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The Tulsa Star came into being in 1912 as the Muskogee Star. The Star was a staunchly Democratic African-American paper in an era when Republican ideals reigned over black communities. It began life as a weekly transitioning to a daily at some point after editor and publisher Andrew Jackson Smitherman moved the paper to Tulsa in 1913. Also known as the Tulsa Daily Star, the paper championed African-American causes, promoting progress and stability within Tulsa's black community until its dramatic and untimely demise following the race riot of May 31, 1921.
Tyrone Observer began May 5, 1904 in Tyrone, Oklahoma. It was published every Friday, and a subscription could be purchased for one dollar for a year of the newspaper. In 1904, its banner read “Uphold the Principles of the Republican Party and Thereby Foster and Develop the Wonderful Resources of Tyrone and Beaver County.” (Vol. 1 No. 26).