The Kiel Press. (Kiel, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 41, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 11, 1904 Page: 3 of 6
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Horror of Harwick Mine
Told by Soie Survivor
Half Unconscious He
Groped Where In-
stinct Drew Him
How Selwyn M. Taylor
Died in the Deadly
Gas of the After-
Only one man escaped alive from
the Harwick, Pa., mine explosion, by
which 120 lives were lost. He has had
an enormous appetite for pound rake
and beer since his resurrection.
Adolph Gonia, nearing his 26th year, is
the lucky fellow. He does not realize
the full sense of his fortune, at least
he did not betray any exultation or
any wonderment at the fact that his
lK>dy was not rent asunder as were
his companions in the Harwick mine.
(Ionia has not seen daylight yet. Since
being brought up from the mine his
eyes have been bandaged. He has
frequently pleaded to be permitted to
see. but the doctors do not know that
he ever will regain his sight.
Gonia can talk freely and eat heart-
ily. When seen by a correspondent
he was lying on a bed in a boarding
house not far from the Harwick mine,
where he had been brought from the
little schoolhouse, later turned into a
morgue. While at the schoolhouse he
lay on a pile of straw in the corner,
watched over by women from the vil-
lage and the schoolteacher, Miss Flor-
ence Miller, lie speaks English and
has been a subject of the emperor of
Speaking of his experience in the
mine, he said:
"I was working with my father and
my brother in the farthest entry. It
con Id not have been long after 8
o'clock in the morning when I saw a
flash of light and heard a terrible
noise. That was the explosion. I
thought 1 was struck by something,
but, anyway, I fell to .the floor of the
room. After the explosion everything
got quiet, except that I could hear
pieces of coal and slate dropping, and
there was a terrible odor. 1 don't re-
member how long 1 lay on the floor.
"When 1 came to my senses I knew
that 1 ought to get out of the mine. I
knew the way to the shaft, as we were J
working in the last entry and our j
room was the end of the main gang- I
way, about half a mile from the shaft. |
1 started to crawl on my hands and j
knees. I could feel the shovels, picks j
and cars 1 crawled over, and kept |
my hands on the main rails so as to I
guide me, so I would not get into any j
of the side entries. 1 remembered one
place where I had to crawl over a big :
idle of coal before reaching the shaft, j
1 could scarcely squeeze through, but •
J wriggled my way out. That almost .
finished me, as 1 could scarcely I
breathe when I got over that pile. j
"Kvery once In a while my hands I
and feet would slip on something. 1 j
knew it was bodies of dead miners, be- j
cause I could feel the clothing and
tinsh. Do you know, I never thought
t.f that until now. Once, while crawl-
ing out, I thought of my father and
n y brother. That was just when i
smarted to crawl on 11 the room. 1
got u notion they had gotten out «ome
how I yelled several times, but it
made me sick; then 1 < losed my mouth
and kept my nose down to the rails,
sometimes in the water. 1 know my
nose often rubbed tin- ground. I
didn't feel a bit hurt 1 didn't know 1
was burned. 1 felt awful tired, espe-
cially after I got over that hump
"1 suppose I crawled half a mile
when the air seemed to smell better.
But I couldn't see a thing. I have
often been down in a mine without
light but my eyes got uted to it and
1 could see the mine walls, but 1 ditl
not know 1 was blind.
"Say, won't you lift this bandage
up so 1 can see?" the poor l'ellow
asked, a question he put to everyone
who approached him. Gonia wer.t on
with his story, alter being told that
by and by the doctor would lift the
"It couldn't have taken me an hour
to crawl from the last room to the
shaft. 1 remember lying there some
time when I heard a noise above me.
1 heard someone call. I cried, 'Here,
here! Help! help!' 1 heard footsteps
crackling near me. 1 heard two men
talking. They grabbed me and bund
led me into the bucket, and soon I
was hoisted up. Say. my burns didn't
bother me in the mine, but when I
reached the top of the shaft and the
cold air hit me I thought a million
needles were being prodded into my
face, hands, head and neck. Then I
knew 1 had been roasted, all right."
Gonia had been i:i the mine from
8:15 a. m. until r> o'clock that evening.
He figured that lie had been there only
one hour, but that must have been the
period of his unconsciousness. It is
probable that he lay unconscious in
the chamber where- ic lell until about 4
p. in. With the air «haft being open
the firedamp naturally sought an
opening, and as he l ad not been killed
by the explosion, hh lace must have
been turned down with his m «• buried
in the soft coal, or else he would have
been suffocated. The air he breathed
was to some extent filtered.
The fact that Selwyn M. Taylor, the
engineer, was suffocated only about
200 feet from the air- halt proves how
deadly tho firedamp was. and he was
not injured by the explosion, and had
been in the mine orly two hours. Hut
Taylor turred aside into an entry. Had
he remained in the main gangway,
where there was some circulation of
air, he might have been living to-day.
Had Gonia in his crawling the half
mile turned aside but once and en-
tered one of the entries he would have
been a dead man.
Gonia was asked to describe the
horror of the sensation. He said:
"No; there wasn't any horror. I
just knew the only way to get out of
that mine was by the main shaft. I
don't know that I felt anything but
sick. Of course, I knew that the mine
was wrecked. 1 even knew, when I
reached the shaft, that my father and
brother were way back in the last
room. 1 even thought of crawling back
alter them, but 1 was tired out. I
couldn't crawl any furt ier, and so I
lay down where I could get some air."
The hump which Gonia crawled
over, and which nearly cost his life,
was later discovered by the rescuers
about a thousand feet from the shaft.
It proved to be a cave-in where the
explosion had spent is force and had
turred and gone up the main shaft,
schooting the cage and the mule to
the top above the tipple, throwing
them to one side a hundred feet or
more. Jf Gonia could have told his
story to the r. sellers as he told it later
tie miners could have entered the
main gangway fearlessly and might
have saved some of the men in the
furthest part of the mine entries from
It was taken for granted that Gonia
was at the shaft at.the time of the
explosion. The bodies found near
where Gonia was lying when he was
rescued were torn into fragments. The
exploring parties all stopped at the
cave-in. If Gonia had been properly
interrogated the mine would have
been entered long before it was, as
Gonia said he would have been will-
ing, if able, to have crawled back
again into the last chamber to look
for his father and brother.
YOUNG MAN MUST SAVE.
TRULY THE DARK CONTINENT.
Stringent Provisions Made in Will of
St. Louis Father.
Lewis Bierman, president of a St.
Louis real estate company, died re-
cently leaving an estate valued at
about $500,000. His son, Lewis F.
Bierman, apparently had been liv-
ing too expensively, for deceased
makes provision iu his will that the
young man shall be paid $1,000" alter
a certain time, that amount to be in-
creased to $20,000 provided that the
son in the meantime shall have saved
$10 per month out of the salary he is
now receiving. This saving must bo
deposited monthly with a trust com-
Thinks Russia Must Back Down.
Dr. Kios-aburo Futami, a dis-
tinguished engineer from the Kyoto
imperial university, Japan, has ar-
rived in this country to make a spe-
cial study of American engineering
works, especially bridges. After
spending some time in Eastern cities
lie will come to Chicago and will re-
turn to his home by way of the Pacific
ocean. Dr. Futami was in this country
once before. He does not believe that
Japan and Russia will fight, but thinks
the latter will yield in time to prevent
Mayor Hays, Comptroller Larkin
and Treasurer Frauenheim of Pitts-
burg have been stricken off the pay
roll at their own request. The cause
is that the appropriation for salaries
has been exhausted. But for the self-
denial mentioned a number of clerks
would have been obliged to accept re-
duced salaries. By the time this
month's pay rolls are ready new ap-
propriations will be available.
European Nations Find Africa to Be
The price of colonization in Africa
is a heavy one, both in life and treas-
ure. Kvery European ]>o\ver which has
African possessions pays it. The his-
tory of British interests in the great
continent is bloody practically from
the beginning, and it is still being
written red in Somaliland; France has
had her troubles in Algeria, and is
constantly finding lrcsh ones to the
south and along the Moroc co frontier;
one of the most dreadful episodes in
Italian history was worked out in Ab-
yssinia a few years ago; Portugal has
had many conflicts with the natives;
Belgium has the disgrace of the Congo
atrocities, and now comes Germany
with an uprising of blacks that threat-
ens to overshadow anything of the
kind that has occurred in Africa. Sure-
ly that vast territory was aptfy named
the Dark Continent.
Marvelous Escape oi
Girls in 1'ioneer Days
IN DAYS OF OLD.
Salt Lake City, as Seen by Eastern
Senator Proctor of Vermont likes to
tell of an experience he had some time
ago while making a tour of the West.
He was accompanied by Mrs. Proctor
and some fifteen or twenty other men
and women. The party made a stop at
Salt Lake City and the senator and his
wife went for a walk about the place,
half a dozen ladies following them.
That morning a large party of tour-
ists from the East had arrived there
and some of them caught sight of Mr.
Proctor and his friends. Said one of
the tourists in a stage whisper:
"There's an old mormon out for a
walk with his wives. I wonder if he
has any more."—Exchange.
Matinee Girls Rebuked by the Only
Rip Van Winkle.
Once after a matinee Joseph Jef-
ferson was persuaded to take behind
the scenos several pretty girls who
had just watched his portrayal of Hip
Van Winkle from a box. "Oh, Mr.
I Jefferson!" exclaimed the prettiest of
the girls, while he was showing them
around, "we enjoyed your perform an c e
so much; but, do you know, we could
hardly hear a word you said." The
comedian smiled good humoredly.
"Well, i should say that was strange,"
replied he, "for I distinctly heard
every word you young ladies uttered!"
BOTH GOVERNOR AND AUTHOR.
Pennsylvania's Executive Offers Op-
portunities to Critics.
Gov. Peunypaeker of Pennsylvania
is the author of a preface written lor
a fac simile of "The Chronicles of Na-
than Ben daddi." a collection of colo-
nial satires on the University of Penn-
sylvania. The chronicles are written
in Biblical phrase and are in imita-
tion of some English writings which
appeared in 1740. The book for which
Gov. Pennypacker has written a pref-
ace will be published iV the expense
of the Philobiblou club, a Philadelphia
organization for the study of rare
Dooks and manuscripts.
American Who Won Victoria Cross.
William Seeley of Stoughton, Mass.,
is the only American who ever wore
the Victoria cross, an honor dearly
prized by all British subjects. Mr.
Seeley was on board a British vessel
at Simoncski, Japan, in 1864, and
saved the life of the ship's captain,
for which service he received the dec-
| oration, which he highly prizes.
HKKl' is, perhaps Ue lee
O rP o -ylvania of a mere thrill
dians than that of I'.Iizm
be u and Catharine Kleinsniilh. dau^i'
tors of John Balzer Kleinsmlth, o!
Buffalo Valley, in now I'nlon Coun
ty. The facts in their case show
strong nerve, resourcefulness
quick perception to act in emergencies
of the women of Colonial da\- They
trained iu tin4 hard school of ex.-
The father of these young
heroines was a (ierman, who arrived
from the Fatherland in 17.">J. Seme
twenty years later he removed from
one of the lower counties to this region
and was one of tie first settlers. His
plantation was at the cross roads, mid-
way between the Dreisbaeh Church
and the Shnmokin, or New Berlin
Mountain, about four miles west of
Lewisliurg. In the application for a
pension by his widow it Is reel toil that
lie had been a soldier iu the Kcvolii-I
tion, during which tim.? his family was !
exposed to constant peril. In the y« ar (
17N> he was at home assisting iu the
protection of the valley.
(Mi Friday, July of that year,
which proved so disastrous to the set-
tiers, Klelnsnilth. witn bis son. John I
Baltzer. Jr.. and daughters, Elizabeth,
aged sixteen, and Catherine, aged four-
teen years, '-.ere engaged at work in
a fieicl some distance from the* house.
Discovering some fine squirrels in a
t.-ee, the son was sent to the house to
fetch the gun, which, strange to say.
they had left behind.
During his absence a parly of In
dians look the father and girls captive.
Being unarmed, resistance was useless.
The hostlles were on icir way to Dry
Valley, just across the mountains, and
evidently concluded that Kleinsmith
would give tliein trouble if taken along.
Accordingly, tit a spot still pointed out
by people of the locality, they killed
him and proceeded on their way. Near
this place lived George Brooks, Sr.,
who, with his family, we • not dis-
turbed by the savages.
The Brooks family soon learned of
the fate of their neighbor, and, con-
structing a litter, bore his body to his
home, about a mile distant. Among
those who assisted in this sad task
was Sabina, the eighteen-year-old
daughter of Brooks, who afterward
married Martin Dreisbaeh. Sr.. and
was tho mother of the late Judge Mat-
tin Dreisbaeh, of Lowisburg, who was
her youngest child.
We now follow the "ate of the Klein-
smith girls. After crossing the moun-
tain, a distance of several miles, the
Indians and their young captives
stopped at a fine spring a short dis-
tance north of the present site of Now
Berlin, and still known as Indian
►Spring. Here the savages planned an-
other foray. Leaving the girls ami
their plunder here in charge of an old
man of their number, they sot out to
pillage. Soon after the departure of
tho party it began to rain and the old
Indian beckoned to the girls to gather
brush and cover tho plunder to keep it
dry. This task gave tho girls 1111 op-
portunity to consult in an undertone
libout attempting an escape.
The decision was quickly reached.
They could not afford to lose time in
carrying their purpose into execution,
us one or more ojj the band might re-
turn any moment. They determined
lo kill the old Indian, otherwise he
would pursue them, or make an outcry
which would quickly bring the others
Dn the ground.
The Indian was evidently much fa-
tigued, as lie paid little attention to
the girls. Partly reclining on his tom-
ahawk, ho fell into a doze which proved
fatal to him. As the girls passed him
with the brush they deftly moved the
weapon with their feet in such a man-
ner that tho handle could be easily
grasped. If the old Indian was awake
I10 evidently considered it accidental,
ami the girls did not disturb his unsus-
When the proper moment for action
came Elizabeth gave her sister the sig-
nal to run, while she herself, with the
nerve and strength of a Titian,
grasped the helve of the tomahawk,
and, before the old man could collect
his senses, she brought the weapon
down upon his head, which must have
proved fatal, llad they delayed their
desperate work ti few moments longer
It would have been too late.
The Indian gave a terrible yell of
pain, nml without waiting to repeat
the blow, the young woman bounded
after her sister, both heading for Hugh
Beatty's, about half a mile distant.
At the instant this was happening
the band of Indians, who had been dis-
covers! by the armed harvesters in
Hugh Beatty's Hold, thought it best
to take a homeward trail, and were
coming to the spring for their plunder
and captives. The death yell of the
old guard and the girls fleeing with the
speed of doer for Beatty's open fields
was instantly comprehended by them
They gave immediate pursuit, and
would ha o recaptured them had tho
run been a longer one, as they had the
advantage of having rifles.
Just before reaching the clearing, as
Catharine was bounding over the
trunk of a fallen tree, she was pierced
through the body by a bullet from tho
gun of a pursuing Indian. With rare
presence of uiind the young girl made
no outcry, but fell apparently by tho
side of the tree a corpse.
As she had fallen so quickly and lay
so motionless the Indians who came
up an instant later supposed her dead,
and without stopping continued the
I pursuit of Elizabeth, who was nearing]
I Beatty's field.
Tli? harvesters .n Beatty's wheat
field were alert to all their surround !
ings They had seen the hostile* a few 1
moments before and had grasped their 1
guns to await tho outcome. Present- '
ly the report of tho gun that sent the
cruel bullet into poor Catherine's body
was heard, and an instant later Kli/i
both Kleinsniilh came dashing through
the wood toward them, followed b> her
pursuers. The party ran to meet the
I fleeing girl. The Indians, knowing
that they wore outiu; tolled 1 y the liar,
vest *rs, gave up the j ur.-uit and beat
I a hasty retreat, not even stopping to
take tho scalp of Catherine, which
would have brought them sove.-r del
lars* bounty in good English money at
| and I
pistol of D
; u p 1 4 tie A us*
•Id 10 Loudon to*
11 1 The men found Catherine
| very badly and bleeding profusel> j
The ball had entered her right rhoul-I
; dor blade, passing entirely through her
j body. The bleeding girl was taken to
I the bouse of Hugh Beatty. which stood
I near the point :«t tho eastern limit of
j Now Berlin. Had the girl not been
strong and vigorous and inured to
j hardships she would have succumbed
to the wound.
The reader will naturally bo inter-
ested to know the subsequent history
of these bravo girls.
Elizabeth, tho eldest, some years la;
or. was married to John Boal, of But'
fa!o Valley, and removed to French
Creek, in Crawford County. Later in
life they moved to the West, where
she was still alive in isle.
Catherine completely recovered from
her terrible wound, and, strange to re-
late, outlived two husbands. She mar-
ried first Daniel Campbell, a Kevolu
ternary soldier; later Robert Chamber-
who died in 1S35, whom she survived
about ten years. There are still peo-
ple living to whom she told the thrill-
ing story of her capture and c scape.
The lie v. A. Stapleton. A M., M. S in
the Philadelphia lleeord.
(ate of 1 In* I mtirellA.
A former peddler, now a rich insur-
ance man with fine clothes, stood in
a sheltered corner near the City Hall
during the last big storm and watched
the umbrellas go to pieces as the wind,
howling around the City Hall, hit them
"Probably all those umbrellas arc
wrecks because of the hick of a little
>11," ho said. "That's : trick I learned
is a peddler. An umbrella is primari-
ly a thing of joints, and to keep it in
good condition tho joints should be
died. 1 found that nearly all umbrel-
las break at tho joints first, and why
houldn't they? Tho joints are never
Mod, and yet are expected to respond
asily to a sudden opening.
"To got the best use out of an um-
brella the joints should be oiled first
with coal oil, or kerosene, to clean oft
the rust, and then with a lubricating
oil to make tlieni work easily. Thus
treated, an umbrella's framework will
last indefinitely."—Philadelphia Tele-
I'l.rough tatoi in;.: v illi copying ink
on his right arm a tV. • h of a yo.ing
woni ; ' he.nl a Crewe 'voi k man bas
met his death ly blood pjlsoidug
The New Sou lb Wales (Australia)
Full Court has ruled that a married
woman '"in not hi inipiisom I fot debt
under the Master and J'.erv .utv Act.
There still flourishes at Diindci Scot-
land a tree hich wn 1 dedionUd av H
"tree of liberty" more than a cent ury,
ago. during .be for mi nt caused by ths
One of the Christmas •mie - nicut.* at
Hamburg, 8 C. \\ as 1 flgli i>< twei n
a bulldog and a wildcat The dog
killed the cat in 1 ight minutes, b t
was vt 1; much chewed - m' clawed."
. i proof cloak costs about
, nt- m Japan. I • • made of
ft and will last one year
,; \ iccag '1 •; v are wot 11
r.iolicv >\ ho c. 1.- , b art#
used is gallows
II re *:iid never I
after this •xiini
II I' 11 11: . HIT I ' "11
1- l\ m him Many
li is an i \t rac-rd i nary fm ' thai it rri
hm'ii'cl in :i 11 avalanrlio Know h'.ir
iliMim tly < \ i ry 'vr.nl u!loro<l tvv llio^c
who arv si rliing for tliri.i W'hilo their
irn^i s' .11 i ir: - In n!s tail to pt'ii"!. a11*
cM ii a tVw fi-ol of the snow
.T.ilin r.ivwn of I,:-1 r fit.', <-lniin"
tlie distinction "i being tiir shortert
sulci i r I III til.' a I'll j II'- i ftlir ti rt
six null's whit'll is two anil oni*-
h.ilf i in-In' ^ slinrti'i than iny oltnT
1 nit"',| Mill's 'Ohlii'r who si'rvnl io
tli" Civil War.
I.I inn itls ar n.it lltinwi' a'
MBrrltKi' I'nilcr Illfllriillli'H.
Afler having 1'ncvtl lU'atli all niuiit
on the loo in the Missouri Kiver, John
K. Mavis atiil Miss Mabel Kavauagh
were married tin; oilier day at a farm-
bouse ten miles from Columbia, Mo.
A boat in wlileb they had tried to cross
the river for Columbia, where the cer-
emony was to have been performed,
had been frozen fast in the ice from
early evening, and the bridal parly es-
caped at daybreak.
Accompanied by the Rev. S. M. Hunt-
ington, the couple started in a skiff.
The ice was thick and running fast,
and soon the boat became wedged
among the floes, where li froze fast.
By daylight the ice was strong enough
to bear tho weight of the party, and
they walked to the shore. The three
took refuge in ti house near tbe bank,
where the eeremony was performed.
Miss Kavanagli reclining on n couch,
prostrated by exposure.—Chicago Re-
More Men I'or ttie Nnvy.
The naval appropriation bill has
been taken up by the House committee
on naval affairs. Itear-Admiral Tay-
lor, chief of the llnreau of Navigation,
recommends that 11000 additional en-
listed men be provided lor, tills num-
ber being necessary to man the new-
naval ships. On account of the new
system of target practice invented by
Lieutenant Bims, the proiicleney of the
men behind the ;.iins has been great ly
Increased during the past year. rl lie
system gives practice — equivalent tu
2(KHt-yurd shots—for a cost of si.\ cents
Club« Where Member. Tulk Murh.
Clubs where the members talk much
are generally to be avoided. 1 alk
makes mischief. There are one or two
rather well known literary and pro-
fessional clubs in London, where mem-
bers are freely introduced and personal
gossip the fashion, which have been
pronounced too dangerous to be used
by some of those who, for oid asso-
ciation's sake, still keep their names
upon the books.—Country Gentleman.
The ltoj'ibl Family of Sweden.
The royal family of Sweden is a
thrifty one. It has a civil list of very
nearly a half million dollars from Nor-
way and Sweden, and In addition tbe
King has a little more than $2000 a
year from the fund voted to King Carl
XIV. and his successors. At the same
time His Majesty has palaces both in
the city and country, in Sweden and
Norway, and he owns stock in many
A?almt Involving I>o< rn.
The Berlin police are ordering th*
removal of revolving doors from estab-
lishments of a public character, like
restaurants and places of nmusemcnt,
having come to the conclusion that In
case of tire revolving doors would place
obstacles in the way of free and speedy
egress. As these doors are largely-
used there, loud complaints are made
against fills polk'o measure.
■ I her highest • state mi-
nt itlicr. Then st e has at-
tined the pinniiele of iioii"; 'I lie lirst
wife cannot lie si.hi, but if her hits*
band wlshe* to bo free from hei b
iimst divorce her ivg'ilariy
l!(|di|)|iPil I'oi :i «lrtiin «\y
With t ti cents in mono;.. : liofpun,
;• shot pouch ;• nd a ti< liet to tt
nock, .\ iK. Bill Lttke as hat py :js ••
lark, hoarded west bound ':.. n No IX
Tuesday to seek his fortune In tho
West, ilill is a dusky denizen of the
West Point peel Ion and hin profession
is farming For two years past lie hfs
tilled the soil for Mr. Martin Hrymer,
and during all this time he denied him
self the luxuries of life to save money
for the trip and spent his Idle moments
dreaming of the time when the pilo
would be large enough to take him
West. Bill came to town Tuesday In
start on his trip. Never having ridden
on a train, the experience of purchas-
ing a ticket was a novel one Mr Hen-
derson Long, of the firiu of Long
Brothers, came to his assistance and
purchased the ticket for him When
this was paid for liill was ten cents
to the good. When asked as to what,
he would do for something to eat, Bill
said he would do without until he got
to Little Rock. Bill's wife and several
little Bills were left behind with BilHs
father-in-law, where they will li\«i
till he returns with his fortune. -Ga>
Involution ol TroiUMTM
Probably in no garment of men'*
wear have fewer improvements In
points of constructs n been introduced
than in trousers. From time imme-
morial pantaloons have been made on
identical lines. An enterprising manu-
facturer in the local wholesale trade*
has patented and placed on the market
a novel devr for the waistband. On
either side of the trousers are two ball
and socket fasteners, and these ma>
be adjusted so that a snug tit may b<
had. The conlrivai.ee does away with
the conventional cloth straps at the
back of the garment.
It has long been a source of anxiety
011 the part of underwear houses to
supply a substitute for drawers tapes.
The employment of safety pins ante
dated the advent of these tapes. A
wideawake concern has devised a clasp
for tliis purpose. \Vlien In position it
is Invisible, and it is said to withstand
considerable pressure. New York
A new type of side-door passenger
ear has recently been put into use for
suburban tratlie on the Illinois Centra'
Railroad. There are twelve sliding
doors on each side of the car, evcuy
door being opposite to n section o<
eight seats running crosswise, with,
aisles on each side just within the
doors, running the entire length of It'
ear. The opening and shutting of the
doors is effected by mechanism con-
cealed in the side walls, and under coiv
trol of the trainman in charge of the
ear. The doors can bo opened or closed
all together or sepqrlfte'yH as may. be
desired. It iu claimed for the new care
that they prevent crowding of passen-
gers on tbe waiting platforms, while
they can be loaded and unloaded wllb
great rapidity. Their carry I ni; rapac-
ity is also greater than that of the
standard end-door ear.
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Cavett, A. B. The Kiel Press. (Kiel, Okla.), Vol. 6, No. 41, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 11, 1904, newspaper, February 11, 1904; Kiel, Oklahoma. (https://gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc102783/m1/3/: accessed May 20, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, https://gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.