a week of such
quick-growing vegetables as lettuce
and radishes, to Insure a continuous
Any delay made to repair harvesting
tools not only subjects the farmer to
loss of money by hindering the field
hands, but subjects him to loss by
prolonging the time of gathering his
As soon as the grass gets into the
proper condition, It should be gathered
In just as early aB possible, for when
allowed to fully ripen before cutting
a great portion of the nutriment is
Clean out the chaff and hay seed on
the barn flour and scatter it over bare
places in the lots and pastures. This
scattered seed represents good money
value and it should be put to good
Clearing up and removing all
growths along the margins of a gar-
den and fields with thorough, contin-
uous cultivation will glv# almost com-
plete immunity from cut worms,
Conquering Mr. Cushway
By M. J. Phillips
Copjiifciht. iwio. by Associated Lilcraiy
LIFTING THE WAGON BODIES
Method Shown In Illustration Hat
Proved to Be Excellent and
Simple in Construction.
We all know how troublesome and
inconvenient It is to change the wagon
bodies, especially when there Is only
one to do it. The method illustrated
is simple but very satisfactory. The
piece used as a lever is 12 feet long.
It may be a 2 by G inch piece of strong
timber, or even a nice, straight pole
The posts are eight and twelve feet
above the ground, and should be set
deep enough to prevent pulling up or
careening and should be of sufficient
size to prevent bending or breaking.
The lever is bolted to the long post ten
Lifting the Wagon Bed.
feet from the ground with four feet
projecting over the wagon. To the
end of the lever are fastened the rope
swings, four of them, with loops on
the lower end to hook over the bottom
cross frame of the wagon body.
The short post Is seven feet from
the long one and has a row of pins
set in the side of It to hold the end
of the lever after the body has been
The different pins correspond to
the different heights of the wagons.
The plan is suggestive of many
ENGLISH SPARROW IS MENACE
So Regarded by Minnesota State En-
tomologist Because It Destroy*
Much Farm Produce.
The English sparrow is looked upon
by the Minnesota state entomologist
at the experiment station as a menace
to farmers, not only destroying grain,
but also driving away useful birds.
The division of entomology suggests
that a very humane way of destroying
them is to feed them wheat for a few
morning in the winter, in a straight
line, in yard or field, and when the
birds have become accustomed to the
system to rake the line with a gun
loaded with fine shot. Wheat, it has
been said, may be soaked In whisky
and eaten by the sparrows inducing
such Intoxication that they may be
picked up and killed. Destroying
sparrows' nests several times in suo-
cession, as they were built, has dis-
couraged nesting in the locality. De-
struction by means of active poisons
Is not recommended by the division
because the dead birds are eaten by
cats, poultry, etc. The entomologist
has discouraged their roosting during
the winter under the eaves of his
own home and defiling the building,
by the use of a small collecting pistol
of fine shot, shooting them off their
perches at dusk.
A Dry-Weather Crop.
There are few seasons so dry that
well-cultivated milo maise will not yield
a fair crop of grain. It will produce
15 bushels per acre of grain under
conditions so dry tliRt corn will be a
total failure. In favorable seasons it
produces more grain than corn, with
a greater feed value.
Old Cushway, of the chemical trust,
sputtered and seethed like one of his
own carboys. His neatly shaven pink
Jowls grow purple. Ills pink scalp
turned fiery red. Each closely cropped
hair on the sparsely covered head
"You, you—" he bellowed, and
stopped, overcome by the rush of his
emotions. He swallowed hard, $azed
at the young man before him, and
began again: "You miserable, ungrate-
ful gutter-snipe! You lazy double-deal-
er! Using your position as my secre-
tary to try to steal my daughter! Oh,
"Have 1 your permission to marry
"No! No, confound you! When she
marries, it'll be a man with some ^ros
pects. You haven't a cent iu the
"I'm getting $3,000 a year, sir."
"As my secretary. I've made you,
hang you! Took you out of the
"Out of college, sir," corrected the
young man, calmly.
"Same thing! Took you out of
poverty and starvation and made a
man—tried to make a man," he cor-
rected himself hastily, "out of you.
Where'd you be If I turned you out
Young Hammond had borne him-
self admirably during the tirade, but
now a slight flush rose to the roots
of his hair. "Oh, I don't know," he
retorted. "1 don't think J. Allison
Perkins, of the Raw Drugs corpora-
tion, would see me starve!"
"What's that?" Cushway thrust out
a stubby underlip, and scowled more
blackly than ever. "Throw Raw
Drugs in my face, eh? Yes, that's
true; Perkins would pay well for my
Becrets! He'd rob my safe, If he
thought he could get awaj- with it. So
you're going to him, you an grateful—"
"Unless you discharga me, sir."
"Humph!" Mr. Cushway suddenly
subsided into his everyday voice and
manner. "Now let's understand one
another, Hammond. I've got to be
away for a day or so. There's a con-
ference on. For certain reasons not
unconnected with your threat about
Perkins, I don't want you with me.
Will you promise not to see or com-
municate with my daughter till 1 get
"No, sir, I will not!"
The older man nodded. "I thought
you wouldn't Very well; and now you
listen. If you try to get into my house,
or if you're seen with my daughter,
you will be immediately arrested—do
you hear, sir, immediately! An,i if
that socialist preacher from the settle-
ment, Monckton, shows up around
there, either, you'll be landed In a cell
within an hour. I don't propose to
have any clandestine marriage behind
Hammond smiled broadly. "Arrest-
ed? For speaking to your daughter?
"Oh, no, Hammond." His employer
shook his head and grinned triumph-
antly. "You will be arrested for the
embezzlement of—let's see—we'll call
It $3,843.79." He turned to his desk
and scribbled the amount on a pad.
"That's what you'll be arrested for!
Tut, tut, now!" As the young man
took a threatening step toward him.
"Keep your temper; play the game;
play the game!"
"But I haven't embezzled a cent of
your money!" cried Hammond, furi-
"I know it." Mr. Cushway nodded
again. "But I guess if I said you had
the police'd lock you up, wouldn't
they?" He waited for an answer, but
none was forthcoming. Hammond
knew they would.
"I'll fix it so they won't touch you
as long as you keep away," he con-
tinued. "I'll say my chain of evidence
Isn't quite completed. But I'll tell the
chief that if Monckton or you goes to
the house, or you meet Ethel any-
where, it's a' signal I'm ready. And
they'll nab you. So you see it's all up
to you. Agree to an armistice till I
get back and you won't be molested.
Otherwise—" he waved a plump, pink
hand negligently and continued: "Of
course if they do get you I'll see that
"Thanks," rejoined the secretary,
Ironically. "Well," he said, ungra-
ciously, at last, "supposing I agree to
"Urn—well, I'll make no promises.
But we'll see."
The secretary laughed scornfully.
"That means you'd pack Ethel off to
Europe for a year!"
Hammond took one or two agitated
turns across the luxurious private of-
fice. Then he stopped before the com-
placent magnate, "Why do you object
to me as a son-in-law?" he demanded.
"No man is a hero to bis boss," be
It was lour o clock of a bitter win-
ter's day. The mercury registered
zero. An arctic wind drove lances of
snow, fine and stinging as sand, be-
fore It. Detectives Mooney and Mc-
0111, of the Central station, with over-
coat collars turned up, stood guard on
the Cushway home with what patience
they could muster; Mooney watched
the front of the house; McGIll tramped
through a foot of snow In tho alley hi
Both cursed with great fluency and
persistence, anathematizing Cushway,
Hammond and the Rev. Mr. Monckton
impartially. Except for a few hours'
respite during the previous night they
had been on * atch constantly for
more than thirty hours.
Neither Hammond nor Monckton
had attempted to visit the Cushway
home: nor, in fact, had anyone els*.
McGill found it livelier In the alley,
especially the second day. Delivery
wagons plowed their way through the
drifts. An olive-skinned peddler, with
a huge pack of fabrics which he ear-
nestly—and untruthfully declared to
have been smuggled from Persia, went
from back door to back door, tempting
the maids with his gaudy display.
The gasman was the first to enter
Cushway's by way of the alley that
afternoon. He was followed presently
by a plumber with his kit of tools, a
smudge of grease and four days'
growth of beard adorning his face. A
broad-Bhouldered grocer's boy, muffled
to the eyes, puffed in with a basket.
The plumber, as usual, had forgotten
important tools and went back to his
shop for them. He borrowed a match
from McGill on his way out
Returning presently, he paused for
a few moments to chat with the watch-
er. Hungry for human companionship,
McGill guardedly explained his vigil.
Also he ventured the assertion that
"old man Cushway must have a pull
like a four-horse team or the chief
wouldn't be standing for such monkey
business as this."
Shortly after four o'clock Cushway's
carriage drew up to the house. He
grinned with satisfaction at sight of j
the watchers, for their presence i
proved Hammond had not ventured to
call. On being dismissed with a gen-
erous tip they left.
The man servant took Cushway's
bag, and the magnate walked springily
up the steps. At the door of 'lie li-
brary he stopped, paralyzed; for there, !
awaiting his coming, were his placid I
wife and pretty daughter, his secre-
tary and the Rev. Mr. Monckton.
"How did you two get In here?" de-
"Walked In, sir; Mr. Monckton and
I were strong for theatricals in col-
lege and we thought we could disguise '
ourselves and fool the detectives. He
made up as the grocer's man and I
posed as the plumber. And—here we
Mr. Cushway was noted for his vio-
lent and uncertain temper. But now
he showed that he had a sense of the
fitness of things as well. He realized
under the extraordinary circumstances,
the utter inadequacy of flying into a
rage. "I suppose you are married?"
he asked, quite mildly.
"No, sir," replied Hammond, "not
yet We wanted to show that we
could outwit detectives. But we
wouldn't take any unfair advantage of
you. So we waited."
His employer fixed him with a hos
tile eye. "I can't order you out," he
grumbled, "for I've Just gotten control
of Perkins' company and I need you
worse than ever." His glance traveled
over the expectant group. "Well," he
cried, irascibly, "what's the use of sit-
ting around staring like lunatics? Go j
ahead and get married, hang it!"
His daughter threw herself in his j
arms. "Daddy, you're an old darling!" I
she cried, rapturously. "But, perhaps, \
we'd better wait a week or so. Really, \
I haven't a thing to wear!"
Cured by Lydia E. Pink-
ham's Vegetable Compound
Baltimore, Md. — "For four years
my life was a misery to mo. I suffered
ties, terrible drag-
ness, and that all
gone feeling in my
stomach. I had
given up hope of
ever being well
when I began to
take Lydia E. Pink-
1 felt, as though
new life had been
given me, and I am recommending It
to all my friends."—Mrs. W. S. Ford,
2^o7 W. Franklin St., Baltimore, Md.
The most successful remedy in thia
country for the cure of all forms of
female complaints is Lydia E. IMnfc.
liain's Vegetable Compound. It has
stood tho test of years and to-day ia
more widely anil successfully used than
any other female remedy. It has cured
thousands of women who have been
troubled with displacements. Inflam-
mation, ulceration, fibroid tumors, ir-
regularities, periodic pains, backache,
that bearing-down feeling, flatulency,
indigestion, and nervous prostration,
after all other means had failed.
If you are suffering from any of these
ailments, don't give up hope until you
have given Lydia E. l'inkliaru'a Vege-
table Compound a trial.
If you would likoHpcclal advice
write to Mr*. lMnkliuin, Lynn,
Mann., for It. Mho lias guided
thousand* to health, free of
SAVE YOUR MONEY.—
One ho* of Tutt * IMlls save many dollar* In doc-
tor*' bill*. Cure disease* of the liver or bowel*.
For sick headache, dyspepsia, malaria, consti-
pation and biliousness, a million people endorse
HAVE TO WAIT.
"You ought to take some quinine for
"I'm sorry, old man, but there are
ninety eight cures ahead of yours."
How He Kept the Law.
"I noticed," said the frlend-who-
could-be-triiBted, after a trip through
tho factory where preserves are made,
"that a white powder is first put in
the cans, and that tho preserves are
then put in the white powder."
"Yes," explained the proprietor to
the t'rlend-who-could-be-trusted, "that
white powder Is a preservative. You
see wo are compelled to put the pre-
serves in a preservative because an
Idiotic requirement of the government
makes it unlawful for us to put a
preservative in the preserves."
Navy's Best Hitter.
The battleship Idaho Is to enjoy for
a year the coveted honor of being the
best hitter in the American navy. A
comparison of the shooting perform-
ance of the battleships this year was
made public recently at the navy de-
partment. The Idaho made a score
of 46,121. The South Carolina gets seo
ond place with 42,585, and the Wiscon-
sin third, with 40,478.
The battleships are competing for a
trophy, their rank depending not only
on the hits of the guns, but on their
work with mines and torpedoes. While
the target practise has been concluded
by the battleships, only a few have
done the required mining. Of these
the Wisconsin stands at the head of
those which have completed the com-
petition, with a score of 45,934; the
Maryland second, with 37,687, and the
Weal Virginia third, with 22,264.
"You say your boy Joah is a dream-
er?" said the literary lady. "Does lie
write poetry or romances?"
"Oh," replied Farmer Corntossel.
"he don't write anything. But he Jes'
natcherally refuses to get up till 9
with cream or milk
The smile that follows will
last all day—
"The Memory Lingers"
Sold by Grocers.
Pkgs. 10c and ISc
POSTUM CEREAL CO., Ltd.
Battle Creek, Mich.
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Chapman, H. C. The Kiel Herald (Kiel, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 51, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 4, 1910, newspaper, August 4, 1910; Kiel, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc103021/m1/3/: accessed February 23, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.