Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 278, Ed. 1 Wednesday, July 5, 1922 Page: 3 of 6
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TO KILL UNIONS
Plans To Pick Labor's "Rep-
formulate working rules and condi-
The Pennsylvania management
raised the question as to whether the
Brotherhood of Railway and Steam-
ship clerks represented the em-
ployes. The offilcials of the clerks'
union said they would abide by the
vote of the men and demanded that
the name of the organization appear
on the ballot The Pennsylvania
management refused to do this, and
concocted their own Pennsylvania
"family" plan of so-called employe
"This plan." declares Vice-Presi-
dent Briceland, "did not give to tLe
employes the right to choose their
| own representatives. It did not give
Daily Fashion Hint
CINCINNATI. Ohio, July 5.—Evi-
dence of the determination of the
management of the Pennsylvania
railroad system to destroy trade un-
ionism among the Pennsylvania em-
ployes is given by C. E. Briceland, the employes the right to choose
vice-president of the Brotherhood of those whom they might desire to rep-
Ttailway and Steamship clerks, in the : resent them, not only in conference
current issue of the Railway Clerk. I but in all wage disputes.
Last year the U. S. railroad labor "In spite of our protest they put
board called upon the represents-' the plan over, and proceeded to elect
fives of the railroad management anil so-called representatives of the em-,
tho employes to get together and ployes. The election from beginning ,
| to end was nothing but a farce.
"In the office in which I have been
employed for the past twenty years
650 votes were cast: G86 of them
were cast for the Brotherhood of
Railway clerks, yet they declared an
Individual who received only 4ti votes
was elected to represent those 650
' Out of the superintendent's dl- j
vision, where there are 304 eligible |
votes, they declared elected a repre- j
sentatlve of the employes a man who j
received but three votes.
"Out of the terminal division 450
votes were cast, 385 practically were
cast for the Brotherhood of Railway
and Steamship clerks, and go forth,
yet they Ignored that and declared
an employe elected who received only
a few votes.
"The same situation prevailed all
over the entire system."
VITAMINES BOOST PORK?
WASHINGTON, July 3.—"Pork is
particularly well supplied with those
mysterious beneficial substances
known as vltamines," announces the
bureau of animal industry of the
agricultural department. It is ex-
pected that the meat packers wiH
capitalize the discovery by boosting
the price of pork products.
PAST and* PRESENT
but hij son
hi3 best <hrl
}UST KIDS —THE ULTIMATUM!!
Garden and Poultry
Success With Lima
Tenderest of all the bean tribe
and last to be planted are the Llmas,
one of the finest garden vegetables.
They point out the great factor to
contend with Is the quality of the
eKgs. New York market has more
than two quotations each day and in
order to have egs sell at top quota-
tions it is necessary that they be up
clean water, is neoessarv if chicks >« # certain standerd. The size and
are to grow properly. Perhaps the qtmllty Is what the best buyers want
three most necessary for rapid B is therefore important that those
growth are grain feed, green feed, who produce eggs, raise and care for
and dry mash. Poultry specialists their laying hens under proper con-
of the department say that in addl- dltions. They also state they note
tion to the green feed and dry mash, that those who keep their fowls
which should be provided regularly, properly yarded, give them good
Both the bush form and the pole , a grain mixture should be fed night food and swat the roosters, send In
varieties are vegetables which should
be found In every garden.
and morning, giving as large a quan- good quality eggs. When washing
tlty as the chicks will eat clean, but j tho dirt off eggs many make the inis-
Vsually, the pole varieties are the j no more. A good grain mixture for j take of placing them in a basin of
more satisfactory to a gardening be- growing chicks consists of 3 parts < water. This is the best method of
ginner as they yield a much heavier tracked corn. 2 parts wheat, and 2 spoiling eggs, as the egg pores are
crop and usually give more beans ! parts hulled oats When available, opened and the heat gets in Its work,
in h pod than the dwarf varieties, katir or rolled or hulled barley may it is best to dampen a cloth, rub a
be substituted for hulled oats. In i little sapollo on it and the dirt can
localities where hulled oats, katir, or ' easily be rubbed off.
lolled barley cannot be obtained, or , \\> would suggest that those in-
is too expensive, a mixture of crack- ^rested write S. Betman & Son for
ed corn and wheat only may be fed (heir circular and instructions for
until the chicks are old enough to ; shipping eggs to them, at their New
eat whole oats, when 2 parts oats I York address, 317 Greenwich street,
may be added to the corn and wheat |
A reasonable supply of fresh green ,
feed Is almost as necessary as grain j
hlch need good cultivation and
plenty of room to develop.
There are many complaints about
Lima beans failing to germinate. In
a majority of cases this is due to one
cause. They weren't planted prop-
erly. The Lima must be planted
edgewise with the eye down If
(termination is to be at all certain,
if you have neglected this precau
( tlon and failed with Llmas In the for growing chicks. If allowed lib- | If needing stock, there is
past try again and stick the bean ; , rty they will get much of It for ( better than this month, as all br
rewarded by 1 themselves, but if confined, or If
A USEFUL FROCK
Of fhe very popular French fian-
r.el. It Is. In crum, embroidered
•imply with cross-stltchlng In delf
blue. Panel front
are the same as
Bateau neck and wide sleeve are
attractive. A frock of this kind
may be worn properly on so many
occasions It Is Indispensable to the
iown and you will be
seeing the big, healthy seed leaves
come pushing up to the light.
Owing to the difficulty of securing
poles, many gardeners put up high
fences of chicken wire for the Llmas.
This Is a very practical substitute
and one that works well. The poles
should be set four feet apart and
two plants allowed to a pole. It Is
best to plant four seeds, thinning out
when they have started into growth,
retaining the strongest pair.
Soil cannot be too rich for Li mas
and a liberal coating of manure
should be spaded into the soil,
hip tunic preferably In the fall, or if in the
the back. | 8p,jng jt should be well decayed.
The bush Llmas come into bearing
earlier than the pole varieties. They
should be planted eighteen inches
apart in rows two to three feet apart
with the eye down. They should be
planted about two inches deep unless
the soil is heavy and retentive, when
an inch and a half will be plenty.
quarters where green teed Is
are pretty wi
not j and will dispose
make room for young
stock and make a price much less
than they will consider later on.
You can very often get extra choice
breeding birds, ones that will pro-
duce winners and layers, for sums
h) Ad Can
AIL I A ST 5 15
'[)ID YUH SAY ,T 0R*
i didn't say it- i
n won't let NOBODY say
j ^ THAT A60VJT ruNAWSlRi
|F 10 A^All)
IT- I'D SAY I
SAlO IT- I
Care of Growing
LONDON, July 6. From the Min-
ers' welfare fund $50,000 has been
given to the Ayshlre committee.
which has arranged to purchase a
house and estate near Maybole for
conversion into a sanatarium for
miners and their families.
The property extends for 117 acres
including two miles of fishing rights.
The sanatarium. which will accom-
modate 100 patients, will be modern.
the purchase including a library of
Of the $225,000 required. $140,000
. I will be an endowment fund for up-
i Keep and the coal owners have , - a ^ b„ |ost
«,tT0(W ! to advice money as required „r .i,k„«..
TutRb or to Pa>' for furnishing and rearrange-
Kcu | ment of the estate The miners have
The care of growing chicks, espe-
cially during warm weather. Is most
important. Every boy or girl mem-
ber of a poultry club should give
them the best of attention if success
is to be had. The baby chicks may
be smart little fellows from strong,
vigorous parent stock, and they may
have been brooded carefully for the
first two or three weeks, but unless
they receive proper care and man-
agement during their later growing
period they will not develop proper
abundant. It should be supplied regu
larly. Lawn grass, beet tops, cab-
bage, and lettuce are excellent feeds.
When chicks aro confined to brood
coops with runs, they should be
placed on ground where the grass is
sreen and lender, und ns fast a It ln artVance or ordinary
is eaten off, the coop run *honld , i,h„3 go the
° a P 8 ntoult, ho why lose time and money
In addition to green feeds and'™ stock' While prices o!
grain dry mash should be Kept be- \ Poultry Is good dispose or your ord.
foro growing chicks at all times after ">a>T quality birds and use the pro-
thev are :! or -1 weeks old. It is beat Weeds to buy a few choice individuals,
to 'feed It in a hopper inside the You will find advertisers of nearly
building, or where it will not be ex-! any color and variety In this month's
posed to rain or wet. Mere is a good j issue and you w ill also find very few
dry mash mixture: Two pounds of them who will not give you a lit-
the bureau. "It starts at places tall when well grov/n and do not
where the leaves have been bruised need the poles or support that must
or wounded, and very frequently fol- be given the pole string beans and
lows attacks of blight or other field the tall-growing llmas.
diseases. Other causes of deterlora- I These beans ae by far the hardiest
tlon ln transit are yellowing and j of the entire bean tribe, some ga
wilting of the leaves. Prompt handl-
ing and shipment at a low tempera-
ture largely rcduce losses from these ,
When barrels aro used, It Is advls- i
able to scatter crushed ice in several <
layers through the container, a large j
layer being placed on top of the spin- :
ach next to the barrel head. Holes j
bored In the bottom of the barrel '
provide drainage. Shipments In j
baskets or crates carry best with a I
layer of crushed Ice In tho center of >
the container and another layer on
top of the spinach Just under the j
Washing spinach before shipment
has been found to have an unfavor-
able effect on Its keeping qualities.
Unwashed spinach, It Is said, showed
under test practically no soft rot.
while washed spinach showed 5.5
per cent. Three days later the
washed spina< h developed 24.8 per
nt rot. while the unwashed de-
loped only 5.7 per cent, It was
Do not plant eggplant in soil in
which fresh manure has been spaded.
Manure should be well decayed and
thoroughly composted for eggplants.
through disease or sickness. The
chief essentials to proper growth are
good coops or houses, cleanliness,
proper feed and water, shade, and
j free range.
i Every coop and poultry house used
I for growing chicks should be kept
clean at all times. Sickness or dis-
ease starts usually in unclean quar-
ters ,ajid in such places lice and
I mites are always more plentiful
Coops and houses should be cleaned
and sprayed once a week, and clean
shavings, chaff, or sand put on the
floor. Examine the chicks and
houses often for lice and mites, and
if found they should be got rid of
cornmeal. 2 pounds middlings. 1
pound oatmeal, 2 pounds wheat brau,
1 pound beef scrap, and one-fourth
pound charcoal. Grit and oyster
shell also should be provided.
Ship Your Own Eggs;
Any one who can furnish one or
more cases of eggs each week should
avail themselves of the opportunity
offered by S. Betman & Sons, re-
ceivers and distributors of fancy
white and brown ews in New York
The Increased profits obtained by
shipping direct over those received
in your local locality will be appa-
rent when you realize you are prob-
ably only getting two-thirds the
market value because the purchaser
sells to the packing house who in
turn sells to some eastern buyer,
who sells to a jobbing house and the
jobber to thr rrtlil grocery trade
Before your eggs reach the retailer
they pass through four hands.
Messrs. Betman fr Son receive and
sell direct to the retail grocery trade
and get better prices because your
eggr. are strictly fresh when they
reach the retailer.
They state from June on for the
balance of the year fancy fresh eggs
bring better prices in New York city
than they do during the big produc-
ing months of March. April and May,
when the largest number of eggs for
any period of the year reach New
York City. The wise producer will,
therefore, take advantage of the bet-
ter summer prlcex.
tie more than value for your money.
The time to buy is when the market
is full and that time is during the
next few months.
A breeding flock can be established
without much expense If two houses
are available. It Is not necessary to
build pens to separate tHo flocks, ac-
cording to T. S. Townsley of the Uni-
versity of Missouri College of Agri-
culture. In fact it is better to give
the birds free range instead of keep-
ing them confined. By feeding each
flock In their own house and leaving
them shut in for a short time in the
morning the hens of each group will
lay In their own house and separa-
tion will be sufficiently complete for
orlnary farm purposes.
A New English Bean
A comparatively new bean to
American gardens is the English
Broad or Windsor bean which has
been offered by Amerlcanseedsmen
this season andlast season In several
varieties. It Is a shell bean some-
what resembling the lima and it is
said to succeed In cooler sections of
the coutry where the llmas do not
flourish and do not have a long
enough warm season to develop. The
Windsor bean may be planted ear-
lier than the limas, ln fact with the
earliest string beans.
It is a broad, flat bean to be
cooked the same as the lima.
The bushes grow about three feet
English broad eeahs
doners planting them as soon as the
ground i dry enough to work, but In
the cooler northern states It is bet-
ter to wait until the soil is fairly
warm. However, they may be plan-
ted up to the middle of June with
every assurance of a good crop as
they mature more quickly than the
Culturally they need the same
treatment as the llmas. planting eye
down and soil enriched thoroughly,
deeply dug and finely pulverized.
In Japan keys turn in their locks
in the opposite direction from that
customary with us.
THINGS THAT NEVER HAPPEN
Losses In long-distance shipments
of spinach can be greatly reduced
by careful handling In harvesting
and packing together with effective
refrigeration ln transit, according to
specialists of the bureau of markets
of the United States department of
agriculture. Decay and deterioration
In transit caused by the development
of slimy soft rot cause serious losses
to shippers in some sections.
"This decay develops rapidly in
transit when temperature conditions I
ire favorable," say investigators of'
IN LICK KIM
ru_ WHY fl-
DOtfT HC STAftwl *j,j
agreed to assess themselves 2 cents
a week, and an anticipated surplus
on the scheme will be expended in
the erection of haths at the two
I principal collieries
OUT AN STOP
SEATTLE'S MAYOR HAS
JOINED BARBER UNION
SEATTLE. July 6.—Mayor E. J
Brown, recently inaugurated, has
' joined Barbers' l/ocal 195. Brown
was formerly a barber in Kansas
Grand Haven. Mich., Chicago j at once.
Portland. Ore. I A variety of
INTERNATIONAL CARTOON CO
Many Accepted Ideas in Regard to the Declaration
of Independence Have No Basis in Fact—Truth
As Opposed to Fiction in the Story
of American Liberty.
By RENE BACHE
I bOU'Tt MlOb TELUKlbi,
1(M1 KVAbWX-* OUR-** COMPETITOR. V ftOWTSM
fvCfcmS WSTREET. IS 8 SELL;} \
IWo TW ' -STOFF *
IKTUN*TW*L CSS took CO
£l£CZ. /t/Ps?7-/0/Y <3S~
*ys?/y<rcicyr^ /?yyo. cyo/*yy
remarkable how things get i two hours. It was then In fact that
mixed. The Deelwtlon of Xnde-1 the bell to cracked-—not on Jujr I ,#parltlon ,rom 0rMt Britain.
I pendence la by no mean* ancient 4, aa so often alleged. As for th«
■ history, and yet many alleged facta grey-haired bell-ringer, sitting with
ln regard to It, which are not facts at one hand ready on the clapper until
all. aro generally accepted and even j he heard a young voice cry, "Ring,
endorsed by school books. grandpa, ring, oh, ring for libertyl"
For instance, there Is the notion that he aeems to be a myth,
the Declaration was signed on the story Of The Bell
fourth of July, 1776. 11 w""' *'*'!: : The bell, by the way, of bronze, wa
The .Ignlng did not take place unt1'! originally cut ln England, and
August 2. Even then all the members
ek later, however, the provincial
council of New York, having received
tbe news, changed Its mind and di-
rected Its repreeentatlve memben to
Every effort was mads to keep the
proceedings of the Congress secret
during this period when vital decisions
■ «> | . . . . . , , were In process of Incubation. Never-
of the Congress did not sign It. Five j la"''ed J'6" ™«e U i" i ' "'•••. everything of Importance that
' °n '*• V<""W" " entered an a tMUI, known Immediately
accident, and w« damaged that j ,0 th. BrUlah, and lt w„ manifest
11 was urn u, u.. ........ "" 1 . .. ? "CMt' ; that there was a traitorous "iwtk"
the American colonies cast themselves -Vh'J* somewhere. Evidence pointed to a
loose from the sovereignty of Eng-
land; they did that by the Resolution
of Independence, which was passed by
the Congress on the second day of
jv,ly—two days before the Declaration
There wee no "tumult in the quaint
ilgned lt at later dates, and seven
never signed lt at all.
s not by the Declaration that
member named Zubly, from 0.orKl.
strong body of conservative men who
dreaded a formal separation from the
mother country; on the other was a
radical" group who were eager to
time a committee of Ave (which In- deleted a paragraph which accused
eluded Franklin and Adams) was ap- the monarch of barking the slave
pointed to prepare a Declaration suit- ! trade fend refusing to allow the Amer-
able to lay before the world, statin* leans to suppress lt.
the grievances which drove the col- I Naturally enough, Jefferson s pride
onlcs to assert their Independence. The ! of authorship whs hurt by the ruthless
Job of writing the document was as- treatment accorded to his work. Ife
signed by the committee to a member j '■ said to have writhed In his chair
Pennsylvania Packet. As already
stated, lt was publicly read on July 8
in the State Houae yard, where a |.*reat
throng was assembled. In tbe mean-
time messengers were passing between
Philadelphia and White Plains (N. Y.),
and the colony of New iork gave Its
Indorsement to the Resolution of In-
dependeuce ln time for Its delegation
to make the vote unanimous July 9.
On the nineteenth day of July Con-
gress ordered the Declaration to be
"fairly engrossed on parchment," and
that "the same when engrossed, bo
signed by every member of Congress."
The document thus prepared was laid
before Congress August 2. It was laid
on a table In Independence Hall, and
John Hancock, in appending the flret
signature, in gr*nt letters with a big
flourish, said. "There! John Bull can
read my name without spectacles!"
pushed Ry Public Opinion
It had not been thought desirable to
have the Declaration signed at an
bring about a final breach. I from Virginia, Thomas Jefferson, who while the debate went on. Rut he ^ _
.This was the status of affairs when, had made a considerable reputation took no part ln lt. saying not a wortl. I e.irjier date, because of the Importance
on June 7, Richard Henry Lee, spokes- j as an expert ln political literary com- i How The Signing Was Rone cf obtaining Its unanimous approval
man for the Virginia delegation, arose j position. The fact of formal separation from Ry a little waiting and manoeuverlng
and said that he had been ordered by Writing Tho Declaration the mother country was accomplished this might be accomplished. An over-
a unanimous vote of th® council of | Jefferson was boarding at that time by the passage of Mr. Lee s resolution, whelming popular sentiment had
out the Land to All the Inhabitants
who escaped arrest only by taking
bidding most strangely I fl,¥ht >nd a#eklng sanctuary on board
of a Rrltiih sloop of war.
Virginia to present the following reso- ln the house of a Mr. Orats, on the July 2. On the evening of that da
lutlon: "That these united colonies corner of Market and Seventh streets. John Adams wrots to his wife: "The
are, and of right ought to be, free In Philadelphia, where he occupied a *n<1 of mo*t niemor-
and independent statee; that they are small rarlor and bed room on the «ble epoch ln the history of America.
absolved from all allegiance to the second floor. It was there that he I believe It will be celebrated by suc-
Drltlsh crown, and that ail connec- wrote the hUtorlo paper, whloh. in ceedlng generations as the great in-
tlon between them is totally dissolved." i ths original draft, underwent some al- nlrersary festival ni„hflp, ti.nrv
The resolution was seconded by teratlors a. a result of confutation Two: days later, on the fourth of ^L^^brtdre O^r,
! — ■ ■■ ... Th't draft Julv. Congress adopted the amended , Oliver Wolcott, ana EiDridge <jerry
- - — - — - -• — not present on August 2. and
signatures were not appended
until the following month. Thornton
pushed Congress to the point of break-
ing away from England, and it was
now so strong that Individual mem-
bers of a stlll-dlsapprovlng minority
could hardly resist it.
Nevertheless (as said above) seven
never did sign—though history does
John Adams. It was opposed by a i with Franklin and A dams
held behind closed doors, and lt
not until four days later that the Dec-
laration was read ln the yard of the
Htate Houee (now Independence Hall)
to an assembled multitude of patriotic
Thst was really the first celebration agalnit It. One of the thirteen eol- - .. - - s mm —i.ui v.. er and overywhers awakened the the precious aocum
of the Declaration. Cannon w*re onlss, New York refrained from vot- Whir, ths Congress cam# ?ogelher in cor.■orvative- were In a minority ho l.^J " ^ •nthuwht-m time age when lt i
^\:nuwL"7;;nt;onyoa;.4pt^.L^r .t^d u:rrx&z&,OTK.1 Iz! n:,.bou« *.xm,.«i. on . — pr.n«.a
br^the *BrHi«h7 Inil'lnDtont * the b.U I 11 «h°ul« • '•*>>■•« <h,t th« I numb.?"o7'men 'of u" 7u«lS loyal" i showrng^^rrecllon.^d InTerlTnVa- copy of Jsfferson's draft. On the eve- . we
wM tak.n down fron ts belfry and tlm" the" hl<S b*,n ; ty. Including John Jay, Rob.rt K. 1.1 v- j Hons. 1" still pre.erved In th. national mtng of that day the Secretary of Con
V ti,., «., msnt of view. In regard to American ,ng„on and Jair.e, Duans, 81* of th. srchlres. Jefferson wrote out a fair gr.as handed a copy of It to a printer „i n,h,.i u,
sunk In the Delaware Rlrer. After „,,h ,hlrtesn colonies -New Tork New copy which was laid before 'he Con- who set It up to be primed a. a signed in November, and Colonel Mo-
T....V p.iinevlvanla Marvland n.la- >r.u II, "broadside'—I. e„ on one side of alKesn not until 1711.
Mur, ' and ' South \:arol!na_'di.ep- That legislative body took It MP and Inrgs shs.t. In this shape, bearing The original
proved It. Thus on how v.ry .-.abated It clause by elauie. tearing It "nly th. signature of th. President of the autographs of th. .liners^ was kep,
far from united was puMio opinion to pl.o.. ralh.r m.rnllM.ly. It .truck th. Congrwa, John Hancock. It was for som. y.ar. In th. offlo. «f th.
on th. subject even a few days befure out a paragraph charging th. Kin. ..nt out all ov.r_th. country, b.lng ™ °o B.wa'o.
tho fat.ful decl.lor, was reached, with "tnolllnir treasonable lnrirre.'- Attributed as wld.ly M posslbl.. It It was hal d.d .oartm.n,
After thre. days of debate, during ttons among our fellow-cltli.na" by was r.sd from all pulpit., and wher- A"J,"h
" ... wn >u(,h ,T,r ,,.o|il« our id b. gathered tog.lh- of Slat.), which
old Quaker town" on th. Fourth o! ,t t0 lnd,_
July. Th. meting, of Congr... were p.nacnc. HlI1> wh>rs, aa everybody j *' h
known, lt is now preserved as a
When, on the second day of July.
the Resolution of Independence was
passed, one member from delaware , ftnomajoui .Ituatlon.
- * two from Pennsylvania voted
t policy ln the quarrel with England.
The colonies, while making vlgoroue
ot thrown off alleglanoe to
the British erown. Again and again
they suspended hostilities long enough
to protest that they were not rebels
but "petitioners in irmi." It was an
Tho Ureal ti tion Of Independence
which It Ueoeme apparent that the promitM to bestow
talned possession of
verywhore awakened the 'he precious document until a short
time ago when it was placed ln the
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Ameringer, Oscar & Hogan, Dan. Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Okla.), Vol. 2, No. 278, Ed. 1 Wednesday, July 5, 1922, newspaper, July 5, 1922; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. (gateway.okhistory.org/ark:/67531/metadc100065/m1/3/: accessed February 21, 2019), The Gateway to Oklahoma History, gateway.okhistory.org; crediting Oklahoma Historical Society.