Chapman, H. C. The Kiel Herald (Kiel, Okla.), Vol. 1, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, July 22, 1909, newspaper, July 22, 1909; (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc102988/m1/1/: accessed October 27, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; .