The Oklahoma Farmer and Laborer (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 21, Ed. 1 Friday, September 2, 1910 Page: 3 of 4
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FRUITS AND NUTS keifer dr0ps swallowtail
DOMESTIC PRODUCTION SUP
PLANTING IMPORTED VARIETY.
Several Lines That Were Once Almost
Wholly Brought From Abroad
Are Now Largely Produced
In This Country.
Fruits and nuts valued at $458,000,
000 have passed through ports of the
ratted Slates du-
ring the last ten
years. Of (his
I 000 represents the
value of imports
j from foreign eoun
j jj exports to foreign
000 receipts from
territories of the
and $5,000,000 ship
mentg to those territories.
The value of fruits and nuls Im
ported into and exported from th«*
country in the fiscal year which ended
June 30, 1910, was in round terms $5">,
000,000, of which about one-third rep-
resented exports. A compilation made
by the bureau of statistics of the de-
partment of commerce and labor gives
the year's imports of fruits and nuts
nt $36,000,000 and expports at $19,000.
A study of the commercial move
ments during the last decade or two
develops the fact that domestic pro
duction is rapidly supplanting certain
classes of fruits formerly imported In j
large quantities. This applies espe i
eially to raisins, prunes and oranges |
Certain other lines, in which local pro I
duction is still insufficient to meet
home consumption, continue to in ;
crease in value, of imports, notably.)
bananas, figs, walnuts, cocoa nuts and
almonds. Comparing the imports o! j
the year Just ended with those of one j
and two decades ago. imports of fruits
and nuts as a whole have increased
from $21,000,000 In 1S90 and $19,000.
000 in 15 00 to about $16,000,000 in 1910
On the export side a far more rapid
growth has occurred since 1890. In
that year the total value of all fruits
and nuts exported from the country was
but $1,000,000, in 1900 the total had
increased to nearly $12,000,000. and in
IMO, about $19,000,000. The principal
articles contributing to this growth
are apples, prunes, oranges, raisins,
apricots, canned fruits and nuts.
Of foreign fruits consumed in the
United States, bananas supply about
one-third. The imported bananas come
chiefly froirt Costa Rica, Honduras and
Panama In Central America, the Brit-
ish West Indies and Cuba. Italy sup-
plies practically all the lemons im-
ported into the country. Of course
the Xante variety, produced in
Greece, supplies most of the imports, i
Raisins, formerly coming in at the
rate of $2,000,000 per annum, chiefly
from Spain and Turkey in Asia, have
practically disappeared as an article
of importation, and as above indicated,
are now becoming an important arti-
cle of export.
Veteran Congressman Causes Surprise
When He Enters House Wear-
ing a Business Suit.
Shortly before congress adjourned
the house received a shock v\ ii« n Gen
J. Warren Keffer, veteran ol two
wars, thirty-seven battles and uiue
congressional campaigns, covering a
period of more than half a century oi
public life, marched in attired in a
suit of drab oxford gray It was a
sack suit. The only remaining ves-
tige of the general's former attire
was the dress vest, of black broad
cloth G*-n Keifer has worn evening
dress in the daytime for many years
"I am going out to Ohio in a few
days," said he. "The tailor persuaded
me that this would prove more com
frotnble traveling attire than my swal
lowtail. I will not promise that the
change shall be permanent."
Speaker Cannon noted th«- chang-
with deepest emotion and trusted that
Gen. Keifer's insurgency would extend
Gen. Keifer was speaker in the
early days of Mr Cannon's service in
The general was quiet for nearly
40 minutes, afte;* the invocation but
before the day was ended hi' had par-
ticipated in not less than six acrimoni
ous colloquys, and had made three
five-minute speeches, ro his friends
felt assured that the change had made
no appreciable difference in the men-
tal activity of the war horse of Re-
Most perturbed were the profession-
al guides. However they have had
four things to point out to visitors to
the house gallery. The patter of the
guides used to run as follows
"The nervous elderly gentleman sit-
ting at the marble desk with the lit-
tle mallet in h*s hand is Speaker Can
non. The handsome man with the
white lawn tie like a Methodist
preacher is the democratic leader,
Champ Clark of Missouri. The young
man with the head that shines like
a helliograph at noonday is Repre-
sentative Nicholas Longv orth of Ohio,
and the gentleman in the dress suit
with the white whiskers is Gen I
Warren Keifer, who was speaker ol
the Forty-seventh congress iro.n l^Sl
Champ Clark has discarded the
white lawn ties. That Jarr ! the
guides. They hold a mass ■ inij in
the rotunda at night and ;.<!opt< d res
olutions requesting O* n Keiit r to re-
turn to his well-known naliliaments
Tney told him that if 'he speaker
were deposed hext scss'on and Long
worth adopted a wig tl'ey would have
to go out of business.
'•well. where DiJ you get 'em?"
:Ti IE FOUR!
j. SEASONS i
Callonby Loves His
By KENNE.TT HA RRIS "
And It took 4,000 words to answer the question.
depends on test of the gun
Army Will Adopt Sixteen Inch If Navy
Finds It Can Use the
Sixteen inch guns for the army will
follow a successful test of 14 Inch guns
for the navy, according to Brig. Gen.
William Crozier. chief of ordnance.
The decision will hinge on the (rials
of the new navy rifles. "We still have
an advantage over the navy." said
General Crozier. "We can build guns
more powerful than the toughest ar-
mor they can produce. Th< navy Is
pretty close to the limit of armor pro-
tection, and we have by no means
built the most powerful guns of which
wi> are capable. The navy Is now pro-
posing to arm its new battleships with
14-inch guns. Those rifles will be of
higher power than the army I I inch
gun and consequently more powerful.
If the navy adopts 14-inch guns as a
permanent feattire, we shall have to
meet this advance in the fighting
strength of warships. We shall then
Increase the power of our gun."
It was only a short time ago that
the army adopted the 14-inch rifle.
One of the new type has been com-
pleted and tested Twelve others are
now in the process of construction. It
seems probable that an entirely new
t>pe will be adopted even before the
batch of 14 Inch guns has been com-
our cigarettes in china
Consul General Charles Denby Says
America Has Taught the Chinese
to Smoke Them.
America has taught the people of
the Chinese empire to smoke ciga-
rettes. In n report to" this govern-
ment on foreign trade by Consul Gen-
eral Charles Denby of Vienna In
which he described the class of for
• eign markets which may be created
by American enterprise and then
supplied, the consul general says:
"One of the most conspicuous ex
amples of such a market is the de-
mand for the cigarette In China. Ten
years ago the cigarette was an article
used in China by a small number of
people, chiefly foreigners. The field
attracted the attention of a group of
American manufacturers who exam
Ined into It and decided to introduce
tl|e cigarette to the Chinese people
by American methods. The result is
that now the cigarette Is popular
throughout the empire.'
Extensive Plan of Supervision of Rail
roads in Canada and United
It is probabl that an international
railway commission, with supervision
over the railroads of this country and
Canada, will be the result of action
taken by th- gov ii\ nt.in theapp*. i. t-
ment of Chairman Martin A Knapp
of the interstate commerce commis-
sion, as a rei resentative ot the United
States, to confer with J L .Mab e,
chief of tiie railway eonjnr's ion of
Canada. His appointment and' that
of Mr. Malice is the result of consid-
erable correspondence and diplomatic
interchange between t.he United states
More than n year ago the subj- ct
was broached first in a letter from
Mr. Mabee to Judge Knapp, It was
pointed out that the increasing traf-
fic between the United Staffs and
Canada would render full control over
rates in the future more difficult un-
less some joint action w ere tak< n It
was realized that the acquisition of
Canadian terminals , bv American
roads and of American roads and
terminals hv Canadian roaris present-
ed ever-increasing difficnl i« p. In the
present-conditions it is not possib'e to
compel railway or express companies
to establish Joint through rates to and
from points in the two countries
The reasonableness of rates between
points in this country and points in
Canada also Is a question of serious
importance to shippers. In order to
determine any given question as to
rates that may arise it is necessary
for the shipper to institute a proceed-
ing before the interstate commerce
commission and the Canadian railway
commission, and the result is not sat-
isfactory. . The difficulty practical'y
precludes any inquiry by existing tri-
bunals as to the reasonableness of
combination thiough rates as applied
to international traffic •
AND THIS ECONOMY!
REPUBLICAN EXPENDITURES EX-
CEED ALL PRECEDENTS.
Nearly One Hundred Millions In Ex-
cess of a Billion Dollar Appropri-
ated by Congress—Budget
an Outrageous One-
Pigures compiled by the clerical
force of congress and printed In the
Republic show that the late session
spent nearly $100,000,000 in excess
In the last hours of that session
Chairman Hale of the senate finance
committee and Chairman Tawney ot
the house appropriations committee
had « dispute over the exact amount
spent. It came about because out of
the total spent, $1,098,847,184, the
bills for $1,027,901,629 will be payable
immediately on• presentation, whereas
payment on bills for $70,945,555 will
Recause ITncle Sam, out on a fren-
zied and record-breaking shopping
trip, had an understanding that $70,-
000,000 worth of the things he con-
tracted for aren't to be paid for until
later, Mr. Tawney insisted that the
money had not been spent at all.
That there is as much need for an
insurgency against the way the stand-
patters spend money- as against the
way they frame tariff and railroad
bill and other legislation is apparent
to anyone who inspects the colossal
totals of this outrageous budget.
When one party has been in uninter-
rupted control of th- government for
fourteen years. $1,000,000,000 ses-
sions and $2,000,000,000 congresses are
precisely what might be expected.
If the people are satisfied with the
stand-pat system that makes appro-
priations exceeding $1,000,000,000 in-
evitable at each session, of congress,
they can positively insure a continu-
ance of the system by continuing
stand-pat control. If they are not sat-
isfied with it. t.be only possible way of
insuring its discontinuance is by giv-
ing Democrats and anti-standpatters
The budget of the present year is
the more depressing because Mr. Taft
professed that he was making a vigor-
ous effort to keep down appropria-
tions. If, with the administration
sternly insisting on economy, more
money was spent than in any other
year in all American history, how
much would the standpatters have
spent if economy had not been made
a much-heralded administration pol-
icy?—St. Louis Republic.
joke on president taft
Nothing Was Said About Rubber In
Now Famous Winona Statistics.
Over nt the jack of the new tariff
law—under "Schedule N, Sundries"
—if you look carefully you win find
the following little item:
"Manufacturers of bone, chip, grass,
horn, quills, India rubber, palm leaf,
straw, weeds or whalebone, not spe-
cially provided for in this section, 25
per cent, ad valorem."
Under the Dingley law the duty was
20 per cent. The house retained that
rate, but in conference it was in-
creased to 35 per cent.
Now, if you will turn to those es-
timates, "prepared under direction of
the senate finance committee" — Mr.
Aldrich's committee—which President
Taft used In his Winona speech to
prove that duties had been advanced
hardly at all on articles that entered
largely into common consumption, you
will find that manufactures of rubber
were quite overlooked. Under Sched-
ule N the estimates say that the duty
was reduced on bituminous coal, which
is consumed to the extent of a billion
dollars a year, and on boots and shoes,
of which three hundred million dol-
lars' worth are consumed annually;
that duties were increased on fire-
works, which are used to the amount
of two million dollars yearly; but
there isn't a word about manufactures
You would conclude, probably,
that manufactures of rubber consti-
tuted so trivial an item that they were
not worth mentioning; that they were
about equal in importance to manu-
factures of horn, quills, palm leaf,
straw, weeds and whalebone, with
which they are bracketed in the bill.
Nevertheless we imported last year
about a hundred million dollars' worth
of crude India rubber. Hence the man-
ufactures must amount to several
times that rather tidy little sum. Cer-
tainly Senator Aldrich has discovered
that rubber is not the negligible item
he thougUt it was when he raised the
duty on it. He has been elected direc-
tor of a rubber company.—Saturday
U. S. Furnishes City Water.
The town of Car'shad, N. M., will re-
ceive its water supply from the irriga
tion system of the Carlsbad project
A, contract for five years, which has
been approved b\ the secretary of the
interior, provides that the town is to
pay the government at the rate of
$1.25 per acre foot, which is the price
at which water was rented to ngrl
cultural lands within the project. This
represents a net annual income of
eight per cent, on the construction
Worse Than Cannon.
Crumpacker Is spoken of as a can-
didate for speaker of the next house
of representatives, if it shall be Re-
publican, against Cannon. That would
be swapping the devil for a witch. In
the first place, he does not have the
ability of Cannon; in the second place,
he is a bitter partisan; and. lastly and
finally, brethren, he is a cruel hater
of the south. These are qualities, we
know, that would command a certain
support for him in his party; but they
do not make him in any sense more
desirable than the distinguished
North Carolinian who now fills the of-
fice of speaker Crumpacker and Hey-
burn and Holllngsw orth and the reac-
tionaries of their sort ought to organ-
ize a house of their own. Besides, the
speaker of the neat house will be a
Democrat.—Richmond (Va.) Times-
Mr. Ilallluger's views on conserva-
tion are of importance because he is
Secretary of the Interior. At the same
time his office requires of him a cer-
tain personal dignity. Tly devoting
his time on the platform to virulent
abuse of his critics he neither helps
the c^use of conservation, if that is
his desire, nor adds to the popularity
of the administration, which has stood
by him in his troubles with self-sac-
rificing loyalty. His conduct Is best
explained by the conviction that he
has not much longer to stay.
Caterpillars Around the White House.
A scourge of caterpillars In the
trees along the streets of Washington
has eatend'd to the White House
grounds, where a vigorous campaign
against them is being waged. The lit-*
:le yellow crawlers have appeared in
greater numbers on the White House
frees than for many years past, and
he spraying of the trees with aui-
nonia, arnica and lime Is now under
What an Admission,
If it (crude rubber) should be
placed be placed upon the dutiable
list the duty would be added to the
cost of the rubber to the manufacturer
or consume, und would not affect the
producer, whose price would still be
controlled by the market price of the
In the excitement of issuing for the
first time a statement In defense of
his political acts Mr. Aldrich here
permits an economic fact to appear.
Wheat and cotton are also raw mater-
ials whose price Is "controlled by the
market price, of the world." Ameri-
can growers of wheat and cotton are
taxed to enrich Mr. Aldrich's manu-
facturing friends. Taxation does
nothing for them In return.
That "Philippine Ruin" Dodge.
The apprehensions of Connecticut
senatorial statemanship concerning
the "ruin" to the tobacco farmers of
the Connecticut valley, which was
surely to follow If Philippine cigars
were admitted free of duty, must be
supposed to be considerably allayed,
since It appears that in the first year
of free Philippine cigars to the extent
of 150,000,000 only 80,000,000, or but
a fraction over half the number per-
missible, were sent to this country.
In other words, as the New York Sun
puts it, "the horde of underpaid work-
men" had been unable to find a market
here for so much "pauper labor tobac-
co" as it would have been allowed to
introduce duty free. Even if the whole
150,000,000 free cigars had come in,
the amount would have been no more
than a "drop in the bucket."—in other
words, a practically negligible quan-
tity in comparison with the vast total
of domestic cigars consumed here. Yet
to head off "ruin" like this, Connecti-
cut's senatorial statesmanship—when
it wasn't planning to circumvent some
country postmaster who had gone
wrong politically—was worrying over
the purely imaginary interests of a
few tobacco farmers, and never lifting
its eyes to sweep that broader horizon
in which was plainly to be seen a
nnflotial duty to give a measure of fair
play to a people who had been incor-
porated under the flag—a duty the
neglect of which meant national dis
honor and aij offense against Justice
and morality.—Stamford (Conn.) Ad-
Perhaps if he had not been so ex-
raoidinarily good looking the young
somen at the River inn would not
have shown such t keen interest in
rt a.- they did But when a tall, dark
haired, clean-cut young artist appear-
ed at the almost m.uiless Eden it was
natural that the girl guests should
suddenly recall how absorbed they
had always been in art.
"Do you know," said Florence to
the little group that watched the ar
tist stroll languldlv down the length
of the porch. "I beMeve he is looking
for a model. Mrs !)• an told tne this
morning that ho is going to paint a
series of seasons and he wants to
have the same figure in each of the
■■) !nw very intei - ti-ig!" Edith soft ;
ly pushed back a lo k of yM'ow hair
that drooped over the bluest of eyes I
"I « onder what th color scheme will
"I should think he might like some I
one of not too. decided coloring." r«- j
marked Florence, whose light-brown
curl suddenly appeared to need a lit
"Why, I should think ho would want
a pronounced type," said. Marian, the
"Or something very much out of the
common," suggested Clara, whose rud
dv hair crowned a face of singular
"Yrs. Dean says *he has heard that
he is very hard to suit and that mere
physical beauty doesn't satisfy him
for he demands something spiritual
and intellectual In his models," com
mui ieated Florence, assuming an un-
usually soulful expression. "I have
always been extremely fond of pic-
tures. I don't, know anything I enjoy
r;orf- than looking at tin- works of
"If that's the case, you're the most
self-d( nylng creature I ev< r knew," re*
marked Clara "I tried all last winter
to get you 'o go .'own to the Art In-
stitute with me."
Florence evidently considered this
thrust unworthy of notice.
Just then the artist reappeared on
All the girls looked strangely
dreamy as li«' passed. And for several
days they draped themselves around
the porch in their most picturesque
costumes. Having heard from Mrs.
Dean the sprightly widow, who ap-
peared to be the onlv person whose
acquaintance the artist had made, that
h" did not admire athletic young wo-
men, they gave up tennis, golf and
rowing, carafully explaining to^ne an*
other that the weather was too hot
for violent exercise.
"Do any of you girls happen to have
n volume of Tennyson with you?" ask-
ed Edith very casually one day.
"I didn't, know you cared for poe-
try," said Clara.
"I see it all!" exclaimed Florence.
"I heard Mrs Dean telling Edith this
morning that the artist said Edith
was Tennysonlan and she wants to
know what that means."
"I haven't the late laureate's verses
here," remarked Marian, "but I can
put you out of your misery, Edith,
dear, by telling you that he mentions
'a daughter of the gods, divinely tall
and most divinely lair.'"
Edith tried to look properly modest,
hut she couldn't help feeling that she
might be called upon at any moment
to pose. This feeling continued until
that evening, when Mrs. Dean came
i up to her and Clara.
"Oh," she said, "I wish our artist
i could see you nowr, Miss Clara, with
the moonlight shining on your hair.
| He says "your hair is an aureole of
Clara went to bed wondering what
i the art. critics would say about her
, hair when "The Four Seasons" was
| exhibited in the fall.
The next morning she happened to
he with Marian when Mrs. Dean con-
fided to the latter that the artist had
likened her to a Syrian beauty, Mar-
ian smiled, retired to her room and
soon emerged with rn oriental scarf
thrown over her bruette puffs. Al-
though the day was warm, she wore
the head covering until Florence
blushlrigly confessed that the artist
had told Mrs. Dean that Florence was
the perfect American type, uniting the
best features of the Anglo-Saxon and
the Latin physiognomies. Then Mar-
ian rather hastily removed the scarf,
discarding at the same time the lan-
guorous grace with which she had
been moving about under the trees.
Mrs Callonby had been pensively
silent for nearly half an hour. Iter
husband, who wascoceupied with his
papers, was beginning, subconscious-
ly. to realize that she had been long
silent, when she spoke
Sho was quite calm about it. There
was no tremor in her voice. She
spoke deliberately and in accents of
"James." she sail, "you don't love
me any more."
Callonby started "Great Scott!
How you scared me!" he exclaimed.
"You've been so still I'd forgotten you
were in the room What's that you
"I said that you didn't love me," re-
peated Mrs. Callonby, iu the same un-
"My dear." said Callonby, *"I adore
you. I'm simply crazy nbout you."
"You make light of it." said his
w.Jfe, "but 1 know perfectly well that
you don't. I'm not going to make aiiy
fuss about it. but I've been thinking
seriously, and I'm convinced that
whatever love you had lor me is
I'll put tho paper right down and
talk to you," said Callonby, contritely.
"Tell me what you have been doing
to-day. What time did the girl go
"out? Have they got Miss Broton to
promise to teach the kindergarten?
Tell me, quick."
"My girlish beauty has faded," said
Mrs Callontx. sadly, diregarding her
husband's jocular maimer.
"You never notice what I have on
or whether it's becoming, or any-
Nothing that you wear could be un-
becoming." said Callonby. "The worst
combination of color that was ever
brought together would harmonize if
you wor£ it Haven't I told you so,
"Yes, If 1 ask you and pin you down
you generally say something foolish."
said Mrs. Callonby. "Hut you aren't
really interested. James Callonby,
you would notice another woman
"Never!" declared Callonby, with
emphasis. "All other women are to
me as shadows i have eyes only for
"And as soon as you come home
you stick your nose into your paper
and there's no getting anything oit
of you for the rest of the evening.
I'm not complaining. I suppoR It's
quite natural and what a woman has
to expect, but there was a time when
you didn't want to read when you
you were with me You really s# • med
to enjoy my society."
"I should sa>' so!" her husband de-
clared. "Rut not nearly as much as
I enjoy it now. When you sit oppo-
site to me, as you were doing a little
while ago, I can't think of anything
more de'ightful. .When two people
understand each other as we do
speech is unnecessary. Our souls
commune as it were, in silence I
know exactly what you would say if
you spoke, even while I am reading
my paper I feel your presence and it
fills me with inexpressible joy and
"Especially if I don't talk."
"My own," said Callonby, "your
I voice is music to my ear. When I'i*i
: away from you I miss it more than
you would suppose. Honest, Mag!"
"You don't love me, anyway."
"Didn't I confess my love only'a few
minutes ago Don't be unreasonable,"
"Do you -really?"
"Honest to Moses."
"You're just saying It because 1
ark you," said Mrs. Callonby. "It's
got so that 1 never know whether
you're telling me the truth or not."
"I always tell the truth." Callonby
said. "I haven't said a word this eve-
ning that wasn't as true as truth itself.
Except once." he added. "I told you
that you looked well in anything. In
a sense that's true, but it did occur to
me that your blue evening frock was
getting a little tacky the other night.
I think that perhaps you'd better get
a new one. Rut, my dear, please don't
be harder on me than you can help."
Mrs - Callonby clasped her hands.
"Do you mean it, Jim?" she cried, ec-
Btaticly. "And $ hat to go with it?"
Callonby's face fell a little. "Well,
I suppose so," he said.
His wife threw her'arms around his
neck and kissed him. "You're the
dearest, kindest, sweetest thing in all
the world," she said. "James, I will
takf everything back that I said."
"Good!" said Callonby. "Now, are
you going to let me read my paper?"
"Girls, come with us," cried Edith,
who, with Clara, approached excitedly
across the lawn. "We've got some-
thing to show you. Come quietly down
the garden path and when we get to
the grape arbor look In."
The artist and his model, a spright-
ly widow of 36, were apparently too
engrossed to notice the four girls who
moved past the arbor with their heads
thrown back scornfully.
"She's a cat!" whispered Clara.
Edith laughed. "Come on, let's get
into our short sklrte and middy
blouses and have some fun," she said
"I'm tired of artistic inactivity. My
soul longs for a set of tennis and a
Lily Used as Food.
The Illy is extensively eaten in
China. Among the edible flowers of
the Occident are artichokes, cauli-
flower, cloves, capers and chrysanthe-
Fences of Ivory.
"Ivory is cheaper to-day than ft
ever was. More Ivory is being Import-
ed than ever. It isn't true^that we
are in danger of exhausting our sup*
The speaker, nn Ivory dealer, pat-
ted a tusk as big as a girl of 14
"This tusk," he said, "is from an
Ivory palisade about an African king's •
palace. In the interior of Africa
there are innumerable kings and
chiefs whose palisades are of ivory.
For consider—since the world began
there have been tusks and these tusks
for centuries have been preserved by
native potentates. It will be long •
enough before we exhaust that supply.
"The price of Ivory? Well, I'll give
you $4 a pound for the best tusk,
suitable for billiard balls That Is
40 per cent lower than the price w s
ten years ago—and what better proof
is there than that of the abundance
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The Oklahoma Farmer and Laborer (Guthrie, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 21, Ed. 1 Friday, September 2, 1910, newspaper, September 2, 1910; Guthrie, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc102239/m1/3/: accessed September 19, 2018), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.