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Beaver Herald

Beaver Herald

The fluidity and dynamism of the Oklahoma Territory is mirrored by the history of the Beaver Herald, the state's oldest weekly newspaper. The town of Beaver is located in an area once known as the Beaver Strip, No Man's Land, or Cimarron Territory.

Branding Iron (Atoka, Okla.)

Branding Iron (Atoka, Okla.)

The Branding Iron was printed weekly as the official organ of the Choctaw Nation with the motto “Devoted to Indian and Stock News.” Because a title plate failed to arrive before publication, the Branding Iron debuted nameless on February 23, 1884, in Atoka, Choctaw Nation.

Canadian Valley News

Canadian Valley News

The Canadian Valley News was started in 1901 by Chester A. Keyes in Jones, Oklahoma.

Carney Enterprise

Carney Enterprise

The Carney Enterprise was started in 1898 by the Carney Publishing Company and was issued on Fridays.

The Chandler News

The Chandler News

The Chandler News was published in Chandler, Oklahoma from 1891-1909. The weekly was the first paper in the town of Chandler.

The Chandler Publicist

The Chandler Publicist

The Chandler Publicist began in 1894 as a weekly newspaper published and edited by Mrs. W. H. French. The weekly consisted of 8 pages at $1.00 per year. The Publicist was the official paper of Lincoln County and supported the People’s Party and prohibition.

Cherokee County Democrat

Cherokee County Democrat

The Cherokee County Democrat was the result of a consolidation of The Tahlequah Herald and The Tahlequah Arrow. This collection includes preceding title The Tahlequah Herald and succeeding title The Arrow Democrat.

Cheyenne Transporter

Cheyenne Transporter

The Cheyenne Transporter was published in Darlington, near present day El Reno, Oklahoma. The Cheyenne-Arapaho Agency printed the first issue on December 5, 1879. The four-page 5 1/2 by 7 1/2-inch, semimonthly paper was notable on two accounts: it was the first newspaper published in what became Oklahoma Territory and one of the few publications ever issued at an Indian agency.

The Choctaw Herald

The Choctaw Herald

The Choctaw Herald was a weekly newspaper published out of Hugo, Oklahoma.

Cleveland County Enterprise

Cleveland County Enterprise

The Cleveland County Enterprise was a continuation of the earlier newspaper the People’s Voice. The paper was published weekly until 1917 when it became the weekly edition of the Daily Transcript.

The Daily Ardmoreite

The Daily Ardmoreite

The Daily Ardmoreite first appeared on October 28, 1893, in Ardmore, Carter County. Established by several local businessmen, the Ardmoreite was the first daily newspaper published in Indian Territory. It was just another small community newspaper in the Chickasaw Nation until Sidney Suggs purchased it in June of 1897, for $2,400. Under his direction, the Ardmoreite became the leading news provider in Indian Territory.

Daily Democrat (Anadarko, Okla.)

Daily Democrat (Anadarko, Okla.)

The Anadarko Daily Democrat debuted in Anadarko, Oklahoma Territory on September 30, 1901, with Preston P. Shaw and Russell Monroe listed as publishers. The newspaper was issued daily except Sundays. It was 15 by 22 inches with eight pages of six columns. Always called, “The Official Paper of Anadarko.”, the Democrat changed names and publishers several times in its 14-year life span.

Daily Oklahoma State Capital

Daily Oklahoma State Capital

The Daily Oklahoma State Capital was established in April of 1889, by Frank H. Greer out of Winfield, Kansas. Before leaving Kansas for Oklahoma, Greer pre-printed several issues of his newspaper to distribute once he arrived in the Oklahoma Territory.

Durant Weekly News

Durant Weekly News

The Durant Weekly News appeared circa 1901, in Durant, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory. It was an eight-page Democratic paper, issued on Fridays and a consolidation of the Durant Times and the Durant Eagle.

Edmond Enterprise

Edmond Enterprise

The Edmond Enterprise was a 10-page newspaper serving Oklahoma County, particularly the community of Edmond. Titles in this collection include the Edmond Enterprise and the Edmond Enterprise and Oklahoma County News.

The Edmond Sun-Democrat

The Edmond Sun-Democrat

The Edmond Sun was founded by Milton W. Reynolds in 1889. Titles in this collection include The Edmond Sun, The Edmond Democrat, The Edmond Oklahoma Sun, and The Edmond Sun-Democrat.

The El Reno Democrat

The El Reno Democrat

The El Reno Democrat, first known as the Oklahoma Democrat, was started in 1891 by Extus Leroy Gay and William A. Clute. The El Reno Daily Democrat was published by the Democrat Publishing Company in El Reno, Oklahoma and claimed to be the official city and county newspaper.

Enid Eagle

Enid Eagle

The Enid Daily Eagle was published from 1901 until 1989 in Enid, Garfield County, Oklahoma. It began in September of 1901 and was published on a daily basis with the exception of Saturdays and Sundays by Eagle Printing and Publishing Company. Weekly editions are the Enid Eagle (1901-1905) and Enid Weekly Eagle (1905-~1908). Daily editions are The Enid Daily Eagle and the Enid Eagle.

The Enid Echo

The Enid Echo

The Enid Echo was established in 1899-1900 in Enid, Oklahoma.

Enid Weekly Wave

Enid Weekly Wave

The Enid Weekly Wave was started by J. L. Isenburg, the editor and publisher, in 1893. The Wave was the first substantial paper in Enid.

Fairland News-Herald

Fairland News-Herald

The first edition of the Fairland News was issued in May of 1892 by manager and editor, W. A. Keel. The Fairland Herald was established in 1913, and although short lived, the paper merged with the Fairland News a year later and was known as The Fairland News-Herald. It ceased publication in 1917.

Farmers' Champion

Farmers' Champion

The Farmers’ Champion appeared November 14, 1912, in Elgin, Comanche County, Oklahoma, with the motto, “Free—Fearless—Progressive.”

The Guthrie Daily Leader

The Guthrie Daily Leader

In 1892, cowboy turned teacher, Roy Hoffman, established the Daily Leader in Guthrie, Logan County, Oklahoma Territory. One year later, Hoffman added the town’s name to the title. The Guthrie Daily Leader quickly became the leading newspaper in the territory.

Hennessey Clipper

Hennessey Clipper

The Hennessey Clipper was established in 1890, measured 18 by 24 inches and featured eight pages. The Clipper was still in production in 1995 and was the only survivor of seven newspapers that were published during the early years of Hennessey.

The Hennessey Eagle

The Hennessey Eagle

The Hennessey Eagle was owned by the Hennessey Publishing Company and was edited by J. E. Hutchinson. The paper was issued every Thursday and claimed to be independent in politics.

The Hennessey Kicker

The Hennessey Kicker

The Hennessey Kicker was started in 1893 and was issued on Saturdays by the Bert Campbell Printing Company.

The Herald-Sentinel (Cordell and Cloud...

The Herald-Sentinel (Cordell and Cloud Chief, Okla.)

The Herald-Sentinel was published in Cloud Chief, Oklahoma Territory, from April 1893 until September 28th, 1900, and published in Cordell, Oklahoma from January 13, 1905 until February 17th, 1919, every Friday.

The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart, Okla.)

The Indian Advocate (Sacred Heart, Okla.)

The Indian Advocate was published by the Benedictine order at the Sacred Heart Abbey in Indian Territory, near present day Shawnee. Father D. Ignatius, the second and last of the Prefect Apostolics in Oklahoma, established the Indian Advocate in 1888. The prospectus stated “The object of this quarterly review is the progress of civilization in the Indian Territory, by promoting the spiritual as well as the temporal welfare of the Indian race… It will appear in January, April, July and October, to plead the cause of the last remnants of the Indian tribes, and of the Benedictine Missionaries, who have consecrated their life to the evangelization of these Children of the Wilderness.”

Indian Chieftain (Vinita, Oklahoma)

Indian Chieftain (Vinita, Oklahoma)

The Indian Chieftain, one of the largest and most influential newspapers in the Cherokee Nation, was established on September 22, 1882, at Vinita, in Craig County, Indian Territory. The 8-column, 4-page weekly was committed to the interests of all Five Civilized Tribes. Its motto read, “Devoted to the Interests of the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles, Creeks, and Other Indians of the Indian Territory.”

The Konawa Chief-Leader

The Konawa Chief-Leader

The Konawa Chief was started in November, 1904 by G. E. Nichols and the Chief Publishing Company.

Lawton Constitution

Lawton Constitution

The Lawton Constitution, the pioneer paper of Comanche County, was established in 1903 as a successor to the newspaper, the Elgin Eagle. The paper had both daily and a weekly edition and was affiliated with the Democratic Party.

Lexington and Cleveland County Leader

Lexington and Cleveland County Leader

The Lexington Leader was founded June 4, 1891 as a Democratic newspaper. In 1892 the owner, W. D. Covington moved the newspaper from Lexington to Noble, Oklahoma and changed the name from the Lexington Leader to the Cleveland County Leader.

Luther Register

Luther Register

Founded in Luther, Oklahoma, Oklahoma County, in 1899, the Register was published and edited by G. W. Baer.

The Langston City Herald (Langston City,...

The Langston City Herald (Langston City, O.T.)

The Langston City Herald debuted on May 2, 1891, as the first weekly African American newspaper in Oklahoma Territory. The Herald was a paramount promoter of African American homesteading in the territory. It circulated throughout the South, including parts of Arkansas, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and Texas. Because of its widespread readership, the Herald was vital to the settlement of blacks in Oklahoma.

The Medford Patriot

The Medford Patriot

The Medford Patriot began in 1901 and was published in Medford, Grant County, Oklahoma until 1913. Alternative titles to the paper include Deer Creek Anchor and Patriot. Its geographic coverage included Medford, Grant County, Oklahoma, and it was published on a weekly basis by Palmer & Son.

The Medford Star

The Medford Star

The Medford Star was published in Medford, Grant County, Oklahoma from the 1890s until 1913. Its geographic coverage included Gibbon, Grant County, Oklahoma as well as Medford, Grant County, Oklahoma. It was published by F. Bowser, and alternative titles included Gibbon Flyer and Medford Star and Tri-County Index.

The Muskogee Cimeter (Muskgoee, I.T.)

The Muskogee Cimeter (Muskgoee, I.T.)

The Muskogee Cimeter was founded in Muskogee, Indian Territory, in 1901. As a weekly publication devoted to “the interest of the negro” the Cimeter harbored a decidedly Republican point of view, with a focus on educating its readership in politics benefitting African Americans.

The New Era

The New Era

The New Era was started by J. M. Kimball. who acted as the publisher. The paper was published every Thursday in Davenport, Oklahoma. In 1916 the title changed to The Davenport New Era.

Norman Daily Transcript

Norman Daily Transcript

The Norman Transcript was first published in July, 1889. Editor, publisher, and owner Ed P. Ingle put a claimed a business lot on present day West Main and Santa Fe. In his salutary editorial in the first issue, Ingle explained the newspaper's mission as being dedicated to the progression of Norman as well as the prosperity of the residents.

Norman Democrat-Topic

Norman Democrat-Topic

The Democrat Topic was the compilation of the Territorial Topic and the State Democrat. Titles in this collection include Norman Democrat--Topic and Democrat-Topic.

Norman Transcript (Weekly)

Norman Transcript (Weekly)

The Norman Transcript was first published in July, 1889. In his salutary editorial in the first issue, editor, publisher, and owner, Ed P. Ingle, explained the newspaper's mission as being dedicated to the progression of Norman as well as the prosperity of the residents.

Oklahoma City Pointer

Oklahoma City Pointer

Newspapers published in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma by the Tucker Publishing Company. Titles in this collection include: Oklahoma City Daily Pointer, Oklahoma City Pointer, Free Pointer, and the Oklahoma Free Daily Pointer.

The Oklahoma City Times

The Oklahoma City Times

The Oklahoma City Times first appeared December 29, 1888. Hamlin Whitmore Sawyer was editor-publisher and B. R. Harrington worked as reporter. The first issues had to be printed in a neighboring state, because it was illegal for non-Indians to establish a business within the Oklahoma Territory. The Oklahoma City Times continued until 1984. It was then incorporated into the Daily Oklahoman and ceased publication.

Oklahoma Digital Newspaper Program

Oklahoma Digital Newspaper Program

The Oklahoma Digital Newspaper Program is operated by the Oklahoma Historical Society which has a goal of digitizing and making freely available as many Oklahoma related newspaper titles as possible.

Oklahoma Farmer

Oklahoma Farmer

The weekly Oklahoma Farmer, the "One Down-to-Date Farm Paper of Oklahoma and Ind. Terr.," was established at Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory, in 1890. Edited by Frank H. Greer, president and manager of the Farmer Publishing Company, the newspaper was "Devoted to Agriculture, Horticulture, and Livestock."

Oklahoma Farmer and Laborer (Guthrie, Okla.)

Oklahoma Farmer and Laborer (Guthrie, Okla.)

The Oklahoma Farmer and Laborer, of Guthrie and Sapulpa, Oklahoma, was published by the Oklahoma Farmer and Laborer Company beginning in 1909.

The Oklahoma Guide

The Oklahoma Guide

The Oklahoma Guide was the first African-American newspaper founded in Oklahoma. The paper kept a close watch and reported on injustices in both the Oklahoma and Indian Territories.

Oklahoma Leader (Guthrie, Oklahoma)

Oklahoma Leader (Guthrie, Oklahoma)

The Oklahoma Weekly Leader was established in 1893 in Guthrie, Oklahoma and was the weekly edition of the Guthrie Daily Leader.

Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma)

Oklahoma Leader (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma)

The Oklahoma Leader was a weekly socialist newspaper published in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma from 1918 until 1928.

Oklahoma Miner (Krebs, Okla.)

Oklahoma Miner (Krebs, Okla.)

The Oklahoma Miner was established on February 28, 1912, in Krebs, Pittsburg County, Oklahoma. The Democratic weekly was published by Ed Boyle and managed by Bert Marcum. The paper consisted of five columns and eight pages of local and national news. On September 18, 1913, Marcum took over the publication. Four years later, J. J. Heathcock took over proprietorship. The Miner was the only newspaper at the time serving the almost 3,000 residents of the mining town.

Oklahoma Neuigkeiten

Oklahoma Neuigkeiten

The Oklahoma Neuigkeiten, translated as “Oklahoma News,” was a German weekly started in 1902 in Perry, Oklahoma.

The Oklahoma Post

The Oklahoma Post

The Oklahoma Post consisted of both a daily and weekly paper. Both were published by the Post Publishing Company and edited by J. E. Jenkins.

The Oklahoma Representative

The Oklahoma Representative

The Oklahoma Representative, established in 1894, was sponsored by the People’s Party out of Guthrie, Oklahoma.

Oklahoma State Register

Oklahoma State Register

The Oklahoma State Register was established in 1891 in Guthrie, Oklahoma. The paper was connected to the People's Party and was used to promote their policies.

Oklahoma Times-Journal

Oklahoma Times-Journal

In 1889, J. J. Burke and Elmer E. Brown leased the Oklahoma City Journal from A. C. and W. W. Scott and later bought the operation. Hamlin W. Sawyer bought the Oklahoma City Times and the papers were consolidated into the Oklahoma City Times-Journal.

Pauls Valley Democrat

Pauls Valley Democrat

The Pauls Valley Democrat, a continuation of the Pauls Valley Sentinel was founded in 1898 by Miles Lasater.

People’s Voice (Norman, Oklahoma)

People’s Voice (Norman, Oklahoma)

The People’s Voice was founded in Norman, Oklahoma in August, 1892. A. T. Ross and M. L. Bixler were the publishers. The paper ceased publication in 1910 after being sold to J. O. Fox, S. W. Hutchin, and Roland Hughes. The trio continued the publication as the Cleveland County Enterprise.

Perry Enterprise-Times

Perry Enterprise-Times

The Enterprise-Times was established in 1895 in Perry, Oklahoma. Both a weekly and daily issue were printed.

Pittsburg County Guardian

Pittsburg County Guardian

The Pittsburg County Guardian was published in McAlester, Oklahoma from 1905 until 1924. It was published on a weekly basis and geographic coverage included McAlester, Pittsburg County, Oklahoma.

Prague Record

Prague Record

The Prague Record was established in April of 1917 as a weekly newspaper in Prague, Oklahoma. Frank S. Nipper bought the paper from the owners of the Prague News.

The Press-Democrat

The Press-Democrat

The Press-Democrat was established in 1893 by J. E. Hutchinson in Hennessey, Oklahoma Territory. In 1895, W. P. Campbell, owner of the Hennessey Press purchased the subscription books of the Hennessey Democrat. The two papers were consolidated and the price for a year was one dollar.

Shawnee Daily News-Herald

Shawnee Daily News-Herald

The daily edition of the Shawnee Herald was started in 1902 by Charles Barrett. In 1911 the paper merged with The Shawnee News to become The Shawnee News-Herald, and, later, The Shawnee Daily News-Herald.

The Southwest World

The Southwest World

The Southwest World was issued from 1900-1903 in Guthrie, Oklahoma.

The State Journal (Mulhall, Oklahoma)

The State Journal (Mulhall, Oklahoma)

The State Journal was started in 1902 by Tom B. Woosley in Mulhall, Oklahoma as a succeeding title to The Orlando Herald.

State Sentinel

State Sentinel

The State Sentinel was established in 1904 in Henryetta, Oklahoma and was moved to Stigler fifteen months later. The paper was issued on Fridays and measured 15 by 22 inches with eight pages.

Stroud Democrat

Stroud Democrat

The Stroud Democrat, established in 1910, was the successor to the Lincoln County Journal.

Tulsa Daily World

Tulsa Daily World

The Tulsa Daily World appeared on September 14, 1905, in Tulsa, Indian Territory. The Tulsa World continues to be the second largest newspaper in Oklahoma.

Tulsa Democrat

Tulsa Democrat

The Tulsa Daily Democrat was published by William Stryker from 1904 until 1914. It was published every day except Saturday.

Tulsa Star

Tulsa Star

The Tulsa Star came into being in 1912 as the Muskogee Star. The Star was a staunchly Democratic African-American paper in an era when Republican ideals reigned over black communities. It began life as a weekly transitioning to a daily at some point after editor and publisher Andrew Jackson Smitherman moved the paper to Tulsa in 1913. Also known as the Tulsa Daily Star, the paper championed African-American causes, promoting progress and stability within Tulsa's black community until its dramatic and untimely demise following the race riot of May 31, 1921.