Explore by Collections
The Cheyenne Transporter was published in Darlington, near present day El Reno, Oklahoma. The Cheyenne-Arapaho Agency printed the first issue on December 5, 1879. The four-page 5 1/2 by 7 1/2-inch, semimonthly paper was notable on two accounts: it was the first newspaper published in what became Oklahoma Territory and one of the few publications ever issued at an Indian agency.
The Daily Ardmoreite first appeared on October 28, 1893, in Ardmore, Carter County. Established by several local businessmen, the Ardmoreite was the first daily newspaper published in Indian Territory. It was just another small community newspaper in the Chickasaw Nation until Sidney Suggs purchased it in June of 1897, for $2,400. Under his direction, the Ardmoreite became the leading news provider in Indian Territory.
The Anadarko Daily Democrat debuted in Anadarko, Oklahoma Territory on September 30, 1901, with Preston P. Shaw and Russell Monroe listed as publishers. The newspaper was issued daily except Sundays. It was 15 by 22 inches with eight pages of six columns. Always called, “The Official Paper of Anadarko.”, the Democrat changed names and publishers several times in its 14-year life span.
The Enid Daily Eagle was published from 1901 until 1989 in Enid, Garfield County, Oklahoma. It began in September of 1901 and was published on a daily basis with the exception of Saturdays and Sundays by Eagle Printing and Publishing Company. Weekly editions are the Enid Eagle (1901-1905) and Enid Weekly Eagle (1905-~1908). Daily editions are The Enid Daily Eagle and the Enid Eagle.
The Indian Advocate was published by the Benedictine order at the Sacred Heart Abbey in Indian Territory, near present day Shawnee. Father D. Ignatius, the second and last of the Prefect Apostolics in Oklahoma, established the Indian Advocate in 1888. The prospectus stated “The object of this quarterly review is the progress of civilization in the Indian Territory, by promoting the spiritual as well as the temporal welfare of the Indian race… It will appear in January, April, July and October, to plead the cause of the last remnants of the Indian tribes, and of the Benedictine Missionaries, who have consecrated their life to the evangelization of these Children of the Wilderness.”
The Indian Chieftain, one of the largest and most influential newspapers in the Cherokee Nation, was established on September 22, 1882, at Vinita, in Craig County, Indian Territory. The 8-column, 4-page weekly was committed to the interests of all Five Civilized Tribes. Its motto read, “Devoted to the Interests of the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles, Creeks, and Other Indians of the Indian Territory.”
The Langston City Herald debuted on May 2, 1891, as the first weekly African American newspaper in Oklahoma Territory. The Herald was a paramount promoter of African American homesteading in the territory. It circulated throughout the South, including parts of Arkansas, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and Texas. Because of its widespread readership, the Herald was vital to the settlement of blacks in Oklahoma.
The Medford Star was published in Medford, Grant County, Oklahoma from the 1890s until 1913. Its geographic coverage included Gibbon, Grant County, Oklahoma as well as Medford, Grant County, Oklahoma. It was published by F. Bowser, and alternative titles included Gibbon Flyer and Medford Star and Tri-County Index.
The Norman Transcript was first published in July, 1889. Editor, publisher, and owner Ed P. Ingle put a claimed a business lot on present day West Main and Santa Fe. In his salutary editorial in the first issue, Ingle explained the newspaper's mission as being dedicated to the progression of Norman as well as the prosperity of the residents.
The Oklahoma City Times first appeared December 29, 1888. Hamlin Whitmore Sawyer was editor-publisher and B. R. Harrington worked as reporter. The first issues had to be printed in a neighboring state, because it was illegal for non-Indians to establish a business within the Oklahoma Territory. The Oklahoma City Times continued until 1984. It was then incorporated into the Daily Oklahoman and ceased publication.
The weekly Oklahoma Farmer, the "One Down-to-Date Farm Paper of Oklahoma and Ind. Terr.," was established at Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory, in 1890. Edited by Frank H. Greer, president and manager of the Farmer Publishing Company, the newspaper was "Devoted to Agriculture, Horticulture, and Livestock."
The Oklahoma Miner was established on February 28, 1912, in Krebs, Pittsburg County, Oklahoma. The Democratic weekly was published by Ed Boyle and managed by Bert Marcum. The paper consisted of five columns and eight pages of local and national news. On September 18, 1913, Marcum took over the publication. Four years later, J. J. Heathcock took over proprietorship. The Miner was the only newspaper at the time serving the almost 3,000 residents of the mining town.
The Tulsa Star came into being in 1912 as the Muskogee Star. The Star was a staunchly Democratic African-American paper in an era when Republican ideals reigned over black communities. It began life as a weekly transitioning to a daily at some point after editor and publisher Andrew Jackson Smitherman moved the paper to Tulsa in 1913. Also known as the Tulsa Daily Star, the paper championed African-American causes, promoting progress and stability within Tulsa's black community until its dramatic and untimely demise following the race riot of May 31, 1921.